Taraba State

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Taraba
État de Taraba
Mambilla Plateau of Taraba State
Mambilla Plateau of Taraba State
Nickname(s): 
Nature's Gift to the Nation (French: Le cadeau de la nature à la nation)
Location of Taraba State in Nigeria
Location of Taraba State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 8°00′N 10°30′E / 8.000°N 10.500°E / 8.000; 10.500Coordinates: 8°00′N 10°30′E / 8.000°N 10.500°E / 8.000; 10.500
Country Nigeria
Date created27 August 1991
CapitalJalingo
Government
 • Governor
(List)
Darius Dickson Ishaku (PDP)
 • Deputy GovernorHaruna Manu (PDP)
 • Senators
Area
 • Total54,473 km2 (21,032 sq mi)
Area rank3rd of 36
Population
 (2006 census)
 • Total2,294,800[1]
 • Rank30th of 36
GDP (PPP)
 • Year2007
 • Total$3.40 billion[2]
 • Per capita$1,446[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
660001
ISO 3166 codeNG-TA
HDI (2018)0.501[3]
low · 26th of 37
Websitetarabastate.gov.ng

Taraba is a state in North Eastern Nigeria, named after the Taraba River which traverses the southern part of the state. Taraba's capital is Jalingo. The inhabitants are mainly the ,Kuteb Jukun and the Ichen who are found predominantly in the southern part of the state while Wurkum, Mumuye, and Kona tribes are predominantly located in the northern part of the state. Taraba central is mainly occupied by the Mambilla. ↵There are over 40 different tribes and their languages in Taraba State.

History[edit]

The state was created out of the former Gongola State on 27 August 1991, by the military government of General Ibrahim Babangida.

Geography[edit]

Taraba State is bounded in the west by Nasarawa State and Benue State, northwest by Plateau State, north by Bauchi State and Gombe State, northeast by Adamawa State, and south by Nord-Ouest Province, claimed by both Ambazonia and Cameroon.

Taraba State lies largely within the middle of Nigeria and consists of undulating landscape dotted with a few mountainous features. These include the scenic and prominent Mambilla Plateau. The state lies largely within the tropical zone and has a vegetation of low forest in the southern part and grassland in the northern part. The Mambilla Plateau with an altitude of 1,800 meters (6000 ft) above sea level has a temperate climate all year round.[citation needed]

The Benue, Donga, Taraba and Ibi are the main rivers in the state. They rise from the Cameroonian mountains, straining almost the entire length of the state in the North and South direction to link up with the River Niger.

Local Government Areas[edit]

Taraba State consists of sixteen (16) Local Government Areas (or LGAs). They are governed by elected chairmen. They are as follows:

Languages[edit]

Languages of Taraba State listed by LGA:[4]

LGA Languages
Ardokola Fulfulde, Kona, Mumuye
Bali fulfulde; Etkywan; Fam; Gbaya, Northwest; Jibu; Jukun Takum; Kam; Mumuye; Ndoola; Samba Daka; Samba Leko; Tiv; Waja.
Donga Samba Leko Tiv
Gashaka fulfulde , Ndoola, [[Fula language, Samba Daka; Yamba Tiv
Gassol Fulfulde, Wapan, Tiv
Ibi Duguri; Dza, Tiv, Fulfulde
Jalingo Fulfulde, Kona, Mumuye; Jenjo, chamba Daka
Karim Lamido fulfulde ; Dadiya; Dza; Jiba; Jiru; kodei; Kulung; Kyak; Laka; Munga Lelau; Loo; Mághdì; Mak; Munga Doso; Mumuye; Nyam; Pangseng; Piya-Kwonci; Shoo-Minda-Nye; Yandang; Hõne; Kwa; Pero
Kurmi Ndoro; Ichen language; Tigun language; Abon; Bitare Tiv language
Lau Fulfulde, Dza; Loo; Yandang, Laka
Takum Mashi; Bete; Etkywan; Jukun Takum; Kapya; Kpan; Kpati; Kuteb; Lufu; Samba Leko; Tiv; Yukuben
Wukari Jukun, Etkywan; Etulo; Kpan; Kpati; Kulung; Tarok; Tiv; Wapan
Sardauna Fulfulde, Áncá; Batu; Buru; Etkywan; Fum; Kpan; Lamnso'; Lidzonka; Limbum; Mambila; Mbembe, Tigon; Mbongno; Mvanip; Nde-Gbite; Ndoola; Ndunda; Nshi; Somyev; Viti; Vute; Yamba, kaka
Yorro Mumuye, Fulfulde, Samba
Zing Mumuye, Fulfulde, Nyong; Rang; Samba Daka; Yandang

Ussa. Kuteb language

Other languages spoken in Taraba State are Akum, Bukwen, Esimbi, Fali of Baissa, Jiba, Njerep, Tha, Yandang, Yotti, Ywom.[4]

Agriculture[edit]

The major occupation of the people of Taraba State is agriculture. Cash crops produced in the state include coffee, tea, groundnuts and cotton.[citation needed] Crops such as maize, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, and yam are also produced in commercial quantity.[citation needed] In addition, cattle, sheep and goats are reared in large numbers, especially on the Mambilla Plateau, and along the Benue and Taraba valleys.[citation needed] Similarly, the people undertake other livestock production activities like poultry production, rabbit breeding and pig farming in fairly large scale. Communities living on the banks of River Benue, River Taraba, River Donga and Ibi engage in fishing all year round. Other occupational activities such as pottery, cloth-weaving, dyeing, mat-making, carving, embroidery and blacksmithing are also carried out in various parts of the State.[citation needed]

Culture[edit]

The government has made concerted efforts to improve areas of tourist attractions like Mambilla Tourist Center, Gumpti Park and game reserve in Gashaka; and the Nwunyu fishing festival in Ibi, which is usually held in April of each year where activities such as canoe racing, swimming competition and cultural dances are held. Other festivals are Purma of the Chamba in Donga, Takum and jibu culture dance in Bali, the Puje of Jukuns, Kuchecheb of Kutebs in Takum and Ussa,[5] Kati of the Mambilla and host of others. Taraba is called "Nature's gift to the nation" as the state is rich and have many ethnic groups, including [[Fulanis], Kuteb Chamba, Yandang, Mumuyes, Mambila, Wurkums, janjo , Jukun, Ichen, Tiv, Kaka, Pena, Kambu, kodei, Wawa, Vute, Hausa and Ndola.

Mambilla Tribe of Taraba State

A striking historical fact about the State is that it encompasses part of the Mambilla Region which is famed as the Bantu cradle, having been occupied for some five millennia to date (Schwartz, 1972; Zeitlyn & Connell, 2003).

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 20 August 2008.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Nigeria". Ethnologue (22 ed.). Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  5. ^ http://www.kuteb.tripod.com

External links[edit]