Concerto for Two Violins (Bach)

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Concerto for Two Violins
BWV 1043
by J. S. Bach
Key D minor
Composed 1717 (1717)–1723
Movements 3
Instrumental
  • Two solo violins
  • strings
  • continuo

The Concerto for Two Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043, also known as the Double Violin Concerto, is perhaps one of the most famous works by J. S. Bach and considered among the best examples of the work of the late Baroque period. Bach may have written it between 1717 and 1723 when he was the Kapellmeister at the court of Anhalt-Köthen, Germany,[1] though the work's performance materials for the Ordinaire Concerten that Bach ran as the Director of the Collegium Musicum in Leipzig are dated c. 1730-31.[2] Later in 1739, in Leipzig, he created an arrangement for two harpsichords, transposed into C minor, BWV 1062.[1] In addition to the two soloists, the concerto is scored for strings and basso continuo.

The concerto is characterized by the subtle yet expressive relationship between the violins throughout the work. The musical structure of this piece uses fugal imitation and much counterpoint.

The concerto comprises three movements:

  1. Vivace
  2. Largo ma non tanto
  3. Allegro

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Steinberg, M. The Concerto: A Listener's Guide, p. 17-19, Oxford (1998) ISBN 0-19-513931-3
  2. ^ Wolff, C. Johann Sebastian Bach: The Learned Musician, p. 357., W.W. Norton (2000) ISBN 0-393-04825-X

External links[edit]