Taraba State

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Taraba
leydi Taraba
Mambilla Plateau of Taraba State
Mambilla Plateau of Taraba State
Seal of Taraba State
Nickname(s): 
Nature's Gift to the Nation (French: Le cadeau de la nature à la nation)
Location of Taraba State in Nigeria
Location of Taraba State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 8°00′N 10°30′E / 8.000°N 10.500°E / 8.000; 10.500Coordinates: 8°00′N 10°30′E / 8.000°N 10.500°E / 8.000; 10.500
Country Nigeria
Date created27 August 1991
CapitalJalingo
Government
 • BodyGovernment of Taraba State
 • Governor
(List)
Darius Ishaku (PDP)
 • Deputy GovernorHaruna Manu (PDP)
 • LegislatureTaraba State House of Assembly
 • SenatorsC: Yusuf Abubakar Yusuf (APC)
N: Shuaibu Isa Lau (PDP)
S: Emmanuel Bwacha (APC)
 • RepresentativesList
Area
 • Total54,473 km2 (21,032 sq mi)
 • Rank3rd of 36
Population
 (2006 census)
 • Total2,294,800[1]
 • Rank30th of 36
GDP (PPP)
 • Year2007
 • Total$3.40 billion[2]
 • Per capita$1,446[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
660001
ISO 3166 codeNG-TA
HDI (2018)0.501[3]
low · 26th of 37
Websitetarabastate.gov.ng

Taraba (fula: leydi taraba) is a state in North Eastern Nigeria, named after the Taraba River which traverses the southern part of the state. Taraba's capital is Jalingo. The inhabitants are mainly the Fulani, Jukun, Chamba, Tiv, Kuteb and the Ichen who are found predominantly in the southern part of the state while Wurkum, Mumuye, and Kona tribes are predominantly located in the northern part of the state. The central region is mainly occupied by the Mambila people, Chamba, Fulani and Jibawa. There are over 40 different tribes and their languages in Taraba State.

History[edit]

The state was created out of the former Gongola State on 27 August 1991, by the military government of General Ibrahim Babangida.

Geography[edit]

Taraba State is bounded in the west by Nasarawa State and Benue State, northwest by Plateau State, north by Bauchi State and Gombe State, northeast by Adamawa State, and south by Northwest Region in Cameroon.

The Benue, Donga, Taraba and Ibi are the main rivers in the state. They rise from the Cameroonian mountains, straining almost the entire length of the state in the North and South direction to link up with the River Niger.[citation needed]

Local Government Areas[edit]

Taraba State consists of sixteen (16) Local Government Areas (or LGAs). They are governed by elected chairmen. They are as follows:

Languages[edit]

Languages of Taraba State listed by LGA:[4]

LGA Languages
Ardokola Fulfulde, Kona, Mumuye
Bali fulfulde; Etkywan; Fam; Gbaya, Northwest; Jibu; Jukun Takum; Kam; Mumuye; Ndoola; Samba Daka; Samba Leko; Tiv; Waja.
Donga Samba, Leko, Tiv
Gashaka Ndoola, Fulfulde, Samba Daka; Yamba Tiv
Gassol Fulfulde, Wapan, Tiv
Ibi Duguri; Dza, Tiv, Fulfulde
Jalingo Fulfulde, Kona, Mumuye; Jenjo, Kuteb
Karim Lamido Fulfulde; Dadiya; Dza; Jiba; Jiru; kodei; Kulung; Kyak; Laka; Munga Lelau; Loo; Mághdì; Mak; Munga Doso; Mumuye; Nyam; Pangseng; Wurkun-Anphandi; Shoo-Minda-Nye; Yandang; Hõne; Kwa; Pero; Karimjo; Jenjo
Kurmi Ndoro; Ichen language; Tigun language; Abon; Bitare Tiv language
Lau Fulfulde, Dza; Loo; Yandang, Laka
Takum Mashi; Bete; Etkywan; Jukun Takum; Kapya; Kpan; Kpati; Kuteb; Lufu; Acha language Acha; Tiv; Yukuben
Wukari Jukun, Etkywan; Etulo; Kpan; Kpati; Kulung; Tarok; Tiv; Wapan
Sardauna Fulfulde, Áncá; Batu; Buru; Kuteb; Fum; Kpan; Lamnso'; Lidzonka; Limbum; Mambila; Mbembe, Tigon; Mbongno; Mvanip; Nde-Gbite; Ndoola; Ndunda; Nshi; Somyev; Viti; Vute; Yamba, kaka
Yorro Mumuye, Fulfulde, Samba
Zing Mumuye, Fulfulde, Nyong; Rang; Samba Daka; Yandang

Ussa. Kuteb language

Other languages spoken in Taraba State are Akum, Bukwen, Esimbi, Fali of Baissa, Jiba, Njerep, Tha, Yandang, Yotti, Ywom.[4]

Agriculture[edit]

The major occupation of the people of Taraba State is agriculture. Cash crops produced in the state include coffee, tea, groundnuts and cotton.[citation needed] Crops such as maize, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, and yam are also produced in commercial quantity.[citation needed] In addition, cattle, sheep and goats are reared in large numbers, especially on the Mambilla Plateau, and along the Benue and Taraba valleys.[citation needed] Similarly, the people undertake other livestock production activities like poultry production, rabbit breeding and pig farming in fairly large scale. Communities living on the banks of River Benue, River Taraba, River Donga and Ibi engage in fishing all year round. Other occupational activities such as pottery, cloth-weaving, dyeing, mat-making, carving, embroidery and blacksmithing are also carried out in various parts of the State.[5][citation needed]

Culture[edit]

The government has made concerted efforts to improve areas of tourist attractions like Mambilla Tourist Center, Gumpti Park and game reserve in Gashaka; and the Nwunyu fishing festival in Ibi, which is usually held in April of each year where activities such as canoe racing, swimming competition and cultural dances are held. Other festivals are Purma of the Chamba in Donga, Takum and Jibu culture dance in Bali, the Tagba of Acha People in Takum, Kuchecheb of Kutebs in Takum and Ussa,[6] Kati of the Mambilla and host of others. Taraba is called "Nature's gift to the nation" as the state is rich and have many ethnic groups, including Fulanis, Kuteb Chamba, Yandang, Mumuyes, Mambila, Wurkums, Janjo, Jukun, Ichen, Tiv, Kaka, Pena, Kambu, kodei, Wawa, Vute, Hausa and Ndola.

Mambilla Tribe of Taraba State

A striking historical fact about the State is that it encompasses part of the Mambilla Region which is famed as the Bantu cradle, having been occupied for some five millennia to date (Schwartz, 1972; Zeitlyn & Connell, 2003).

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 20 August 2008.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Nigeria". Ethnologue (22 ed.). Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Jobs in Taraba State". Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  6. ^ "The Kuteb People - The Kuteb People". Archived from the original on 9 June 2013.

External links[edit]