List of Gothic cathedrals in Europe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of gothic cathedrals in Europe that are active Christian cathedrals (the seats of bishops), but also includes former cathedrals and churches built in the style of cathedrals, that are significant for their Gothic style of architecture.[1][2] As such, some of the buildings listed here are parish churches or have other uses.

The list is intended to be complete as far as possible.

Gothic cathedrals in Europe[edit]

Cathedral Archdiocese
or Diocese
Location Country Dedication Notes Image
Toruń Cathedral (Church of St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist)

Bazylika katedralna św. Jana Chrzciciela i św. Jana Ewangelisty w Toruniu

Toruń Toruń Poland St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist cathedral
Matthias Church (Church of Our Lady)

Mátyás-templom (Nagyboldogasszony-templom)

Esztergom-Budapest Budapest Hungary Blessed Virgin Mary parish church, part of a World Heritage Site
St Elisabeth Cathedral

Dóm svätej Alžbety

Szent Erzsébet-székesegyház

Košice Košice Slovakia St Elisabeth of Hungary cathedral
St Elisabeth Cathedral Kosice.jpeg
Church of Our Lady before Týn (Týn church)

Kostel Matky Boží před Týnem (Týnský chrám)

Prague Prague Czech Republic Blessed Virgin Mary parish church
Church of Our Lady before Tyn.jpg
St. Mary's Basilica (Church of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven)

Kościół Mariacki (Kościół archiprezbiterialny Wniebowzięcia Najświętszej Marii Panny)

