|Nickname(s): Eastern Heartland|
Location of Imo State in Nigeria
|Created||3 February 1976|
|• Governor||Rochas Anayo Okorocha (APC)|
|• Total||5,530 km2 (2,140 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 34th|
|Population (2006 census)1|
|• Rank||13th of 36|
|• Density||710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|• Total||$14.21 billion|
|• Per capita||$3,527|
|Time zone||WAT (UTC+01)|
|ISO 3166 code||NG-IM|
|^1 Preliminary results|
Imo is one of the 36 states of Nigeria and lies in the South East of Nigeria with Owerri as its capital and largest city. Located in the south-eastern region of Nigeria, it occupies the area between the lower River Niger and the upper and middle Imo River.
- 1 Location
- 2 Rivers and lakes
- 3 Natural resources
- 4 Oil and gas exploration
- 5 Trade and investment opportunities
- 6 Agriculture
- 7 History
- 8 Government
- 9 Demographics
- 10 Education
- 11 Notable people
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Imo State is bordered by Abia State on the East, River Niger and Delta State to the West, Anambra State on the North and Rivers State to the South. The State lies within latitudes 4°45'N and 7°15'N, and longitude 6°50'E and 7°25'E with an area of around 5,100 sq km. The main cities in Imo State are Owerri, Orlu and Okigwe.
Rivers and lakes
The Orashi River has its source in Imo State. Imo River, being the major river in the State, drains through Abia State, where it is joined by Aba River from the North, and Akwa Ibom State into the Atlantic Ocean.:4 There are Njaba River, Oguta Lake, Utu River and Awbana River in the State. Otamiri River and its 9.2 km length tributary, Nworie River flow in the State.:4 There are other rivers and creeks in the state including Onas Creek in Ohaji/Egbema, Okitankwo River in Umudi, and Ohia and Efuru Rivers in Okigwe.:5
Besides Owerri, Imo State's major towns are Isu, Okigwe, Oguta, Orlu,Atta Ikeduru, Akokwa, Mbaise, Mbaitoli, Mbieri, Ohaji/Egbema, Orodo, Nkwerre, Ubulu, Ngor Okpala, Omuma, Mgbidi, Awo-Omamma, Izombe, Orsu, and Mbano
Oil and gas exploration
There are over 163 oil wells at over 12 different locations in the State. The main petroleum companies operating in the state are Addax Petroleum, Chevron Corporation, Royal Dutch Shell and Agip. Some of the established oil-rich and producing Local Government Councils include Ohaji/Egbema, Oguta, Oru East, Iho, Oru West, Obowo and Ngor Okpala.
Trade and investment opportunities
Many trade and investment opportunities abound in the peaceful State including Oil and Gas Exploration, Chemical Plants, Brewery Plants, Hydroelectricity and Gas-Fired Power Plants, Grain Milling, Starch Production, Cashew Product Industry, Fruit and Vegetable Juice Concentrate Production, Integrated Multi-Oil Seeds Processing Plant, Ceramic Industry, Inland Waterway Transport, Integrated Palm Produce Industry et al.
In addition to presence of oil and gas investors, independent global brewer, Heineken through its subsidiary Nigerian Breweries has significant investment in Imo State. The company manages the world-class Awo-omamma Brewery, a multiple-line brewery plant.
Many more opportunities in oil and gas are yet to be fully exploited. The Federal Government has been called to inspect newly discovered oil-rich council areas for possible exploration in order to increase the presence of the federal government in the State and the region, which would enable economic development and job creation.
Establishment of industrial parks and processing zones to harness the huge agricultural produce and minerals would give a major boost to the State's economic growth and industrialization. No doubt, production centers would employ large number of labor.
The economy of the State depends primarily on agriculture and commerce. The chief occupation of the people is farming. However, with a high population density and over farming the soil has been degraded and much of the native vegetation has disappeared. Their cash crops include oil palm, raffia palm, rice, groundnut, melon, cotton, cocoa, rubber, maize, etc. food crops such as yam, cassava, cocoyam and maize are also produced in large quantities.
