List of Gothic brick buildings

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Copernicus' House in Toruń, Poland, built under the rule of the Teutonic Order
"House of the three Lepards" in Arras, northern France

Brick Gothic in a narrow sense is applied for a kind of Gothic architecture widespread in the Northern Germany, Denmark, Poland and the Baltic states. It is also called Baltic Brick Gothic or North German Brick Gothic. But the distribution and the range of varieties of Gothic brick buildings are much wider.



Northern belt:

A bit different from the countries around the Baltic Sea is the style of Gothic brick buildings in the very northwest of Germany, the Netherlands and Flanders, including the Belgian and the French part of that landscape. Nevertheless, there is a continuous belt from the Strait of Dover to Lake Peipus. The latitude extent of this region increases eastward, spreading to the Finnish Lakeland and the foot of the Carpates in Poland), almost making the belt a triangle.

Four Southern regions:Far south of it, there are three more regions of Gothic brick architecture.

The Bavarian style is very different from the northern German styles. The French and Italian styles are much more different from the German and Dutch ones, and as well different from each other.

Borderline styles[edit]

In all these regions, the distinction of Gothic from the preceding Brick Romanesque and succeeding Brick Renaissance is not always sharp. Often, Romanesque buildings were altered or added to in the Gothic style, others were begun while the Romanesque style prevailed, but completed in a Gothic fashion due to the slow building process. Such buildings can be classed equally with both styles.

Cultural and political contexts[edit]

The distribution of northeastern Brick Gothic is similar but not identical with the sphere of influence of the Hanseatic League, with a preponderance in the younger cities east of the Elbe. Besides urban representative buildings, cathedrals and churches, monasteries of the Mendicant Orders and other communities, especially the Cistercians and the Premonstratensians, played an important role. In Prussia, Lavia and Estonia, the Teutonic Knights erected brick Ordensburgen. But also their opponents, Poland and Lithuania took over that style.

This list will never be complete. It does not attempt to list all of the thousands of Brick Gothic buildings that exist or once existed. Instead, it aims to list significant structures, buildings that are considered especially important for stylistic, functional, or other reasons. The main criterion is a building's being listed in art historical survey works on Brick Gothic[1] and/or that its outstanding role has been referred to in individual scientific publications.

The dates given here refer to the present extant Gothic structures. Predecessors or post-Gothic alterations are not normally mentioned, but can be assessed by following up the literature. The most influential structures are indicated by bold print. Romanesque and Renaissance structures are not listed. Similarly, Gothic Brick structures from outside the Baltic or North German regions, e.g. the Danubian ones, are included, as the traditional terminology was quite ideological. Neogothic edifices are also not listed.



– See also Belarusian Gothic -

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Hnesna (DE) Church of Saint Michael[2][3] 1524–1527 tower old, nave rebuilt in Gothic Revival style
Hniezna. Гнезна (2007).jpg
Kreva Kreva Castle Early 14th century Partially built of fieldstones
Belarus-Kreva Castle-Wall.jpg
Lida Lida Castle 14th century Stone with brick superstructure
Kamianiec Tower 1276–1289 Border stronghold, one of the earliest brick constructions in the region
Mir Mir Castle Late 15th to early 16th UNESCO World Heritage Site. Major Renaissance alterations
Belarus-Mir-Castle-8 cropped.jpg
Synkavichy(SV) St. Michael 16th century fortified church
Царква Сьв. Міхаіла Архангела ў Сынкавічах, foto 3.jpg


Most of the Gothic brick architecture in Belgium can be found in West Flanders, the rest in a narrow strip along the border with the Netherlands. Many Gothic brick churches in the Province of Limburg have been lost in the nineteenth century, as they were displaced by Gothic Revival churches.

Place Building Time of construction Notes Picture
Assenede Sint-Pieter en Sint-Martinuskerk[4] oldest parts Romanesque, northern aisle new
Assenede - Sint-Petrus en Martinuskerk 2.jpg
(Province of Antwerp)
Sint-Andrieskerk (NL)
Balen - Sint-Andrieskerk.jpg
Bocholt Sint-Laurenskerk only the nave
Bocholt - Sint-Laurentiuskerk.jpg
Bruges Belfry
Bruges - The Belfry - Belgium.JPG
Old St. John's Hospital
00 Bruges JPG6.jpg
Church of Our Lady
Brugge, Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk01.jpg
St. Salvator's Cathedral
Sint-Salvatorskathedraal - Bruges - IMG 4687.JPG
Various houses of citizens
Brugge Diephuis Sint-Jakobsstraat 58.JPG
Damme Town hall Brabantine Gothic, façade to the market place in stone
0 Damme - Stadhuis (2).JPG
Onze-Lieve-Vrouw-Hemelvaartkerk[5] Gothic & Baroque
0 Damme - Onze-Lieve-Vrouw-Hemelvaartkerk (1).JPG
Huyse de Grote Sterre
Damme, monumentale panden Huyse de Grote Sterre RM78680 foto6 2011-08-21 16.10.jpg
Diksmuide Belfort[6]
20141111 Diksmuide; Town Hall and Sint-Niklaaskerk 1.jpg
Herentals Begijnhofkerk Sint-Catharina[7] 1614
Herentals beguinage 03.JPG
Hoogstraten Sint-Katharinakerk (NL) 1525–1550
Decanale kerk Sint-Catharina, Hoogstraten.jpg
Ieper St Martin's Cathedral only parts in brick
Ypres Sint-Maartenskathedraal.JPG
Kasterlee Sint-Willibrorduskerk (NL) tower old, nave Gothic Revival
P1020726 copySt.Willibrorduskerk.jpg
Maldegem St-Barbarakerk (NL) crossing tower & choir
Maldegem Sint-Barbarakerk 27-04-2010 15-43-02.JPG
(Province of Limburg)
Sint-Martinuskerk (NL)[8]
Meeuwen - Sint-Martinuskerk.jpg
Moerbeke Church of Abbot St-Anthony
(kerk Sint Antonius Abt)[9]
14th–15th century
Moerbeke, parochiekerk Sint Antonius Abt oeg34245 foto6 2013-05-06 12.31.jpg
Peer Sint-Trudokerk (NL) only the tower in brick
Peer - Sint-Trudokerk.jpg
Poperinge Sint-Bertinuskerk (NL)
Sint-Jankerk[10] 13th–15th century stabilized and a bit altered in the 19th century
Poperinge - Sint-Janskerk.jpg
Poperinge - Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk 1.jpg
near Roeselare Rumbeke Castle Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque
Rumbeke chateau cote bis.jpg
Steenkerke Sint-Laurentiuskerk
Steenkerke - Sint-Laurentiuskerk 3.jpg
Veurne Sint-Niklaaskerk (NL)
Veurne - Sint-Niklaaskerk 1.jpg
Sint-Walburgakerk (NL)
Veurne Sint-Walburgakerk van SW.jpg
Zuienkerke Sint-Michielskerk[12]
Zuienkerke - Sint-Michielskerk.jpg


Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Aarhus Cathedral End of 14th century to 1500
Church of Our Lady Mid-13th century to 1500
Vor Frue Kirke Århus.jpg
Haderslev Church of St. Mary Mid-14th century to 1440
Haderslev Domkirke.jpg
Odense Saint Canute's Cathedral
Odense - Sankt Knuds kirke 2005-07-16.jpeg
Ribe Cathedral Built in 12th and 13th century of tufa, sandstone and granite (Romanesque), later additions of brick
Roskilde Cathedral 12th to 13th century UNESCO World Heritage Site. Essentially Romanesque but incorporating Gothic features. Among earliest large-scale brick edifices in northern Europe.
Roskilde domkirke west fassade.jpg
Næstved St. Peter's Church 12th to 14th century Built on the site of an earlier Romanesque church, the Gothic church has scarcely been altered since 1375.
Skt. Peders Kirke - Næstved.jpg


In England, the use of bricks for pretentious buildings began later than in continental Europe. And the collective of Gothic brick buildings differs, almost no religious buildings and very few urban ones.

