The Funj are an ethnic group in present-day Sudan. Their origins are not clearly known. However, there is three different hypothesis to their origin with in Sudan the most cited and known origin for the Funj is that they are descents of Banu Umayya who escaped the slaughter of the Abbasid by fleeing into Abyssinia and moving inward in to the Nubian territory who are known since ancient time in Arabia to protect their guest and refugees. The second hypothesis comes from James Bruce who wrote in his Book Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile that he think the Funj are from the Shilluk. James Bruce wrote his book after 22 years from his travel through North Africa and Ethiopia. The third hypothesis is that they are descents of the remnants of the Kingdom Alodia Nubians who escaped further south to replenish their supplies and resources and returned to establish their state. The most cited source in Sudan is that they are Nubians who mixed with Arabs. The Funj tribe with Abdallah Jamma set up the Funj Sultanate of Sinnar that ruled the area for several centuries.
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