Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport

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Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport

Luparan Daniel Z. Romualdez
Paliparang Daniel Z. Romualdez
Dzr Airport
Exterior of Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport as of 2018
Airport typePublic
OperatorCivil Aviation Authority of the Philippines
LocationDZR Airport Complex, San Jose, Tacloban
Elevation AMSL3 m / 10 ft
Coordinates11°13′39″N 125°01′40″E / 11.22750°N 125.02778°E / 11.22750; 125.02778Coordinates: 11°13′39″N 125°01′40″E / 11.22750°N 125.02778°E / 11.22750; 125.02778
TAC/RPVA is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18/36 2,142 7,028 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Aircraft movements (2017)20,530[2]
Tonnes of cargo (2016)7,134,195[2]

Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport (Waray: Luparan Daniel Z. Romualdez, Filipino: Paliparang Daniel Z. Romualdez; IATA: TAC, ICAO: RPVA), also known as Tacloban City Airport, is an airport serving the general area of Tacloban, a highly urbanized city in Leyte island in the Philippines. It is the main gateway from Manila and Cebu to Eastern Visayas. It is classified as a Class 1 principal (major domestic) airport by the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines, the agency responsible for the operations of all the airports in the Philippines excluding the major international airports. As of 2017, Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport is ranked as the eighth-busiest and the third-fastest growing airport by passenger volume out of the 45 commercial airports in the Philippines.

The airport is named after Daniel Z. Romualdez, a former speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines. It is one of two airports in the Philippines named after a member of the Romualdez family, the other being Imelda R. Marcos Airport in Mati after Imelda Romualdez-Marcos, the wife of the late president Ferdinand Marcos.

On 8 November 2013, the airport was largely destroyed due to the onslaught of Typhoon Haiyan.[3] On 17 January 2015, the airport apron was the site of a large open-air mass held by Pope Francis that attracted nearly half a million pilgrims coming from all over the country to remember the effects of Typhoon Haiyan.[4][5]


Aerial view of Tacloban Airfield
US P-38 in flames after a Japanese air raid in Tacloban
Devastation after Typhoon Haiyan

During World War II[edit]

First known as San Jose Airstrip, after the village where it is located, it was constructed as an airstrip for the US Air Force and a Seaplane base for the U.S. Navy by Seabees of the 88th Naval Construction Battalion[6] Ca during World War II. USAF units based here included the 43d Bombardment Wing (15 November 1944 – 16 March 1945), 345th Bombardment Group (1 January – 13 February 1945), 417th Bombardment Group (6 December–22, 1944), 49th Fighter Group (24 October – 30 December 1944), 348th Fighter Group (16 November 1944 – 4 February 1945), 421st Night Fighter Squadron (25 October 1944 – 8 February 1945), and the 547th Night Fighter Squadron (9 November 1944 – 11 January 1945).

After World War II, when the airport was converted for use in commercial aviation, it became known popularly as Tacloban National Airport. The airport was given its current name in honor of Daniel Z. Romualdez, a representative from Leyte who became the 10th speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives. He was the uncle of Imelda Romualdez Marcos, the wife of president Ferdinand E. Marcos.

Devastation by Typhoon Haiyan[edit]

On 7–8 November 2013, Typhoon Haiyan roared through Tacloban and the Eastern Visayas Region. The Tacloban Airport was effectively destroyed by winds averaging to 195 mph (314 km/h) and a 13-foot (4.0 m) storm surge. The airport terminal and the control tower were utterly demolished, and the airport was rendered unusable. However, on 11 November, the airport reopened, but for turboprop aircraft only.[3] The airport has now since been reopened again to A320s regularly serving the airport.[7]

On 17 January 2015, the airport apron was the site of a large open air mass held by Pope Francis that attracted nearly half a million pilgrims coming from all over the country to remember the effects of Typhoon Haiyan.[4][5]

On March 16, 2018, the Department of Transportation inaugurated its newly expanded passenger terminal to add capacity and grow its space to 1,100 square meters and seating capacity to 635 seats at a cost of 17.33 million pesos.


Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport includes a single-story terminal building, a communications tower and an administrative building. The single-story terminal building consists of the departure and arrival area. The departure area has one boarding gate, scanners, and a souvenir counter. The arrival area consists of a single baggage carousel, and a porters' assistance desk. The communications tower is located on the east end of the terminal building. It serves as the main communications facility of the airport. The administrative building houses the offices of airport staff and the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines.

In July 2017, construction began on the expansion of the passenger terminal building which added 1,100 square meters of floor area and additional 275 seats in the passenger lounge. The additional seats increased the boarding lounge capacity to 635 seats, enough to accommodate passengers for at least three simultaneous flights, compared to 360 prior to the construction. The check-in area was also widened to add additional capacity.[8]

Ground transportation[edit]

Access to the airport from central Tacloban is served by the jeepney services on the Downtown-San Jose-Airport route, from Marasbaras route, and the service from nearby Palo. In 2010, an airport taxi service was opened to shuttle passengers from the airport to the city's Central Bus Terminal, the city's commercial area and other destinations such as the San Juanico Bridge and the MacArthur Landing Memorial in Palo and to Tacloban's suburbs.

Future development[edit]

A new terminal building has been proposed by the city government of Tacloban, to replace the current building. The new terminal, which would cost 300 to 350 million pesos, will be built through a Build-Operate-Transfer scheme. Around 500 million pesos was allocated for the terminal's construction, with the city government collecting a share of current terminal fees to shoulder its expenses in constructing the new terminal.

In August 2012, The Department of Transportation and Communications as part of the P319 million modernization of the Tacloban and Dipolog airports allocated P251.6 million for the Tacloban Airport to construct a new apron and taxiway. The allocation also involves the completion of the north-east shore protection with shoulder grade correction, the construction of a drainage system with box culverts, and the construction of temporary transition.[9]

Tacloban DZR Airport's new development render officially released on 2020.

On 13 September 2012, the Budget department has released P4.6 billion to support the public-private partnership (PPP) projects of the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC). Of the total, Tacloban City Airport will receive P800 million to help it accommodate the growing air traffic by developing the terminal building and other ancillary facilities.[10]

On January 1, 2020, the "Notice To Proceed" was issued by the DOTr to the winning contractor for the construction of a new control tower. It was slated to be completed by November 2020. But due to the COVID-19 pandemic, construction has been delayed. As of August 2020, construction has begun.[11]

On November 28, 2020, Transportation Secretary Arthur Tugade together with CAAP Director-General Jim Sydiongco and other DOTr officials arrived at Daniel Z. Romualdez for contract signing and commencement of project implementation of the New Tacloban Airport Passenger Terminal Building. In a short conference, Secretary Tugade added that the project is reduced from the original schedule of 540 days to 270 days starting 1 December 2020.[12]

Terminal fee[edit]

For a long period, the terminal fee at Tacloban Daniel Z. Romualdez used to be ₱30 or less than a dollar. After repair has been made, the terminal fee were raised on staggered basis.

Beginning July 1, 2013, the terminal fee was raised to ₱75. The following year, on June 1, 2014, it increased again to ₱100.

The last increase was raised to ₱150 on June 1, 2015. The terminal fee is expected to increase once the new terminal will be operational and the airport is elevated into an international airport as being planned.[citation needed]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Cebgo's ATR 72-600 on the ramp at Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport.
Cebgo Cebu
Cebu Pacific Cebu, Manila
PAL Express Cebu, Manila
Philippine Airlines Manila (ends 31 August 2022)[13]
Philippines AirAsia Manila


Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport is one of the top 10 busiest airports in the Philippines by passenger traffic with an annual average increase of 6.8 percent in the last 10 years including data during its closure after devastation by typhoon Haiyan in 2013. As of 2017, it holds the eighth spot and ranked third fastest-growing among commercial airports in the country.

