GDP per capita
Labour force by occupation
|note: essentially services with a small amount of industry; nearly all dignitaries, priests, nuns, guards, and the approximately 3,000 lay workers live outside the Vatican|
|printing, production of coins, medals, postage stamps, mosaics and staff uniforms and financial services|
|Revenues||$315 million (2013)|
|Expenses||$334 million (2013)|
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The economy of Vatican City is mainly supported financially by the sale of stamps, coins, medals, and tourist mementos as well as fees for admission to museums and publication sales. Vatican City employed 4,822 people in 2016.
The Vatican City receives subsides from the Italian state, which include the water supply free of charge, tax exemptions and other kinds of dedicated public funding.
Vatican City issues its own coins and stamps. It has used the euro as its currency since 1 January 1999, owing to a special agreement with the European Union (council decision 1999/98). Euro coins and notes were introduced on 1 January 2002—the Vatican does not issue euro banknotes. Issuance of euro-denominated coins is strictly limited by treaty, though somewhat more than usual is allowed in a year in which there is a change in the papacy. Because of their rarity, Vatican euro coins are highly sought by collectors.
- revenues: €770 million (2021)
- expenditures: €803 million (2021)
- deficit: €33m (2021)
Printing and production of a small amount of mosaics and staff uniforms; worldwide banking and financial activities.
- Electricity – production
- Electricity – imports
Euro (since 2002). Vatican City depends on Italy for practical production of banknotes, stamps and other valuable titles. Owing to their rarity, Vatican euro coins are sought by collectors.
The fiscal year is the calendar year.
- Secretariat for the Economy
- Index of Vatican City-related articles
- Philatelic and Numismatic Office of the Vatican City State
- Vatican euro coins
- "Europe :: Holy See (Vatican City) — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2019-11-18.
- "Agreements on monetary relations (Monaco, San Marino, the Vatican and Andorra)". Activities of the European Union: Summaries of legislation. Retrieved 23 February 2007.
- "Benedict Vatican euros set for release". Catholic News. 21 April 2006. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- "Vatican's 2022 "Mission Budget" shows deficit, but less than last year". international.la-croix.com. 2022-01-28. Retrieved 2023-05-17.