Western Sydney Airport
|Western Sydney Airport
Badgerys Creek Airport
Outline of airport site (in blue)
– land acquired by the Commonwealth.
Badgerys Creek Road and Parkland, within the proposed airport site.
|IATA: SWZ – ICAO: none|
|Airport type||Public (proposed)|
|Location||Badgerys Creek, New South Wales, Australia|
|Elevation AMSL||262 ft / 80 m|
|Greater metropolitan Sydney|
The Western Sydney Airport, (also known as Badgerys Creek Airport) is a designated site for the second Sydney airport, located within the suburb of Badgerys Creek. The Airport is a planned 24hr or curfew free airport. The site was officially designated by the Federal Government on 15 April 2014, after decades of debate on the location of another airport in the Sydney basin.
The site of the proposed airport is situated 44 kilometres (27 mi) west of the Sydney CBD and 41 km (25 mi) west of the Kingsford Smith Airport. The site is located within 7 kilometres (4.3 mi)  to the Blue Mountains National Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site) and lies 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) east to Warragamba Dam, Sydney's largest drinking water catchment.
The Federal Government claims the initial construction phase is expected to generate around 4,000 jobs, the airport development is expected to create 35,000 jobs by 2035, increasing to 60,000 jobs over time.
On the 19th October 2015, the draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) was released by the coalition government. This Statement outlined the proposed flight paths for Western Sydney Airport from initial opening in mid 2020's to 2050 for future flight paths for a international expansion.
- The draft EIS showed incoming flights merging approx 5,000 feet (1,500 m)  over the Blue Mountains town of Blaxland, New South Wales which already lies at an altitude of 768 feet (234 m) 
After an extensive community backlash and as a last measure to secure her seat, Liberal MP Louise Markus (now ousted due to this issue) and the coalition government announced a scrapping of this Blaxland merge point.
- In the final EIS, (released on September 15, 2016) the flight plans were still unclear, with only long term 2050 (international expansion) flight paths outlined. The flight paths in use from commencement of the airports operations are not in the EIS, or available anywhere else.
The site at Badgerys Creek was chosen because:
- it was considered the preferred site by successive studies including an environmental impact statement that was completed in 1999;
- the Government continues ownership of the land which is sufficient for the initial airport development;
- the site is protected by long-term planning and zoning restrictions; and
- the New South Wales Government proposed to expand the Western Sydney Employment Area (WSEA) which would see the airport abutted by land zoned for industry and commerce.
It is planned that the airport will be built in phases. The initial construction phase would see a smaller airport with a single runway. The cost of the initial development has been estimated at A$2.4 billion (as at 2012) and to generate 4,000 jobs. The government plans the initial phase would be complete and operational by 2025. Sydney Airport Corporation, the operator of Sydney Airport, was given the right of first refusal to build and operate any second airport in an agreement reached with the Government when Sydney Airport was sold in 2002.
It is believed the initial phase, with only one runway, would be favourable for budget airlines and airlines offering point to point travel. The airport will not have a night time curfew.
With the designation of site as the location of Sydney's Second Airport, announcements were made on new and upgraded transport links to the airport and surrounding areas of western Sydney. The announcement included:
- A new east-west motorway M12 to the airport, along the current alignment of Elizabeth Drive between the M7 Westlink Motorway and The Northern Road
- Upgrading of The Northern Road (A9) to a minimum of four lanes from Narellan to the M4 Western Motorway
- Upgrading of Bringelly Road to a minimum of four lanes between The Northern Road and Camden Valley Way
As at 16 April 2014 the Federal Government has said it had no plans to build a train line. However it indicated provision for the train line would be included in the development, this may include preparing the tunnels under the runway as part of the runway construction and preparing the underground space for a station. It is likely the rail connection to the airport would consist of an extension to the South West Rail Link from Leppington. In October 2015, Malcolm Turnbull - who had become Prime Minister the previous month - indicated that the Badgerys Creek Airport would need both road and rail links to Sydney. A scoping study into rail investment to service Western Sydney and the Western Sydney Airport was announced in November 2015. The study is jointly managed by the state and federal governments. A discussion paper was released in September 2016. The paper proposed various options that could provide a rail link to the airport:
|Extension of the South West Rail Link from Leppington||Suburban rail|
|Line to the Sydney Metro Northwest at Rouse Hill||Likely to be metro|
|Extension of the Sydney Metro City & Southwest from Bankstown via Liverpool||Metro|
|Line to the Main Western railway line at St Marys||Suburban rail|
|Express line to the Sydney CBD via Parramatta||Unknown|
|Line between Macarthur and Schofields via WSA and St Marys||Likely to be metro|
The site of the proposed airport is an area of undulating low-lying hills with several small watercourses and lakes. The area is primarily farmland and large acreage allotments.
- 15 April 2014 - Federal Government designated Badgerys Creek as the site for the Second Sydney Airport. Commencement of planning for the site.
- 18 August 2014 - Federal Government formally issues a 'Notice to Consult' to the Sydney Airport Group, to enable formal discussion on development and 'Right of First Refusal' to develop and operate it.
- 20 January 2015 - Construction begins on upgrading Bringelly Road. This is the first major upgrade to one of the 3 roads servicing the airport.
- 20 January 2015 - Geotechnical investigations, to profile the subsoil and rock, begin on the airport site.
- June 2015 - Residents vacate government land reserved for airport.
- 19 October 2015 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is released for public exhibition to enable community consultation.
- 16 September 2016 - Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is released.
- 18 December 2015 - Public exhibition and submission period for the draft EIS closes.
- 15 September 2016 - Final EIS released 
- Early 2016 - Construction starts on upgrading roads surrounding the airport site.
- Truss, Warren; Abbott, Tony. "Western Sydney Airport to Deliver Jobs and Infrastructure". Ministry for Inreastructure and Regional Development (Press release). Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- "Visit Warragamba Dam".
- "Fact sheet: Why was Badgerys Creek chosen?". Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development. Commonwealth of Australia.
- "Fact sheet: Building an airport at Badgerys Creek". Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development. Commonwealth of Australia.
- O'Sullivan, Matt (16 April 2014). "Sydney Airport looks west". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- "Delivering the Western Sydney Economic Infrastructure Plan". Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development. Commonwealth of Australia. 16 April 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- Saulwick, Jacob (16 April 2014). "Federal government plans for airport rail line but will not build it". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- "Western Sydney Airport". Transport for NSW. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
- "Western Sydney Rail Needs Scoping Study: Chapter 6 - The options" (PDF). Transport for NSW. September 2016.
- "Route 801: Badgerys Creek to Liverpool". Timetables. Transit Systems. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
- "ROUTE 789: Penrith to Luddenham". Busways. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
- Truss, Warren (18 August 2014). "Western Sydney airport: Notice to Consult issued today". Minister for Infrastructure and Regional Development. Australian Government. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Construction starts on first Western Sydney Airport road". Prime Minister of Australia. Australian Government. 20 January 2015. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- Truss, Warren (20 January 2015). "Geotechnical analysis starts at Badgerys Creek". Minister for Infrastructure and Regional Development. Australian Government. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- Nageshwar, Pranesh (13 April 2015). "Nick the Slasher forced to join airport exodus at Badgerys Creek". Penrith Press. News Corporation. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- "The Western Sydney Airport Draft Environmental Impact Statement 2015". Western Sydney Airport. Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
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