Kogi State

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Flag of Kogi State
Seal of Kogi State
Location of Kogi State in Nigeria
Location of Kogi State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 7°30′N 6°42′E / 7.500°N 6.700°E / 7.500; 6.700Coordinates: 7°30′N 6°42′E / 7.500°N 6.700°E / 7.500; 6.700
Country Nigeria
Date created27 August 1991
 • BodyGovernment of Kogi State
 • GovernorYahaya Bello (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorEdward David Onoja (APC)
 • LegislatureKogi State House of Assembly
 • SenatorsC: Yakubu Oseni (APC)
E: Jibrin Isah (APC)
W: Smart Adeyemi (APC)
 • RepresentativesList
 • Total29,833 km2 (11,519 sq mi)
 • Rank13th of 36
 (2006 census)
 • Total3,314,043[1]
 • Rank24th of 36
 • Year2007
 • Total$4.64  Billion[2]
 • Per capita$1401[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
ISO 3166 codeNG-KO
HDI (2018)0.558[3]
medium · 23rd of 37

Kogi State is a state in the North Central region of Nigeria, bordered to the east by the states of Ekiti and Kwara, to the north by the Federal Capital Territory, to the northeast by Nasarawa State, to the northwest by Niger State, to the southwest by the states of Edo and Ondo, to the southeast by the states of Anambra and Enugu, and to the west by Benue State as being the only state in Nigeria to border ten other states. Named for the Hausa word for river—kogi—Kogi State was formed from parts of Benue State, Niger State, and Kwara State on 27 August 1991.[4][5] The state is nicknamed the "Confluence State" due the fact that the confluence of the River Niger and the River Benue occurs next to its capital, Lokoja.[6]

Of the 36 states of Nigeria, Kogi is the thirteenth largest in area and twentieth most populous with an estimated population of about 4.5 million as of 2016.[7] Geographically, the state is within the tropical Guinean forest–savanna mosaic ecoregion. Important geographic features include the key rivers with the Niger flowing from the northwest and the Benue coming from the northeast before the two rivers meet in Kogi's centre and bisect the state southward.[8]

Kogi State has been inhabited for years by various ethnic groups, including the Ebira, Gbagyi, and Nupe (mainly the Bassa Nge, Kakanda, and Kupa subgroups) in the state's centre; the Agatu, Basa-Komo, Idoma, Igala, and Igbo in the east; and the Yoruba (mainly the Okun, Ogori, Oworo, and Magongo subgroups) in the west. Kogi is also religiously diverse as about 45% of the state's population are Muslim with about 40% being Christian and the remaining 15% following traditional ethnic religions minorities.[9]

In the pre-colonial period, the area that is now Kogi State was split up between various states with some states being tiny and village-based as others were part of larger empires like the Nupe Kingdom which held much of now-western Kogi State until the early 1800s when the Fulani jihad annexed the kingdom and placed the area under the Sokoto Caliphate. In the 1900s and 1910s, British expeditions occupied the area and incorporated them into the Northern Nigeria Protectorate with its capital as Lokoja until 1903. The protectorate later merged into British Nigeria before becoming independent as Nigeria in 1960. Originally, modern-day Kogi State was a part of the post-independence Northern Region until 1967 when the region was split and the area became part of the North-Western State, Kwara State, and Benue-Plateau State. After Benue-Plateau and the North-Western states were split in 1976, now-Kogi became a part of the new Benue and Niger states along with Kwara. Western Benue State, southeastern Kwara State, and far southern Niger State were broken off to form the new Kogi State.

Economically, Kogi State is largely based around agriculture, mainly of coffee, cashew, groundnut, cocoa, oil palm, and yam crops. Other key industries are crude oil extraction and the livestock herding of cattle, goats, and sheep.[10] Kogi has both the 23rd highest Human Development Index and GDP in the country.[11]


The climate of the state has an annual rainfall total of between 1,100mm and 1,300mm. The rainy season lasts from April to October each year while the dry season last from November to march. The dry season is very dusty and cold as a result of the north - easterly winds, which bring in the harmattan.[12]

Adjacent States[edit]

Kogi state is the only state in Nigeria which shares a boundary with ten other states.

History and people[edit]

The state was created in 1991 from parts of Kwara State and Benue State. Igala is the majority ethnic group in the state. The state as presently constituted, comprises the people of the Kabba Province of Northern Nigeria. One of the first Qadi in the Kogi State was Faruk Imam.[13][not specific enough to verify]

There are three main ethnic groups and languages in Kogi: Igala, Ebira, and Okun (a Yoruba Group) with others such as Bassa Nge of Bassa L.G.A, Kupa and Kakanda speakers, who are a people of Nupe extraction under Lokoja L.G.A., Bassa-Komo which is also of Bassa Local Government Area, Oworo people (A Yoruba Group), Igbo, Ogori Magongo, and Idoma.

The name Nigeria, was coined in Lokoja by Flora Shaw in the hill of Mount Patti, the future wife of Baron Lugard, a British colonial administrator, while gazing out at the river Niger .

Local government areas[edit]

Kogi State consists of twenty-one (21) local government areas. Which are:


Kogi -Lokoja Confluence

Tourist attractions in Kogi State include the colonial relics (such as Lord Lugard House), Mount Patti, World War Cenotaph, the confluence of Rivers Niger and Benue, Ogidi (An African town with formations of Igneous Rock mountains and a traditional art & craft industry) and natural land features hills and terrains that serve as hiking trails .

Being a 2-hour drive from Abuja some tourists come for day trips. Kogi State Tourism and Hotels Company limited was established to promote tourism in the state. The state Government plans and Harness the high potentials of tourism including the development of historical landmarks at Lokoja.[14]

Transport and communications[edit]

Kogi State connects the Federal Capital Territory with 22 Southern States. Being in close proximity to the federal capital territory, Abuja International Airport serves as the national and international gateway for air travelers from and to the state. Good telecommunications services are available in the state.

