Illawarra Regional Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Illawarra Regional Airport
Wollongong Airport
HARS Apron, Wollongong, New South Wales.jpg
Airport type Public
Operator Shellharbour City Council
Location Albion Park Rail
Elevation AMSL 31 ft / 9 m
Coordinates 34°33′40″S 150°47′19″E / 34.56111°S 150.78861°E / -34.56111; 150.78861Coordinates: 34°33′40″S 150°47′19″E / 34.56111°S 150.78861°E / -34.56111; 150.78861
YWOL is located in New South Wales
Location in New South Wales
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08/26 1,331 4,367 Asphalt
16/34 1,819 5,968 Asphalt
Sources: Australian AIP and aerodrome chart[1]

Illawarra Regional Airport (also known as Wollongong Airport) (IATA: WOLICAO: YWOL) is an airport located in Albion Park Rail, 18 km (11 mi) southwest of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.


Illawarra Regional Airport, owned and operated by Shellharbour City Council, is located at the intersection of the F6, Princes Highway and Illawarra Highway at Albion Park Rail. The airport is an 80-minute drive from Sydney Airport and 60 minutes from Sydney's southern suburbs. An electric rail service is available between Sydney and Albion Park Rail on the South Coast rail line.

The airport is home to a growing Light Aeronautics Industry Cluster, the Historical Aircraft Restoration Society (HARS), the Australian Aerial Patrol, Gyrocopter Illawarra and a range of tourism-related operations. From October 2017, an airline service provided by JetGo provides passenger flights to Melbourne and Brisbane.[2]

The Illawarra Regional Airport provides a cost-effective alternative to the Sydney Basin airports for light aircraft users.[citation needed] It is not encumbered by restricted airspace or controls, which at times create delays and difficulties for pilots.[citation needed] The airport provides opportunities for tourism and business development and is used regularly by Skydive the Beach.


World War II[edit]

As early as the 1920s, aviators had used fields in the Albion Park area for pleasure flights and demonstrations. RAAF Albion Park was built in 1942 as a Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) Operational Base during World War II on land compulsorily acquired by the Australian Government. The base was used to conduct pilot training and was considered an important strategic asset in the defence of the Illawarra, particularly the steelworks at Port Kembla. Decorated fighter ace Clive Caldwell, a local resident, received RAAF training at the airfield. A satellite airfield was constructed north of Cordeaux Dam to support operations at Albion Park.[3]

Satellite airfields[edit]

Post War[edit]

Following the war, Trans Australia Airlines and Australian National Airways linked the airport with Canberra and Melbourne until 1950. From 1952, South Coast Airways operated a milk run between Sydney and Melbourne with intermediate stops in Wollongong (Albion Park), Bairnsdale and Sale.[4] Ownership of the airfield was transferred to the Shellharbour Municipal Council in 1962.[5] Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visited the airport during a 1970 tour of Australia. Also during the 1970s, Southbank Aviation introduced commuter services from Albion Park to Newcastle and Canberra. The company would later relocate operations to Sydney, but Illawarra Regional Airport remained an important facility for pilot training and aircraft maintenance into the 1980s.

In 1990, the first master plan was prepared for the Illawarra Regional Airport, providing a framework for future management and developments when Shellharbour City Council assumed full responsibility for the operation of the airport.[5] Throughout the 1990s, development of facilities continued, including the construction of a new passenger terminal and upgrades to roads and navigation aids at the airport. Impulse Airlines operated to the airport from Melbourne and Newcastle until August 2000. In 2002, the Historical Aircraft Restoration Society began relocating their collection of aircraft to Illawarra Regional Airport from Bankstown Airport in Sydney.[3] Their hangar was completed in 2005, along with several other major upgrades, including the strengthening and reconstruction of runway 16/34 with better lighting, enhanced security, and the opening of Shellharbour City's Light Aeronautics Industry Cluster. Coinciding with this upgrade was the commencement of Qantaslink services to Melbourne, although these were discontinued in 2008.[5]

A new master Stategic and Business Plan was completed in 2015.[6]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


On 30 October 2017, JETGO Australia became the first airline to operate regular passenger services from the airport since the termination of Qantaslink flights in 2008. This is also the first time that jet aircraft have been operated for scheduled passenger services at the airport. Jetgo provides daily flights to Melbourne (11 weekly returns) and Brisbane (7 weekly returns) using Embraer ERJ regional jets of 36 to 50 seats capacity[7].

Airlines Destinations
JETGO Brisbane, Melbourne–Essendon [8]


Wollongong Airport statistics[9]
Year Domestic passengers Aircraft movements Notes
November 2017 2,800 76* RPT commenced on 30 October 2017.
December 2017 3,266 72* *Estimated.