Kraków Kraków Poland Blessed Virgin Mary parish church, part of a World Heritage Site
20200512 Kościół Mariacki w Krakowie 1741 9934.jpg
St Albans Cathedral
Cathedral and Abbey Church of St Alban
St Albans St Albans England Saint Alban cathedral
St Albans Cathedral Exterior from west, Herfordshire, UK - Diliff.jpg
Albi Cathedral
Cathédrale Sainte-Cécile d'Albi
Albi Albi France Saint Cecilia cathedral, minor basilica, World Heritage Site
Albi cathedral - outdoor view.jpg
Amiens Cathedral
Cathédrale Notre-Dame d'Amiens
Amiens Amiens France Blessed Virgin Mary cathedral, minor basilica; World Heritage Site
Cathedral of Amiens front.jpg
Angers Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Maurice d'Angers
Angers Angers France Saint Maurice cathedral
Angers 2008 PD 04.JPG
Church of St. Anne, Vilnius
Šv. Onos bažnyčia
Vilnius Vilnius Lithuania Saint Anne parish church
St. Anne's Church Exterior 3, Vilnius, Lithuania - Diliff.jpg
Autun Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Lazare d'Autun
Autun Autun France Saint Lazarus of Aix cathedral (built in the 12th century), minor basilica
Cathédrale Autun 02.JPG
Auxerre Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Étienne d'Auxerre
Sens and Auxerre Auxerre France Saint Stephen cathedral
Auxerre - Cathedrale Saint-Etienne - 01.jpg
St. Barbara's Church, Kutná Hora
Katedrál sv. panny Barbory
Prague Kutná Hora Czech Republic St Barbara parish church; World Heritage Site
KUTNA HORA (js) 11.jpg
Barcelona Cathedral
Catedral de la Santa Creu i Santa Eulàlia
Barcelona Barcelona Spain Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia cathedral
Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia edited.jpg
Beauvais Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Beauvais
Beauvais Beauvais France Saint Peter cathedral
Catedral de Beauvais exterior.jpg
Burgos Cathedral
Santa Iglesia Basílica Catedral Metropolitana de Santa María de Burgos
Burgos Burgos Spain Virgin Mary cathedral; World Heritage Site
Fachada de la Catedral de Burgos.jpg
Black Church
Biserica Neagră
Lutheran Brașov Romania Blessed Virgin Mary parish church
Biserica Neagra, Brasov, Romania.jpg
Bordeaux Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-André de Bordeaux
Bordeaux Bordeaux France Saint Andrew cathedral; World Heritage Site
Cathedrale Saint Andre Bordeaux.jpg
Bourges Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Bourges
Bourges Bourges France Saint Stephen cathedral; World Heritage Site
Cathedrale Saint-Etienne (Bourges) 16-09-2006.jpg
Bremen Cathedral
St.-Petri-Dom zu Bremen
Protestant Bremen Germany Saint Peter parish church, formerly cathedral of the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen
Bremer Dom mit Bismarck.jpg
Church of Our Lady, Bruges
Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk
Bruges Bruges Belgium Blessed Virgin Mary parish Church
Church Of Our Lady Bruges.jpg
Bristol Cathedral
Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity
Bristol Bristol England Holy Trinity cathedral
West front of Bristol Cathedral.jpg
Cahors Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Cahors
Cahors Cahors France Saint Stephen cathedral
Cahors cathedrale.jpg
Canterbury Cathedral
Cathedral and Metropolitical Church of Christ at Canterbury
Canterbury Canterbury England Christ cathedral; World Heritage Site
Canterbury-cathedral-wyrdlight.jpg
Carcassonne Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Michel de Carcassonne
Carcassonne et Narbonne Carcassonne France Saint Michael cathedral
Carcassonne - Cathédrale St-Michel.jpg
Basilica of St. Nazaire and St. Celse, Carcassonne
Basilique Saint-Nazaire-et-Saint-Celse de Carcassonne
Carcassonne et Narbonne Carcassonne France Saints Nazarius and Celsus former cathedral, minor basilica
Carcassonne JPG04.jpg
Chalon Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Vincent de Chalon
Autun Chalon-sur-Saône France Saint Vincent former cathedral
FacadeCathédraleSaintVincent1.JPG
Châlons Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Châlons
Châlons Châlons-en-Champagne France Saint Stephen cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Etienne Châlons 220407.jpg
Chartres Cathedral
Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres
Chartres Chartres France Blessed Virgin Mary cathedral, minor basilica; World Heritage Site
Chartres 1.jpg
Chichester Cathedral
Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity
Chichester Chichester England Holy Trinity cathedral
Chichester Cathedral epodkopaev.jpg
Clermont-Ferrand Cathedral
Cathédrale Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption de Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont Clermont-Ferrand France Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary cathedral
Clermont Ferrand Cathedrale 01.jpg
Cologne Cathedral
Hohe Domkirche St. Petrus und Maria
Cologne Cologne Germany Saint Peter, Saint Mary cathedral; World Heritage site
Kölner Dom von Osten.jpg
Coutances Cathedral
Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Coutances
Coutances Coutances France Blessed Virgin Mary cathedral
FranceNormandieCoutancesCathNotreDameFacade.jpg
Basilica of Saint-Denis
