As of 2008, the city has an estimated population of 24,448 and the density of 50.36 persons per km². The total area is 529.12 km².
Fukagawa is a small but vibrant city most known for its plentiful rice fields and apple and cherry orchards in Otoe, a township to the south of the downtown area. Fukagawa is growing largely in Otoe, anchored by its Roadside Station, which is the third busiest in Hokkaido, according to an article in the Hokkaido Shimbun.
Fukugawa is rich in rice production. Rice paddies in the city are irrigated by the Taishō Canal, which is channeled off the Ishikari River. Potatoes and apples are also agricultural products of the city.