|Nickname(s): Eastern Heartland|
Location of Imo State in Nigeria
|Created||3 February 1976|
|• Governor||Rochas Anayo Okorocha (APC)|
|• Deputy Governor||Prince Eze Madumere|
|• Senators||Samuel Anyanwu|
|• Total||5,530 km2 (2,140 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 34th|
|Population (2006 census)1|
|• Rank||13th of 36|
|• Total||$14.21 billion|
|• Per capita||$3,527|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (WAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||NG-IM|
|^1 Preliminary results|
Imo is one of the 36 states of Nigeria and lies in the south east of Nigeria. Owerri is its capital and largest city. Its other major cities are Orlu and Okigwe. Located in the south-eastern region of Nigeria, it occupies the area between the lower River Niger and the upper and middle Imo River.
- 1 Location
- 2 Economy
- 3 Rivers and lakes
- 4 Natural resources
- 5 Oil and gas exploration
- 6 Investment opportunities
- 7 Agriculture
- 8 History
- 9 Government
- 10 Demographics
- 11 Education
- 12 Notable people
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Imo State is bordered by Abia State on the East, River Niger and Delta State to the West, Anambra State on the North and Rivers State to the South. The state lies within latitudes 4°45'N and 7°15'N, and longitude 6°50'E and 7°25'E with an area of around 5,100 sq km.
The economy of the state depends primarily on agriculture and commerce.
Rivers and lakes
The Orashi River has its source in Imo State. Imo River, being the major river in the state, drains through Abia State, where it is joined by Aba River from the north, and Akwa Ibom State into the Atlantic Ocean. There are also Njaba River, Oguta Lake, Utu River, Ezize River and Awbana River in the state. Otamiri River and its 9.2 km length tributary, Nworie River, flow in the state.
Imo's major towns include Isu, Okigwe, Oguta, Orlu, Atta Ikeduru, Akokwa, Mbaise, Mbaitoli, Mbieri, Ohaji/Egbema, Orodo, Nkwerre, Ubulu, Ngor Okpala, Omuma, Mgbidi, Awo-Omamma, Izombe, Orsu, and Amaigbo, Umuowa Orlu.
Oil and gas exploration
There are over 163 oil wells at over 12 different locations in the state. The main petroleum companies operating in the state are Addax Petroleum, Chevron Corporation, Royal Dutch Shell and Agip. Some of the established oil-rich local government councils include Ohaji/Egbema, Oguta, Oru East, Iho, Oru West, Obowo and Ngor Okpala.
Many investment opportunities exist in the state including oil and gas exploration, chemical plants, brewery plants, hydroelectric plants, gas-fired power plants, grain mills, starch production, cashews, fruit and vegetable juice concentrate production, integrated multi-oil seed processing plants, ceramics, inland waterway transport, and palm produce industry.
Independent global brewer Heineken, through its subsidiary Nigerian Breweries, has significant investment in Imo State. The company manages the world-class Awo-omamma Brewery, a multiple-line plant.
Many more oil and gas opportunities are yet to be developed. The federal government has been called to inspect newly discovered oil-rich areas which might help foster economic development and job creation.
Industrial parks and processing zones to harness the huge agricultural produce and minerals would give a major boost to the state's economic growth and industrialization.
The chief occupation of the local people is farming, but due to over-farming and high population density, the soil has greatly degraded. The cash crops include oil palm, raffia palm, rice, groundnut, melon, cotton, cocoa, rubber, and maize. Consumable crops such as yam, cassava, cocoyam and maize are also produced in large quantities.
An average annual temperature above 20 °C (68.0 °F) creates an annual relative humidity of 75%. With humidity reaching 90% in the rainy season. The dry season experiences two months of Harmattan from late December to late February. The hottest months are between January and March.
With high population density and over farming, the soil has been degraded and much of the native vegetation has disappeared.
Imo State came into existence in 1976 along with other new states created under the leadership of the late military ruler of Nigeria, Murtala Muhammad, having been previously part of East-Central State. The state is named after the Imo River. Part of it was split off in 1991 as Abia State, and another part became Ebonyi State.