Year Passenger Movements % Change
Increase 1.40%
Decrease 6.56%
Increase 2.15%
Increase 13.36%
Increase 21.78%
Increase 27.87%
Increase 22.64%
Increase 42.31%
Increase 1.67%
Increase 11.27%
Increase 13.87%
Decrease 53.14%
Increase 60.31%
Increase 28.62%
Increase 6.50%
Increase 24%

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 4 August 1984, a Philippine Airlines flight overshot runway 36 by 100 feet and landed at sea. All 70 passengers and five crew survived.[21]
  • On 15 February 2007, a Philippine Airlines flight from Manila overshot the runway. There were no casualties among 133 passengers and six crew members. DZMM Correspondent Hector Go said the aircraft's front wheel ended up past the airstrip after the plane attempted to touch down in the middle of the runway around 7 a.m.[22]
  • On 13 February 2009, a Cebu Pacific plane engine sucked a bird into its engine damaging the blades.[23]
  • On 17 January 2015, a Bombardier twin-engine jet, carrying Cabinet members Jojo Ochoa and Sonny Coloma, overshot the runway after it failed to take-off shortly after the Pope's plane took off. There were no casualties.[24]
  • On 5 October 2019, a Royal Australian Air Force Boeing C-17 Globemaster III was on its way to Edinburgh, Australia from Okinawa, Japan when it had an emergency landing at the airport at 12:48 p.m. after smoke was detected in the cockpit. The plane had eight crew members and 36 passengers. The aircraft departed for Australia two days later without further incident.[25]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Eastern Visayas air passenger traffic up 24%". Retrieved May 20, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c http://caap.gov.ph/index.php/downloads/send/65-statistics/724-aircraft-movement-cy-2016[dead link]
  3. ^ a b "Tacloban Airport reopens three days after being declared 'ruined'". GMA News. GMA Network. 11 November 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
  4. ^ a b Martinez, Michael (17 January 2015). "In wind and rain, Pope leads Mass for thousands in Philippines". CNN International. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  5. ^ a b Diola, Camille (17 January 2015). "Pope Francis braves 'Amang,' moves Tacloban with homily". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  6. ^ 88th NCB unit history, NHHC, Seabee Archives, Port Hueneme
  7. ^ Apolonio, Eric (14 November 2013). "Airbus A320 allowed to resume flights to Tacloban". Interaksyon.com. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  8. ^ Marcelo, Patrizia Paola C. (16 March 2018). "DoTr unveils expanded Tacloban airport terminal". BusinessWorld. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  9. ^ Amojelar, Darwin (31 August 2012). "DOTC bids out P319-M modernization of Tacloban, Dipolog airports". Interaksyon.com. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  10. ^ Jiao, Diane Claire (13 September 2012). "Budget Dept. Released Php 800M to Tacloban Airport". BusinessWorld. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  11. ^ "TACLOBAN AIRPORT DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (Construction of Control Tower Building)".
  12. ^ CAAP VIII Press Release
  13. ^ "domestic summer as of jun 13 2022.pdf" (PDF). Philippine Airlines. Retrieved 18 June 2022.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2017-05-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-31. Retrieved 2014-05-31.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "No record for the months of June to December". Archived from the original on 2016-03-26. Retrieved 2016-07-07.
  17. ^ "Scaled-down operation due to massive repairs". Archived from the original on 2016-01-06. Retrieved 2016-07-07.
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-05-19. Retrieved 2017-05-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ http://caap.gov.ph/index.php/downloads/send/65-statistics/723-aircraft-movement-cy-2015[dead link]
  20. ^ "eFOI - Electronic Freedom of Information - Request". Foi.gov.ph. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  21. ^ "Accident description: BAC One-Eleven 527FK RP-C1182 Tacloban Airport (TAC)". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  22. ^ Desacada-Garcia, Miriam (16 February 2007). "PAL plane overshoots runway in Tacloban". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  23. ^ "Cebu Pacific plane grounded by 'bird strike' in Tacloban". GMA News. 13 February 2009. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  24. ^ Amio,Armin (17 January 2015). "Plane crashes in Tacloban airport". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on 4 October 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  25. ^ CNN Philippines Staff. (2019, October 7). Australian Air Force plane leaves Tacloban airport. CNN Philippines.

External links[edit]