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New South Wales
|Population||6,230 (2015 census)|
|Elevation||280 m (919 ft)|
|Time zone||AEST (UTC+10)|
|• Summer (DST)||AEDT (UTC+11)|
Junee (//) is a medium-sized town in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia. The town's prosperity and mixed services economy is based on a combination of agriculture, rail transport, light industry and government services, and in particular correctional services. In 2015 Junee's urban population was 6,230.
The Wiradjuri people are the traditional owners of the local area prior to European settlement. Leopold de Salis (1816-1898), pastoralist and later politician was one of the first squatters to open up the Riverina region to grazing. He established the 'Junee' pastoral run in 1845. Leopold held the licence for this run for a total of three years. Other run licencees followed until Thomas Hammond and Richard Gwynne bought the licence in 1857. The Junee run progressively reduced in area as selectors took up land but Hammond lived on it until his death in 1899, the remaining property having been named "Wyoming" in 1887. A post office opened in 1862 and a village called 'Junee' was gazetted in 1863 on the wool road to Sydney. That same year, Ben Hall and his bushranging gang raided the village.
In 1866 Junee's population was recorded as twelve but the discovery of reef and alluvial gold during the 1860s triggered a gold rush. The main sites- Junee Reefs (to the north), was mined on and off until after World War 1, as well as Wantiool and Eurongilly (to the east) until the 1880's.
By 1878 with the southward expansion of the Main South line in New South Wales, the main railway line between Sydney and Melbourne passed 8 kilometres east of the Village. Junee's Post Office was renamed Old Junee in 1885 (Junee railway station). Loftus was the original name of the locality being farm land and as the settlers moved in for the rail line it was renamed. Junee Railway Station Post Office opened on 6 July 1878, was renamed Junee Junction in 1881 and later still, Junee in 1893.
Rail and road
The Main South line between Sydney and Melbourne runs through Junee, as does the Olympic Highway, named for the route of the 1956 Summer Olympics Torch Relay. The advent of rail transport in 1878 provided the impetus for an economic boom providing local agricultural producers with affordable direct access to markets in Sydney. In 1952 the largest wheat terminal in the Southern Hemisphere was constructed at Junee, adjacent to the South West Railway, providing for both rail and road transport.
On 1 January 1981, Junee Municipal Council amalgamated with the surrounding "Illabo Shire Council', creating Junee Shire Council. Junee visitors and residents are served by NSW TrainLink XPT services on their way between Melbourne and Sydney. The local Council maintains an online tourism map including local places of interest. Rail transport makes an important contribution to the local economy with Regional Rail Logistics operating a containerised freight service that delivers various goods from Junee to Sydney, with interstate freight trains also passing through the town.
Junee has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- 119 Lorne Street: Junee Post Office
- Main Southern railway: Junee railway station
- The Broadway: Athenium Theatre
- Laurie Daley, a rugby league player and New South Wales and Australian captain
- Bill Heffernan, a Senator for New South Wales, representing the Liberal Party
- Adam Commens, an Olympian hockey player
- Lawrence Legend, a motorcycle stuntman
- Ray Warren, Australian Sports Commentator
Junee is served by:
- Template:Census 2015 AUS
- Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
- "Junee". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- "PLACE NAMES". The Australian Women's Weekly. National Library of Australia. 13 May 1964. p. 61. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- Sutherland J (1999), A Short History of the Riverina Wheat Industry, New South Wales Heritage Office
- Culture and History
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2009-06-11.
- "New rail service a boost for Riverina". The Daily Advertiser. www.dailyadvertiser.com.au. 10 December 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-08.
- "Junee Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01425. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Junee Railway Station, yard, locomotive depot". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01173. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Athenium Theatre". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01687. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Laurie Daley – His Debut Season". RL1908.com. Retrieved 2007-02-09.
- "Biography for HEFFERNAN, the Hon. William (Bill) Daniel". Australian Government. Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 2009-07-05.
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