Hulun Lake

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Hulun Lake
Panorama of lake with reed beds.
Location Inner Mongolia (China)
Coordinates 48°58′23″N 117°26′08″E / 48.97306°N 117.43556°E / 48.97306; 117.43556Coordinates: 48°58′23″N 117°26′08″E / 48.97306°N 117.43556°E / 48.97306; 117.43556
Primary inflows Kherlen River, Orshuun Gol
Primary outflows Mutnaya Protoka (temporal Argun River−Amur Basin tributary)
Catchment area 33,469 km2 (12,922 sq mi)[1]
Basin countries China, Mongolia
Max. length 90 km (56 mi)[2]
Max. width 27 km (17 mi)[2]
Surface area 2,339 km2 (903 sq mi)
Average depth 5.7 m (19 ft)[1]
Surface elevation 539 m (1,768 ft)
Official name Dalai Lake National Nature Reserve, Inner Mongolia
Designated 11 January 2002
Reference no. 1146[3]

Hulun Lake (simplified Chinese: 呼伦湖; traditional Chinese: 呼倫湖; pinyin: Hūlún Hú; Mongolian: hölön nuur Хөлөн нуур, lit. foot lake) or Dalai Lake (Mongolian: Dalai nuur Далай нуур, lit. ocean lake), is a large lake in the Inner Mongolia region of northern China.


It is one of the five largest freshwater lakes in all of China, covering approximately 2,339 km².

The lake is not far from Manzhouli, which is on a major passenger rail-line. Although there are several villages nearby, and Manzhouli is the nearest city of notable size.

Amur Basin

In years with high precipitation, the normally exit−less endorheic lake may overflow at its northern shore, and the water will meet the Argun River (Ergune) after about 30 kilometres (19 mi). The Amur Basin of the Kherlen River−Argun/Ergune River−Amur River system has a total length of 5,052 kilometres (3,139 mi) to its river mouth on the Sea of Japan.


As in 1995 annual fish production was about 7,000 tons, 100 tons of shrimp, 4 kilograms of pearls, 1.5 million crayfish.

Hulun Lake is also one of the key reed production areas in China.[1]


The lake and lakeshore is a tourist destination during the summer. During the other seasons there are few visitors. Hulun Lake and its wetlands are a Biosphere reserve of China.

Hulun Lake reflecting clouds and sky.
Mudflats and boat near the lakeshore.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c LakeNet - Hulun Hu (Hulun Nur) Lake Profile
  2. ^ a b measured using Google Earth
  3. ^ "Dalai Lake National Nature Reserve, Inner Mongolia". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.

External links[edit]

Media related to Hulun Lake at Wikimedia Commons