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Board of Control for Cricket in India

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Board of Control for Cricket in India
Cricket India Crest.svg
SportCricket
JurisdictionMinistry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India[citation needed][dubious ]
AbbreviationBCCI
Founded1928 (93 years ago) (1928)
AffiliationInternational Cricket Council
Affiliation date31 May 1926 (31 May 1926)
Regional affiliationAsian Cricket Council
Affiliation date19 September 1983
HeadquartersWankhede Stadium
LocationMumbai, Maharashtra, India
PresidentSourav Ganguly
Vice president(s)Rajeev Shukla
SecretaryJay Shah
Men's coachRahul Dravid
Women's coachRamesh Powar
Operating incomeUS$2.8 Billion (FY 2018-19)[1] [needs update]
SponsorByju's (Team sponser), MPL (Kit sponser), Paytm (Title sponsor), Dream11, Hyundai, Ambuja Cements (Official partner), Star Sports (Official broadcaster)[2]
(founded)4 December 1928[3]
Official website
www.bcci.tv

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the governing body for cricket in India and is under the jurisdiction of Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India.[4][failed verification] It is an autonomous organisation and does not come under National sports federation of India. [5][6]The board was formed in December 1928 as a society, registered under the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act. BCCI is an autonomous body and does not review any grantsor fundings from Sports ministry of India. [7]It is a consortium of state cricket associations and the state associations select their representatives who in turn elect the BCCI Chief. Its headquarters is located at Wankhede Stadium in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Grant Govan was its first president and Anthony De Mello was first secretary.[8]

BCCI have two International Cricket teams which represent India in International Cricket, that is India men's national cricket team and India women's international cricket team. The board organize matches and do scheduling for both the teams.[9]

BCCI is the richest cricket board in the world and is part of 'big three' of international cricket along with Cricket Australia and England and Wales Cricket board (ECB).[10][11]

History

Early years

In 1912, an all-India cricket team visited England for the first time, sponsored and captained by Maharaja of Patiala. In 1926, two representatives of the Calcutta Cricket Club travelled to London to attend meetings of the Imperial Cricket Conference, the predecessor to the current International Cricket Council. Although technically not an official representative of Indian cricket, they were allowed to attend by Lord Harris, chairman of the conference. The outcome of the meeting was the MCC's decision to send a team to India, led by Arthur Gilligan, who had captained England in The Ashes.

In a meeting with the Maharaja of Patiala and others, Gilligan promised to press for its inclusion in the ICC if all the promoters of the game in the land came together to establish a single controlling body. An assurance was given and a meeting was held in Delhi on 21 November 1927 and was attended by delegates from Patiala, Delhi, United Provinces, Rajputana, Alwar, Bhopal, Gwalior, Baroda, Kathiawar, Central Provinces, Sindh and Punjab. A consensus was reached to create a board for control of cricket in India and on 10 December 1927, a unanimous decision to form a provisional board of control was taken. In December 1928, the BCCI was registered under the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act with six associations affiliated to it. R E Grant Govan was elected as its first president and Anthony de Mello as secretary.[12] Indian cricket team toured England in 1932.

World Cup 1983 victory

After the India's first World Cup victory, BCCI did bid for 1987 World Cup and successfully organized it, showed the organisational capabilities of board.[13]

BCCI's logo is derived from 'Star of India'. According to Information Commissioner Sridhar Acharyulu, BCCI's logo is designed by British Raj in 1928. It is 90% similar to Star of India sign.[14][15]

Reforms: 2017 Committee of Administrators (CoA)

With the surge of cricket in India, BCCI was criticised for its monopolistic practices and has suffered from corruption allegations.[16] The Supreme Court on 30 January 2017 nominated a four-member panel Committee of Administrators:- Vinod Rai, Ramachandra Guha, Vikaram Limaye and Diana Edulji to look after the administration of the BCCI in order to implement Lodha Committee reforms.[17] Vinod Rai, ex-CAG of India heads the four members panel to look after the administrative duties of the board until the fresh elections are called.[18][19][20] Presently, Sourav Ganguly is the president of BCCI.

On 9 August 2019, the BCCI agreed to adhere to the anti-doping mechanisms governed by the National Anti-Doping Agency.[21][22]

Sunil Joshi, former Indian cricket team spinner was named as Chairman of the national selection panel by the Cricket Advisory Committee (CAC) of BCCI replacing MSK prasad in that role.

