2017 Gujarat Legislative Assembly election

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Gujarat Legislative Assembly election, 2017

← 2012 9 and 14 December 2017 2022 →

All 182 seats in the Gujarat Legislative Assembly
92 seats needed for a majority
Turnout68.41%
  Majority party Minority party
  Vijay Rupani speaking in Patan.png
Leader Vijay Rupani Bharatsinh Solanki
Party BJP INC
Alliance INC+BTP+Independent
Leader since 2016 2015
Leader's seat Rajkot West Did not contest
Last election 115 61
Seats won 99 81
Seat change Decrease16 Increase20
Popular vote 1,47,24,427 1,24,38,937
Percentage 49.1% 41.4%
Swing Increase1.2% Increase2.5%

Gujarat election 2017 result.png
Election result map

Chief Minister before election

Vijay Rupani
BJP

Chief Minister

Vijay Rupani
BJP

The 14th Gujarat Legislative Assembly election, 2017 was held on 9 December 2017 and 14 December 2017. The counting of votes took place on 18 December. All 182 members of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly were elected with the leader of the largest party or coalition expected to become the next Chief Minister.[1] The election was won by the incumbent Bharatiya Janata Party with a reduced majority, following losses to the opposition Indian National Congress with increased seats.

Gujarat in India

Background[edit]

Gujarat, as a state of India follows Parliamentary system of government similar to other states. The Government is responsible to the Legislative Assembly and stays in power only if it has the support of majority members. Elections take place on a first past the post basis, the candidate with the most number of votes wins the seat regardless of absolute majority. Every citizen of the state, who is 18 and above is eligible to vote. The Governors of States of India then invites the leader of the largest party or coalition to form the government. The Constitution of India states that the term of Legislative Assemblies is five years. As is common in most other first past the post electoral systems, the state's politics are dominated by two parties – the Indian National Congress (INC) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

The term of current Gujarat Legislative Assembly ends on 22 January 2018. The previous assembly election, held in 2012 resulted in BJP gaining a majority of seats and Narendra Modi becoming the Chief Minister. After the 2014 General Elections, Modi became the Prime Minister of the country and Anandiben Patel was appointed the Chief Minister of Gujarat. After the agitations of Patidars, Dalit protests and claims of poor governance, she was replaced by Vijay Rupani as the Chief Minister by the party.

Electoral process changes[edit]

VVPAT-fitted EVMs were used in entire Gujarat state at 50,128 polling stations in the 2017 elections, which was the first time that the entire state saw the implementation of VVPAT.[2] VVPAT slips were counted in a polling station each of Gujarat's 182 constituencies.[3][4] There were 43.3 million registered voters in Gujarat as on September 25, 2017.[5]

Group of voters Voters population
Male 2,25,57,032
Female 2,07,57,032
Third gender 169
Total voters 4,33,14,233

Demographics[edit]

Other Backward Castes, excluding Muslim OBCs, comprised 40% of the total population of Gujarat.[6][7][8] 147 communities were considered to be OBCs at the time of the election.[9] Scheduled tribes (primarily Adivasis) comprised 15.5% of the population, while scheduled castes (Dalits) totalled 7%.[10][11] Muslims of various castes constituted 9.7% of the population.[12] Forward castes and others made up the remainder.

Castes of Gujarat[13][14][15][16]
Caste Population (%) Notes
OBC 40% Kolis+Thakores -20~22%
artisan castes - 6.1%
Bharwad (Gadaria) - 2%
other middle castes -3.3%.
Adivasis (STs) 15.5%
Dalits (SCs) 7%
Forward caste 27% Patidar- 15%
Hindu Bania, Jain Bania, Rajput, Lohana, Brahmin and Rajputs -10-12%
Muslims 9.7%[17] includes Muslim OBCs
Others 0.4% includes Christians, Parsis, Jains

Opinion polls[edit]

Election schedule
Polling firm/Commissioner Date published
BJP INC Others
ABP News (Lokniti CSDS)[18] August 31, 2017 59%
144–152
29%
26-32
12%
0
India-Today (Axis)[19] October 24, 2017 48%
120-135
38%
55-70
14%
0-3
Times Now (VMR)[20] October 25, 2017 52%
118-134
37%
49-61
11%
0-2
ABP News (Lokniti CSDS)[21] November 9, 2017 47%
113-121
41%
58-64
12%
1-7
ABP News (Lokniti CSDS)[22] December 4, 2017 43%
91-99
43%
78-86
14%
3-7
Times Now (VMR)[23] December 6, 2017 45%
106-116
40%
63-73
15%
2-4
Republic TV[24] December 6, 2017
110-125