An average annual temperature above 20 °C (68.0 °F) creates an annual relative humidity of 75%. With humidity reaching 90% in the rainy season. The dry season experiences two months of Harmattan from late December to late February. The hottest months are between January and March.
With high population density and over farming, the soil has been degraded and much of the native vegetation has disappeared.
Imo State came into existence in 1976 along with other new states created under the leadership of the late military ruler of Nigeria, Murtala Muhammad, having been previously part of East-Central State. The state is named after the Imo River. Part of it was split off in 1991 as Abia State, and another part became Ebonyi State. Imo state was created at Ngwoma and the meetings for the state creation which began after the Nigerian Civil War ended in 1970 were chaired by Chief S. E. Onukogu.
The state has a three-tier administrative structure: State, Local and Autonomous community levels. The three arms at state level are the Executive, the Legislative and the Judiciary. The executive arm is headed by an elected Governor who is assisted by a deputy governor, commissioners and executive advisers.
This is a list of administrators and Governors of Imo State since its creation.
|Name||Title||Took Office||Left Office||Party|
|Ndubuisi Kanu||Governor||Mar 1976||1977||(Military)|
|Adekunle Lawal||Governor||1977||Jul 1978||(Military)|
|Sunday Ajibade Adenihun||Governor||Jul 1978||Oct 1979||(Military)|
|Samuel Onunaka Mbakwe||Governor||1 Oct 1979||31 Dec 1983||NPP|
|Ike Nwachukwu||Governor||Jan 1984||Aug 1985||(Military)|
|Allison Amakoduna Madueke||Governor||Aug 1985||1986||(Military)|
|Anthony E. Oguguo||Governor||Aug 1990||Jan 1992||(Military)|
|Evan Enwerem||Governor||Jan 1992||Nov 1993||NRC|
|James N.J. Aneke||Administrator||9 Dec 1993||22 Aug 1996||(Military)|
|Tanko Zubairu||Administrator||22 Aug 1996||May 1999||(Military)|
|Achike Udenwa||Governor||29 May 1999||29 May 2007||PDP|
|Ikedi G. Ohakim||Governor||29 May 2007||29 May 2011||PPA / PDP|
|Owelle Rochas Anayo Okorocha||Governor||29 May 2011||To Date||APGA/APC|
The legislative arm is headed by the Speaker of the State House of Assembly who is currently speaker Rt. Hon. Ihenacho Ihim and his deputy, Rt. Hon. Ugonna Ozurigbo The remainder of the house is made up of elected legislators from the 27 LGAs of the state
The judiciary is made up of the high court of justice and customary court of appeal and is headed by the Chief Judge of the state.
- Agriculture and Natural Resources
- Industry and Tourism
- Works and Transport
- Youths and Sports
- Women Affairs
- Internal Resources and Pension Matters
- Local Government and Rural Development
English and Igbo
Local Government Areas
Imo State consists of twenty-seven (27) Local Government Areas. They are:
Smaller jurisdictions in the state may receive Township Status or Urban Status.
The state is over 4.8 million people and the population density varies from 230–1,400 people per square kilometre. Christianity is the predominant religion.
There are several institutions of higher learning including state and federal government run institutions. They are as follows:
- Imo State University
- Federal University of Technology, Owerri.