Agriculture and resources[edit]

Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy. There are many Farm produce from the state notably coffee, cocoa, palm oil, cashews, groundnuts, maize, cassava, yam, rice and melon.

Mineral resources include coal, limestone, iron, petroleum and tin. The state is home to the largest iron and steel industry in Nigeria known as Ajaokuta Steel Company Limited and one of the largest cement factories in Africa, the Obajana Cement Factory.


Kogi state is home to the Federal University (Lokoja),[15] Kogi State University[16] Anyigba, Confluence University of Science and Technology Osara, Federal Polytechnic Idah,[17]Kogi State Polytechnic[18] (Lokoja), Federal College of Education (Okene), College of Education (Ankpa), College of Agriculture Kabba, Kogi state college of education, technical (Kabba) and the Private Salem University,[19] Lokoja. There are a college of nursing and midwifery in Anyigba and Obangede, School of health tech in Idah and ECWA School of Nursing in Egbe.


Kogi State has produced sprinters such as Sunday Bada and other sportsmen, who have contributed to the growth of sports worldwide. Kogi United and Babanawa F.C. are football teams based in the state. Other sports, such as swimming, handball, and table tennis are actively promoted in the state. The Kogi state Sports Council had a track record of Directors and great personnel team Who at one time or the other had worked with the vision of putting the State fully on the world map. Among them are personalities like Mr. Francis Umoru, Mr. Mohammed Emeje, Mr. Benjamin O. Ameje, Mr. A. Ogido, Mr. Joel J. Abu and others.

Among other sportsmen produce by the state is Shola Ameobi, an Ayetoro Gbede born Ijumu, English footballer, currently playing for Bolton Wanderers as a striker, late Sunday Bada 400 Metres Olympic Champion from Ogidi in Ijumu Local Govt. of the state.


Three Senators have always represented Kogi state since the return of democracy in 1999 at Senate with Kogi East, Kogi West and Kogi Central producing one each.[20]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Archived from the original on 2017-10-10. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ Onyeakagbu, Adaobi. "See how all the 36 Nigerian states got their names". Pulse.ng. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  5. ^ "This is how the 36 states were created". Pulse.ng. Retrieved 22 December 2021.
  6. ^ A. B. MAMMAN, J.O. OYEBANJI (2000). Nigeria: A people united, A Future Assured. p. 333.
  7. ^ "Population 2006-2016". National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  8. ^ Abiodun, J.O. (1985). On polarization and Regional Development: An Empirical Study: Urban and regional Planning problems in Nigeria. University of Ife Press Ltd. pp. 79–92.
  9. ^ Audu, P.A. (1992). 365 days of Giant Strides: directorate of information. Lokoji.
  10. ^ Akanbi, Festus. "As Anambra, Kogi Join Oil-producing States". ThisDay. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  11. ^ "Human Development Indices". Global Data Lab. Retrieved 15 December 2021.
  12. ^ Oguntoyin, J.S. (1987). A Geography of Nigerian Development. Ibadan: Heinemann.
  13. ^ Kogi State
  14. ^ Kogi State (1992). investors guides to Kogi State.
  15. ^ "Official List of Courses Offered in Federal University, Lokoja (FULOKOJA) - Myschool". myschool.ng. Retrieved 2021-11-18.
  16. ^ "Full List of Art Courses offered in Kogi State University (KSU) for 2021-2022 Academic Session". NAIJSCHOOLS. 2021-05-14. Retrieved 2021-11-18.
  17. ^ "List of Courses Offered by Federal Polytechnic Idah". www.myschoolgist.com. 2020-11-09. Retrieved 2021-11-18.
  18. ^ "List of Courses Offered by Kogi State Polytechnic". www.myschoolgist.com. 2020-07-09. Retrieved 2021-11-18.
  19. ^ "Official List of Courses Offered in Salem University (SALEM) - Myschool". myschool.ng. Retrieved 2021-11-18.
  20. ^ "List of senators". Pulse news. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  21. ^ "Stalking Nollywood's beloved actress, Halima Abubakar". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 2020-09-05. Retrieved 2021-06-25.
  22. ^ "10 facts you should know about Dr. Mrs Folashade Yemi-Esan, Acting Head of Service -". The NEWS. 2019-09-19. Retrieved 2021-06-25.
  23. ^ "Senator Smart Adeyemi, CON - Nigpilot Personality". The Nigerian Pilot News. 2020-12-15. Retrieved 2021-06-25.
  24. ^ Adeolu (2019-09-17). "AJAYI, Mr. Samuel Aliyu (OFR)". Biographical Legacy and Research Foundation. Retrieved 2021-06-25.
  25. ^ "Tolulope Arotile… Salute to super woman who broke glass ceiling". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2021-06-25.
  26. ^ Makori, Edwin Kwach (2020-11-11). "Joseph Benjamin biography: Age, wife, movies, where is he from?". Legit.ng - Nigeria news. Retrieved 2021-06-25.
  27. ^ Cinque, Toija; Redmond, Sean (2017), "Talking Miley: The Value of Celebrity Gossip", Entertainment Values, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp. 71–90, doi:10.1057/978-1-137-47290-8_6, ISBN 978-1-137-47289-2, retrieved 2021-06-25
  28. ^ Adeyemo, Adeola (2012-08-18). "BN Saturday Celebrity Interview: The "Rich & Famous" Crooner, Praiz takes us into His World – Meet the Man Behind that Unique Voice!". BellaNaija. Retrieved 2021-06-25.

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