Rocky Mountain PBS

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from KRMJ)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Rocky Mountain PBS
Rocky Mountain PBS logo 2019.png
Channels
BrandingRocky Mountain PBS
Programming
Affiliations.1: PBS
.2: PBS Kids
.3: Create
.4: World
Ownership
OwnerRocky Mountain Public Media, Inc.
KUVO
History
First air date
January 20, 1956 (66 years ago) (1956-01-20)
(for individual stations, see below)
Former channel number(s)
See below
NET (1956–1970)
Call sign meaning
See below
Technical information
Facility IDSee below
ERPSee below
HAATSee below
Transmitter coordinatesSee below
Translator(s)See below
Links
Websitewww.rmpbs.org

Rocky Mountain PBS is a network of PBS member television stations serving the U.S. state of Colorado. Headquartered in Denver, it is operated by Rocky Mountain Public Media, Inc., a non-profit organization which holds the licenses for most of the PBS member stations licensed in the state, with the exception of KBDI-TV (channel 12) in Broomfield, which serves as the Denver market's secondary (or "beta") PBS station through the network's Program Differentiation Plan. The network comprises five full-power stations—flagship station KRMA-TV in Denver and satellites KTSC in Pueblo (also serving Colorado Springs), KRMJ in Grand Junction, KRMU in Durango and KRMZ in Steamboat Springs. The broadcast signals of the five full-power stations and 60 translators cover almost all of the state, as well as parts of Wyoming, Montana, Nebraska and New Mexico.

The network's offices and network operations center are located at the Buell Public Media Center on Arapahoe Street in Denver's Five Points section. KRMJ and KTSC maintain their own respective studio facilities: KRMJ is based at Colorado Mesa University in Grand Junction, while KTSC operates from the campus of Colorado State University–Pueblo. Rocky Mountain Public Media also operates a public radio station, NPR and jazz outlet KUVO (89.3 FM) in Denver, which joined the organization in a merger announced in January 2013.

History[edit]

The network's flagship station, KRMA-TV (channel 6) in Denver, first signed on the air on January 30, 1956 as an educational television station owned by the Denver Public Schools, with University of Denver instructor Jim Case serving as its program director. It is the oldest public television station in the Rocky Mountains. Its original studio facility was located in a converted body shop at the Emily Griffith Opportunity School in downtown Denver. The station was originally a member of National Educational Television (NET), before becoming a member of PBS when it launched on October 6, 1970.

Originally broadcasting only two hours of programming a day during the week, KRMA soon became a key PBS member, distributing PBS programming to many areas in the Rocky Mountain region that did not have educational stations of their own. From the 1960s onward, it began building translators across Colorado and surrounding states. It was also carried by nearly every cable television system in Colorado and eastern Wyoming. Denver Public Schools sold KRMA to the community group Channel Six, Inc. in 1987. In 1992, KRMA moved its operations into a studio facility on Bannock Street in Denver's Civic Center neighborhood, which formerly housed the operations of ABC affiliate KUSA-TV (channel 9, now an NBC affiliate); that station moved to a new facility located on Speer Boulevard before KRMA moved into the Bannock Street facility.

In response to requests from viewers on the Western Slope, KRMA applied for and was awarded a construction permit by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to operate a station on UHF channel 18 in Grand Junction in August 1995. That station signed on the air on January 1, 1997 as KRMJ. Prior to that station's launch, KRMA had been available on cable in western Colorado for decades. It still operates a number of translators in the area. Soon afterward, KRMA dropped its longtime "Six" branding and relaunched as "Rocky Mountain PBS", while Channel Six, Inc. changed its name to the Rocky Mountain Public Broadcasting Network.

In 1999, KTSC (channel 8) in Pueblo joined the network after it was sold by the University of Southern Colorado (now CSU-Pueblo). The station had originally operated as a separate PBS station for Pueblo, Colorado Springs and southern Colorado from its sign-on on February 3, 1971. Until KRMJ's sign-on, KRMA and KTSC had been the only full PBS members in Colorado (as mentioned above, Denver's KBDI is a "beta" PBS member).