Domestic cricket

Domestic competitions

The BCCI organises the following domestic cricket competitions:

Men's domestic cricket

Women's domestic cricket

The male junior level tournaments are Col. C. K. Nayudu Trophy (Under 25), Mens Under 25 One Day Trophy, Cooch Behar Trophy (Under 19) and Vinoo Mankad Trophy (Under 19), Vijay Merchant Trophy (under 16).

Finances

Television production

In 2012 BCCI established its own production unit. BCCI's broadcast service do the production work of Indian cricket team's International matches at home as well as of leading domestic championships and IPL . Till 2012 the company who holds the media right use to do the production work in exchange of money from BCCI. Previously Nimbus sports did production for the board for some years.[23] BCCI's production House holds production rights of Indian cricket.[24]

Indian Primer League

BCCI'S have world's most lucrative and richest cricket league, Indian Primer League abbreviated as IPL. The matches in IPL begins at late afternoon or most of the time in evening.[25] It is one of the biggest sports league in the world.[26]

Clout as world's richest board

Financial clout

BCCI does not depend on the Government of India for its finances and hence is a private entity.[27]

In 2020, with US$405 million out of US$1,534 million, India had 26% share in the ICC FTP income disbursed to 10 Test playing nations, while ECB received US$139 million as the second highest earner.[28]

In 2020, to revive the financial health of other boards after the global economic decline and the significantly reduced income of most boards due to the COVID-19 pandemic, ICC will rejig its FTP to schedule more bilateral matches of others nations with India.[28]

Influence over the ICC

The BCCI is regarded as cricket's big economic player.[29] ICC is mainly governed by board of directors which are nominated by each member board. Every member board needs bilateral matches with BCCI for high media rights value. Those boards which go along with BCCI, get good number of bilteral matches leading to high income during bilateral series. They generally work at ICC in consultation with BCCI. In 2009, the ICC and BCCI were in disagreement over the WADA Whereabouts clause.[30][clarification needed]

Income

Total annual income

In FY 2019–2020, the total annual income of BCCI is estimated to be over INR 3,730 crore (US$535 million), including INR 2,500 crore (US$345 million) from the IPL, INR 950 crore (US$139 million) from bilateral cricket with other nations, and INR 380 crore (US$51 million per year or total US$405 million for 8 years) from India's share of ICC revenue.[28]

Revenue streams

ICC income share

In 2020, as per the present eight-year Future Tours Program (FTP), India receives a total of US$405 million from ICC, as contrasted with US$139 million to ECB, while US$128 million for each of Cricket Australia, Cricket South Africa, Pakistan Cricket Board, New Zealand Cricket, Sri Lanka Cricket, Cricket West Indies and Bangladesh Cricket Board, and US$94 million for Zimbabwe.[28]

Media rights

In 2018 Star India won the BCCI'S exclusive media rights for the period of year 2018- 2023. Star India won the rights to broadcast Indian cricket team's matches on their TV channels such as Star Sports 1 HD, Star Sports 2 HD etc and rights to broadcast on digital platform in 6138.10 crore rupees. On avarage Star Sports pays 60.1 crore rupees per match to the board.[31] The deal also include rights to broadcast men's domestic tournaments such as Vijay Hazare trophy, Ranji Trophy, Irani Cup, Duleep trophy, Mushtaq Ali trophy and women's international cricket matches in India on Star Sport channel and Disney Plus Hotstar.[32]

From 2018 to 2022, global media rights for the IPL are awarded to Star India for 16,347.5 crore (US$2.2 billion).[33]

In 2010, the media rights for 25 neutral venue one-day matches to be played over the next 5 years were awarded to Zee Telefilms for $219.16 million.[34]

Sponsorship rights

Star India is the official broadcaster of BCCI, MPL is kit sponser, Byju's is team sponser, Paytm is title sponser for all the bilateral series, which take place in India and for domestic championships such as Ranji trophy, Vijay Hazare trophy, Sayyed Mushtaq Ali trophy, Irani trophy, Duleep trophy and Deodhar trophy. Paytm won the title sponsorship rights in 326.80 crore rupees for 2019-23.[35]Dream 11, Ambuja and Hyundai are official partners.[36]

Expenditure

Cricketing infrastructure development

On 12 September 2006, BCCI announced that it will spend 1,600 crore over the subsequent one year to upgrade the cricket stadiums around the country.[37]

Donations

In March 2020, BCCI President Sourav Ganguly donated 51 crore to the PM CARES Fund to combat the COVID-19 pandemic in India.[38] BCCI to donate 10-litre 2000 oxygen concentrators to help India fight COVID-19.[39][40]

  • Encouragement to other sports -

It announced reward to the medal winners of the country of Tokyo Olympics.[41]