53-68

4

Exit Polls[edit]

Polling firm/Commissioner Date published
BJP INC Others
ABP News (Lokniti CSDS)[25] December 14, 2017 49%
117
41%
64
9%
1
TV9 CVoter[25] December 14, 2017 52%
109
39%
74
9.3%
0
Axis-India Today[25] December 14, 2017 47%
99-113
42%
68-82
11%
VMR-Times Now[25] December 14, 2017 48%
108-118
41%
61-71
11%
0-3
Republic-JanKiBaat[25] December 14, 2017
115-130

50-65

0-2
VDP Associates[25] December 14, 2017 48%
142
40%
37
12%
3
CNX Samay[25] December 14, 2017 48%
110-120
39%
65-75
13%
2-4
Today's Chanakya[25] December 14, 2017 49%
135
38%
47
13%
Nirmana TV (Gujarati)[25] December 14, 2017
104

74

4
Republic TV-CVoter[26] December 14, 2017 47.4%
108
43.3%
74
9.3%
0

Results[edit]

The votes were counted on 18 December 2017. Over 1.9% of all voters in the election specified the None of the Above (NOTA) option, which amounted to more than 500,000 votes.[27]

Summary of the 9-14 December 2017 Gujarat Legislative Assembly election results
Gujarat Legislative Assembly 2017.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Won +/−
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 1,47,24,427 49.1 Increase1.2 99 Decrease16
Indian National Congress (INC) 1,24,38,937 41.4 Increase2.5 77 Increase16
Independents (IND) 12,90,278 4.3 Decrease1.5 3 Increase2
Bharatiya Tribal Party (BTP) 2,22,694 0.7 Increase0.7 2 Increase2
Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) 2,07,007 0.7 Decrease0.6 0 Steady
Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) 1,84,815 0.6 Decrease0.4 1 Decrease1
All India Hindustan Congress Party (AIHCP) 83,922 0.3 Increase0.3 0 Steady
Rashtriya Samajwadi Party (Secular) (RSPS) 45,833 0.2 Increase0.2 0 Steady
Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) 24,918 0.1 Increase0.1 0 Steady
Janata Dal (United) (JDU) 0 Decrease1
Gujarat Parivartan Party (GPP) N/A Decrease3.6 0 Decrease2
None of the Above (NOTA) 5,51,615 1.8 Increase1.8 N/A
Total 100.00 182 ±0

Results by constituency[edit]