On December 3, 2004, KRMU (channel 20) in Durango signed on to serve southwestern Colorado and a small portion of northwestern New Mexico. When KRMU received its license in 2001, it was the first television station in the United States to operate a digital signal without a companion analog channel assignment.

On February 2, 2007, Rocky Mountain PBS added its fifth full-service station and its second station in western Colorado, KMAS-TV (channel 24) in Steamboat Springs. KMAS had served as the Telemundo station for the Denver market prior to joining RMPBS, and brought its programming into Denver itself by way of two low-powered repeater stations—KMAS-LP (channel 33) and KSBS-LP (channel 10). However, its status was placed in doubt when NBC Universal purchased KDEN-TV (channel 25) and converted it into a Telemundo owned-and-operated station. NBC Universal finally decided to donate the KMAS license and transmitter to Rocky Mountain PBS. On September 4, 2007, the station's call letters were changed to KRMZ, reflecting its identity as a Rocky Mountain PBS station.

On January 16, 2013, it was announced that the non-profit investigative journalism organization I-News Network and public radio station KUVO (89.3 FM) had reached an agreement to merge with Rocky Mountain PBS. The merger is intended to broaden the reach of their content to new platforms and ensure formal collaboration between the outlets. The deal was expected to close in April 2013.[1] With the merger, the corporate name was modified to Rocky Mountain Public Media.

In 2020, RMPBS moved out of the Bannock Street facility and into the new Buell Studios building which also house radio stations KUVO and Urban Alternative formatted The Drop.

Programming[edit]

Rocky Mountain PBS produces several local programs, such as the weekly Colorado State of Mind, Arts District and the seasonal Colorado Experience. However, the network has focused much of its production efforts on local documentaries, which often take months or years to produce. Many of these documentaries (such as La Raza de Colorado, Jewel of the Rockies, The Arkansas River: From Leadville to Lamar and Urban Rez have earned multiple Emmy Awards over the years.

Satellite stations KRMJ and KTSC occasionally break away from the KRMA feed to provide programming targeted for their respective communities, and each station airs separate local promotions and underwriting. KRMU is a full-time satellite of KRMJ, while KRMZ is a full-time satellite of KRMA. Citing costs at each station, Rocky Mountain PBS applied for and received waivers of the FCC's main studio rule, which requires that each full-service station maintain a main studio within its local service area.[2][3]

Stations[edit]

Station City of license
(Other cities served)
Channels
VC / RF
First air date Call letters'
meaning
Former affiliations ERP HAAT Facility ID Transmitter coordinates Public license information
KRMA-TV Denver 6
33 (UHF)
January 30, 1956 (66 years ago) (1956-01-30) Knowledge for the Rocky Mountain Area NET (1956–1970) 115 kW 331 m (1,086 ft) 14040 39°40′17.4″N 105°13′8″W / 39.671500°N 105.21889°W / 39.671500; -105.21889 (KRMA-TV) Public file
LMS
KTSC1 Pueblo
(Colorado Springs)
8
8 (VHF)
February 3, 1971 (51 years ago) (1971-02-03)1 Television for Southern Colorado 22.4 kW 720 m (2,362 ft) 69170 38°44′43″N 104°51′39″W / 38.74528°N 104.86083°W / 38.74528; -104.86083 (KTSC) Public file
LMS
KRMJ Grand Junction 18
18 (UHF)
January 1, 1997 (25 years ago) (1997-01-01) KRMA Grand Junction 17.7 kW 409 m (1,342 ft) 14042 39°3′58.4″N 108°44′45.7″W / 39.066222°N 108.746028°W / 39.066222; -108.746028 (KRMJ) Public file
LMS
KRMU Durango
(Farmington, NM)
20
20 (UHF)
December 3, 2004 (17 years ago) (2004-12-03) KRMA Durango 12.6 kW 130 m (427 ft) 84224 37°15′46″N 107°53′58″W / 37.26278°N 107.89944°W / 37.26278; -107.89944 (KRMU) Public file
LMS
KRMZ2, 3 Steamboat Springs 24
10 (VHF)
May 1988 (34 years ago) (1988-05) Disambiguation of KRMA Telemundo (until 2007) 0.481 kW 175.2 m (575 ft) 20373 40°27′43.2″N 106°50′59.8″W / 40.462000°N 106.849944°W / 40.462000; -106.849944 (KRMZ) Public file
LMS

