Cinema of Venezuela

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Cinema of Venezuela
Number of screens 448 (2011)[1]
 • Per capita 1.7 per 100,000 (2011)[1]
Main distributors Cinematográfica Blancica
The Walt Disney Company
Empresas Cines Unidos[2]
Produced feature films (2011)[3]
Fictional 14
Animated -
Documentary 2
Number of admissions (2011)[4]
Total 27,705,576
National films 1,358,244 (4.9%)
Gross box office (2011)[4]
Total VEF 681 million
National films VEF 30.2 million (4.4%)

Venezuelan cinema dates back to the late nineteenth century, but has never enjoyed the success of some other Latin American cinema. Recent years have seen Secuestro Express (2005), which was distributed internationally by Miramax, and El Caracazo (2005), a costly historical film about the Caracazo of 1989. Villa del Cine, a large state-owned TV and film studio, was opened in 2006. Venezuela produces between ten and fifteen full-length films each year.[5]

Landmarks of Venezuelan cinema include the 1959 documentary Araya, by Margot Benacerraf, the 1976 Soy un delincuente by Clemente de la Cerda (which earned more at the box office than Jaws[6]) and the 1977 film El Pez que Fuma, by Román Chalbaud. Araya was entered into the 1959 Cannes Film Festival,[7] where it shared the Cannes International Critics Prize with Alain Resnais's Hiroshima mon amour.[8] 1985's Oriana won Fina Torres the Caméra d'Or Prize at the 1985 Cannes Film Festival as the best first feature.[7]

Venezuela has entered films for consideration as nominees for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1978. In the first two decades, none of its submissions were nominated for the award.

In 2015 the film Desde allá became the first Venezuelan film to win the Golden Lion at the Venice International Film Festival.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Table 8: Cinema Infrastructure - Capacity". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Table 6: Share of Top 3 distributors (Excel)". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "Table 1: Feature Film Production - Genre/Method of Shooting". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Table 11: Exhibition - Admissions & Gross Box Office (GBO)". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "The films inspired by Venezuela's 1999 disaster". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  6. ^ Andrea López (2005-05-25). "Mañana en la Cinemateca Nacional homenaje a Clemente de la Cerda, el cineasta de la barriada". Retrieved 2010-11-10. 
  7. ^ a b "Festival de Cannes: Araya". Retrieved 2009-02-14.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  8. ^ Araya, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Accessed online 2009-11-15.
  9. ^ "Venezuelan film Desde Alla wins top Venice festival award". BBC News. Retrieved 13 September 2015.