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Barsham (Norfolk) East Barsham Manor Norfolk rebuilt in the 1920s and 1930s
East Barsham Manor.jpg
Burnham-on-Crouch (Essex) Creeksea Place Elizabethan architecture
Creeksea Place, Creeksea,
Colchester (Essex) Layer Marney Tower 1520 tallest Tudor gatehouse in Britain
Layer marney21.jpg
Warwickshire Compton Wynyates 1481 Tudor architecture
Compton Wynyates.jpg
Guildford (Surrey) Sutton Place 1525 Tudor architecture
Entrance facade at Sutton Place - - 1556942.jpg
near Henley-on-Thames (Oxfordshire) Greys Court Elizabethan architecture, partly stone with layers of brick, partly brick
Greys Court.jpg
Richmond upon Thames (London) Hampton Court Palace Elizabethan architecture
Hampton Court Palace Entrance - - 776732.jpg
City of Westminster (London) St James's Palace 1531–1536 Tudor architecture
St Jamess Palace.jpg
Manchester Hough End Hall Elizabethan architecture
Hough End Hall - - 49591.jpg
Morley Saint Peter (Norfolk) Morley Old Hall about 1600 Tudor architecture photo wanted
north of Newbury (Berkshire) Shaw House Elizabethan architecture
Shaw House.jpg
Oxborough (Norfolk) Oxburgh Hall Elizabethan architecture
Oxburgh Hall 2.jpg
Prestbury (Cheshire) Normans Hall partly timber-framed, partly brick photo wanted
Ramsbury (Wiltshire) Littlecote House Elizabethan architecture, partly in bricks
Littlecote House 05.jpg
Rochester (Kent) Eastgate House Elizabethan architecture, partly brick, partly half-timbered
Eastgate House, Rochester High St.JPG
Sevenoaks District (Kent) Otford Palace 1537 ruins
Archbishop's Palace ruins - - 509555.jpg
Shottesbrooke (Berkshire) Shottesbrooke Park House 16th century Tudor architecture
Shottesbrooke Park - - 604889.jpg
near Tasburgh (Norfolk) Rainthorpe Hall Elizabethan architecture
Rainthorpe Hall - - 415023.jpg
Cheshire West and Chester Willaston Old Hall Elizabethan architecture
Willaston Old Hall - - 2282882.jpg
Whitchurch-on-Thames (Oxfordshire) Hardwick House before 1526 Tudor architecture
Hardwick House 2013 10 27 East side.JPG
Woking (Surrey) Woking Palace 13th century & 1503 ruins
Woking Palace, near Old Woking - - 40278.jpg


Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Tartu Cathedral 15th century Destroyed in Livonian War, east part of ruin now houses Tartu University Museum. Towers were originally 66 m high (now 22 m).
Tartu Cathedral Ruins 2.jpg
St. John Early 14th century Numerous terracotta sculptures covering both the interior and the exterior.
Tartu Jaani Church 2007 13.jpg


Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Espoo Cathedral Parts in Brick Gothic
Espoo Cathedral.jpg
Halikko Holy (Saint) Bridget Church Portico in Brick Gothic
Halikko church 2.JPG
Hämeenlinna Häme Castle 14th and 15th century, on earlier fieldstone foundations Brick castle
Hattula Holy Cross Church Northernmost Brick Gothic building
Hattula church of the Holy Cross 20050909.jpg
Porvoo Cathedral
Porvoon Tuomiokirkko.jpg
Turku Cathedral
Turku cathedral 26-Dec-2004.jpg
Saint Mary's Church (Finnish: Maarian kirkko)
Maarian kirkko.jpg


Northern region with French Flanders[edit]

Department Place Building Time of construction Notes Image
Nord Arnèke Église Saint-Martin (images) Arnèke l'Église Saint-Martin.JPG
town hall
Bellfry (FR) (images) 15th century destroyed in 1918,
rebuilt a bit simpler in 1929
Bailleul Beffroi R01.jpg
Gothic hall survived the bombings of 1918
Bergues Bellfry (FR) 14th–16th century destroyed in 1944,
almost identically rebuilt in 1961 (images)
0 Bergues - Beffroi (3).JPG
Saint-Martin Church (FR) (images) 0 Bergues - Église Saint-Martin (1).jpg
Blaringhem Saint-Martin Church only the tower and parts of the nave are in bricks,
Bourbourg Saint-John-Baptiste Church (FR) partly in bricks (images) Bourbourg eglise.JPG
Dunkerque Bellfry (FR) (images) Dunkerque Belfort.JPG
Saint-Eloi Church (FR) (images) Sinteligiuskerkduinkerke 11-03-2009 16-38-21.JPG
Esquelbecq Saint-Folquin Church (images) Esquelbecq - Saint-Folquin - Vue générale.JPG
Hazebrouck Saint-Éloi Church (images) Eglise saint eloi hazebrouck.jpg
Houtkerque Église Saint-Antoine (images) Houtkerque Churchyard. Kerk.JPG
Morbecque Saint-Firmin Church (FR) Morbecque (Nord, Fr) église 01.JPG
Oost-Cappel Église Saint-Nicolas [15] only northern aisle Oost-Cappel, église Saint Nicolas foto3 2013-05-11 13.01.jpg
Saint-Georges-sur-l'Aa Saint-Georges Church Saint-Georges-sur-l'Aa - Eglise.jpg
Saint-Jans-Cappel Tower of St John Baptiste 1557 Gothic/Renaissance[16] Eglise de St Jans.jpg
Samer Saint-Martin Church (FR) Samer - Église Saint-Martin - 1.jpg
Steenvoorde Saint-Peter's Church [17] Steenvoorde - Eglise Saint-Pierre 3.jpg
Watten Abbey Notre-Dame du Mont (FR) ruins (images) Tour de l'abbaye - Mont de Watten.jpg
Saint-Gilles Church (images) WattenRuedel'Eglise.jpg
Zutkerque Saint-Martin Church Zutkerque (Pas-de-Calais) église Saint-Martin (03).JPG
Pas de Calais Arras House of the three Lepards (FR) 1467 Arras, La Grande Place 035d.jpg
Calais Église Notre-Dame partly in brick (images) Eglise notre dame calais clocher pied.jpg
Tour du Guet Tour du Guet, Calais.jpg
Ham-en-Artois Église Saint-Sauveur (FR)[18] partly in brick (images) Ham-en-Artois - Église Saint-Sauveur - 3.JPG
Hesdin Église Notre-Dame[19] before 1554 Renaissance portal of 1585
(Wikimedia has no images of the Gothic phase.)
Somme Beaucamps-le-Jeune Église Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption (images) Beaucamps-le-Jeune église 1.jpg

Central France, south of Orleans[edit]

In the Loir-et-Cher department, there is a small group of Gothic brick buildings. One of them even is among the most famous buildings of France, though not for its bricks.

Place Building Time of construction Notes Image
Blois Blois Castle 1440–1501 wings of Charles VIII and Louis XII,
Flamboyant style and onset of the Brick-and-Stone style[20]
Blois Chateau1.jpg
Lassay-sur-Croisne Château du Moulin (FR) 15th century
Chateau du moulin1.jpg
Chaumont-sur-Tharonne St-Étienne (st Steven's Church) 15th century
Chaumont-sur-Tharonne église Saint-Étienne 2.jpg
Saint-Viâtre Saint-Viâtre Church (FR) early 16th century southern façade of the transept
Souvigny-en-Sologne Saint-Martin Church (FR) 16th century western part of the nave center|100px
Vouzon St-Peter's Church (FR) 15th–16th century tower: stone and mosaic of bricks

Southern France around Toulouse[edit]