Airport facilities[edit]

The primary runway is 16/34, with a paved surface measuring 1,819 m × 30 m (5,968 ft × 98 ft). A displaced threshold reduces the available landing distance on runway 34 by 176 m (577 ft) to allow aircraft to clear high terrain along the approach path. 16/34 is equipped with pilot activated low intensity runway lighting, as well as precision approach path indicator systems to assist with landings under varying conditions. The secondary runway 08/26 is suitable for day operations only as it is not equipped with runway lighting and is restricted to aircraft with Maximum Takeoff Weights less than 7,500 kg (16,535 lb).[1]

There is no control tower located at the airport and pilots must co-ordinate arrivals and departures using a Common Traffic Advisory Frequency, aided by an Aerodrome Frequency Response Unit (AFRU), which notifies pilots that their transmissions have been received on the frequency and activates lighting systems as appropriate. The nearest radio navigation aid for pilots is the Wollongong Non-Directional Beacon installation located within the airport boundary.Fuel is available for piston, turbine and jet powered aircraft and an automated weather service also operates at the airport.[1]

Despite the length of the runway being sufficient for operating large passenger jets such as the Boeing 737, the pavements are currently only suitable for aircraft with a maximum takeoff weight not exceeding 25,000 kg (55,116 lb).[10] This, as well as environmental and noise issues, limits the potential of Illawarra Regional Airport as a major gateway for commercial airline operations despite its proximity to Sydney.[11] Despite this, Qantas donated City of Canberra, a Boeing 747-400 on March 8, 2015, where it made its final landing safely on the runway. Pilots trained on simulations for the landing and reduced the aircraft's weight including reducing the tyre pressure to 120 pounds per square inch from the typical 208, and carrying 25,400 litres of fuel, versus the maximum of 217,000 litres.[12]

In 2017 a new passenger terminal was built to facilitate re-introduction of regular passenger flights to the airport. The structure is a temporary facility, with construction of a permanent terminal dependant on the viability of the passenger services being proven. In conjunction with the terminal, two new car parks were constructed with a total of 144 parking spaces. Parking fees will apply.[13]


  • Gyrocopter Illawarra, A flight training organisation, is headquartered at the airfield.

  • NSW Air, a flight training organisation also offering charter flights.

Historical Aircraft Restoration Society[edit]

Boeing 747-438, City of Canberra, landing at the airport
Lockheed Super Constellation nicknamed Connie

The Historical Aircraft Restoration Society (HARS) is based at Illawarra Regional Airport. HARS was formed in 1979 by a group of aviation enthusiasts interested in the preservation of Australian Aviation History. Its mission is "To recover and where possible restore to flying condition, aircraft or types of aircraft that have played a significant part in Australian Aviation History both in the Civil and Military arenas".[15] Actor John Travolta recently donated his ex-Qantas Boeing 707 to the group.[16] The plane will be flown to the airport and will receive repairs to ensure safe flying condition. HARS has restored, or acquired:

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 18 December 1961, a Bristol 170 registration VH-AAH operated by Pacific Aviation crashed into trees near the airport during a training flight at Albion Park. The crew were unable to recover after power was lost during a simulated engine failure. All four on board survived the accident.[18]
  • On 2 April 1989, a Piper PA-60 Sequoia aircraft, registration VH-NOE crashed into the sea off Bass Point, to the east of Illawarra Regional Airport. The charter flight from Sydney was intended to pick up passengers at Wollongong and continue onwards to Nowra and Canberra. By the time of the accident, the passengers had already contacted the Sydney-based operator to cancel the charter, but the aircraft had departed before this could be communicated to the pilot. It is believed the aircraft struck the ocean in poor weather while attempting an instrument approach to the airport. Some debris was later located, but the main wreckage and the remains of the pilot, the only person on board, were never recovered.[19]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c YWOL – Illawarra (PDF). AIP En Route Supplement from Airservices Australia, effective 09 November 2017, Aeronautical Chart
  2. ^ "JetGo unveiled as chosen airline for Illawarra passenger service". Illawarra Mercury. Retrieved 6 July 2017. 
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b c
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Jetgo starts flights from Illawarra Regional Airport". Australian Aviation. 30 October 2017. 
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Illawarra JetGo services flying high after a month in the air". Fairfax Media.  Refers to "Regular Public Transport (RPT) operations only"
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ "How Qantas plans to land a Boeing 747 near Wollongong". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  13. ^
  14. ^ Aero V. Australia
  15. ^ HARS website
  16. ^ Media, Australian Community Media - Fairfax (2017-05-27). "John Travolta donates his Boeing 707 to HARS in Albion Park". Illawarra Mercury. Retrieved 2017-05-27. 
  17. ^ Lockheed Neptune P2V-7 A89-273 VH-IOY
  18. ^
  19. ^

External links[edit]