Foreign aid to Pakistan
||This article is incomplete. (February 2015)|
Pakistan receives foreign aid from several different countries and international organisation. Since the start of the War in Afghanistan, the majority of the Aid comes from the United States.The Majority of US assistance to Pakistan is from the Coalition Support Fund which is reimbursement to Pakistan for expenses already incurred and compensation for facilities made available to the coalition forces such as the Shamsi Airfield and Dalbandin air bases by Pakistan as well as $4 billion has been billed to CSF Fund for the training and services provided by American Military and contractors to Pakistan Security Forces. The $4 billion is equivalent to 41,204 Crore Pakistani Rupees considering exchange rate of 1$ =103.01Pakistan Rupee as on 10/23/2016.
- 1 Multilateral aid
- 2 United States
- 3 United Kingdom
- 4 Pakistani proposals for foreign assistance
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Pakistan has taken significant loans from the International Monetary Fund.
One of the biggest organisations supporting the electoral process in Pakistan is the Election Support Group (ESG). ESG is an internationally supported group of interested parties, made 32 specific recommendations to the Election Commission based on the recommendations of 16 international organisations. A meeting was held in October 2009 to present these ideas to the Commission. The Commission commissioned ESG to provide them with a recommendations on how to best solve the addressed problems.
Former US Ambassador to Pakistan Anne W. Patterson addressed senior bureaucrats at the National Management College and emphasised that the United States will assist Pakistan's new democratic government in the areas of development, stability, and security. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in Pakistan, officially announced the signing of an agreement valued at $8.4 million to help ease Pakistan's food crisis. It is also hoped by the United States that Pakistan under the administration of Nawaz Sharif would only strengthen relations between Pakistan and the United States. Since the start of the War in Afghanistan, the majority of the Aid comes from the United States.The Majority of US assistance to Pakistan is from the Coalition Support Fund which is reimbursement "to Pakistan for expenses already incurred and compensation for facilities made available to the coalition forces such as the Shamsi Airfield and Dalbandin air bases by Pakistan as well as $4 billion has been billed to CSF for the training and services provided by American Military and contractors."
In 2006, the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) implemented a 9 million dollar contract through USAID to install a computerised electoral rolls system for the Pakistani government.
USAID, IFES, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI) have also coordinated a number of initiatives to help train election officials in Pakistan. Part of this activity was the establishment of a Federal Election Academy and a library to support the Election Commission of Pakistan.
Financial aid to Pakistan since the 11 September 2001 attacks
Between 2002–2010, US Congress approved $18 billion in military and economic aid from the United States. However the Pakistan Treasury only received $8.647 billion in direct financial payments.
Western officials have claimed nearly 70% (roughly $3.4 billion) of Military aid given to the military has been misspent in 2002–2007 and used to cover civilian deficit.However,Pakistan argues the civilian deficit was caused by poor economy from the War on Terror. However U.S-Pakistani relationship has been a transactional based and U.S military aid to Pakistan and aid conditions has been shrouded in secrecy for several years until recently . Furthermore, a significant proportion of US economic aid for Pakistan has ended up in back in the US, as funds are channelled through large US contractors. A US lawmaker also said majority of US economic aid has not left the US as it spent on consulting fees and overhead cost. Pakistan also states it has spent $80 billion on the War on Terror since 2001.
Cuts in aid
The Kerry Luger Bill passed in 2009 after democratic elections in Pakistan had proposed $1.5 billion in annual assistance to Pakistan. However, due to problems and differences in the bilateral relationship over issues such as drones, India, and the Raymond Davis incident, the full amount was not transferred. Pakistan was promised $1.5 billion annually till 2014, but in the very first year the target was not met. Only $179.5 million out of $1.51 billion in US civilian aid to Pakistan was actually disbursed in fiscal 2010.
Of the $179.5 million received by Pakistan in 2010, $75 million of the US aid funds were transferred to bolster the Benazir Income Support Program, a social development program run by the Pakistani government. Another $45 million was given to the Higher Education Commission to support "centers of excellence" at Pakistani universities; $19.5 million went to support Pakistan's Fulbright Scholarship program; $23.3 million went to flood relief .
Military and economic aid
|Year||Military (USD in billions)||Economic (USD in billions)|
|2002||1.36||1.233 for 2002 to 2004|
|Total||11.740 billion||6.08 billion|
Total aid since independence
Pakistani proposals for foreign assistance
Free trade deals
Pakistan has been trying to negotiate free trade deals with the EU and America as part of Western assistance in war against terror instead of aid . This policy is supported by the Washington based think tank Center for Global Development
Pakistan has been trying to negotiate debt cancellation. Currently Pakistan spends $6 billion on debt servicing annually.
- International Foundation for Electoral Systems (2009). "Election Support Group". Retrieved 25 October 2009.
- "CEC-ESG discuss Electoral Reforms Recommendations". Islamabad: The Associated Press of Pakistan. 12 October 2009. Retrieved 25 October 2009.
- "The United States Embassy". Retrieved 21 December 2008.
- Computerised electoral rolls system installed Daily Times (Pakistan), 10 September 2008. Accessed 23 July 2009.
- Capacity building key to meet modern day challenges, The International News (Pakistan), 14 July 2009. Accessed 7 August 2009.
- Walsh, Declan (27 February 2008). "Up to 70% of US aid to Pakistan 'misspent'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- Rohde, David; Gall, Carlotta; Schmitt, Eric; Sanger, David E. (24 December 2007). "U.S. Officials See Waste in Billions Sent to Pakistan". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- "U.S. to channel more aid via Pakistan government". Reuters. 14 April 2010.
- Upadhyay, Brajesh (16 May 2008). "US aid 'failing to reach target'". BBC News. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- Department of Defense statistics
- "Centre for Global development".
- "http://www.usinflationcalculator.com". External link in
- "Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2015" (PDF).
- UK Conservatives would step up Pakistan aid effort