Department Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Haute-Garonne Toulouse Toulouse Cathedral (images)
Façade de la cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Toulouse.jpg
Couvent des Cordeliers (FR) (images) ruins
Église des Cordeliers de Toulouse - 201112 (3).jpg
Jacobine Convent (FR) (images)
154 Toulouse.JPG
Couvent des Jacobins de Toulouse 6.jpg
Saint Nicolas Church
Eglise Saint-Nicolas de Toulouse.jpg
Notre-Dame du Taur (FR)
Eglise Notre-Dame du Taur - Facade.jpg
Notre-Dame de la Dalbade (FR) (images)
Façade de Notre-Dame de la Dalbade.jpg
Hôtel Vinhas[21]
Rue Croix-Baragnon, house n° 15 (images) Romano-Gothic
Immeuble dit Maison romano-gothique - Toulouse.jpg
Rue Croix-Baragnon, house n° 19 much altered
Auterive (FR) Saint-Paul's Church (FR)
Eglise st-paul 2.jpg
Daux Eglise Saint-Barthélémy (images) de Daux
Daux- Eglise Abside et tour.jpg
Grenade (FR) Our-Lady's-Assumption Church* (FR)
Église Notre-Dame de l'Assomption (Grenade) Clocher.jpg
Villefranche de Lauragais (FR) Our-Lady's-Assumption Church*
France-Villefranche de Lauragais-clocher-mur.jpg
Tarn Albi Cathedral of Saint-Cecile (images)
Albi - Palais de la Berbie.jpg
Palais de la Berbie (FR) (images) in the Cité Épiscopale (FR)
Albi palais berbie.JPG
Gaillac Abbaye Saint-Michel (FR) (images)
Abbaye saint michel de gaillac.JPG
Église Saint-Pierre (FR) (images)
Intérieur de l'église Saint-Pierre.JPG
Lavaur Cathedral Saint-Alain
Cathédrale Saint-Alain de Lavaur.JPG
Saint-Francis Church (FR)
Lavaur (81) Église Saint-François 01.JPG
Rabastens Église Notre-Dame-du-Bourg (FR)
Rabastens 09.jpg
Tarn-et-Garonne Montauban Église Saint-Jacques (FR)
Montauban - Église Saint-Jacques -04.JPG
Beaumont-de-Lomagne Our-Lady's-Assumption Church*
Beaumont-de-Lomagne - Eglise Notre-Dame de l'Assomption.jpg
Finhan Église Saint-Martin Gothic Revival modifications
Finhan - L'église Saint-Martin.jpg
Ariège Pamiers Cathédrale Saint-Antonin (images)
Cathédrale St-Antonin de Pamiers.jpg
Église Notre-Dame-du-Camp[22] (images) 1343, 1466 built on a Romanesque predecessor (portal of the 12th century), later reconstructions in 1672, 1769, 1773
Orgue Notre Dame du Camp (Pamiers).jpg
Tour des Cordeliers (images)
Tour des Cordeliers de Pamiers (09).JPG
Tour de l'hôtel des Monnaies
Pamiers - Tour de l'hôtel des Monnaies du Languedoc.JPG
Gers The department of Gers has a significant number of buildings in Southern French Gothic style, built in stone, such as the cathedrals of Condom and Lectoure. Its brick buildings are found in the southwest, near to Toulouse region.
Gimont Our-Lady's-Assumption Church*
Gimont - Église Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption -4.JPG
Lombez Saint-Mary's Cathedral
Lombez - Cathédrale -1.jpg
Simorre Église Notre-Dame (FR)
Simorre - Eglise Notre-Dame -2.jpg

(*) "Our-Lady's-Assumption Church" = Église Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption



Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Altentreptow Petrikirche (St. Peter) Mid-13th to 1st half 14th century Hall church
Altentreptow Kirche Sued.jpg
Demminer Tor, (Demmin Gate) about 1450
Altentreptow Demminer Tor.JPG
Neubrandenberger Tor (Neubrandenburg Gate) about 1450
Staven1 DSC0076.JPG
Anklam Marienkirche (St. Mary) 2nd half 13th to late 14th century Hall church; planned with two towers, not completed, thus asymmetric
Steintor (stone gate) 13th/14th century
Steintor Anklam.JPG
Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas) 14th century Heavily damaged 1945, ruin restored, reconstruction in progress
Barth Marienkirche
Marienkirche Barth 1.jpg
Dammtor (Dam Gate)
Barth - Dammtor 1.jpg
Bergen auf Rügen St. Marienkirche (St Mary) Started 1180, consecrated 1193, renovated 1380 and after 1445 Former monastic church of Benedictine or Cistercian nuns; basilica
Marienkirche in Bergen auf Rügen.jpg
Bützow Stiftskirche (abbey church) Mid-13th to 2nd half 14th century Hall church
Buetzow Stiftskirche Turm 2009-03-04.jpg
Bad Doberan Doberan Minster Begun 1291, consecrated 1368 Former Cistercian monastic church; basilica
Muenster bad doberan.jpg
Franzburg Town church
Franzburg Kirche 1.jpg
Friedland Marienkirche (DE) (St. Mary) Hall church
Friedland Marienkirche 2011-01-28 167.JPG
St.-Nikolai-Kirche (St. Nicholas) ruin since WW.II
Friedland Kirchenruine St. Nikolai 2011-01-28 126.JPG
Wiekhaus (wall-bound house) "Fischerburg" (Fisherman's Castle)
Anklamer Tor (… Gate) (DE)
Neubrandenburger Tor (… Gate) (DE)
Friedland Neubrandenburger Tor 2011-01-28 181c.JPG
Greifswald Marienkirche (St. Mary) 1330 to early 15th century Hall church
Collegiate Church St. Nicholas (no cathedral) Mid 14th to 1st quarter 15th century Basilica
St.-Jacobi-Kirche (St. James) First mentioned 1280, renovation circa 1400 Early Gothic hall church
House Markt 11 Probably after 1400 One of the most richly decorated Bürgerhäuser in North Germany
Greifswald - Marktplatz 1.jpg
near Greifswald Eldena Abbey Begun 1225, provisionally completed 1265, added to until 1350 Former Cistercian monsatery; now ruin; favourite motif of Caspar David Friedrich
Klosterruine Eldena2.jpg
Güstrow Cathedral St. Marien, St. Johannes Evangelist und St. Cecilia (St Mary, John the Evangelist and Cecilia) Early 13th to late 15th century Hall church
Guestrow Dom.jpg
Marienkirche (St. Mary) Gothic brick basilica
Guestrow Pfarrkirche St. Marien.jpg
Malchin St. Maria und St. Johannes (St. Mary and John) From 1397 Basilica
Malchin church.jpg
Marlow Town church 13th & 15th century nave mainly Romanesque, tower Gothic
Marlow Kirche 2.jpg
Neubrandenburg Marienkirche (St. Mary) 2nd half 13th century
NB Marienkirche.jpg
St. Johannes (St. John) 1st half 14th century Hall church, former Franciscan monastery
Town fortifications, e.g. Stargard Gate, Treptow Gate, New Gate After 1300 until early 15th century
NB StargarderTor.jpg
Ribnitz-Damgarten St.-Bartholomäus-Kirche (St.-Barthomomew's), Damgarten In 15th century Brick Gothic enlargement of a Romanesque stone building. The tower is Gothic Revival.
RDG St.-Bartholomaeus Damgarten.jpg
Rostocker Tor, Damgarten
Klosterkirche (Church of the former moonastry), Ribnitz
Ribnitz - Blick von der Marienkirche zur Klosterkirche - - 12198.jpg
Marienkirche, Ribnitz
Saint Mary's church in Ribnitz Damgarten.JPG
Rostock Marienkirche (St. Mary) Two building phases, after 1290 and after 1398 Basilica; main church of Rostock
Rostock St. Marien Kirche 5.jpg
Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas) Present form after 1400
Rostock St. Nikolai Kirche.jpg
Petrikirche (St. Peter) Between 2nd quarter 14th and early 15th century
Rostock Petrikirche.jpeg
City Hall Core around 1230, Gothic facade after 1300 Since 1729 mostly obscured by Baroque structure
Kloster zum Heiligen Kreuz (Monastery of the Holy Cross) 1st half 14th century Former Cistercian nunnery
Kloster hl kreuz rostock.jpg
Jakobikirche (St. James) Damaged in World War II, demolished 1960
Rostock Jacobikirche.jpg
House Kröpeliner Straße Late 15th century Former parsonage (now library)
Kerkhoff House 3rd quarter 15th century Bürgerhaus (now registry office)
City gates (incl. Steintor, Kröpelin Gate) 13th to 16th century
Rostock Kröpeliner Tor.jpg
Schwerin Cathedral Circa 1280 to ca. 1420 Basilica
Schweriner Dom von der Post.JPG
Stralsund Historic Centre UNESCO World Heritage Site
Stralsund St Nikolai St Jakobi.jpg
Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas) About 1270 to early 15th century Main church of Stralsund
Stralsund St Nikolai.jpg
City Hall Several stages in 13th and 14th centuries Most important profane urban building in Stralsund
Marienkirche (St. Mary) 1382/84 to late 15th century Second largest brick church in Hanseatic region, basilica
Stralsund Marienkirche 2006.jpg
Jakobikirche (St. James) Present structure started after 1300, altered after 1400 Basilica
Stralsund St Jakobi.jpg
Johanniskloster (Abbey of St. John) Early 14th century Former Franciscan monastery; hall church
Stralsund, Germany, Johanniskloster (2006-09-15).JPG
Wulflam House (Wulflamhaus)
Stralsund, Germany, Wulflamhaus.jpg
Katharinenkloster (Abbey of St. Catherine) 2nd half 13th century Former Dominican monastery
Stralsund, Germany, Katharinenkloster, Giebel (2006-10-18).JPG
Wismar Historic Centre UNESCO World Heritage Site
Curch sankt georgen wismar north.jpg
Georgenkirche (St. George) Oldest part about 1300, completed in 15th century One of the most important and most monumental structures in Baltic region
Wismar StGeorgen Vierung.jpg
Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas) Present structure started after 1380, completed 2nd half 15th century Basilica
Wismar nikolaikirche.jpg
Marienkirche (St. Mary) Begun after 1339, completed in 15th century After World War II damage dynamited in 1960, only tower survives. Was reputed to be one of the most beautiful churches in north Germany
Wismar Marienkirche.jpg
Alter Schwede Circa 1380 Private House (now restaurant)
Archidiakonat (Archdeacons's House) Mid 15th century Private house
Archidiakonat Wismar 2 1845040845.jpg
Wassertor (Water Gate) 3rd quarter 15th century
Wismar Wassertor.jpg
Bad Sülze Town church
Bad Sülze Kirche von Südosten.jpg
Tribsees Thomaskirche
Tribsees Thomaskirche von Osten.jpg
Mühlentor (Mill Gate)
Tribsees Mühlentor 2014-05-25 249.JPG
Steintor (Stone Gate)
Tribsees Steintor.JPG
Wolgast Petrikirche (St. Peter) 1280–1350 Basilica
St.-Petri-Kirche Wolgast-3.jpg
Zarrentin Monastery
  • Church primarily Romanesque in stone about 1240,
    Brick Gothic enlargements about 1310 and 1460
  • Convent building 15th century or earlier
Zarrentin, Kloster.JPG

Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Bordesholm Bordesholm Abbey church (DE) 1309–1332 Former Augustine monastery
Bordesholm Klosterkirche 01.jpg
Cismar Cismar Abbey 13th century Former Benedictine monastery
Eutin St.-Michaelis-Kirche (St. Michael) 1st third 13th century, altered in 14th and 15th centuries
Eutin 2005 110a.jpg
Flensburg Heiliggeistkirche (Church of the Holy Ghost) (DE)
Heiliggeistkirche Flensburg2007.jpg
Marienkirche (DE)
Mariekirke (Flensborg) b.jpg
Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas) (DE) Two phases, between 1390 and 1480
Flensburg Nikolaikirche von SO 2007.jpg
Nordertor (Northern gate) (DE)
Nordertor, Flensburg 2013, Bild 04.JPG
Former Franciscan monastery (DE)
Gråbrødrekloster (Flensborg) 1.JPG
Apotheke (chemistry) Südermarkt 12 1490
  • Oldest profane building of Flensburg
  • Painted but not plastered
Ältester Profan-Bau in Flensburg, errichtet ca 1490, Südermarkt 12, Apotheke, Bild 1.JPG
Hamburg St. Petri (St. Peter)
Hamburg St Petri vor 1842.jpg
St. Katharinen (St. Catherine)
St. Jacobi (St. James)
Lauenburg (Elbe) Maria-Magdalenen-Kirche (DE)
Lauenburg Kirche 01.jpg
Lübeck Historic Centre UNESCO World Heritage Site
Germany Luebeck townhall.JPG
Marienkirche (St. Mary) From 1251, completed late 14th century Basilica; most influential Brick Gothic building
Église Sainte-Marie de Lübeck.jpg
City Hall Main building 1340–50, so-called Langes Haus 1298–1308, Kriegsstubenbau 1442–44 One of the most important profane buildings in Brick Gothic
Luebecker rathaus.jpg
Cathedral Foundation laid in 1173 by Henry the Lion, consecrated 1247, Gothic alterations from 1266 until 15th century
Lübeck Dom-von-Westen 070311.jpg
Holstentor 1466–78, major additions later
Holstentor 03.jpg
Luebeck Burgtor 1900.jpg
Petrikirche (St. Peter) Several phases, late 13th to 15th century
Germany Luebeck St Petri Turm.jpg
Jakobikirche (St. James) After 1276 to 1334
Aegidienkirche (St. Aegidius) 1st half 14th century
Aegiedienkirche Lübeck1.jpg
Katharinenkirche (St. Catherine) 1300–1330 Former Franciscan monastic church
Katharinenkirche Lübeck.jpg
Heiligen-Geist-Hospital (Hospital of the Holy Spirit) Circa 1276 bis 1286
Lübeck Heiligen-Geist-Hospital.jpg
Burgkloster After 1276 to 1401 Former Dominican monastery, modern additions
St.-Annen-Kloster Lübeck (Monastery of St. Anne) Former Augustinian nunnery, damaged by fire in 1843
Meier Brand Annenkloster1843.jpg
Kanzleigebäude (Chancellery) Built 1484, enlarged 1588 and 1614
Meldorf Sankt-Johannis-Kirche (St. John) 1230–1300
Schleswig St.-Petri (Cathedral) (St. Peter) 1275–1320
Schleswig WT2005.jpg

Brandenburg, Berlin and Saxony-Anhalt[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Bad Wilsnack Wunderblutkirche St. Nikolai (Church of the Holy Blood) Main pilgrimage in North Germany
Prignitz 07-13 img09 Bad Wilsnack Kirche.jpg
Berlin St. Marienkirche (St. Mary)
MarKirche 1a.jpg
Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas)
Nikolaikirche 1a.jpg
Graues Kloster (Grey Abbey) End of 13th century Former Franciscan abbey; ruined since World War II
Franziskaner-Klosterkirche Berlin Mitte.jpg
Brandenburg St.-Katharinenkirche (St. Catherine) Two phases after 1401
Katharinen Pauli Brandenburg.jpg
Cathedral St. Peter and Paul Main period of construction 1165–1240 First brick church in Margraviate of Brandenburg
Dom turm.jpg
Former Marienkirche (St. Mary) Built circa 1220, demolished 1722 Formerly important pilgrimage church
Chorin Chorin Abbey Former Cistercian monastery
Kloster Chorin.jpg
Doberlug-Kirchhain Dobrilugk Abbey Former Cistercian monastery
Doberlug-Kirchhain May2015 img6 Klosterkirche.jpg
Frankfurt (Oder) Marienkirche (St. Mary) 1253–1367, choir completed 1367, additions in 15th century
Marienkirche FFO.jpg
Town hall Begun 1253, altered in 14th century
Havelberg Cathedral St. Marien (St. Mary) 1150–1170 in stone, 1280–1330 mixed
  • originally a Romanesque basilica in stone with flat ceilings
  • After destruction by a fire in 1279, the nave was rebuilt in Gothic style in a mixture of brick and stone, most impressive in the northern wall.
  • The adjacent convent buildings are of pure Brick Gothic.
Havelberg Klosterhof.jpg
Jüterbog Town hall
Jueterbog Altstadt Rathaus.jpg
Mönchenkloster (monastery)
Jueterbog Moenchenkloster.jpg
Jüterbog-Zinna Zinna Abbey Mainly from 1220 Former Cistercian monastery
Jueterbog Kloster Zinna Kloster 02.jpg
Lehnin Lehnin Abbey From end of 12th century, consecrated 1262 or 1270
Lehnin Kirche1.JPG
Prenzlau Marienkirche (St. Mary)
Prenzlau Marienkirche.jpg
Salzwedel Church St. Marien; St. Katharinen
Salzwedel Katharinenkirche.jpg
Local courthouse (former town hall)
Amtsgericht Salzwedel.JPG
Fortifications(Steintor, Neuperver Tor)
Salzwedel Steintor.jpg
Stendal Marienkirche (St. Mary) ((DE)
Stendal Markt.jpg
St. Nikolaus (St. Nicholas) (DE) 1423 to mid-15th century called "Dom", former collegiate church, never been a cathedral
Stendal Dom 2011-09-16.jpg
Town hall Gothic part early 15th century


  • Tangermünder Tor (gate)
  • Uenglinger Tor (gate)
Uenglinger Tor.jpg
Tangermünde Town hall Circa 1430
Rathaus Tangermünde.jpeg
Stephanskirche (St. Stephen) 14th century
Stephanskirche, Tangermuende, Germany.jpg
Fortifications 14th to 15th century
Tangermünde Elbtor.jpg

