Jackson County, Kentucky

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Jackson County
Jackson County courthouse in McKee
Jackson County courthouse in McKee
Motto(s): 
Where the Mountains and the Bluegrass Blend
Map of Kentucky highlighting Jackson County
Location within the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°25′N 84°01′W / 37.42°N 84.01°W / 37.42; -84.01
Country United States
State Kentucky
Founded1858
Named forAndrew Jackson
SeatMcKee
Largest communityAnnville
Government
 • Judge ExecutiveShane Gabbard (R)
Area
 • Total347 sq mi (900 km2)
 • Land345 sq mi (890 km2)
 • Water1.3 sq mi (3 km2)  0.4%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
13,442
 • Density39/sq mi (15/km2)
ZIP Codes
40447, 40402, 40434, 40481, 40486
Congressional district5th

Jackson County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,494.[1] Its county seat is McKee.[2] The county was formed in 1858 from land given by Madison, Estill, Owsley, Clay, Laurel, and Rockcastle counties.[3] It was named for Andrew Jackson, seventh President of the United States.[4] Jackson County is a moist county which means that the county seat, McKee, allows the sale of alcohol.

One fourth of Jackson County is Daniel Boone National Forest (56,000 acres), making it representative of Eastern Kentucky's unique Appalachian topography, wildlife, and heritage. Jackson County is the birthplace of the Grand Ole Opry star “Stringbean” Akemon, and the site of the annually reenacted Battle of Big Hill, the Civil War skirmish that led to the Battle of Richmond in Madison County. Jackson County is home to many attractions and recreation spots such as Flat Lick Falls, S-Tree Campground, Turkey Foot Campground, and the centermost trailhead (located in the county seat, McKee) of the historic Sheltowee Trace.[5]

Geography and outdoor recreation[edit]

National Recreation Areas[edit]

S-Tree Campground sits on a ridge above Horse Lick Creek near McKee in Jackson County, KY. A small picnic area features a historic picnic shelter that was constructed in the 1930s by the Civilian Conservation Corps. The campground receives heavy weekend use from off-highway vehicle users who ride the adjacent Sheltowee Trace National Recreation Trail and the Renfro Loop Trail. These trails may be accessed from the campground.[6]

Turkey Foot Campground is nestled along the banks of War Fork Creek in Jackson County, KY. The creek is stocked with trout throughout the year. All of the campsites are wooded. A playfield with a horseshoe pit is located at the end of camping sites alongside the creek. Trails include the Turkey Foot Loop Trail and the Sheltowee Trace National Recreation Trail.[7]

Flat Lick Falls is tucked into the hills of southern Jackson County and consists of recreational facilities which include primitive camping, picnic shelters, and restrooms. The park features 86.09 acres of wooded land, cliffs and Flat Lick creek running through the middle of the park with a 28-foot water fall emptying into a large pool at the bottom of the falls. The creek flows into the Laurel Fork Creek. The falls can be viewed up close via the meandering paths along the cliff line including a paved path leading to a wheelchair accessible viewing platform.[8]

Flat Lick Falls

Sheltowee Trace National Recreation Trail is over 300 miles of National Recreation Trail, established in 1979, in the Appalachian region of the Eastern U.S., and reaches from northern Rowan County, Kentucky to the Leather Wood Trail Head in the Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area just across the Tennessee border. The Trail runs mostly through the Daniel Boone National Forest, and is named for the Shawnee word for “Big Turtle”, which was the name given to Daniel Boone in 1779 when he was adopted as the son of the great warrior chief Blackfish. Jackson County encompasses approximately 35 miles of the Sheltowee Trace, which is open to hiking, horseback riding, and mountain bikes.  Some sections also allow all-terrain vehicles.[9]

Public Parks[edit]

  • Bond Memorial Park
  • Jack Gabbard Park
  • McKee City Park
  • Gray Hawk Community Park
  • Sand Gap Community Park
  • Worthington Park
  • Jackson Energy Farm/Recreational Fields

Lakes and Reservoirs[edit]

  • Beulah Lake
  • Owsley Fork Reservoir
  • McKee Reservoir

Major Highways[edit]

US Highway 421 serves as the county's north–south corridor, connecting it to Madison County, the cities of Richmond and Berea , and I-75 to the north. While the southern corridor connects the county to Clay County, the city of Manchester, and the Hal Rogers Parkway. This route also connects the communities of Sandgap, McKee and Tyner.

KY Highway 30 serves as the main east–west corridor, passing through the southern part of the county and the community of Annville. It is referred to as the Interstate 75 - Mountain Parkway connector. It connects the county to both of these major freeways as well as to the cities of London (Laurel County), Booneville (Owsley County), and Beattyville (Lee County).

KY Highway 290 connects US 421 in McKee to KY 3630 in Annville.

