An old FilmNet logo
|Launched||29 March 1985|
|Closed||1 August 1997 (Scandinavia, Netherlands, Flanders, Poland)|
1 June 2008 (Greece)
|Replaced by||Canal+ (Scandinavia, Netherlands, Flanders, Poland)|
Nova Cinema (Greece)
FilmNet was the name used for several premium television channels in Europe during the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s. It was launched on 9 March 1985, broadcasting with a focus on Scandinavia, the Netherlands and the northern part of Belgium (Flanders). Filmnet channels were later launched in Poland and Greece.
Filmnet was founded by the Swedish company Esselte Video and Dutch film producer Rob Houwer. They formed a partnership with ATN, a joint venture of the Dutch magazine publisher VNU and the European film distribution company United International Pictures and the channel was launched across Scandinavia and the Benelux countries on 29 March 1985. Filmnet transmitted from the ECS-1 satellite, the same one used by cable operators. Filmnet failed to make a profit and was sold to NetHold, a joint venture of MultiChoice and Richemont. The channels were sold to the French Canal+ Group on 1 August 1997. The deal didn't include the Greek channels, who continued using the FilmNet name until 2008. Although the brand no longer exists, most of its subsidiaries in the different countries live on in some way:
- Scandinavia: The channel had 3 timeslots: Morning Club for morning programs, Royal Club for noon and afternoon programs and Night Club for night and after-midnight programs. As it was increasing other content except for films, like sports, entertainment, music and others the channel was renamed FilmNet Plus. To create a TV channel which would fit to film lovers, a second FilmNet channel called The Complete Movie Channel: FilmNet was launched on most cable networks and it featured only movies. Later, the channels were renamed FilmNet 1 and FilmNet 2. The channels were renamed Canal+ and Canal+ Gul in September 1, 1997. Canal+ sold the company to Nordic Capital and Baker Capital in 2003 and the company was renamed C More Entertainment (although still using the Canal+ name in marketing until 2012). They went on to sell to the SBS Broadcasting Group in 2005, who in turn was merged with ProSiebenSat.1 Media in 2007. In 2008, a deal was entered to sell the company to the Swedish TV4 Group. In October 2012, C More launched subscription online streaming service under the Filmnet name, which was moved to main C More websites on 30 June 2015.
- Netherlands: Filmnet was rebranded as Canal+ in 1997. Canal+ sold the channels in 2005 to Liberty Global and renamed to Sport1 and Film1 in February 2006. Sport1 changed its name to Ziggo Sport Totaal in November 2015. Film1 was sold to Sony Pictures Television in 2015.
- Belgium: The Belgian subsidiary was one of the most successful: as from mid 1988 is was profitable. The channels were bought by and renamed Canal+ in 1997. In 2004, they were sold to Telenet and are now known as Play More.
- Poland: Filmnet was launched in 1995 and merged into the existing Canal+ channel in February 1997. It continues to exist to this day, under the name Canal+ Poland.
- Greece: The FilmNet brand came in Greece in 1994, replacing ITA 8. The second channel was called FilmSat, but during 2002 it was renamed as FilmNet 2 and there was, also, a third one, called FilmNet 3. Multichoice finally sold their Greek pay-TV business to Forthnet in April 2008. The Filmnet brand disappeared on June 1, 2008, when the Greek channels were renamed Nova Cinema.
Filmnet was mainly broadcasting films and series. It was, also, broadcasting gossip news from E!. In the 90's Filmnet started broadcasting football, and other sport events in countries like Belgium and the Netherlands.
K-T.V. was a programming block on Filmnet, featuring various cartoons and original shows with kids as the presentations.
- Chalaby, Jean K. (2009). Transnational Television in Europe: Reconfiguring Global Communications Networks. I.B.Tauris. p. 15-16. ISBN 9780857717474.
- "Film1/Sport1: Dit Was Canal+ ...In Nederland!". DutchMedia.nl (in Dutch). 1 February 2006. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
- Fransen gaan Nederlanders vermaken, Trouw, Dorien Pels, 26 July 1997
- Canal+ wordt Sport1 en Film1
- Sport1 heet vanaf 12 November Ziggo Sport Totaal
- SONY PICTURES TELEVISION CLOSES FILM1 DEAL sonypicturestelevision.com, Retrieved on July 26, 2015
- Richardson, Rick (1997-02-24). "Nethold to fold FilmNet in Poland". Variety.com. Warsaw. Retrieved 2019-12-27.
- "NOVA". Archived from the original on December 10, 2001.