Notes:

  • 1. KTSC joined RMPBS in 1999 and also covers Colorado Springs. SC could stand for either Southern Colorado or State College. Southern Colorado State College was CSU-Pueblo's name at the time the station signed on.
  • 2. KRMZ used the callsigns KSBS-TV from 1988 to 2000, and KMAS-TV from 2000 to 2007.
  • 3. KRMZ (then KMAS-TV) joined RMPBS in 2007.

Subchannels[edit]

The digital signals of Rocky Mountain PBS' stations are multiplexed:

Rocky Mountain PBS subchannels[4]
Channel Res. Aspect Short name Programming
xx.1 1080i 16:9 xxxx-DT Main RMPBS programming / PBS
xx.2 480i Kids PBS Kids
xx.3 Create Create
xx.4 World World

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

During 2009, in the lead-up to the analog-to-digital television transition that would ultimately occur on June 12, Rocky Mountain PBS shut down the analog transmitters of its stations on a staggered basis. Listed below are the dates each analog transmitter ceased operations as well as their post-transition channel allocations:[5]

  • KRMA-TV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 6, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 18. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 6. As part of the SAFER Act,[6] KRMA kept its analog signal on the air until July 12 to inform viewers of the digital television transition through a loop of public service announcements from the National Association of Broadcasters.
  • KTSC shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 8, on June 12, 2009. The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 26 to VHF channel 8 for post-transition operations.
  • KRMJ shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 18, on June 12, 2009. The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 17 to channel 18 for post-transition operations.
  • KRMZ shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 24, on February 17, 2009, the original date in which full-power television stations in the United States were to transition from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate (which was later pushed back to June 12, 2009). The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition VHF channel 10. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 24.

KRMU signed on in December 2004 as a digital-only station, although it also had endured a temporary shutdown in early 2009 in final preparation for the transition.

Translators[edit]

In addition to its five full-service television stations, Rocky Mountain PBS operates one of the largest translator networks in the country, serving portions of Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas, Nebraska and Utah. KRMA feeds two translators in Boulder and Fort Collins. KTSC feeds 10 translators in rural southern Colorado, and KRMJ feeds 13 translators serving rural western Colorado. The other translators are operated by community groups that pick up one of the three Rocky Mountain PBS regional feeds, and carry the signals onward through their systems.

All 25 translators within the RMPBS system operate as digital signals, and as such carry the primary channel and two subchannels from their respective parent transmitters.

