Korea Independence Party

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Korea Independence Party
한국독립당
韓國獨立黨
Founded 1928, in Shanghai, Republic of China
Dissolved 1970
Headquarters Shanghai, Republic of China (1928-1945)
Seoul, South Korea (from 1945)
Ideology Korean nationalism
National conservatism
Political position Right-wing
Emblem of South Korea.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Republic of Korea
Constitution
Korea Independence Party
Hangul 한국독립당
Hanja 韓國獨立黨
Revised Romanization Han-guk Doglibdang
McCune–Reischauer Han'guk Doklipdang

The Korea Independence Party (Korean: 한국독립당, Hanguk Doglib Dang, KIP) was a political party in South Korea.

History[edit]

The party was established in Shanghai by Kim Koo in 1928, uniting a faction of conservative members of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea headed by Kim.[1] When Kim was able to return to Korea in 1945, the KIP began operating in the country. Kim was initially supportive of Syngman Rhee, but a dispute over holding separate elections in South Korea (Kim was opposed, Rhee was for) led to a split and the party did not participate in the 1948 parliamentary elections in South Korea. However, Kim was a candidate in the indirect presidential elections in July 1948, losing heavily to Rhee.

When Kim was assassinated in 1949, the party went into a sharp decline. It participated in the 1950 parliamentary elections, but received only 0.3% of the vote, failing to win a seat. It received the same vote share in the 1960 elections, again failing to win a seat. It nominated Chun Jin-han as its candidate for the May 1967 presidential elections; he finished fifth in a field of six candidates with 2.1% of the vote. Despite increasing its vote share to 2.2% in the June 1967 parliamentary elections, the party remained seatless.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haruhiro Fukui (1985) Political parties of Asia and the Pacific, Greenwood Press, p671