No. Constituency Winner Candidate Party Votes Margin 2012 Winner
1 Abdasa Pradhyumansinh Jadeja INC 73,312 9746 INC
2 Mandvi Virendrasinh Jadeja BJP 79,569 9046 BJP
3 Bhuj Dr. Nimaben Acharya BJP 86,532 14,022 BJP
4 Anjar Vasanbhai Ahir BJP 75,331 11,313 BJP
5 Gandhidham Maltiben Maheshwari BJP 79,713 20,270 BJP
6 Rapar Santokben Aarethiya INC 63,814 15,209 BJP
7 Vav Geniben Thakor INC 1,02,328 6655 BJP
8 Tharad Parbatbhai Patel BJP 69,789 11,733 BJP
9 Dhanera Nathabhai Patel INC 82,909 2093 INC
10 Danta Kantiben Kharadi INC 86,129 24,652 INC
11 Vadgam Jignesh Mevani IND 95,497 19,696 INC
12 Palanpur Mahesh Patel INC 91,512 17,593 INC
13 Deesa Shashikant Pandya BJP 85,411 14,531 BJP
14 Deodar Shivabhai Bhuriya INC 80,432 972 BJP
15 Kankrej Kiritsinh Vaghela BJP 95,131 8588 INC
16 Radhanpur Alpesh Thakor INC 85,777 14,857 BJP
17 Chanasma Dilipkumar Thakor BJP 73,771 8234 BJP
18 Patan Kiritkumar Patel INC 1,03,273 25,279 BJP
19 Sidhpur Chandanji Thakor INC 88,268 17,260 INC
20 Kheralu Bharatsinhji Dabhi BJP 59,847 21,415 BJP
21 Unjha Dr. Asha Patel INC 81,797 19,529 BJP
22 Visnagar Rushikesh Patel BJP 77,496 2869 BJP
23 Bechraji Bharatji Thakor INC 80,894 15,811 BJP
24 Kadi Punjabhai Solanki BJP 96,651 7746 INC
25 Mehsana Nitinbhai Patel BJP 90,235 7137 BJP
26 Vijapur Ramanbhai Patel BJP 72,326 1164 INC
27 Himatnagar Rajubhai Chavda BJP 94,340 1712 INC
28 Idar Hitu Kanodiya BJP 98,815 14,813 BJP
29 Khedbrahma Ashvinbhai Kotwal INC 85,916 11,131 INC
30 Bhiloda Dr. Anil Joshiyara INC 95,719 12,417 INC
31 Modasa Rajesndrasinh Thakor INC 83,411 1640 INC
32 Bayad Dhavalsinh Zala INC 79,556 7901 INC
33 Prantij Gajendrasinh Parmar BJP 83,482 2551 INC
34 Dahegam Balrajsinh Chauhan BJP 74,445 10,860 INC
35 Gandhinagar South Shambhuji Thakor BJP 1,07,480 11,538 BJP
36 Gandhinagar North Dr. C. J. Chavda INC 80,142 5736 BJP
37 Mansa Surekhkumar Patel INC 77,902 524 INC
38 Kalol Baldevji Thakor INC 82,886 49,277 INC
39 Viramgam Lakhabhai Bharwad INC 76,178 6548 INC
40 Sanand Kanubhai Patel BJP 67,692 7721 INC
41 Ghatlodia Bhupendrabhai Patel BJP 1,75,652 1,17,750 BJP
42 Vejalpur Kishor Chauhan BJP 1,17,748 22,567 BJP
43 Vatva Pradipsinh Jadeja BJP 1,31,133 62,380 BJP
44 Ellis Bridge Rakesh Shah BJP 1,16,811 85,205 BJP
45 Naranpura Kaushik Patel BJP 1,06,458 66,215 BJP
46 Nikol Jagdish Panchal BJP 87,764 24,880 BJP
47 Naroda Balram Thawani BJP 1,08,168 60,142 BJP
48 Thakkarbapa Nagar Vallabhbhai Kakadiya BJP 88,124 34,088 BJP
49 Bapunagar Himmatsinh Patel INC 58,785 3067 BJP
50 Amraiwadi Hasmukhbhai Patel BJP 1,05,694 49,732 BJP
51 Dariapur Gyasuddin Shaikh INC 63,712 6187 INC
52 Jamalpur-Khadia Imran Khedawala INC 75,346 29,339 BJP
53 Maninagar Suresh Patel BJP 1,16,113 75,199 BJP
54 Danilimda Shailesh Parmar INC 90,691 32,510 INC
55 Sabarmati Arvindkumar Patel BJP 1,13,503 68,810 BJP
56 Asarwa Pradipbhai Parmar BJP 87,238 49,264 BJP
57 Daskroi Babu Jamna Patel BJP 1,27,432 45,065 BJP
58 Dholka Bhupendrasinh Chudasama BJP 71,530 327 BJP
59 Dhandhuka Rajesh Gohil INC 67,477 5920 BJP
60 Dasada Naushadji Solanki INC 74,009 3728 BJP
61 Limdi Soma Ganda Kolipatel INC 83,909 14,651 INC
62 Wadhwan Dhanjibhai Patel BJP 89z595 19,524 BJP
63 Chotila Rutvik Makwana INC 79,960 23,887 BJP
64 Dhrangadhra Parshottam Sabariya INC 97,135 13,916 BJP
65 Morbi Brijesh Merja INC 89,396 3419 BJP
66 Tankara Lalit Kagathra INC 94,090 29,770 BJP
67 Wankaner Mohammad Javed Pirjada INC 72,588 1361 INC
68 Rajkot East Arvind Raiyani BJP 93,087 22,782 INC
69 Rajkot West Vijay Rupani BJP 1,31,586 53,755 BJP
70 Rajkot South Govind Patel BJP 98,951 47,121 BJP
71 Rajkot Rural Lakhabhai Sagathiya BJP 92,114 2179 BJP
72 Jasdan Kunwarjibhai Mohanbhai Bavaliya INC 84,321 9277 INC
73 Gondal Geetaba Jayrajsinh Jadeja BJP 70,506 15,397 BJP
74 Jetpur Jayesh Radadiya BJP 98,948 25,581 INC
75 Dhoraji Lalit Vasoya INC 85,070 25,085 INC
76 Kalavad Pravin Musadiya INC 78,085 32,951 BJP
77 Jamnagar Rural Vallabhbhai Dharaviya INC 70,750 6397 INC
78 Jamnagar North Dharmendrasinh Jadeja (Hakubha) BJP 84,327 40,963 INC
79 Jamnagar South R. C. Faldu BJP 71,718 16,349 BJP