City of license Callsign Translating Channel ERP HAAT Facility ID Transmitter coordinates Owner
Aguilar K35OR-D KTSC 35 0.25 kW 154 m (505 ft) 167429 37°23′10″N 104°38′13.9″W / 37.38611°N 104.637194°W / 37.38611; -104.637194 (K35OR-D) Rocky Mountain Public Broadcasting
Akron K13XW-D KRMA 13 0.258 kW 100 m (328 ft) 126089 40°16′52″N 103°5′57″W / 40.28111°N 103.09917°W / 40.28111; -103.09917 (K13XW-D) Region 1 Translator Association
Aspen K06HU-D KRMJ 6 0.006 kW 9 m (30 ft) 56704 39°13′32.8″N 106°50′10.1″W / 39.225778°N 106.836139°W / 39.225778; -106.836139 (K06HU-D) Pitkin County Translator Department
Basalt K36GX-D 36 0.075 kW 155 m (509 ft) 131067 39°21′9.9″N 107°5′35.1″W / 39.352750°N 107.093083°W / 39.352750; -107.093083 (K36GX-D)
Boulder K24HQ-D KRMA 24 0.25 kW −34 m (−112 ft) 167431 39°57′35.9″N 105°12′47.9″W / 39.959972°N 105.213306°W / 39.959972; -105.213306 (K24HQ-D) Rocky Mountain Public Broadcasting
Carbondale K31CW-D KRMJ 31 0.64 kW 793 m (2,602 ft) 52726 39°25′23″N 107°22′33″W / 39.42306°N 107.37583°W / 39.42306; -107.37583 (K31CW-D) Pitkin County Translator Department
Coaldale K33IW-D KTSC 33 0.015 kW −347 m (−1,138 ft) 69262 38°20′41.9″N 105°45′13″W / 38.344972°N 105.75361°W / 38.344972; -105.75361 (K33IW-D) Rocky Mountain Public Broadcasting
Collbran K11PS-D KRMJ 11 0.005 kW −346 m (−1,135 ft) 41289 39°14′34.9″N 107°57′55.2″W / 39.243028°N 107.965333°W / 39.243028; -107.965333 (K11PS-D) Mesa County
Crawford K24JO-D 24 0.22 kW 104 m (341 ft) 16533 38°42′40″N 107°36′21″W / 38.71111°N 107.60583°W / 38.71111; -107.60583 (K24JO-D) Rocky Mountain Public Broadcasting
Del Norte K35OO-D KTSC 35 0.25 kW 11 m (36 ft) 167427 37°40′30″N 106°14′32.1″W / 37.67500°N 106.242250°W / 37.67500; -106.242250 (K35OO-D)
Eads, etc. K19KN-D 19 0.327 kW 124 m (407 ft) 198509 38°22′57.5″N 102°58′52″W / 38.382639°N 102.98111°W / 38.382639; -102.98111 (K19KN-D) Kiowa County
Fort Collins KRMA-TV (DRT) KRMA 10 kW 405.2 m (1,329 ft) 14040 40°32′46.9″N 105°11′54.9″W / 40.546361°N 105.198583°W / 40.546361; -105.198583 (KRMA-TV (DRT)) Rocky Mountain Public Broadcasting
Gateview K29IT-D KTSC 29 0.15 kW 37 m (121 ft) 25631 38°17′52″N 107°15′6.7″W / 38.29778°N 107.251861°W / 38.29778; -107.251861 (K29IT-D) Gunnison County Metropolitan Recreation District
Gateway K25PC-D KRMJ 25 0.1 kW 570 m (1,870 ft) 41276 38°43′29.9″N 108°48′33.8″W / 38.724972°N 108.809389°W / 38.724972; -108.809389 (K25PC-D) Mesa County
Glenwood Springs K32NO-D 32 0.25 kW −221 m (−725 ft) 167430 39°33′42.86″N 107°19′1.94″W / 39.5619056°N 107.3172056°W / 39.5619056; -107.3172056 (K32NO-D) Rocky Mountain Public Broadcasting
Grand Valley K28HA-D 28 0.43 kW 45 m (148 ft) 23182 39°26′32.6″N 107°58′3.6″W / 39.442389°N 107.967667°W / 39.442389; -107.967667 (K28HA-D)
Haxtun K32NU-D KRMA 32 0.25 kW 84 m (276 ft) 55606 40°38′57″N 102°41′0″W / 40.64917°N 102.68333°W / 40.64917; -102.68333 (K32NU-D) Region 1 Translator Association