Basilique Saint-Denis
Saint-Denis Saint-Denis France Saint Denis cathedral
Saint-Denis - Façade.jpg
Dijon Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Bénigne de Dijon
Dijon Dijon France Saint Benignus cathedral
Cathédrale St Bénigne - Dijon.jpg
Dol Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Samson de Dol
Rennes Dol-de-Bretagne France Saint Samson former cathedral
Dol - cathédrale - façade.jpg
Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin
Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity
Dublin and Glendalough Dublin Ireland Holy Trinity cathedral
Christ Church Cathedral (Dublin).jpg
Durham Cathedral
The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham
Durham Durham England Jesus Christ, Blessed Virgin Mary, and Saint Cuthbert cathedral; World Heritage Site
Durham MMB 02 Cathedral.jpg
Ely Cathedral
Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity
Ely Ely England Holy Trinity cathedral
Ely Cathedral Exterior, Cambridgeshire, UK - Diliff.jpg
Erfurt Cathedral
Hohe Domkirche St. Marien zu Erfurt
Erfurt Erfurt Germany Saint Mary cathedral
Erfurt cathedral alone.jpg
Exeter Cathedral
Cathedral Church of Saint Peter
Exeter Exeter England Saint Peter cathedral
Exeter-28Ap11-wyrdlight.jpg
Florence Cathedral
Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore
or Duomo di Firenze
Florence Florence Italy Blessed Virgin Mary cathedral, minor basilica
View of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence.jpg
Frankfurt Cathedral
Frankfurter Dom or Cathedral of Saint Bartholomew
Limburg Frankfurt Germany Bartholomew the Apostle parish church, considered an imperial cathedral
Frankfurter Dom Eiserner Steg.jpg
Freiburg Minster
Münster unserer lieben Frau
Freiburg Freiburg im Breisgau Germany Saint Mary cathedral
Freiburg-Muenster-12-vom Schlossberg-2019-gje (cropped).jpg
Archcathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Andrew, Frombork
Bazylika archikatedralna Wniebowzięcia Najświętszej Maryi Panny i św. Andrzeja we Fromborku
Warmia Frombork Poland Assumption of Mary and Andrew the Apostle cathedral
Frauenburger Dom 2010.jpg
Ghent Cathedral
Sint Baafskathedraal
Ghent Ghent Belgium Saint Bavo of Ghent parish Church
Gent Baafs 009.JPG
Gloucester Cathedral
Cathedral Church of St Peter and the Holy and Indivisible Trinity
Gloucester Gloucester England St Peter and the Holy and Indivisible Trinity cathedral
Gloucester Cathedral exterior 2019.JPG
Gniezno Cathedral
Bazylika prymasowska Wniebowzięcia Najświętszej Maryi Panny w Gnieźnie
Gniezno Gniezno Poland Assumption of Mary cathedral
Catedral de Gniezno, Polonia, 2012-04-06, DD 07.JPG
Hereford Cathedral
Cathedral of Saint Mary the Virgin and Saint Ethelbert the King
Hereford Hereford England Saint Mary and St Ethelbert the King cathedral
Hereford Cathedral Exterior from NW, Herefordshire, UK - Diliff.jpg
Konstanz Minster
Münster Unserer Lieben Frau
Freiburg Konstanz Germany Saint Mary parish church, formerly cathedral of the Diocese of Konstanz
MPano 07.jpg
St Lambert's Church, Münster
St. Lamberti
Münster Münster Germany Saint Lambert Parish church
Lamberti-Muenster Ausschnitt.jpg
Langres Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Mammès de Langres
Langres Langres France Saint Mammes cathedral
Langres - cathédrale Saint-Mammès - façade 2.jpg
Laon Cathedral
Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Laon
Soissons Laon France Blessed Virgin Mary former cathedral
Cathédrale de Laon 14 09 2008 2.jpg
Le Mans Cathedral
Cathédrale St-Julien du Mans
Le Mans Le Mans France Saint Julian cathedral
Le Mans 1.JPG
León Cathedral
Santa María de León Cathedral
León León Spain Blessed Virgin Mary cathedral
Catedral Gótica de León.jpg
Lichfield Cathedral
Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Chad
Lichfield Lichfield England St Chad and Saint Mary cathedral
Lichfield Cathedral Exterior from NE, Staffordshire, UK - Diliff.jpg
Lincoln Cathedral
Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Lincoln
Lincoln Lincoln England The Blessed Virgin Mary of Lincoln cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral viewed from Lincoln Castle.jpg
Lisieux Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Lisieux
Bayeux Lisieux France Saint Peter former cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Lisieux-2863.jpg
Lübeck Cathedral
Dom zu Lübeck
Lutheran Lübeck Germany John the Baptist
Saint Blaise
Saint Mary
Saint Nicholas
formerly cathedral of the Diocese of Lübeck, part of a World Heritage Site
Lübecker Dom Baudenkmal.JPG
Lyon Cathedral
Cathédrale Primatiale Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Lyon
Lyon Lyon France Saint John the Baptist cathedral; World Heritage Site
Lyon-cathedrale-st-Jean.jpg
Magdeburg Cathedral
Dom zu Magdeburg St. Mauritius und Katharina
Lutheran Magdeburg Germany Saint Maurice
Catherine of Alexandria
cathedral, formerly cathedral of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg
Magdeburger Dom Cathedral (40705658233).jpg
St. Mary's Church, Gdańsk
Bazylika konkatedralna Wniebowzięcia Najświętszej Maryi Panny w Gdańsku
Gdańsk Gdańsk Poland Assumption of Mary co-cathedral