- Federal Polytechnic, Nekede
- Eastern Palm University, Ogboko, Orlu
- Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo
- Alvan Ikoku College of Education
- Technological Skills Acqisition Institute, Orlu
- Chioma Ajunwa – 1996 Olympic gold long jumper
- Nwankwo Kanu – National footballer
- Emmanuel Amunike – 1994 African Player of the Year and Olympic-winning soccer star
- Samuel Okwaraji – was a National Footballer (19 May 1964 – 12 August 1989)
- Prince Amukamara – Cornerback for the New York Giants
- Kelechi Iheanacho – Striker for Manchester City, U-17 World Cup winner and tournament's MVP (2013)
- Alban Uzoma Nwapa – Eurodance musician
- Christogonus Ezebuiro Obinna – Highlife musician
- Genevieve Nnaji – Nollywood actress
- John Munonye – Author
- Judith Chichi Opara Mazagwu - Nigerian actress, musician and businesswoman
- Kanayo O. Kanayo- Actor
- Clem Ohameze- Actor
- Obianuju Catherine Acholonu – Author
- Onyeka Nwelue- Author, scholar, actor, entrepreneur
- Onyeka Onwenu – Singer, actress and politician
- Osita Iheme – Actor
- Rita Dominic, Nigerian actress
- Stephanie Okereke- Actress
- Pats Acholonu – Supreme Court Justice
- Christina Anyanwu – journalist and senator
- Kema Chikwe – former Minister of Aviation
- Evan Enwerem – former governor and former President of the Senate
- Ikedi Ohakim – former governor
- Rochas Okorocha – present governor
- Collins E. Ijoma – the youngest US Trial Court Administrator
- Emmanuel Iwuanyanwu – politician and businessman
- K. O. Mbadiwe – former Minister of Commerce and Industry
- Sam Mbakwe – former Governor
- Fabian Osuji – former Minister of Education
- Achike Udenwa – former Governor
- Maurice Iwu – former INEC chairman
- Sir Jude Ejiogu – Chief of Staff
- Chinwe Obaji – Professor and former Minister of Education
- Raymond Njoku - Former Minister of Transportation
- Ugonna Ozurigbo - Deputy Speaker, Imo State House of Assembly(2015-) & Member
- Rt. Hon. Emeka Ihedioha - Former Deputy Speaker Federal House of Representative
- Evelyn Okere – Nigerian businesswoman, publisher, fashion designer and the organizer of the St. Eve West African Fashion Week.
- Leo Stan Ekeh – founder and CEO of Zinox Technologies
- Adiele Afigbo – historian
- Michael Echeruo – academic and writer in Igbo studies
- "2006 Population Census" (PDF). National Bureau of Statistics of Nigeria. May 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 June 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Caeeeanback Dangel. Retrieved 20 August 2008.
- Vanguard, Nigeria (June 2, 2015). "Exploring the resource control option – Imo State, by Futureview CEO, Elizabeth Ebi". vanguardngr.com. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
- "About Imo State". Imo State, Nigeria: Imo State Government. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- Cosmas Ahamefule Ahiarakwem; et al. (2012). "Water Quality Monitoring of a Tropical Lake and Associated Rivers: A Case Study of Oguta Lake and Its Tributaries, Niger Delta Basin, Southeastern Nigeria" (PDF). Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering. p. 1. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
- "Industries in Imo State". Imo State, Nigeria: Imo State Government. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- Vanguard, Nigeria (March 14, 2014). "Imo Govt discovers more crude oil". vanguardngr.com. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
- "HEINEKEN majority owned subsidiaries Nigerian Breweries plc and Consolidated Breweries plc to merge". www.theheinekencompany.com. May 9, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
- "Nigerian Breweries invests N3bn in Awo-Omamma, N18bn in Aba Breweries". beverageindustrynews.com.ng. December 8, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
- Vanguard, Nigeria (March 14, 2014). "Imo Govt discovers more crude oil". vanguardngr.com. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
- "Niger Delta Region Land and People" (PDF). www.nddc.gov.ng. Federal Republic of Nigeria. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
- "Regions Used to Interpret the Complexity of Nigeria". Geographical Alliance of Iowa. University of Northern Iowa. Retrieved 19 July 2007.
- "Physical Setting: Imo State". OnlineNigeria.com. Devace Nigeria. Retrieved 13 August 2007.
- "Local Government Organization in Imo State". Library of Congress Pamphlet Collection – Flickr. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
- "Education in Imo State". Imo State, Nigeria: Imo State Government. Retrieved 27 July 2010.