Hesperus K02QI-D KRMU 2 0.0044 kW 179 m (587 ft) 130898 37°17′58″N 108°1′35.2″W / 37.29944°N 108.026444°W / 37.29944; -108.026444 (K02QI-D) Southwest Colorado TV Translator Association
Holyoke K15FD-D KRMA-TV 15 0.208 kW 66.08 m (217 ft) 55604 40°30′37″N 102°21′35″W / 40.51028°N 102.35972°W / 40.51028; -102.35972 (K15FD-D) Region 1 Translator Association
Idalia K20HM-D KRMA 20 0.194 kW 150 m (492 ft) 126068 39°43′50″N 102°28′58″W / 39.73056°N 102.48278°W / 39.73056; -102.48278 (K20HM-D) Region 1 Translator Association
Ignacio K36IH-D KRMJ 36 0.17 kW 530 m (1,739 ft) 69173 37°11′3″N 107°29′8.1″W / 37.18417°N 107.485583°W / 37.18417; -107.485583 (K36IH-D) Rocky Mountain Public Broadcasting
La Veta K35OM-D KTSC 35 0.25 kW −225 m (−738 ft) 167428 37°30′0″N 105°0′28.9″W / 37.50000°N 105.008028°W / 37.50000; -105.008028 (K35OM-D)
Lake George K29HM-D 29 0.2 kW 700 m (2,297 ft) 142 39°3′0.9″N 105°30′52″W / 39.050250°N 105.51444°W / 39.050250; -105.51444 (K29HM-D)
Lamar K31NI-D 31 0.205 kW 159 m (522 ft) 53689 38°2′5″N 102°26′12″W / 38.03472°N 102.43667°W / 38.03472; -102.43667 (K31NI-D) Prowers County
Las Animas K29JL-D 29 0.25 kW 140 m (459 ft) 4783 38°1′15″N 102°59′12″W / 38.02083°N 102.98667°W / 38.02083; -102.98667 (K29JL-D) Bent County
Manitou Springs K07PA-D 7 0.02 kW −474 m (−1,555 ft) 69004 38°51′49.9″N 104°54′51.9″W / 38.863861°N 104.914417°W / 38.863861; -104.914417 (K07PA-D) Rocky Mountain Public Broadcasting
Mesa K33PB-D KRMJ 33 0.75 kW 933 m (3,061 ft) 41291 39°5′17.9″N 108°13′32.8″W / 39.088306°N 108.225778°W / 39.088306; -108.225778 (K33PB-D) Mesa County
Montrose K32CW-D 32 2.5 kW 561 m (1,841 ft) 55635 38°18′50″N 108°12′11″W / 38.31389°N 108.20306°W / 38.31389; -108.20306 (K32CW-D) Rocky Mountain Public Broadcasting
K35NS-D 35 0.1 kW 487 m (1,598 ft) 11513 38°23′11.9″N 107°40′33.2″W / 38.386639°N 107.675889°W / 38.386639; -107.675889 (K35NS-D)
New Castle K06GW-D 6 0.005 kW −149 m (−489 ft) 23159 39°33′55.9″N 107°31′59.1″W / 39.565528°N 107.533083°W / 39.565528; -107.533083 (K06GW-D)
Nucla K13SN-D 13 0.02 kW 294 m (965 ft) 43667 38°15′29.9″N 108°41′17.3″W / 38.258306°N 108.688139°W / 38.258306; -108.688139 (K13SN-D)
Ouray K09PJ-D 9 −733 m (−2,405 ft) 14129 38°0′56.9″N 107°40′1.2″W / 38.015806°N 107.667000°W / 38.015806; -107.667000 (K09PJ-D)
Paonia K35ON-D 35 0.1 kW −46 m (−151 ft) 16524 38°52′28.3″N 107°39′42.6″W / 38.874528°N 107.661833°W / 38.874528; -107.661833 (K35ON-D)
Peetz K26FM-D 26 0.212 kW 144 m (472 ft) 6070 40°53′30.7″N 103°13′47″W / 40.891861°N 103.22972°W / 40.891861; -103.22972 (K26FM-D) Board of Logan County Commissioners
Pitkin K23DX-D KTSC 23 0.08 kW −352 m (−1,155 ft) 67426 38°36′21″N 106°31′32.7″W / 38.60583°N 106.525750°W / 38.60583; -106.525750 (K23DX-D) Gunnison County Metropolitan Recreation District
Pleasant Valley K26GX-D KRMA 26 0.046 kW 53 m (174 ft) 126149 40°30′34.9″N 102°6′52.6″W / 40.509694°N 102.114611°W / 40.509694; -102.114611 (K26GX-D) Region 1 Translator Association