Bazylika Mariacka DSC01870.jpg
St Mary Redcliffe
St Mary Redcliffe
Bristol Bristol England St Mary Redcliffe parish church
St Mary Redcliffe church.jpg
Meaux Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Meaux
Meaux Meaux France Saint Stephen cathedral, minor basilica
Cathédrale de Meaux Transept Sud 140708 1.jpg
Meissen Cathedral
St. Johannis und St. Donatus
Lutheran Meissen Germany John the Evangelist
Donatus of Arezzo
cathedral, formerly cathedral of the Diocese of Dresden-Meissen
Meissner-dom1.jpg
Metz Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Metz
Metz Metz France Saint Stephen cathedral
Cathedrale metz 2003.jpg
Milan Cathedral
Basilica cattedrale metropolitana di Santa Maria Nascente
Milan Milan Italy Nativity of Mary cathedral and basilica
Milan Cathedral from Piazza del Duomo.jpg
Munich Frauenkirche
Dom zu Unserer Lieben Frau
Munich and Freising Munich Germany Saint Mary cathedral
Frauenkirche Munich - View from Peterskirche Tower.jpg
Münster Cathedral
St.-Paulus-Dom
Münster Münster Germany Saint Paul cathedral
Bild Muenster St Paulus-Dom.jpg
Naumburg Cathedral
Naumburger Dom St. Peter und Paul
Protestant Naumburg Germany Saint Peter
Paul the Apostle
parish church, formerly cathedral of the Bishopric of Naumburg-Zeitz, World Heritage Site
Naumburg Dom.jpg
Nevers Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Cyr-et-Sainte-Julitte de Nevers
Nevers Nevers France Saints Cyriacus and Julitta cathedral, minor basilica
Nevers Cathedrale.jpg
Norwich Cathedral
Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity'
Norwich Norwich England The Holy Trinity cathedral
Norwich Cathedral from Cloisters, Norfolk, UK - Diliff.jpg
Notre-Dame de Paris
Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris
Paris Paris France Blessed Virgin Mary cathedral, minor basilica; World Heritage site; damaged by fire in 2019
NotreDameDeParis.jpg
Noyon Cathedral
Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Noyon
Beauvais Noyon France Blessed Virgin Mary former cathedral
Cathédrale de Noyon.jpg
Orléans Cathedral
Cathédrale Sainte-Croix d'Orléans
Orléans Orléans France Holy Cross cathedral, minor basilica
Cathédrale Sainte-Croix d'Orléans 2008 PD 16.JPG
|-
Orvieto Cathedral
Duomo di Orvieto or Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta
Orvieto-Todi Orvieto Italy Assumption of the Virgin Mary cathedral
Facciata del Duomo di Orvieto.JPG
Oviedo Cathedral
Santa Iglesia Basílica Catedral Metropolitana de San Salvador de Oviedo
Oviedo Oviedo Spain Saint Salvador cathedral
Oviedo-Catedral.JPG
Oxford Cathederal
Christ Church Cathedral of Oxford
Oxford Oxford England Christ cathedral; World Heritage Site
Cathedral, Christ Church, Oxford, from the cloisters. - geograph.org.uk - 187944.jpg
Paderborn Cathedral
Hoher Dom St. Maria, St. Liborius, St. Kilian
Paderborn Paderborn Germany Saint Mary
Liborius of Le Mans
Saint Kilian
cathedral
Paderborner Dom 1.jpg
Palma Cathedral
Catedral-Basílica de Santa María de Palma de Mallorca
Majorca Palma, Majorca Spain Assumption of Mary cathedral
Cathedral palma mallorca spain 2007 08 15.jpg
Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption, Pelplin
Bazylika katedralna Wniebowzięcia Najświętszej Maryi Panny w Pelplinie
Pelplin Pelplin Poland Assumption of Mary cathedral
Katedra Pelplińska 1.JPG
Peterborough Cathedral
Cathedral Church of St Peter, St Paul¨, and St Andrew
Peterborough Peterborough England Saint Peter, Saint Paul and Saint Andrew cathedral
Peterborough Cathedral Exterior 2, Cambridgeshire, UK - Diliff.jpg
Poitiers Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Poitiers
Poitiers Poitiers France Saint Peter cathedral, minor basilica
Cathédrale 2.JPG
Pontoise Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Maclou de Pontoise
Pontoise Pontoise France Saint Maclovius cathedral
Pontoise Cathédrale St-Maclou.jpg
Poznań Cathedral
Bazylika archikatedralna Świętych Apostołów Piotra i Pawła w Poznaniu
Poznań Poznań Poland Saint Peter and Paul the Apostle cathedral
Poznan katedra Piotra Pawla 01.jpg
Church of the Assumption of Our Lady and Saint John the Baptist
Kostel Nanebevzetí Panny Marie
Prague Kutná Hora Czech Republic Blessed Virgin Mary and St. John the Baptist parish church; World Heritage Site
Kostel Nanebevzetí Panny Marie (exteriér).jpg
Regensburg Cathedral
Dom St. Peter
Regensburg Regensburg Germany Saint Peter cathedral, part of a World Heritage Site
Regensburg Dom 160910.jpg
Reims Cathedral
Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Reims
Reims Reims France Assumption of Mary cathedral; World Heritage Site
Facade de Notre Dame de Reims.png
Ripon Cathedral
Cathedral Church of St Peter and St Wilfrid
Leeds Leeds England Saint Peter and Saint Wilfrid cathedral
Ripon Cathedral Exterior, Nth Yorkshire, UK - Diliff.jpg
Rochester Cathedral
Cathedral Church of Christ and the Blessed Virgin Mary
Rochester Rochester, Kent England Christ and the Blessed Virgin Mary cathedral
2006SweepsCath1crop.jpg
Rodez Cathedral
Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Rodez
Rodez Rodez France Blessed Virgin Mary cathedral, minor basilica
Cathedral of Our Lady of Rodez 79.jpg
St. Rumbold's Cathedral


