Juneau County, Wisconsin

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Juneau County
Juneau County Courthouse
Juneau County Courthouse
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Juneau County
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°55′N 90°07′W / 43.92°N 90.11°W / 43.92; -90.11Coordinates: 43°55′N 90°07′W / 43.92°N 90.11°W / 43.92; -90.11
Country United States
State Wisconsin
Founded1857
SeatMauston
Largest cityMauston
Area
 • Total804 sq mi (2,080 km2)
 • Land767 sq mi (1,990 km2)
 • Water37 sq mi (100 km2)  4.6%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total26,664
 • Estimate 
(2018)
26,617
 • Density33/sq mi (13/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts3rd, 7th
Websitewww.co.juneau.wi.gov

Juneau County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,664.[1] Its county seat is Mauston.[2]

History[edit]

Thunderbird petroglyph at Twin Bluff

Before white settlement, before loggers and explorers, the area that is now Juneau County was the home of Native Americans who left behind artifacts like the thunderbirds etched on the wall at Twin Bluffs[3] and the Gee's Slough mounds outside New Lisbon.[4]

Juneau County was established in 1857 when the State of Wisconsin passed legislation separating lands west of the Wisconsin River from what was then Adams County.[5] After a contest with neighboring New Lisbon, the county seat was established in Maugh's Town, which is known today as Mauston. The county was named after Solomon Juneau, a founder of Milwaukee.[6][7]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 804 square miles (2,080 km2), of which 767 square miles (1,990 km2) is land and 37 square miles (96 km2) (4.6%) is water.[8]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

United States Military Posts[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18608,770
187012,37241.1%
188015,58225.9%
189017,1219.9%
190020,62920.5%
191019,569−5.1%
192019,209−1.8%
193017,264−10.1%
194018,7088.4%
195018,9301.2%
196017,490−7.6%
197018,4555.5%
198021,03914.0%
199021,6502.9%
200024,31612.3%
201026,6649.7%
Est. 201826,618[9]−0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790–1960[11] 1900–1990[12]
1990–2000[13] 2010–2018[1]
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Juneau County

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 24,316 people, 9,696 households, and 6,699 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 12,370 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.61% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 1.30% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.2% were of German, 9.9% Irish, 8.8% Norwegian, 6.5% Polish and 5.8% English ancestry.

There were 9,696 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.

In 2017, there were 282 births, giving a general fertility rate of 72.7 births per 1000 women aged 15–44, the 12th highest rate out of all 72 Wisconsin counties. Of these, only 2 of the births occurred at home.[15] Additionally, there were 16 reported induced abortions performed on women of Juneau County residence in 2017, a figure higher than the records for the preceding four years.[16]

Communities[edit]

10 sided barn south of Mauston
Welcome sign on WIS 173

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 60.8% 7,130 34.7% 4,073 4.5% 532
2012 45.8% 5,411 52.8% 6,242 1.5% 174
2008 44.7% 5,148 53.7% 6,186 1.7% 196
2004 52.3% 6,473 46.3% 5,734 1.4% 172
2000 48.1% 4,910 47.1% 4,813 4.9% 495
1996 35.1% 3,226 47.2% 4,331 17.7% 1,625
1992 36.9% 4,051 38.0% 4,177 25.2% 2,765
1988 56.2% 4,869 43.1% 3,734 0.7% 59
1984 63.6% 5,629 35.6% 3,152 0.8% 67
1980 55.1% 5,591 38.3% 3,884 6.6% 665
1976 46.7% 4,242 49.7% 4,512 3.6% 323
1972 60.2% 4,833 36.7% 2,943 3.2% 254
1968 53.6% 3,828 36.3% 2,595 10.1% 719
1964 39.3% 2,976 60.6% 4,583 0.1% 8
1960 60.6% 4,997 39.3% 3,238 0.1% 11
1956 67.6% 5,135 32.0% 2,428 0.5% 35
1952 73.2% 5,978 26.5% 2,163 0.3% 23
1948 55.7% 3,793 42.4% 2,889 1.9% 127
1944 62.0% 4,733 37.4% 2,857 0.6% 47
1940 60.5% 5,268 38.5% 3,354 1.0% 84
1936 37.8% 3,084 55.7% 4,544 6.4% 524
1932 29.4% 2,018 68.8% 4,723 1.9% 129
1928 57.7% 3,777 41.4% 2,708 0.9% 56
1924 31.1% 1,917 6.5% 403 62.4% 3,844
1920 81.2% 4,385 14.3% 774 4.5% 240
1916 58.7% 2,292 36.9% 1,442 4.5% 174
1912 41.5% 1,322 38.8% 1,236 19.7% 629
1908 57.6% 2,454 39.7% 1,691 2.7% 116
1904 70.1% 3,234 27.0% 1,244 2.9% 135
1900 63.4% 2,914 34.5% 1,586 2.2% 100
1896 61.5% 2,832 36.3% 1,671 2.2% 103
1892 47.1% 1,945 47.9% 1,978 5.0% 206

Juneau County can be considered a bellwether in Presidential Elections. The county has a perfect record of being won by the winning candidate in every Presidential Election since 1964.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 17, 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Twin Bluff". Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
  4. ^ Birmingham, Robert A.; Leslie E. Eisenberg (2000). Indian Mounds of Wisconsin. Madison, Wisc.: University of Wisconsin Press. p. 204. ISBN 9780299168742.
  5. ^ Wisconsin Acts. 1856. Ch. 130 Approved 13 October 1856. Went into effect 1 January 1857.
  6. ^ Juneau County - Home Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  7. ^ Stennett, William H. (1908). "A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways".
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  15. ^ Annual Wisconsin Birth and Infant Mortality Report, 2017 P-01161-19 (June 2019): Detailed Tables
  16. ^ Reported Induced Abortions in Wisconsin, Office of Health Informatics, Division of Public Health, Wisconsin Department of Health Services. Section: Trend Information, 2013-2017, Table 18, pages 17-18
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved August 13, 2018.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]