80 Jamjodhpur Chirag Kalariya INC 64,212 2518 BJP
81 Khambhalia Vikram Madam INC 79,779 11,046 BJP
82 Dwarka Pabubha Manek BJP 73,431 5739 BJP
83 Porbandar Babu Bokhiria BJP 72,430 1855 BJP
84 Kutiyana Kandhal Jadeja NCP 59,406 23,709 NCP
85 Manavadar Jawahar Chavda INC 88,570 29,763 INC
86 Junagadh Bhikhabhai Joshi INC 76,850 6084 BJP
87 Visavadar Harshad Ribadiya INC 92,731 23,101 GPP
88 Keshod Devabhai Malam BJP 71,425 10,806 BJP
89 Mangrol Babubhai Vaja INC 71,654 13,914 BJP
90 Somnath Vimalbhai Chudasama INC 94,914 20,450 INC
91 Talala Bhagabhai Ahir INC 96,729 31,646 INC
92 Kodinar Mohanbhai Vala INC 72,408 14,535 BJP
93 Una Punjabhai Vansh INC 72,775 4928 INC
94 Dhari J. V. Kakadiya INC 66,644 15,336 GPP
95 Amreli Paresh Dhanani INC 87,032 12,029 INC
96 Lathi Virjibhai Thummar INC 64,743 9343 INC
97 Savarkundla Pratap Dudhat INC 66,366 8531 BJP
98 Rajula Amarish Der INC 83,818 12,719 BJP
99 Mahuva Raghavbhai Makwana BJP 44,410 5009 BJP
100 Talaja Kanubhai Baraiya INC 66,862 1779 BJP
101 Gariadhar Keshubhai Nakrani BJP 50,635 1876 BJP
102 Palitana Bhikhabhai Baraiya BJP 69,479 14,189 INC
103 Bhavnagar Rural Parshottam Solanki BJP BJP
104 Bhavnagar East Vibhavari Dave BJP BJP
105 Bhavnagar West Jitu Vaghani BJP BJP
106 Gadhada Pravinbhai Maru INC BJP
107 Botad Saurabh Patel BJP BJP
108 Khambhat Mayur Raval BJP BJP
109 Borsad Rajendrasinh Parmar INC INC
110 Anklav Amit Chavda INC 90,603 33,629 INC
111 Umreth Govind Parmar BJP 68,326 1,883 NCP
112 Anand Kantibhai Sodharparmar INC BJP
113 Petlad Niranjan Patel INC INC
114 Sojitra Punambhai Parmar INC INC
115 Matar Kesarisinh Solanki BJP BJP
116 Nadiad Pankaj Desai BJP BJP
117 Mehmedabad Arjunsinh Chauhan BJP INC
118 Mahudha Indrajitsinh Parmar INC INC
119 Thasra Kanitbhai Parmar INC INC
120 Kapadvanj Kalabhai Dabhi INC INC
121 Balasinor Ajitsinh Chauhan INC INC
122 Lunawada Ratansinh Rathod IND BJP
123 Santrampur Kuberbhai Dindor BJP INC
124 Shehra Jethabhai Ahir BJP BJP
125 Morva Hadaf Bhupendrasinh Khant IND INC
126 Godhra C.K Raulji BJP INC
127 Kaalol Sumanben Chauhan BJP BJP
128 Halol Jaydrathsinh Parmar BJP BJP
129 Fatepura Rameshbhai Katara BJP BJP
130 Jhalod Bhavesh Katara INC INC
131 Limkheda Shaileshbhai Bhabhor BJP BJP
132 Dahod Vajesing Panada INC INC
133 Garbada Chandrikaben Bariya INC INC
134 Devgadhbaria Bachubhai Khabad BJP BJP
135 Savli Ketan Inamdar BJP Independent
136 Vaghodia Madhu Shrivastav BJP BJP
137 Chhota Udepur Mohan Rathwa INC INC
138 Jetpur (ST) Sukhrambhai Rathwa INC INC
139 Sankheda Abhesinh Tadvi BJP BJP
140 Dabhoi Shailesh Mehta(Sotta) BJP BJP
141 Vadodara City Manisha Vakil BJP BJP
142 Sayajigunj Jitendra Sukhadia BJP BJP
143 Akota Seema Mohile BJP BJP
144 Raopura Rajendra S Trivedi BJP BJP
145 Manjalpur Yogesh Patel BJP BJP
146 Padra Jashpalsinh Thakor INC BJP
147 Karjan Akshay Patel INC BJP
148 Nandod Premsinhbhai Vasava INC BJP
149 Dediapada Maheshbhai Vasava BTP BJP
150 Jambusar Sanjaybhai Solanki INC BJP
151 Vagra Arunsinh Rana BJP BJP
152 Jhagadia Chhotubhai Vasava BTP JD(U)
153 Bharuch Dushyant Patel BJP BJP
154 Ankleshwar Ishwarsinh Patel BJP BJP
155 Olpad Mukesh Patel BJP BJP
156 Mangrol (ST) Ganpat Vasava BJP BJP
157 Mandvi Anandbhai Chaudhari INC INC
158 Kamrej V. D. Zalavadiya BJP BJP
159 Surat East Arvind Rana BJP BJP
160 Surat North Kantibhai Balar BJP BJP
161 Varachha Marg Kumarbhai Kanani BJP BJP
162 Karanj Pravinbhai Ghoghari BJP BJP
163 Limbayat Sangita Patil BJP BJP
164 Udhna Vivek Patel BJP BJP
165 Majura Harsh Sanghavi BJP 116741 85827 BJP
166 Katargam Vinodbhai Moradiya BJP BJP
167 Surat West Purnesh Modi BJP BJP
168 Choryasi Zankhana Patel BJP BJP
169 Bardoli Ishwarbhai Parmar BJP BJP
170 Mahuva Mohanbhai Dhodiya BJP BJP
171 Vyara Punabhai Gamit INC INC
172 Nizar Sunil Gamit INC BJP
173 Dang Mangalbhai Gavit INC INC
174 Jalalpore R. C. Patel BJP BJP
175 Navsari Piyush Desai BJP BJP
176 Gandevi Naresh Patel BJP BJP
177 Vansda Anantkumar Patel INC INC
178 Dharampur Arvind Patel BJP INC
179 Valsad Bharat Patel BJP BJP
180 Pardi Kanubhai Desai BJP BJP
181 Kaprada Jitubhai Chaudhari INC INC
182 Umargam Ramanlal Patkar BJP BJP

