Galik alphabet

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Ali Gali
Das Buch der Schrift (Faulmann) 132.jpg
Languages Mongolian, Tibetan, Sanskrit
Creator Ayuush Güüsh
Time period
16th century
Parent systems
Sister systems
Clear script
Vagindra script

The Galik script (Mongolian: Али-гали үсэг, Ali-Gali üseg) is an extension to the traditional Mongolian script. It was created in 1587 by the translator and scholar Ayuush Güüsh (Mongolian: Аюуш гүүш), inspired by the third Dalai Lama, Sonam Gyatso. He added extra characters for transcribing Tibetan and Sanskrit terms when translating religious texts, and later also from Chinese. Some of those characters are still in use today for writing foreign names.[1]

Some authors (particularly historic ones like Isaac Taylor in his The Alphabet: an account of the origin and development of letters, 1883) fail to distinguish between the Galik and standard Mongolian alphabets.


  1. ^ Otgonbayar Chuluunbaatar (2008). Einführung in die Mongolischen Schriften (in German). Buske. ISBN 978-3-87548-500-4.