Dumfriesshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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Dumfriesshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
17082005
Number of members one
Replaced by Dumfriesshire, Clydesdale & Tweeddale
Dumfries & Galloway
Created from Dumfriesshire

Dumfriesshire was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of Great Britain (at Westminster) from 1708 to 1801 and in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (also at Westminster) from 1801 until 2005. It was known as Dumfries from 1950. It was redistributed to Dumfriesshire, Clydesdale and Tweeddale and Dumfries and Galloway as part of a major reorganisation of Scottish constituencies.

It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post voting system.

Boundaries[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1708–1832[edit]

Year Member Party
1708 Lord Johnstone
1709 William Grierson
1711 James Murray Tory
1713 Sir William Johnstone
1722 Charles Erskine
1741 Sir John Douglas
1747 Lord Charles Douglas
1755 James Veitch
1761 Lt Gen Archibald Douglas of Kirkton
1774 Sir Robert Laurie
1804 Sir William Johnstone Hope
1830 John James Hope Johnstone (1) Tory
1832 Reform Act 1832: franchise expanded

MPs 1832–2005[edit]

Election Member Party
1832 John James Hope Johnstone (1) Conservative
1847 Viscount Drumlanrig Conservative
Feb 1857 John James Hope Johnstone (1) Conservative
1865 George Gustavus Walker Conservative
1868 Sydney Waterlow Liberal
Mar. 1869 George Gustavus Walker Conservative
1874 John James Hope Johnstone (2) Conservative
1880 Sir Robert Jardine Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 William Jardine Herries Maxwell Liberal Unionist
1895 Robinson Souttar Liberal
1900 William Jardine Herries Maxwell Liberal Unionist
1906 Percy Molteno Liberal
1918 William Murray Unionist
1922 William Allan Chapple Liberal
1924 John Charteris Unionist
1929 Dr Joseph Hunter 1 Liberal
1931 National Liberal
1935 by-election Sir Henry Fildes National Liberal
1945 Niall Macpherson National Liberal
1963 by-election David Colville Anderson Conservative
1964 Sir Hector Monro Conservative
1997 Russell Brown Labour
2005 constituency abolished

1 Dr Hunter was elected in 1929 as a Liberal candidate, but in the split after the 1931 general election, he joined the National Liberals.

Election results[edit]

Elections of the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Dumfriesshire[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Robert Jardine 4,857 57.7
Conservative Walter Henry Scott, Earl of Dalkeith 3,566 42.3
Majority 1,291 15.4
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1886: Dumfriesshire[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Sir Robert Jardine 4,106 55.8 +13.5
Liberal Thomas McKie 3,252 44.2 -13.5
Majority 854 11.6 27.0
Turnout 77.5
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +13.5

Elections of the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Dumfriesshire[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist William Jardine Herries Maxwell 4,123 51.7
Liberal Thomas McKie 3,849 48.3
Majority 274 3.4
Turnout 86.4
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
Robinson Souttar
General Election 1895: Dumfriesshire[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robinson Souttar 3,965 51.1 +1.8
Liberal Unionist William Jardine Herries Maxwell 3,952 49.9 -1.8
Majority 13 0.2 3.6
Turnout 86.7
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +1.8

Elections of the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Dumfriesshire[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist William Jardine Herries Maxwell 4,124 52.9
Liberal Robinson Souttar 3,675 47.1
Majority 449 5.8
Turnout 85.0
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
Percy Molteno
General Election 1906: Dumfriesshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Percy Alport Molteno 4,814 58.4 +11.3
Conservative J.H. Balfour-Browne 3,431 41.6 -11.3
Majority 1,383 16.8 22.6
Turnout 87.8
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +11.3

Elections of the 1910s[edit]

General Election Jan 1910: Dumfriesshire[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Percy Alport Molteno 4,666 53.3
Liberal Unionist William Murray 4,091 46.7
Majority 575 6.6
Turnout 90.7
Liberal hold Swing
General Election Dec 1910: Dumfriesshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Percy Alport Molteno 4,708 53.2 -0.1
Liberal Unionist William Murray 4,146 46.8 +0.1
Majority 562 6.4 -0.2
Turnout 90.7 +0.0
Liberal hold Swing +0.0
General Election 1918: Dumfriesshire[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Maj. William Murray 13,345
Liberal Rt Hon. John William Gulland 7,562
Majority
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

Elections of the 1920s[edit]

Henry Keswick
General Election 1922: Dumfriesshire[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Allan Chapple 13,296 54.6
Unionist Henry Keswick 11,055 45.4
Majority 2,241 9.2
Turnout 24,351
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
William Chapple
General Election 1923: Dumfriesshire[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Allan Chapple 13,107 53.5 -1.1
Unionist John Charteris 11,380 46.5 +1.1
Majority 1,727 7.0 -2.2
Turnout 24,487
Liberal hold Swing -1.1
General Election 1924: Dumfriesshire[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist John Charteris 12,718 46.2 -0.3
Liberal William Allan Chapple 8,472 30.8 -22.7
Labour Mrs Agnes Dollan 6,342 23.0 n/a
Majority 15.4 22.4
Turnout 27,532
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +11.2
General Election 1929: Dumfriesshire [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Dr Joseph Hunter 16,174 45.1 +14.3
Unionist John Charteris 12,984 36.2 -10.0
Labour W.H. Marwick 6,687 18.7 -4.3
Majority 3,190 8.9 24.3
Turnout 35,845
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +12.2