Players' contracts and welfare

  • Contracts - The BCCI created four grades for contracted players A+, A, B, C. The players who are in A+ grade get 7 crores rupees in a year. Players of A grade get 5 crore, B grade's players gets 3 crores and C grade's players receive 1 crore rupees in one year.[42]
  • Pension schemes - BCCI give pension to the former domestic and international players who played for the country.[42] On 31 December 1993 BCCI decided to give 50,000 rupees pension to the players, who played more then 25 International Test match for the nation. The board gives 15,000 rupees pension to the players, who played Ranji trophy before 1957- 1958 season.[42] In 2013 BCCI gave one time benefits to the domestic players who played more than 75 first class matches.[43] For women's cricketers the board give 22500 rupees per month pension to the players who played 10 or more Tests for the country and 15000 rupees per month for who played 5 to 9 Tests.[42]
  • Insurance - Board provides five lakh rupees insurance to the players, who palyed under board.[44]

Taxation payments

In 2018, the total amount of tax 472.22 crore, which was outstanding as on 1 April 2018, was cleared along with interest in September 2018 but the Department of Revenue has issued a notice for tax evasion to the BCCI. The Department of Revenue has asked the BCCI to pay another outstanding income tax worth 1,303 crore, according to details submitted by the Finance Ministry in the Parliament in February, 2019.[45]

Earlier in 2007–08, although the Income Tax Department withdrew this exemption, BCCI only paid tax amounting to 41.9 crore (US$5.6 million) against its tax liability of 413 crore (US$55 million) in the 2009–2010 financial year[46]

In 2012, BCCI had avoided taxes on its income, claiming exemption as a charitable organisation.[47]

Organisation

President

The current president is Sourav Ganguly, a former captain of the Indian cricket team.[48]

Anti Corruption Unit

BCCI have special anti-corruption unit, which have responsibility to stop if there any malpractice in Cricket in the nation.[49][50]The unit investigate unlawful activities such as Betting, spot-fixing, Match-fixing and corrupt approaches of the players.[51]

National selectors

  • National men's Cricket team's selector -

Former India player Chetan Sharma is the incumbent chief selector for men's Cricket team.[52]

Affiliated domestic member boards

Following are the state boards and regional bodies affiliated to the BCCI.

  • Category A
  1. Andhra Cricket Association
  2. Assam Cricket Association
  3. Cricket Association of Mizoram
  4. Cricket Association of Pondicherry
  5. Delhi and District Cricket Association
  6. Goa Cricket Association
  7. Gujarat Cricket Association
  8. Himachal Pradesh Cricket Association
  9. Kerala Cricket Association
  10. Manipur Cricket Association
  11. Meghalaya Cricket Association
  12. Nagaland Cricket Association
  13. Punjab Cricket Association
  14. Sikkim Cricket Association
  15. Tripura Cricket Association
  16. Jammu & Kashmir Cricket Association
  17. Baroda Cricket Association
  18. Vidarbha Cricket Association

Category B

1.Hyderabad Cricket Association

2. Bihar Cricket Association

3. Cricket Association of Bengal

4. Uttarpradesh Cricket association

5. Mumbai Cricket Association

6. Odisha Cricket Association

7. Saurashtra Cricket association

8. Maharashtra Cricket Association[53]

9. Rajasthan Cricket Association

10. Jharkhand State Cricket Association

11. Arunachal Pradesh Cricket Association

12. Chhattisgarh Cricket Association

13. Madhyapradesh Cricket Association

14. Karnatak state Cricket association[54]

Allocation of matches to state boards

BCCI'S former president N. Shrinivasan was criticised for biased behaviour towards few state boards, while giving them ODI, Test and T20 matches in his regime.[55] But now BCCI decides venues for international series by rotation policy.[56]

Legal status

According to BCCI, it does not receive any grants or fundings from Indian government. It is a autonomous body. In 2004 in Supreme court of India board's lawyers said that, Indian cricket team play as, “the official team of BCCI and not the official team of India.” The lawyers also claimed that, we (BCCI) “not even fly the national flag” and the bord never “use any national emblem in the activities of the Board.” It sends its player's name for prestigious awards such as Arjuna award but technically board is not a National sports federation.[57] BCCI is registered as a society in Tamilnadu state under societies registration act and it denies to come under Article 12 of Indian constitution. From its foundation BCCI did not got sanctioned by Government of India and it started as governing body of Cricket in India as well as representative of India. BCCI is alleged to use British Raj emblem without prior permission from government of India and its offence under the Emblem and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950.[58]

See also

References

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External links