Economy of Vatican City

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Economy of Vatican City
CurrencyEuro (EUR)
Calendar year
Labour force
4,822 (2016)
Labour force by occupation
note: essentially services with a small amount of industry; nearly all dignitaries, priests, nuns, guards, and the approximately 3,000 lay workers live outside the Vatican
Main industries
printing, production of coins, medals, postage stamps, mosaics and staff uniforms and financial services
Public finances
Revenues$315 million (2013)
Expenses$334 million (2013)
Economic aidPeter's Pence
Main data source: CIA World Fact Book
All values, unless otherwise stated, are in US dollars.
Vatican City
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Vatican City
An ATM in Vatican City with Latin instructions

The unique, noncommercial economy of Vatican City is supported financially by contributions (known as Peter's Pence) from Roman Catholics throughout the world, the sale of postage stamps and tourist mementos, fees for admission to museums,[1] and the sale of publications.

Key statistics[edit]


  • revenues: $315 million (2013)
  • expenditures: $348 million (2013) [2]

Printing and production of a small amount of mosaics and staff uniforms; worldwide banking and financial activities[citation needed]

Electricity – production

442 MWh (2010) from solar panels.[citation needed]

Electricity – imports

Electricity supplied by Italy.[citation needed]


Euro (since 2002). Vatican City depends on Italy for practical production of banknotes, stamps and other valuable titles.[citation needed] Owing to their rarity, Vatican euro coins are sought by collectors.[citation needed]

The fiscal year is the calendar year.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Italy suspends Vatican bank card payments". 3 January 2013 – via
  2. ^ Europe :: Holy See (Vatican City). CIA – The World Factbook. Retrieved on August 1, 2017.