Board of Control for Cricket in India
|Affiliation||International Cricket Council|
|Regional affiliation||Asian Cricket Council|
|Chief Exec||Rahul Johri|
|Vice president||Rajeev Shukla|
|Men's coach||Anil Kumble|
|Women's coach||Purnima Rau|
|Other key staff||Ravi Shastri, Sourav Ganguly|
|Operating income||₹166.87 crore (US$25 million) (2015)|
|Sponsor||Star India (formerly STAR TV India)|
The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the national governing body for cricket in India. The board was formed in December 1928 as a society, registered under the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act. It is a consortium of state cricket associations and the state associations select their representatives who in turn elect the BCCI officials.
In 1912, an all-India cricket team visited England for the first time, sponsored and captained by the Maharaja of Patiala. In 1926, two representatives of the Calcutta Cricket Club travelled to London to attend meetings of the Imperial Cricket Conference, the predecessor to the current International Cricket Council. Although technically not an official representative of Indian cricket, they were allowed to attend by Lord Harris, chairman of the conference. The outcome of the meeting was the MCC's decision to send a team to India, led by Arthur Gilligan, who had captained England in The Ashes.
In a meeting with the Maharaja of Patiala and others, Gilligan promised to press for its inclusion in the ICC if all the promoters of the game in the land came together to establish a single controlling body. An assurance was given and a meeting held in Delhi on 21 November 1927 and was attended by delegates from Patiala, Delhi, United Provinces, Rajputana, Alwar, Bhopal, Gwalior, Baroda, Kathiawar, Central India, Sindh and Punjab. A consensus was reached to create a board for control of cricket in India and on 10 December 1927, a unanimous decision to form a provisional board of control was taken. In December 1928, the BCCI was registered under the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act with six associations affiliated to it. R E Grant Govan was elected as its first president and Anthony de Mello as secretary.
With the surge of cricket in India, BCCI has become rather notorious for its monopoly and has been amidst corruption allegations.
The BCCI organises the following domestic cricket competitions:
- BCCI Corporate Trophy
- Ranji Trophy
- NKP Salve Challenger Trophy
- Duleep Trophy
- Vijay Hazare Trophy
- Deodhar Trophy
- Indian Premier League
- Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy
- Irani Cup
The BCCI is India's richest sporting body and the richest cricket board in the world. The BCCI's constitution provides for annual elections at its Annual General Meeting (AGM) for all posts, with a bar on re-election of an incumbent president beyond two consecutive years, "provided that the General Body may in its discretion re-elect the same person as president for the third consecutive year".
Relations with ICC
In 2009, the ICC and BCCI were in disagreement over the WADA, "Whereabouts clause". BCCI is also against the Umpire Decision Review System (UDRS) proposed by the ICC. The ECB, Cricket Australia and the BCCI are regarded as cricket's "Big Three" economic players.
BCCI does not depend on the Government of India for its finances. The global media rights for international cricket to be held in India were awarded to Rupert Murdoch-led production house Star India for ₹ 3,851 crore for six years. Official kit sponsorship rights for 5 years from 2010 to 2013 inclusive were awarded to Nike for US$43 Million. While Air Sahara became the official Indian cricket team sponsor for a period of four years at a cost of US$70 Million. The media rights for 25 neutral venue one-day matches to be played over the next 5 years were awarded to Zee Telefilms for US$219.16 million. BCCI had avoided taxes on its income, claiming exemption as a charitable organisation. Although the Income Tax Department withdrew this exemption in 2007-08, BCCI only paid tax amounting to ₹41.9 crore (US$6.2 million) against its tax liability of ₹413 crore (US$61 million) in the 2009-10 financial year On 12 September 2006 BCCI, announced that it will spend ₹ 1,600 crore over the subsequent one year to upgrade the cricket stadiums around the country.
- "Annual Report 2014-15" (PDF). BCCI. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- Dass, Jarmani (1969). Maharaja; lives and loves and intrigues of Indian princes: Volume 56 of Orient paperbacks. Allied Publishers. p. 342.Page 44
- "Mahendra wins a bitter battle". The Hindu. 30 September 2004. Retrieved 10 March 2012.
- "Front Page : BCCI opposes doping clause". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 3 August 2009. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- "Front Page : Former Indian cricketers slam BCCI's non-acceptance of Decision Review System". Sportskeeda. 22 December 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Front Page : Harbhajan in three-Test ban for racist remark". The Guardian. 7 January 2008. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Decline in BCCI income during 2008-09s".
- "Nimbus bags cricket rights for $612 m BCCI sale and sponsorship earnings total Rs 3,354 crore". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- "Front Page News : Wednesday, July 28, 2010". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 24 December 2005. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- "Air Sahara wins cricket team sponsorship To shell out Rs 313.80 cr for 4-year period". The Hindu Business Line. 20 December 2005. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- "Zee wins 'neutral venue' media rights for $ 219.16 million". Indiantelevision.com. 6 April 2006. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- Joshi, Sandeep (19 February 2012). "BCCI not a 'charitable organisation'". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
- "BCCI owes Rs.373 crore to Income Tax dept". The New Indian Express. 20 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
- "BCCI to invest $347 million on domestic facilities | Cricket News | Global | Cricinfo.com". Content-usa.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 28 July 2010.