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gujarat Assembly elections on Dec 9, 14". The Hindu Business Line. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  2. ^ "Explained: What is VVPAT".
  3. ^ "In a first, EC to hold mandatory VVPAT count at one polling station of each constituency".
  4. ^ http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/himachal/vvpat-slips-to-be-cross-matched-with-evm-count-says-una-dc/514818.html
  5. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/article/politics/gujarat-elections-will-be-held-in-december-evm-vvpats-to-be-used-ec-117101000969_1.html
  6. ^ "Gujarat Assembly election: OBCs, intermediate castes can sway poll outcome in 70 seats".
  7. ^ "OBCs to play kingmaker in battle for Gujarat".
  8. ^ "New caste equations taking shape before Gujarat elections".
  9. ^ "Caste equations: Will Congress' best-laid plans work out in north Gujarat?".
  10. ^ "In Gujarat's Adivasi belt, BJP has to contend with Bhilistan separatists, boycotts and 'big people'".
  11. ^ "The Dalit agitation may not harm the BJP in poll-bound Gujarat. But Punjab and UP are another story".
  12. ^ "Gujarat's Muslims out of poll picture in elections 2017".
  13. ^ "Castes may overshadow religion in Gujarat polls".
  14. ^ "Gujarat Kolis demand bigger share in BJP".
  15. ^ "Gujarat Adivasi protests over 'misuse of quota benefits' could hurt BJP's election arithmetic".
  16. ^ "Why dalits get little political representation in Gujarat".
  17. ^ "Gujarat's Muslims out of poll picture in elections 2017".
  18. ^ "ABP News Opinion Poll: BJP set to sweep Gujarat". ABP Live. 31 Aug 2017. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Gujarat Opinion Poll: Pride for Gujarati PM biggest challenge for Congress alliance". ABP Live. 24 Oct 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  20. ^ "Gujarat Assembly elections 2017: Times Now-VMR opinion survey gives BJP the upper hand". Times Now. 25 Oct 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  21. ^ "Gujarat Opinion Poll: BJP set to retain its saffron fortress, Congress improves vote share". ABPLive. 9 Nov 2017. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  22. ^ "Gujarat Opinion Poll: BJP set to retain its saffron fortress, Congress improves vote share". ABPLive. 4 Dec 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  23. ^ "Gujarat Assembly Elections 2017: Times Now-VMR opinion survey predicts BJP victory". Times Now. 6 Dec 2017. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  24. ^ "Gujarat Assembly Elections 2017: Jan Ki Baat Poll Survey Predicts BJP Victory In Gujarat". Republic TV. 6 Dec 2017. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Exit polls predict BJP victory in Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh". Business Standard. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  26. ^ "Gujarat Assembly Elections 2017 Exit Poll: BJP Set To Retain Power In Gujarat". Republic TV. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  27. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/elections/when-nota-edged-past-national-parties-in-gujarat/article21831255.ece

External links[edit]