Powderhorn Valley K07ZG-D KTSC 7 0.06 kW 75 m (246 ft) 183057 38°17′52.9″N 107°7′57.1″W / 38.298028°N 107.132528°W / 38.298028; -107.132528 (K07ZG-D) Gunnison County Metropolitan Recreation District
Redstone K19HG-D KRMJ 19 0.012 kW −131 m (−430 ft) 168523 39°14′19.9″N 107°13′3.9″W / 39.238861°N 107.217750°W / 39.238861; -107.217750 (K19HG-D) Pitkin County Translator Department
Ridgway K31IW-D 31 0.19 kW 45 m (148 ft) 11512 38°11′10.9″N 107°46′32.2″W / 38.186361°N 107.775611°W / 38.186361; -107.775611 (K31IW-D) Rocky Mountain Public Broadcasting
Rulison K32HL-D 32 1.1 kW −16 m (−52 ft) 23170 39°30′42″N 107°44′59.3″W / 39.51167°N 107.749806°W / 39.51167; -107.749806 (K32HL-D)
Salida K31IX-D KTSC 31 1.2 kW 883 m (2,897 ft) 68949 38°26′47.9″N 106°0′40″W / 38.446639°N 106.01111°W / 38.446639; -106.01111 (K31IX-D)
San Luis K35OQ-D 35 0.25 kW −70 m (−230 ft) 167426 37°12′14″N 105°25′39″W / 37.20389°N 105.42750°W / 37.20389; -105.42750 (K35OQ-D)
San Luis Valley K32IK-D 32 1.1 kW 730 m (2,395 ft) 69185 36°51′25″N 106°1′14″W / 36.85694°N 106.02056°W / 36.85694; -106.02056 (K32IK-D)
Silt K20OE-D KRMJ 20 1 kW 788 m (2,585 ft) 23163 39°25′21.4″N 107°22′33.6″W / 39.422611°N 107.376000°W / 39.422611; -107.376000 (K20OE-D)
Snowmass Village K26LH-D 26 0.045 kW −155 m (−509 ft) 188102 39°13′8.4″N 106°54′35.1″W / 39.219000°N 106.909750°W / 39.219000; -106.909750 (K26LH-D) Pitkin County Translator Department
Thomasville K08OX-D 8 0.016 kW −391 m (−1,283 ft) 168357 39°21′11.9″N 106°41′2.1″W / 39.353306°N 106.683917°W / 39.353306; -106.683917 (K08OX-D)
Trinidad
Valdez
K15GL-D KTSC 15 0.18 kW 250 m (820 ft) 69153 37°14′14″N 104°30′53.9″W / 37.23722°N 104.514972°W / 37.23722; -104.514972 (K15GL-D) Rocky Mountain Public Broadcasting
Waunita Hot Springs K15ED-D 0.04 kW 34 m (112 ft) 25597 38°33′27.9″N 106°29′34.1″W / 38.557750°N 106.492806°W / 38.557750; -106.492806 (K15ED-D) Gunnison County Metropolitan Recreation District
Woody Creek K27OV-D KRMJ 27 0.055 kW 103 m (338 ft) 73668 39°18′37.3″N 106°56′55″W / 39.310361°N 106.94861°W / 39.310361; -106.94861 (K27OV-D) Pitkin County Translator Department

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ostrow, Joanne (15 January 2013). "RMPBS, KUVO and I-News merge, redefining Colorado public media". Denver Post. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
  2. ^ "Request for Main Studio Waiver - KRMU". Federal Communications Commission. 2005-07-08. Retrieved 2007-05-01.
  3. ^ "Request for Main Studio Waiver - KMAS". Federal Communications Commission. 2006-11-21. Retrieved 2007-05-01.
  4. ^ "Stations for Owner - Rocky Mountain Public Broadcasting". RabbitEars.Info. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  5. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24.
  6. ^ "UPDATED List of Participants in the Analog Nightlight Program" (PDF). Federal Communications Commission. June 12, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2012.

External links[edit]