Adjacent Counties[edit]

National Protected Areas[edit]

Arts, Culture, and Events[edit]

Jackson County Fair & Homecoming[edit]

This event is held annually on the Friday and Saturday before Labor Day. Activities include a show, craft exhibits, musical entertainment, clogging, vendors, food trucks, and a parade.[10]

Sheltowee Trace Artisans Fair[edit]

Local and guest artisans from across the state and beyond come to teach, demonstrate, and sell their crafts at this event, which is held during the first weekend in May.[10]

Battle of Big Hill Reenactment[edit]

The reenactment takes place the third weekend of August at the Jackson Energy Farm on HWY 290, about 6 miles south of McKee. A family-friendly outdoor event, reenactments generally take place over two days, and consist of games, historical speakers, a ladies and gentlemen's tea, food,  and music before the actual battle. After dark, couples can follow the cues of the square dancing caller at the Civil War Ball, featuring local musicians playing songs from the era.[11]

Stringbean Music Festival[edit]

Most people remember David "Stringbean" Akemon from the old television show "Hee-Haw" but folks in Jackson County knew him as brother, uncle, and friend. Although a famous performer, "Stringbean" returned often to his home in Jackson County. In June 1996, Porter Wagoner, Grandpa & Ramona Jones, Mac Wiseman and a host of other entertainers and friends gathered to unveil a larger than life statue of Stringbean, and established a memorial in his honor. Since then, the festive has grown tremendously. Today, two festivals are held - one in June and one in October - and both feature nationally known bluegrass music performers, as well as mountain arts and crafts.[12]

Economy[edit]

Major employers in Jackson County include:

  • Jackson County Public Schools
  • People's Rural Telephone Cooperative (PRTC)
  • Jackson Energy
  • Phoenix Products
  • Clover Bottom Quarry
  • Phillips Diversified Manufacturing
  • Senture
  • Teleworks USA

Utilities[edit]

Jackson County is served by Jackson Energy, which is based in the City of McKee, and serves Jackson County and surrounding counties such as Lee County, Owsley County, Clay County, Laurel County, Rockcastle County, and Madison County. Jackson County, Owsley County, and Clay County are served by Peoples Rural Telephone Cooperative, also based in the City of McKee. Water is provided by the Jackson County Water Association and garbage pickup is provided by Woods Sanitation. Residents within the City of McKee are served by McKee Waterworks and McKee Sewer.

Healthcare[edit]

Jackson County does not have a hospital. Nearby facilities include Saint Joseph Hospital (Berea), Baptist Health Hospital (Richmond), Manchester Memorial Hospital (Manchester), and Saint Joseph Hospital (London).

Emergency medical services for Jackson County are provided by the Jackson County Ambulance Service; they provide 24/7 Advanced Life Support and Basic Life Support emergency services to all citizens and visitors of Jackson County.

Jackson County has a few primary care facilities which include the White House Clinic, McKee Medical Clinic, and Annville Medical Clinic.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18603,087
18704,54747.3%
18806,67846.9%
18908,26123.7%
190010,56127.8%
191010,7341.6%
192011,6878.9%
193010,467−10.4%
194016,33956.1%
195013,101−19.8%
196010,677−18.5%
197010,005−6.3%
198011,99619.9%
199011,955−0.3%
200013,49512.9%
201013,4940.0%
2018 (est.)13,442[13]−0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
1790-1960[15] 1900-1990[16]
1990-2000[17] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 census[18] there were 13,494 people and 5,455 households in the county. The population density was 39 per square mile (15/km2). There were 6,643 housing units. The racial makeup of the county was 98.6% White, which makes it the whitest county in Kentucky.[19] The remaining are 0.03% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.01% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 0.70% from two or more races, and 0.90% Hispanic or Latino of any race.[18]

28.60% of the population are under the age of 18 and 18.1% of the population are 65 years of age or older. There are 514 veterans residing within the county.[18]

The median income for a household in the county was $32,143. The per capita income for the county was $17,692. About 26.50% of the population are below the poverty line.[18]

The median value for housing units is $78,200 and the average rent is $524 a month.[18]

74.3% of the population has a high school education or higher. 12.2% of the population has a bachelor's degree or higher. 77.7% of households have a computer and 65.1% have a broadband internet subscription.[18]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-Designated Places[edit]

Other Unincorporated Places[edit]

Politics[edit]

National Politics[edit]

In presidential elections, Jackson County has voted Republican since the Civil War and has never voted Democratic.[20] Lyndon Johnson in 1964 and Bill Clinton in 1996 are the only Democratic candidates to ever win as much as 20% of the county's vote. The only time Jackson County has not voted for the Republican Party was in its first election of 1860 when the county went to Constitutional Unionist John Bell, and in 1912 when the Republican Party was split and third party candidate Theodore Roosevelt carried the county with 52 percent of the vote over William Howard Taft with 34 percent.