Elections of the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Dumfriesshire[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Joseph Hunter 26,873 77.7 +32.6
Labour J. S. Paterson 7,693 22.3 +3.6
Majority 19,180 55.4 46.5
Turnout 34,566 77.6 −3.8
Liberal National hold Swing
Dumfriesshire by-election, September 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Sir Henry Fildes 16,271 60.3 −17.4
Labour Co-op John Downie 10,697 39.7 +17.4
Majority 5,574 20.6 −34.8
Turnout 26,968 58.7 −18.9
Liberal National hold Swing −17.4
General Election November 1935: Dumfriesshire [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Sir Henry Fildes 22,053 65.4 +5.1
Labour John Downie 11,685 34.6 −5.1
Majority 10,368 30.8 +10.2
Turnout 33,738 73.6 +14.9
Liberal National hold Swing +5.1

Elections of the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Niall Malcolm Stewart Macpherson 16,465 47.4
Labour D Dunwoodie 12,388 35.7
Liberal Fl-Off. Ian McColl 5,850 16.9
Majority 4,077 11.7
Turnout 72.3
Liberal National hold Swing

Elections of the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Dumfriesshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal Niall Malcolm Stewart Macpherson 26,268 59.31
Labour Harry S Wilson 18,025 40.69
Majority 8,243 18.61
Turnout 78.60
National Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1951: Dumfriesshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal Niall Malcolm Stewart Macpherson 26,386 61.28
Labour George BA Douglas 16,669 38.72
Majority 9,717 22.57
Turnout 80.17
National Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1955: Dumfriesshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal Niall Malcolm Stewart Macpherson 24,550 61.34
Labour Harry S Wilson 15,427 38.66
Majority 9,078 22.68
Turnout 73.73
National Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1959: Dumfriesshire[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal Niall Malcolm Stewart Macpherson 25,867 58.39
Labour Graeme C. Moodie 18,437 41.61
Majority 7,430 16.77
Turnout 77.44
National Liberal hold Swing

Elections of the 1960s[edit]

By-election 1963: Dumfriesshire [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Colville Anderson 16,762
Labour Iain Jordan 15,791
Liberal Charles Abernethy 4,491
SNP John HD Gair 4,001
Majority 971
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Dumfriesshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hector Seymour Peter Monro 22,816 48.65
Labour Iain Jordan 18,360 39.15
SNP John HD Gair 5,726 12.21
Majority 4,456 9.50
Turnout 81.57
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Dumfriesshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hector Seymour Peter Monro 20,779 45.63
Labour TC Boyd 16,358 35.92
SNP John HD Gair 5,727 12.57
Liberal Roy Semple 2,679 5.88
Majority 4,421 9.71
Turnout 80.19
Conservative hold Swing

Elections of the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Dumfriesshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hector Seymour Peter Monro 24,661 53.12
Labour Raymond D Donnelly 15,555 33.50
SNP John HD Gair 6,211 13.38
Majority 9,106 19.61
Turnout 76.13
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Dumfriesshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hector Seymour Peter Monro 21,707 44.05
Labour John Wheatley 12,739 25.85
SNP LAB Whitley 9,186 18.64
Liberal DH Reive 5,642 11.45
Majority 8,968 18.20
Turnout 80.38
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Dumfriesshire [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hector Seymour Peter Monro 18,386 38.75
Labour John Wheatley 12,558 26.47
SNP LAB Whitley 12,542 26.43
Liberal A Sinclair 3,961 8.35
Majority 5,828 12.28
Turnout 76.71
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1979: Dumfriesshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hector Seymour Peter Monro 22,704 45.21
Labour A Wood 13,700 27.28
Liberal James Robert Wallace 7,169 14.28
SNP E Gibson 6,647 13.24
Majority 9,004 17.93
Turnout 78.09
Conservative hold Swing

Elections of the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1983: Dumfriesshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hector Seymour Peter Monro 18,730 44.53
Social Democratic J McCall 10,036 23.86
Labour T McAughtrie 8,764 20.84
SNP E Gibson 4,527 10.76
Majority 8,694 20.67
Turnout 73.02
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1987: Dumfriesshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hector Seymour Peter Monro 18,785 41.9
Labour Catherine Winifred Phillips 11,292 25.2
Social Democratic James Robertson McCall 8,064 18.0
SNP Thomas McAlpine 6,391 14.2
Green Paul Meynall Thomas 349 0.8
Majority 7,493 16.70
Turnout 75.62
Conservative hold Swing

Elections of the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Dumfriesshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hector Seymour Peter Monro 21,089 43.13
Labour Peter R. Rennie 14,674 30.01
SNP Alasdair Morgan 6,971 14.26
Liberal Democrat Neil C. Wallace 4,749 11.76
Independent Graham McLeod 312 0.64
Natural Law Thomas Barlow 107 0.22
Majority 6,415 13.12
Turnout 79.98
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1997: Dumfriesshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Russell Brown 23,528 47.51
Conservative Struan Stevenson 13,885 28.04
SNP Robert J. Higgins 5,977 12.07
Liberal Democrat Neil C. Wallace 5,487 11.08
Referendum Party David F. Parker 533 1.08
Natural Law Miss Elizabeth Hunter 117 0.24
Majority 9,643 19.47
Turnout 78.17
Labour hold Swing

Elections of the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2001: Dumfries
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Russell Brown 20,830 48.9 +1.4
Conservative John Anthony Charteris 11,996 28.2 +0.1
Liberal Democrat John Andrew Ross Scott 4,955 11.6 +0.6
SNP Gerard Alexander Fisher 4,103 9.6 -2.4
Scottish Socialist John Dennis 702 1.6 N/A
Majority 8,834 20.7
Turnout 42,586 67.0 -11.9
Labour hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918
  2. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918
  9. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  10. ^ The Times, 17 November 1922
  11. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  12. ^ The Times House of Commons 1929
  13. ^ The Times House of Commons 1929
  14. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  15. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  16. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1963
  17. ^ The Times, 13 Dec 1963
  18. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1977