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|Traded as||NZX: CNU|
|Founded||2011; 8 years ago|
|Headquarters||Wellington, New Zealand|
|Kate McKenzie (CEO)|
|Products||Telecommunications, fibre optic infrastructure|
Number of employees
|963 (December 2016)|
Chorus is a provider of telecommunications infrastructure throughout New Zealand. It is listed on the NZX stock exchange and is in the NZX 50 Index. It is the owner of the majority of telephone lines and exchange equipment in New Zealand. It is also responsible for building approximately 70% of the new fibre optic Ultra-Fast Broadband network. It has received a government subsidy of $929 million to build the new fibre network.
The company was demerged from Telecom New Zealand in 2011 (now Spark), as a condition of winning the majority of the contracts for the Government's Ultra-Fast Broadband Initiative. By law, it cannot sell directly to consumers, instead it provides wholesale services to retailers.
Most of the telephone infrastructure in New Zealand is owned by Chorus. As of January 2014[update], Chorus can provide ADSL service to 97.3% and VDSL2 (up to 70/10 Mbit/s) service to 62.4% of its copper phone lines.
Contrary to the usual practice overseas, most connections are at full speed, instead plans differ in the amount of data included. As DSL is sensitive to distance, the closer the customer is to the equipment, the faster the connections. Chorus has implemented a fibre-to-the-node (also known as "cabinetisation") project to bring the equipment closer to the user, so 91% of the lines are able to access an ADSL2+ connection of 10Mbit/s or more.
The copper loop is unbundled, so operators like Vodafone and Vocus can install their own equipment at telephone exchanges and just rent the copper line from Chorus. As of December 2013[update], 130,000 (7%) lines are unbundled.
Chorus has the task of installing the majority of the New Zealand government's ultra-fast broadband (UFB) fibre. The Ultra-Fast Broadband: Invitation to Participate in Partner Selection Process was issued by the Ministry of Economic Development in October 2009, detailing 75% of New Zealanders to be connected over 10 years, with priority broadband users such as businesses, schools and health services to claim focus for the first six years.
In April 2013 Chorus signed contracts with Visionstream and Downer worth NZ$1 billion to build its part of New Zealand's ultra-fast broadband network, after receiving a government subsidy of $929 million. Early in 2014 Transfield Services signed agreements to help build the UFB network.
Telecom created Chorus as a separate business unit in 2008. In 2011, Chorus won most of the contracts for the UFB fibre network. A condition of the contracts is that Chorus be demerged into a separate company. This was recommended unanimously by the Telecom board of directors and approved by 99.8% of Telecom shareholders.
On December 1, 2011, Chorus was formally separated from Telecom and listed on NZX. Chorus got Telecom's copper lines, cabinets, most telephone exchange buildings, DSLAMs and some fibre back-haul. Telecom retained the relationship with retail customers, the POTS telephone exchange equipment, some fibre back-haul, the shares in Southern Cross cable and the XT mobile network. On August 8, 2014, Telecom was rebranded as Spark.
The company is part of New Zealand Telecommunications Forum.
- "Chorus signs $1b broadband deals". 3 News NZ. April 17, 2013.
- Steve Hart (6 November 2012). "Businesses looking keen to join the fibre revolution". New Zealand Herald.
- "Telecommunications Act 2001 No 103 (as at 28 May 2015), Public Act – New Zealand Legislation". www.legislation.govt.nz. Retrieved 2016-09-25.
- "International Price Comparison for Retail Fixed-line Telecommunications Services 2013". Commerce Commission. 23 December 2013. ISBN 978-1-869453-48-0.
- "Broadband Technology". Chorus. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Benchmarking Broadband". Chorus. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Chorus Interim FY14 Results" (PDF). Chorus. 28 February 2014.
- "invitation-to-participate.pdf" (PDF). www.crowninfrastructure.govt.nz. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
- "[DRAFT OF PRODUCT RULING "Prod4"].pdf" (PDF). www.ird.govt.nz. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
- "Transfield wins $88 mln Chorus contracts after protracted negotiations". Sharechat.co.nz. February 27, 2014.
- "Telecom/Chorus separation | Commerce Commission". www.comcom.govt.nz. Retrieved 2015-09-02.
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