Jackson County has a strong history of giving Republican candidates some of their highest winning percentages in the nation. This was the case in the 1928, 1948,[21] 1960,[22] 1976,[23] 1988,[24] and 1992 presidential elections.[25] In 1992 Jackson County, along with Sioux County, Iowa, were the only two counties in the U.S to vote for Republican George H. W. Bush by over 70 percent in his re-election campaign.[25] Additionally, Republican Alf Landon, who lost 46 of 48 states, received over 89 percent of Jackson County's vote in 1936.[26]

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[27]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 89.2% 5,453 9.9% 605 0.9% 55
2016 88.9% 4,889 8.8% 482 2.4% 130
2012 86.3% 4,365 12.1% 612 1.7% 84
2008 84.4% 4,407 14.2% 743 1.4% 74
2004 84.4% 4,369 14.9% 769 0.8% 40
2000 84.0% 4,079 14.4% 701 1.5% 75
1996 70.0% 3,045 22.1% 960 8.0% 346
1992 75.0% 3,398 17.1% 776 7.9% 359
1988 85.2% 3,926 14.7% 678 0.1% 6
1984 87.4% 3,856 12.3% 542 0.3% 15
1980 82.0% 3,379 17.0% 702 1.0% 42
1976 79.8% 2,766 19.6% 680 0.6% 20
1972 92.2% 5,303 7.6% 436 0.2% 14
1968 84.1% 3,098 8.3% 304 7.7% 282
1964 73.8% 2,654 25.6% 920 0.6% 23
1960 90.4% 3,923 9.7% 419
1956 88.4% 3,950 11.2% 501 0.5% 20
1952 86.8% 3,104 13.2% 471 0.1% 3
1948 86.0% 2,781 13.3% 429 0.7% 24
1944 91.6% 3,578 8.4% 328 0.1% 2
1940 88.6% 3,722 11.1% 465 0.3% 13
1936 89.1% 3,440 10.9% 420 0.1% 3
1932 84.3% 2,879 15.5% 529 0.2% 8
1928 96.5% 3,552 3.3% 123 0.1% 5
1924 88.0% 2,629 9.5% 284 2.5% 76
1920 92.2% 3,174 7.6% 260 0.3% 10
1916 87.9% 1,968 11.3% 252 0.9% 19
1912 34.1% 577 12.8% 216 53.1% 897

Local & State Politics[edit]

Jackson County is part of Kentucky's 5th Congressional District, which is represented by Republican Hal Rogers. In the Kentucky House of Representatives, the county is in the 89th District and is represented by Republican Robert Goforth. In the Kentucky Senate, the county is in the 21st District and is represented by Republican Brandon Storm.

Prohibition[edit]

The entirety of Jackson County prohibited the sale of alcoholic beverages from the years 1937 until 2019 when the City of McKee held a vote during the 2019 General Election regarding the ability for the city to grant licenses to businesses for selling alcoholic beverages. The vote's results were 100 in favor of selling alcohol to 81, who were not. [28]

Education[edit]

Public Education[edit]

The county is served by Jackson County Public Schools which operates the following schools:

In the county is also the Annville Christian Academy (K-12).

Higher Education[edit]

There are no higher education institutes within the county, but some nearby universities and colleges include:

Public Library[edit]

Jackson County has a lending library, the Jackson County Public Library, located in the City of McKee.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 151. ISBN 0813126312. Retrieved 2013-07-26.
  4. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. pp. 35.
  5. ^ Jackson County Tourism. "About". Jackson County Tourism.
  6. ^ "S-Tree Campground". USDA Forest Service: Daniel Boone National Forest.
  7. ^ "Turkey Foot Campground". USDA Forest Service- Daniel Boone National Forest.
  8. ^ "Flat Lick Falls". Jackson County Kentucky Tourism.
  9. ^ Jackson County Tourism. "Hiking". Jackson County Tourism.
  10. ^ a b Jackson County Tourism. "Fairs and Festivals". Jackson County Tourism.
  11. ^ Jackson County Tourism. "Civil War History". Jackson County Tourism.
  12. ^ Jackson County Tourism. "Stringbean Memorial Park". Jackson County Tourism.
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 29, 2019.
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  16. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  18. ^ a b c d e f "U.S. Census Bureau".
  19. ^ "Kentucky White Population Percentage by County".
  20. ^ Marshall, Anne E. Creating a Confederate Kentucky: The Lost Cause and Civil War Memory in a Border State, pp. 114-115. ISBN 1469609835
  21. ^ "David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas – 1948 statistics". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
  22. ^ "David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas – 1960 statistics". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
  23. ^ "David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas – 1976 statistics". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
  24. ^ "David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas – 1988 statistics". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
  25. ^ a b "David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas – 1992 statistics". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
  26. ^ "David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas – 1936 statistics". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
  27. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-03.
  28. ^ "Liquor Licenses Granted: Alcohol Sales Now Authorized in McKee". Jackson County Sun. May 22, 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  29. ^ "Murder in the Kornfield: The Life and Death of Stringbean". WFMU's Beware of the Blog.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°25′N 84°01′W / 37.42°N 84.01°W / 37.42; -84.01