Sint-Romboutskathedraal

Mechelen-Brussels Mechelen Belgium Saint Rumbold cathedral
St-Romboutskathedraal3.jpg
Roskilde Cathedral
Roskilde Domkirke
Roskilde Roskilde Denmark St. Lucius cathedral; World Heiritage Site
Roskilde Cathedral aerial.jpg
Rouen Cathedral
Cathédrale Notre-Dame de l'Assomption de Rouen
Rouen Rouen France Assumption of Mary cathedral
Rouen Cathedral as seen from Gros Horloge 140215 4.jpg
Salisbury Cathedral
Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Salisbury Salisbury England Blessed Virgin Mary cathedral
SalisburyCathedral-wyrdlight-EastExt.jpg
Sées Cathedral
Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Sées
Sées Sées France Blessed Virgin Mary cathedral, minor basilica
SéesCathédrale.jpg
Senlis Cathedral
Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Senlis
Beauvais Senlis France Blessed Virgin Mary parish church
Senlis NDame1 tango7174.jpg
Sens Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Sens
Sens Sens France Saint Stephen cathedral
Cathedrale Sens 033.jpg
Seville Cathedral
Catedral de Santa María de la Sede
Seville Seville Spain Virgin Mary cathedral
Sevilla Cathedral - Southeast.jpg
Siena Cathedral
Cattedrale Metropolitana di Santa Maria Assunta
Siena-Colle di Val d'Elsa-Montalcino Siena Italy Assumption of the Virgin Mary cathedral
Duomo di siena, facciata 01.JPG
Soissons Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Gervais-et-Saint-Protais de Soissons
Soissons Soissons France Saints Gervasius and Protasius cathedral, minor basilica
Soissons-cathedrale-facade.jpg
Southwell Minster
Cathedral and Parish Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Southwell and Nottingham Southwell, Nottinghamshire England Blessed Virgin Mary parish church
Southwell Minster 2016 - north-west view.jpg
Strasbourg Cathedral
Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Strasbourg
Strasbourg Strasbourg France Blessed Virgin Mary cathedral
Strasbourg Cathedral.jpg
St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna
Stephansdom
Vienna Vienna Austria Saint Stephen cathedral
Wien - Stephansdom (1).JPG
Toledo Cathedral
Catedral Primada Santa María de Toledo
Toledo Toledo Spain Virgin Mary cathedral
Cathedral of Toledo (7079311505).jpg
Toulouse Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Toulouse
Toulouse Toulouse France Saint Stephen cathedral
Façade de la cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Toulouse.jpg
Tours Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Gatien de Tours
Tours Tours France Saint Gatianus cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Gatien.JPG
Church of Our Lady in Trier
Liebfrauenkirche
Trier Trier Germany Saint Mary parish church, World Heritage Site
Liebfrauen Trier aussen BW 1.jpg
Troyes Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul de Troyes
Troyes Troyes France Saint Peter and Saint Paul cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul, Troyes, West view 20140509 1.jpg
Ulm Minster
Münster Unserer Lieben Frau in Ulm
Lutheran Ulm Germany Saint Mary parish church
UlmMinster0061a.jpg
Cathedral of St Vitus
Katedrála svatého Víta, Václava a Vojtěcha
Prague Prague Czech Republic Saints Vitus, Wenceslaus and Adalbert cathedral
St Vitus Prague September 2016-21.jpg
Wawel Cathedral
Królewska Bazylika Archikatedralna Św. Stanisława i Wacława na Wawelu
Kraków Kraków Poland Saints Stanislaus and Wenceslaus cathedral
Wawel katedra2.jpg
Wells Cathedral
Cathedral Church of St Andrew
Bath and Wells Wells England St Andrew the Apostle cathedral
Wells Cathedral West Front Exterior, UK - Diliff.jpg
Winchester Cathedral
Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity
Winchester Winchester England Holy Trinity cathedral
WinCath30Je6-4836wiki.jpg
York Minster
Cathedral and Metropolitical Church of St Peter
York York England Saint Peter cathedral
York Minster from M&S.JPG
Zagreb Cathedral
Zagrebačka katedrala
Zagreb Zagreb Croatia Assumption of Mary cathedral
Cathedral of the Assumption of Mary in Zagreb.jpg
Świdnica Cathedral
Katedra św. Stanisława i św. Wacława w Świdnicy
Świdnica Świdnica Poland St. Stanislaus and St. Wenceslaus cathedral
Swidnica 10.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mapping Gothic". Columbia University New York. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  2. ^ McFadden, Christopher (April 1, 2018). "The 39 Greatest Constructions of Gothic Architecture in the World". Retrieved 25 July 2020.

Sources[edit]