Imo state was created at Ngwoma and the meetings for the state creation which began after the Nigerian Civil War ended in 1970 were chaired by Chief S. E. Onukogu.
The state has a three-tier administrative structure: State, Local and Autonomous community levels. The three arms at state level are the Executive, the Legislative and the Judiciary. The executive arm is headed by an elected Governor who is assisted by a deputy governor, commissioners and executive advisers.
This is a list of administrators and governors of Imo State since its creation.
|Name||Title||Took office||Left office||Party|
|Ndubuisi Kanu||Governor||Mar 1976||1977||(Military)|
|Adekunle Lawal||Governor||1977||Jul 1978||(Military)|
|Sunday Ajibade Adenihun||Governor||Jul 1978||Oct 1979||(Military)|
|Samuel Onunaka Mbakwe||Governor||1 Oct 1979||31 Dec 1983||NPP|
|Ike Nwachukwu||Governor||Jan 1984||Aug 1985||(Military)|
|Allison Amakoduna Madueke||Governor||Aug 1985||1986||(Military)|
|Anthony E. Oguguo||Governor||Aug 1990||Jan 1992||(Military)|
|Evan Enwerem||Governor||Jan 1992||Nov 1993||NRC|
|James N.J. Aneke||Administrator||9 Dec 1993||22 Aug 1996||(Military)|
|Tanko Zubairu||Administrator||22 Aug 1996||May 1999||(Military)|
|Achike Udenwa||Governor||29 May 1999||29 May 2007||PDP|
|Ikedi G. Ohakim||Governor||29 May 2007||29 May 2011||PPA / PDP|
|Owelle Rochas Anayo Okorocha||Governor||29 May 2011||To Date||APGA/APC|
The legislative arm is headed by the Speaker of the State House of Assembly. The current Speaker is Rt. Hon. Ihenacho Ihim, and his deputy is Rt. Hon. Ugonna .Ozurigbo The remainder of the house is made up of elected legislators from the 27 LGAs of the state.
The judiciary is made up of the high court of justice and the customary court of appeal, and is headed by the Chief Judge of the state.
- Agriculture and Natural Resources
- Industry and Tourism
- Works and Transport
- Youths and Sports
- Women Affairs
- Internal Resources and Pension Matters
- Local Government and Rural Development
- Happiness and Purpose Fulfilment
English and Igbo
Local government areas
Imo State consists of 27 local government areas:
Smaller jurisdictions in the state may receive township status or urban status.
The state has over 4.8 million people and the population density varies from 230 to 1,400 people per square kilometre. Christianity is the predominant religion.
There are several institutions of higher learning including state and federal government run institutions. They are as follows:
- Imo State University
- Federal University of Technology, Owerri
- Federal Polytechnic, Nekede
- Eastern Palm University, Ogboko, Ideato
- Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo
- Alvan Ikoku College of Education
- Technological Skills Acquisition Institute, Orlu
- Chioma Ajunwa – 1996 Olympic gold long jumper
- Prince Amukamara – cornerback for the Chicago Bears
- Emmanuel Amunike – 1994 African Player of the Year and Olympic-winning soccer star
- Nnamdi Asomugha – former Oakland Raiders and Philadelphia Eagles Cornerback
- Kelechi Iheanacho – striker for Leicester City, U-17 World Cup winner and tournament's MVP (2013)
- Christian Okoye – former running back for the Kansas City Chiefs
- Samuel Okwaraji (1964–1989) – national footballer
- Christy Opara – 1997/98 60 meters; fastest woman in the world; 1992 Olympic bronze medalist in track and field
- Obianuju Catherine Acholonu – author
- Charly Boy – hip hop singer and activist
- Rita Dominic – Nigerian actress
- Osita Iheme – actor
- Kanayo O. Kanayo – actor
- Judith Chichi Opara Mazagwu – Nigerian actress, musician and businesswoman
- John Munonye – author
- Genevieve Nnaji – Nollywood actress
- Alban Uzoma Nwapa – Eurodance musician
- Onyeka Nwelue – author, scholar, actor, entrepreneur
- Christogonus Ezebuiro Obinna – highlife musician
- Clem Ohameze – actor
- Stephanie Okereke – actress
- Onyeka Onwenu – singer, actress and politician
- Pats Acholonu – Supreme Court Justice
- Chris Anyanwu – journalist and senator
- Ifeanyi Ararume – former senator of Okigwe zone (1999-2007)
- Kema Chikwe – former Minister of Aviation
- Chile Eboe-Osuji - Judge, International Court of Criminal Justice, Hague
- Evan Enwerem – former governor and former President of the Senate
- Collins E. Ijoma – youngest US Trial Court Administrator
- Maurice Iwu – former INEC chairman
- Emmanuel Iwuanyanwu – politician and businessman
- Daniel Kanu – politician, businessman and philanthropist; organizer of 2 Million Man March, the largest gathering in Nigerian history
- K. O. Mbadiwe – former Minister of Commerce and Industry
- Sam Mbakwe – former Governor
- Raymond Njoku – former Minister of Transportation
- Chinwe Obaji – professor and former Minister of Education
- Walter Ofonagoro – former Minister of Information and Culture
- Ikedi Ohakim – former governor
- Rochas Okorocha – present governor
- Fabian Osuji – former Minister of Education
- Ugonna Ozurigbo – Deputy Speaker, Imo State House of Assembly (2015–), and Member
- Achike Udenwa – former Governor
- Adiele Afigbo – historian
- Michael Echeruo – academic and writer in Igbo studies
- Michael Ikoku — businessman
- Evelyn Okere – Nigerian businesswoman, publisher, fashion designer and the organizer of the St. Eve West African Fashion Week
- "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
- "2006 Population Census" (PDF). National Bureau of Statistics of Nigeria. May 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 June 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Caeeeanback Dangel. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2008.
- Vanguard, Nigeria (2 June 2015). "Exploring the resource control option – Imo State, by Futureview CEO, Elizabeth Ebi". vanguardngr.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
- "About Imo State". Imo State, Nigeria: Imo State Government. Archived from the original on 17 July 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- Cosmas Ahamefule Ahiarakwem; et al. (2012). "Water Quality Monitoring of a Tropical Lake and Associated Rivers: A Case Study of Oguta Lake and Its Tributaries, Niger Delta Basin, Southeastern Nigeria" (PDF). Department of Geosciences, Federal University of Technology Owerri (FUTO), Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering. p. 1. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
- "Industries in Imo State". Imo State, Nigeria: Imo State Government. Archived from the original on 14 March 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- Vanguard, Nigeria (14 March 2014). "Imo Govt discovers more crude oil". vanguardngr.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
- "HEINEKEN majority owned subsidiaries Nigerian Breweries plc and Consolidated Breweries plc to merge". www.theheinekencompany.com. 9 May 2014. Archived from the original on 7 February 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
- "Nigerian Breweries invests N3bn in Awo-Omamma, N18bn in Aba Breweries". beverageindustrynews.com.ng. 8 December 2015. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
- Vanguard, Nigeria (14 March 2014). "Imo Govt discovers more crude oil". vanguardngr.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- "Niger Delta Region Land and People" (PDF). www.nddc.gov.ng. Federal Republic of Nigeria. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- "Climate and Weather - climate info and current weather in Nigeria". www.wordtravels.com. Archived from the original on 23 October 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
- "Regions Used to Interpret the Complexity of Nigeria". Geographical Alliance of Iowa. University of Northern Iowa. Archived from the original on 14 April 2009. Retrieved 19 July 2007.
- Africatalksclimate.com Archived 7 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- Ihiegbulem, Emeka (17 December 2009). "Nigeria: Erosion - Ihioma Network Appeals to FG". Archived from the original on 12 October 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2018 – via AllAfrica.
- "Physical Setting: Imo State". OnlineNigeria.com. Devace Nigeria. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 13 August 2007.
- "IMO STATE - OnlineNigeria.com". www.onlinenigeria.com. Archived from the original on 26 August 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
- "Local Government Organization in Imo State". Library of Congress Pamphlet Collection – Flickr. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
- "Imo State". www.igbofocus.co.uk. Archived from the original on 14 October 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
- "Education in Imo State". Imo State, Nigeria: Imo State Government. Archived from the original on 16 July 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010.