Lower Saxony and Bremen[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Apen St. Nicholas Church (DE) 1238 early Gothic
Apen, kerk foto2 2010-05-15 15.53.JPG
Aschendorf (Papenburg) St. Amandus Church(DE) in Aschendorf
Bardowick Cathedral St. Peter and Paul 1389–1485
Bassum Stiftskirche (Abbey Church) (DE) basically Romance,
completed in Gothic style,
hall church
Bassum 20090501 105.JPG
Bederkesa, Municipality of Geestland Bederkesa Castle (DE) first section before 1460 Late Gothic and Renaisssance
Bederkesa, Burg 1.JPG
Berne St. Aegidius' Church (DE) 13th century early Gothic, traverse roofs
Kirche Berne.JPG
Bunde, Germany Reformed village church (DE)
Bunde Kirche Nordseite.jpg
Braunschweig Liberei (library) 1413–1422 Oldest surviving library building north of the Alps
Braunschweig Liberei Gesamtansicht von Suedwesten.jpg
Bremen St. Martini (St. Martin) Late Gothic
convent church St. John's re-catholized in early 19th century
St Johann Schnoor 20151230.jpg
village church St. John's (DE) in Arsten suburb, Obervieland
St.Johannes 2011.jpg
City hall 1405–1410; 1608–1612 altered in style of Weser Renaissance
Blomendal House (Burg/Haus Blomendal (DE))[23] 1353 several alterations in Baroque, Rococo and historistical styles
Dorum St.-Urbanus Church (DE) 1510 late Gothic hall choir at an older aisleless nave
Dorum Kirche.jpg
Ebstorf Ebstorf Abbey 14th century Premonstratensian, later Benedictine monastery
Ebstorf, das Kloster, Bild 1 .jpg
Esens (East Frisia) St.-Aegydius Church (DE) in Stedesdorf
St. Nicholas Church (DE) in Werdum
St.-Nicolai-Kirche Werdum.jpg
Fürstenau Börstel Abbey Mid-13th century onwards Former Cistercian nunnery
Hagen im Bremischen Hagen Castle (DE: Burg zu Hagen) 1502–1507 Post of the Archbishops of Bremen
Burg zu Hagen 01-06-05.jpg
Hanover Marktkirche (market church) 14th century
Hannover Marktkirche.jpg
Hinte reformed village church (DE) 15th century late Gothic with an older – Romanesque – bell house
Groß Midlum Church (DE)
Groß Midlumer Kirche.jpg
Hude Hude Abbey 13th century Now ruin
Kloster Hude1.jpg
Ihlow (Ostfriesland) Bangstede Church (DE) 13th century Romanesque/Gothic
Ochtelbur Church (DE) 13th century Romanesque/Gothic
Riepe Church (DE) late Gothic
Simonswolde Church (DE) 13th century Romanesque/Gothic
St. Nicholas Church (DE) in Weene 13th century Romanesque/Gothic
Jemgum in Rheiderland St.-Sebastian Church (DE) in Hatzum
Krummhörn Grimersum Church (DE) in Grimersum 13th century Romanesque/Gothic
(DE) in Uttum 13th century nave Romanesque, tower Gothic
Rhauderfehn (DE) in Backemoor 13th century nave Romanesque, tower Gothic
Leer (East Frisia) Harderwykenburg Circa 1450 Fortified house, whitewashed
Lilienthal Abbey church St. Mary's[24] 1250–1262 early Gothic
Klosterkirche Lilienthal1.jpg
Lüneburg St. Johannis (St. John) 1300–1370
St Michaelis Lüneburg cropped.jpg
Town hall 1st half to end 13th century
Lueneburg Rathaus Gothic.jpg
Michaeliskirche Circaum 1375
St Michaelis Lüneburg.jpg
Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas) 1407–1440
Marienhafe Marienkirche (St. Mary) 13th century Formerly triple-naved church with 80-m tower doubling as landmark for shipping, in 1829 tower reduced and part of church demolished for financial reasons
Marienhafe Kirche St Marien.jpg
Norden, East Frisia Ludgeri Church (DE) 15th century Choir, transept and separate belfry of an originally Romanesque building
Stade St. Wilhadi (DE) 14th century hall church
St. Wilhadi, facade.jpg
Verden Cathedral 1290–1323 and 1473–1490 Romanesque predecessor from 12th century
Verden Dom von Sued.jpg
Walsrode Chapel of Walsrode Abbey 1483 Reconstruction after a fire caused by a lightning in 1482 no photo of the chapel available
Wienhausen Wienhausen Abbey 13th and 14th century Cistercian nunnery
Wienhausen Kloster Fassade 11.JPG
Wildeshausen Town hall 13th–15th century
Altes Rathaus in Wildeshausen.JPG

North Rhine-Westphalia[edit]

In North Rhine-Westphalia, Brick Gothic is concentrated west of the Rhine north of Cologne (Köln) and in western Münsterland. The regional style, including the colour of the bricks (very dark or very pale, but almost never red), is very similar to neighbouring regions of the Netherlands – where most historical churches have been displaced by Gothic Revival buildings.

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Bergheim Aachener Tor (Aachen Gate) (DE)
Aachener Tor.jpg
Geretzhoven Castle (DE) 14th century interior relaunch in the 1920s
incorporated village of Gesch:
Ss. Cosmas and Damian Church (DE)
1493 + 1553
  • partly several layers of bricks alternant with a layer of stone
  • enlarged 1553 in Gothic and in 1887 in Gothic revival style.
Glesch Pfarrkirche 05.jpg
incorporated village of Niederaußem:
Church of St. Johann Baptist (DE)
oldest parts Romanesque, Gothic enlargement in the 16th century, now a pseudo-basilica with three parallel ridges
Fenster St.Joh.Baptist Niederaußem.JPG
incorporated village of Pfaffendorf:
St-Pancrace-Church (DE)
1505 Gothic enlargement of an older church, 1860 Gothic Revival alterations
Paffendorf Kirche.JPG
Paffendorf Castle (DE) 1531–1546 enlarged in 1745–1753, Gothic Revival alterations in 1861–1865
incorporated village of Quadrath:
St-Laurence Church (DE)
1532–1535 later enlargements
Quadrath-Ichendorf St. Laurentius 03.jpg
incorporated village of Thorr:
"Römerturm" ("Roman Tower") (DE)
about 1500 relic of the old parish church
Bocholt St.-Agnes Chapel[25] before 1447
  • bombed in WWII, rebuilt in 1953
  • was temporarily the church of the evangelical parish
Bocholt Agneskapelle1.JPG
Brüggen Brüggen Castle Altered
Dülmen Lüdinghauser Tor (gate) (DE)
Dülmen, Lüdinghauser Tor -- 2014 -- 3333.jpg
Emmerich St. Martini (DE)
St. Martini (Kirche) - Emmerich am Rhein.jpg
Erkelenz St.-Lambert Church (DE) tower
Erkelenz St. Lambertus Turm Gesamt.jpg
Erkenlenz Castle (DE) Guelders fortification
Geldern St. Mary Magdalene (DE), hall church
Haag Castle (DE)
Tower of Langendonk Castle (DE) ruin
Geldern Aengenesch - Haus Langendonk 01 ies.jpg
Walbeck Castle (DE)
Schloss walbeck.jpg
St.-Nicholas Church in Walbeck[26] 15th century
Gaesdonck (DE) Church of the seven Pains of St Mary (DE)
Geilenkirchen Trips Castle (DE) 15th century
Burg trips.jpg
Holy Cross Church in Süggerath (DE)
Pfarrkirche in Süggerath.jpg
Goch St. Mary Magdalene Church (DE) new tower (moderately modern) after a recent collaps
St. Maria Magdalena (Goch)5.JPG
St. Johns's Convent (DE)
Haus zu den fünf Ringen (House of the Five Rings) (DE)
Goch, Haus zu den Fünf Ringen, 2012-05 CN-01.jpg
Steintor (Stonegate) (DE)
Goch - Steintor 01 ies.jpg
Graefenthal Monastery (DE)
Kloster Graefenthal (12).JPG
Grefrath Uda Castle (DE) only one tower is still upright
Burg Uda.jpg
Kamp-Lintfort Kamp Abbey, late Gothic, hall church
Kloster Kamp - Abteikirche - 2010.jpg
Eyll Church of St. Mary's Ascention.[27]
Kirche in Eyll - - 8815.jpg
Kerken St.-Dionysos Church[28]
in Nieukerk,
1421–1453 much enlarged in Gothic style
St. Peter und Paul[29]
in Aldekerk
basically early 15th century several changes in 1863 to 1880 in Gothic revival style
Kleve Unterstadtkirche of St-Mary's Conception (DE) hall church with two naves
Unterstadtkirche St. Mariä Empfängnis (Kleve).jpg
Stiftskirche St-Mary's Assumption (DE)
St mariae kleve.JPG
Krefeld Linn Castle (DE) Romanesque & Gothic
NRW, Krefeld - Burg Linn 02.jpg
Linnich St. Martinus Church (DE) brick nave, older Romanesque stone tower
Pfarrkirche st martinus linnich germany.jpg
near Hamminkeln Marienthal Abbey (DE)
Hamminkeln Klosterkirche Marienthal von SO.jpg
Nettetal Bocholt Castle (DE)
Nettetal-Lobberich Denkmal-Nr. 21, Bocholt 14 (2361).jpg
Straelen Ss.-Peter-and-Paul Church (DE) hall church
Straelen St. Peter und Paul.jpg
Wachtendonk St. Michael Church[30] since 1360 or 1380
Wegberg St. Peter und Paul (DE) 1856/57 enlarged in Gothic Revival style, northern ailse added
Wegberg, Pfarrkirche St. Peter und Paul mit ehem. Kreuzherrenkloster.jpg


Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Dingolfing St. John's Church (St. Johannes (DE)) 1467–1502
Stadtpfarrkirche St. Johannes (Dingolfing).JPG
Herzogsburg (Duke's Castle)
  • painted but not plastered
  • sopisticated tracery of shaped bricks
Herzogsburg in Dingolfing.jpg
Donauwörth Our Dear Lady's Minster (Liebfrauenmünster (DE)) 1444–1467 Nave nowadays outside plastered, 1577–1607 Lutheran
Donauwörth, Münster zu Unserer Lieben Frau, 002.jpg
Ingolstadt Our Lovely Dear Lady's Minster (Münster Zur Schönen Unserer Lieben Frau (DE)) 1425–1525
Muenster IN Scherbelberg.JPG
Landshut St. Martin's Church 1385–1500
Landshut St Martin Choir Northern Aisle Outer Wall.jpg
St. Judok's Church (St. Jodok (DE)) c. 1350–1450
Freyung 592 St. Jodok Landshut-1.jpg
Church of the Holy Ghost (Heiliggeistkirche (DE)) 1407–1461 nowadays used as exposition hall
Iglesia del Espíritu Santo, Landshut, Alemania, 2012-05-27, DD 03.JPG
Laendtor Landshut.jpg
Munich (München) Frauenkirche 1468–1488 the largest hall church and second largest Gothic brick church of the world (volume without the upper the storeys of the towers and without the roof of the nave about 160,000 m³)
Frauenkirche from Town Hall.JPG
Lion's Tower (Löwenturm (DE)) fortified domicile
Löwenturm 1.jpg
Straubing St. James' Church (St. Jakob (DE)) 1400–1512
Basilika St. Jakob in Straubing.jpg



Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Bazzano (Valsamoggia) Rocca dei Bentivoglio[31][32] (IT)
Torre della rocca dei Bentivoglio.JPG
Bologna Basilica of San Francesco 1236–1263
6048 - Bologna - San Francesco - Facciata - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto, 9-Feb-2008.jpg
Chiostro di San Francesco - panoramio.jpg
Basilica of San Giacomo Maggiore
Bologna, san giacomo maggiore, facciata.JPG
San Giacomo Maggiore (Bologna) Apse and campanile.jpg
Basilica di Santa Maria dei Servi
San Martino
San martino maggiore, bologna 01.JPG
San Petronio Basilica The world's largest Gothic brick church (volume about 260,000 m³)
1107 - Bologna - Facciata di San Petronio - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto, 9-Feb-2008.jpg
Palazzo d'Accursio the city hall
Bologna - Palazzo d'Accursio - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto 5-3-2005 2.jpg
Palazzo della Mercanzia (IT) a guild hall
Bologna, Loggia ei Mercanti 01.JPG
Busseto, (PA) Collegiata di San Bartolomeo Apostolo
Busseto - Chiesa Collegiata di San Bartolomeo 08.JPG
Chiesa e convento di Santa Maria degli Angeli
Busseto - Santa Maria degli Angeli 08.JPG
Busseto - Santa Maria degli Angeli 01.JPG
Castell'Arquato Rocca Viscontea Castle(IT), Castle mainly bricks
Cento| Castle La Rocca di Cento, 13th–15th century[33] Gothic & Renaissance
La Rocca Cento, Fe 01.JPG
Cesena Cesena Cathedral on the border of Romanesque and Gothic styles
Facciata del Duomo di San Giovanni Battista.jpg
Cotignola, (RV) Church of San Francesco,[34] 15th century
Ferrara Sant'Antonio in Polesine, (IT)
Imola Church of San Domenico[35] (IT)
Mirandola, Italy (MO) Chiesa del Gesù e di San Francesco a Mirandola,[36][37] damaged by the earthquakes of 2012
Chiesa di San Francesco d'Assisi Mirandola.JPG
Modena San Francesco Parish Church[38] 1244–1445
Chiesa di San Francesco (Modena).jpg
Parma San Francesco del Prato 13th–16th centuries
San Francesco del Prato di Parma.jpg
North of Parma Certosa di Paradigna (IT/DE) 1298–1385
Certosa Paradigna.jpg
Piacenza Palazzo Comunale
Basilica of Sant'Antonino
Sant'Antonino Piacenza.JPG
San Francesco Church[39]
San Giovanni in Canale[40]
Basilica Chiesa di Sant Giovanni in Canale 1, Piacenza (14238707978).jpg
Castel San Giovanni Chiesa di San Giovanni Battista [41]
I-PC-Castel San Giovanni2.JPG
Ravenna Campanile of the Church of San Michele in Africisco,[42] Church of 6th century, tower of 14th/15th century
San Michele in Africisco Ravenna.JPG
Reggio Emilia (IT)
Reggio emilia posta.jpg
Rimini Church of Sant'Agostino (IT)
Chiesa di Sant'Agostino, Rimini Italy.JPG
Palazzo dell'Arengo (IT)
Rimini Palazzo dell'Arengo.JPG
Palazzo del Podestà
Palazzo del Podestà, Rimini Italy.JPG
Valconasso La Chiesa dell'Annunciazione di Valconasso[43] 1st half of 14th century
Vignola Rocca di Vignola (IT) 12th–15th centuries
Rocca di Vignola - Esterno.jpg
Vigolzone Castello di Grazzano Visconti 1395
Grazzano Visconti.jpg


Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Abbiategrasso (MI) Visconti Castle (IT)
Abbiategrasso-castello visconteo1.jpg
Brescia Chiesa di Sant'Agostino (IT)
Sant'agostino brescia facciata.jpg
Carpiano (CR) Saint Martin's Church (IT)
Chiesa Carpiano.jpg
Crema (CR) Duomo di Crema
Cremona San Michele Vetere
Chiesa S Michele Cremona.jpg
Loggia dei Militi
Cremona- La Loggia dei Militi.jpg
Palazzo Cittanova (IT)
Palazzo Cittanova.JPG
Cusago (CR) Abbazia Santa Maria Rossa (IT)
Lentate sul Seveso (MB) Oratorio di Santo Stefano (IT)
Lentate sul Seveso, Oratorio di Santo Stefano 003.JPG
Lodi Chiesa di Sant Agnese (IT)
Lodi - chiesa di Sant’Agnese - facciata.jpg
Duomo, Romanesque/Gothic
Lodi duomo.JPG
Chiesa di San Francesco (IT)
Lodi, San Francesco 001.JPG
Mantua (Mantova) San Francesco
Lodi Piazza Ospitale 01.JPG
Ducal palace
Mantua2 BMK.jpg
Milan (Milano) Abbazia di Chiaravalle
Basilica of Sant'Ambrogio late Antiquity/Romanesque/early Gothic
Milan - Saint Ambroise - Intérieur.jpg
Basilica of Sant'Eustorgio
Side view of Saint Eustorgius Church in Milan.jpg
Church of San Cristoforo sul Naviglio Late Gothic
San cristoforo facciata.jpg
San Marco, Milan
Chiesa di San Marco - Milano.JPG
Santa Maria Assunta di Crescenzago[44]
Santa Maria del Carmine
Santa Maria del Carmine, Milano VIII 2014.jpg
Palazzo Borromeo
1675 - Milano - Palazzo Borromeo - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto - 18-May-2007.jpg
Sforza Castle Some parts, espacially Filarete Tower, are rather 19th century reconstructions than original.
Castello Sforzesco009.JPG
Monza San Maria in Strada
Santa Maria Strada Monza.jpg
Duomo di Monza
Duomo di monza.jpg
only façade of stone
Pandino (CR) Pandino Castle (IT)
Il Castello di Pandino.JPG
Pavia Santa Maria del Carmine
Santa maria del carmine.jpg
Convento dei Francescani (former Franciscan convent)[44]
Pavia Chiesa di San Francesco.jpg
Pozzuolo Martesana (MI) Chiesa di San Francesco (IT)
San Giuliano Milanese Abbazia dei Santi Pietro e Paolo in Viboldone
2039 - Milano - Abbazia di Viboldone - Interno - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto, 31-Oct-2009.jpg
Sant'Angelo Lodigiano Castello Morando Bolognini (IT)
Sant’Angelo Lodigiano , il Castello.jpg
Siziano (PV) Abbazia di Campomorto[44]
Solaro (MI) Oratorio dei Santi Ambrogio e Caterina[44]


Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Alba Chiesa di San Domenico[45] 13th/14th centuries
Alba-chiesa san domenico.jpg
Asti Cathedral of St-Mary's Assumption
IL DUOMO . Asti.jpg
Santa Maria di Viatosto (IT) 15th century Romanesque & Gothic
Santa Maria Ausiliatrice Asti 01.jpg
Rossana Santa Maria Assunta[46][47] 14th century
Saluzzo Saluzzo Cathedral (IT)
Duomo di Saluzzo Maria Vergine Assunta.jpg
Vercelli Basilica di Sant'Andrea Romanesque/Gothic mixture, façade of stone


Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Lucca Casa Barletti-Baroni 13th century
Casa barletti-baroni, 13th century 02.JPG
Guinigi Tower and Palace 14th century
Torre guinigi 04.JPG
Pisa Palazzo Agostini (IT)
Palazzo Agostini, Pisa.jpg
Pistoia Ancient Bishops' Palace (IT) 12th–13th century prossibly originally plastered
Palazzo dei Vescovi.JPG
Siena Basilica of San Domenico
Basilica of San Francesco
Palazzo Pubblico
City Hall Siena Italy.jpg


Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Bazzano (Valsamoggia) Rocca dei Bentivoglio[31][32] (IT)
Torre della rocca dei Bentivoglio.JPG
Bologna Basilica of San Francesco
6048 - Bologna - San Francesco - Facciata - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto, 9-Feb-2008.jpg
Chiostro di San Francesco - panoramio.jpg
Basilica of San Giacomo Maggiore
Bologna, san giacomo maggiore, facciata.JPG
San Giacomo Maggiore (Bologna) Apse and campanile.jpg
Basilica di Santa Maria dei Servi
San Martino
San martino maggiore, bologna 01.JPG
San Petronio Basilica one of the three largest Gothic brick churches
1107 - Bologna - Facciata di San Petronio - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto, 9-Feb-2008.jpg
Palazzo d'Accursio the city hall
Bologna - Palazzo d'Accursio - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto 5-3-2005 2.jpg
Palazzo della Mercanzia (IT) a guild hall
Bologna, Loggia ei Mercanti 01.JPG
Busseto, (PA) Collegiata di San Bartolomeo Apostolo
Busseto - Chiesa Collegiata di San Bartolomeo 08.JPG
Chiesa e convento di Santa Maria degli Angeli
Busseto - Santa Maria degli Angeli 08.JPG
Busseto - Santa Maria degli Angeli 01.JPG
Castell'Arquato Rocca Viscontea Castle(IT), Castle mainly bricks
Cento Castle La Rocca di Cento, 13th–15th century[33] Gothic & Renaissance
La Rocca Cento, Fe 01.JPG
Cesena Cesena Cathedral on the border of Romanesque and Gothic styles
Facciata del Duomo di San Giovanni Battista.jpg
Cotignola, (RV) Church of San Francesco,[34] 15th century
Ferrara Sant'Antonio in Polesine, (IT)
Imola Church of San Domenico[35] (IT)
Mirandola, Italy (MO) Chiesa del Gesù e di San Francesco a Mirandola,[36][37] damaged by the earthquakes of 2012
Chiesa di San Francesco d'Assisi Mirandola.JPG
Modena San Francesco Parish Church[38] 1244–1445
Chiesa di San Francesco (Modena).jpg
Parma San Francesco del Prato 13th–the 16th centuries
San Francesco del Prato di Parma.jpg
North of Parma Certosa di Paradigna (IT/DE) 1298–1385
Certosa Paradigna.jpg
Piacenza Palazzo Comunale
Basilica of Sant'Antonino
Sant'Antonino Piacenza.JPG
San Francesco Church[39]
San Giovanni in Canale[40]
Castel San Giovanni Chiesa di San Giovanni Battista [41]
I-PC-Castel San Giovanni2.JPG
Ravenna Campanile of the Church of San Michele in Africisco,[42] Church of 6th century, tower of 14th/15th century
San Michele in Africisco Ravenna.JPG
Reggio Emilia (IT)
Reggio emilia posta.jpg
Rimini Church of Sant'Agostino (IT)
Chiesa di Sant'Agostino, Rimini Italy.JPG
Palazzo dell'Arengo (IT)
Rimini Palazzo dell'Arengo.JPG
Palazzo del Podestà
Palazzo del Podestà, Rimini Italy.JPG
Valconasso La Chiesa dell'Annunciazione di Valconasso[43] 1st half of 14th century
Vignola Rocca di Vignola (IT) 12th–15th centuries
Rocca di Vignola - Esterno.jpg
Vigolzone Castello di Grazzano Visconti 1395
Grazzano Visconti.jpg

Veneto and Venezia Giulia[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Isola della Scala Torre scaligera 13th century in some parts mixed with stones
Torre Scaligera Isola della Scala.jpg
Montagnana Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta (IT) 1431–1502 with Renaissance additions
Town wall[48] Well preserved circle, some parts in brick, others in stone
Montagnana 18 (8187048601).jpg
Padua Basilica of Saint Anthony
Basilica di Sant'Antonio da Padova.jpg
Cappella degli Scrovegni
La Cappella degli Scrovegni.JPG
Pordenone Cathedral of St. Mark (Duomo) (IT)
Pordenone-Duomo di San Marco.jpg
Town hall
Portogruaro Town hall (IT)
Portogruaro Piazza della Repubblica 01.JPG
Venice Ca' Foscari main façade of stone
Ca' Foscari 01.jpg
Church Sant'Elena (Venice) Facade.jpg
Santi Giovanni
Interior of Santi Giovanni e Paolo (Venice).jpg
San Gregorio
San Gregorio (Venise).jpg
Madonna dell'Orto
Madonna dell'Orto.jpg
Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari
Basilica di Santa Maria dei Frari - Venezia.jpg
Verona Sant'Anastasia Church
Basilica di Santa Anastasia (Verona) - Facciata.jpg
Juliet's House (IT)
Balcone della casa di Giulietta.jpg
chiesa di San Tomaso[49] 1351, 1484
San Tommaso Cantuariense, Ponte Nuovo (Verona).jpg
Chiesa San Fermo Maggiore [50] 10–11, gotico 14
Santi Nazaro e Celso[51] 14th
San Nazaro Verona.JPG
Sant'Eufemia,Church[52] 1275–1450
Santa Eufemia facade.jpg
San Bernardino Church[53] 15th century
Chiesa di San Pietro Martire (IT)[54] 1283
San Pietro Martire a Verona.jpg
Domus Mercatorum[55] 1301
Domus Mercatorum.jpg
Vicenza Palazzo Thiene only western wing
Villafranca di Verona Castello Scaligero (IT) 13th century tower and some other parts


Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Riga Historic Centre UNESCO World Heritage Site
Riian vanhakaupunki.jpg
Cathedral 13th century
Riga Dom-Düna.jpg
St. Peter 13th to 15th century
St. Peter's Church.JPG
St James 13th century
Latvia Riga St.Jacob church.jpg
St. John 15th century formerly Dominican
Evangeliski Luteriskas Rigas Sveta Jana baznicas komplekss.jpg
House of the Blackheads late 14th century onwards Destroyed in World War II and rebuilt in 1995
Riga Schwarhaeupterhaus Totale.jpg
Turaida Castle 14th century


Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Vilnius St. Anne's 1495–1500 Highly exceptional use of Late Gothic Flamboyant style
Vilnius.Sv.Onos baznycia.Saint Ann's church2.jpg
St. Francis 15th century and later repairs Belarusian type of Gothic
St. Nicholas Late 14th century The oldest surviving Latin church building in Lithuania
Mikalojus Church.jpg
Gediminas Tower and Upper Castle Early 15th century, many later alterations Built by Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas
Gediminas Tower in Vilnius (cropped).jpg
Kaunas Cathedral Construction from 1408 onwards Basilica, the largest Gothic church in Lithuania
Kauno arkikatedra, 2006-12-02.jpg
Castle Construction from mid-14th century onwards The oldest brick castle in Lithuania
Kauno pilis. Kaunas Castle.2006-06-11.jpg
St. Gertrude 15th century? Belarusian type of Gothic
Gertrude's in Kaunas.jpg
Church of The Accession of The Holy Virgin Circa 1400 Former Franciscan, unique Latin cross layout
Vytautas church.jpg
House of Perkūnas Late 15th century The other example of exceptional brick Flamboyant style
Perkuno namas 2006-06-30.jpg
Medininkai Castle 13th century The only surviving enclosure type castle and the largest in Lithuania
Medininku pilis.Medininkai Castle.JPG
Trakai Island Castle 14th - early 15th century Built by Grand Dukes of Lithuania Kęstutis and Vytautas.
Peninsula Castle Late 14th century and later repairs Built by Grand Duke of Lithuania Kęstutis
Trakai old castle.jpg
Zapyškis St. John The Baptist church 1578 The only surviving rural Gothic church in Lithuania, Belarusian type of Gothic
Zapyskis church.jpg


Place Building Time of construction Notes Picture
Sint-Bavokerk (NL) Scheldt Gothic
Aardenburg - Sint-Baafskerk 4.jpg
Amersfoort Sint-Joriskerk (NL)
2006-04-14 17.08 Amersfoort kerk.JPG
Onze Lieve Vrouwetoren
Onze Lieve Vrouwetoren.jpg
Pakhuis (ancient warehouse)
Amersfoort Breestraat 76.JPG
Amsterdam Oude Kerk brick and stone
Agnietenkapel (NL)
Nieuwe Kerk western nave and other parts
Amsterdam (NL), De Nieuwe Kerk -- 2015 -- 7192.jpg
Appingedam Nicolaïkerk 15th century predecessor 1225
InZicht Appingedam 018.JPG
Arnhem Waalse kerk = Agnietenkapel (NL) 15th century
Barneveld Oude Kerk (NL) 12th or 13th century Romanesque & Gothic
Barneveld kerk.JPG
Bedum :nl:Walfriduskerk slanting Romanesque stone tower
Bedum - Walfriduskerk - voor rechts.jpg
Breda Sint-Joostkapel] (NL)
P1030328 copySint-Joostkapel Breda.jpg
Waalse kerk (NL) 1440
Breda Catharinastraat 83.jpg
"Small Castle"(NL)
Klein Kasteel Deurne - vooraanzicht.jpg
Delft Oude Kerk 1246 slanting tower
Chapel St-Hippolyte(NL) 1400
Hippolytuskapel delft.jpg
Eastern Gate
Delft, Oosterpoort 2009-05-22 11.12.JPG
Deventer Lebuïnuskerk brick and stone
Broederenkerk (NL)
Broederenkerk Deventer (2).jpg
Doesburg Martinikerk 15th century
20150410 Grote- of Martinikerk Doesburg.jpg
Dordrecht Grote Kerk
Dordrecht Grote Kerk 4.JPG
Edam Grote Kerk (NL)
Edam Grote of Sint-Nicolaaskerk.jpg
Ede Oude Kerk (NL)
2007-02-03 11.14 Ede, kerk in het centrum foto1.JPG
Eindhoven Mariënhage Abbey(NL)
Zuid-gevel - Eindhoven - 20068433 - RCE.jpg
Enkhuizen Westerkerk Mariënhage partly belts of sandstone
Westerkerk Enkhuizen Zuidkant 20081227.jpg
Zuiderkerk (NL) partly belts of sandstone
Overzicht van de kerk gezien vanaf de oostzijde - Enkhuizen - 20420488 - RCE.jpg
Gennep Kasteel Heijen Gothic & Renaissance
Overzicht van de achterzijde van het hoofdgebouw met poorttoren en trapgevel - Heijen - 20381517 - RCE.jpg
Kapel van St. Antonius Abt (Ven-Zelderheide)
Exterieur vanuit het zuid-oosten - Ven, 't - 20240825 - RCE.jpg
Molenstraat 11
Gennep Rijksmonument 470319 Molenstraat 11.JPG
Goes Grote Kerk (NL) brick & stone
Maria Magdalenakerk Goes.jpg
Town hall(NL) 15th, 16th & 18th centuries
Gemeentehuis goes.jpg
Gouda Sint Janskerk only parts in brick
Grave (Maas) Protestant Church(NL)
Protestantse Kerk (Grave) (1).JPG
Groningen Der Aa-kerk
Der Aa-kerk Groningen.jpg
Harderwijk Sint-Catharinakerk 1502 restored in 1913
Klooster 1 - Harderwijk.jpg
Ancient plague hospital previous chapel of the Friars' House
Straat van Sevenhuysen 8 - Harderwijk.jpg
Vischpoort 14th century
2007-03-11 13.31 Harderwijk, stadspoort aan kant van Veluwemeer foto1.JPG
Hasselt Sint-Stephanuskerk (NL)
Zicht op gedeelte van de zuidgevel en de kerktoren - Hasselt - 20369858 - RCE.jpg
Helmond Helmond Castle (NL) about 1325
Helmond achter 4.jpg
's-Hertogenbosch "De Moriaan" house (NL) 1220
Old St-James Church(NL) later changes
Overzicht zuidgevel - 's-Hertogenbosch - 20534535 - RCE.jpg
Hilversum Tower vof the Grote Kerk 1481
2 Oude Torenstraat Hilversum Netherlands.jpg
IJsselstein IJsselstein Castle (NL) 1418–1427 Campine Gothic
Sint-Nicolaaskerk Hervormde kerk (NL) tower renaissance
Zuidgevel - IJsselstein - 20119867 - RCE.jpg
Kampen Bovenkerk mixed with stone
De Boven of St. Nicolaaskerk, Kampen (buiten) RM 23053-WLM.jpg
Broederkerk (NL)
Broederkerk Kampen.jpg
Broederpoort (NL) altered to Renaissance
Broederpoort, Kampen 2.jpg
Kampen rijksmonument (35).JPG
Kapelle (Zeeland) Geerteskerk (NL)
Geerteskerk Kapelle2.JPG
Leeuwarden Grote Kerk (NL)
Grote of Jacobijner kerk te Leeuwarden.jpg
Leiden Academiegebouw (NL)
Academiegebouw Universiteit Leiden.png
Hooglandse Kerk only its aisles
Overzicht zuidzijde met zuider transept - Leiden - 20372154 - RCE.jpg
Pieterskerk Late Gothic
25446 Pieterskerk.jpg
Loppersum Petrus en Pauluskerk 1217–1530
Petrus en Pauluskerk Loppersum.jpg
Makkum (Frisia) Doniakerk (NL) 1680 nagotiek
Doniakerk Makkum.jpg
Middelburg (Zeeland) Middelburg Abbey
Abdij (Middelburg)1.JPG
Middelharnis Grote Kerk
Middelharnis Nederlands Hervormde Kerk 04.JPG
Nijkerk Grote Kerk (NL) 1461
Nijkerk GroteKerk(Z-Ozijde).jpg
Nijmegen Sint-Stevenskerk (NL) only parts in brick
2008-09 Nijmegen st stevens.JPG
Kruittoren (Powder Tower) Sint-Stevenskerk
Roermond St. Christopher's Cathedral 1410
Roermond kathedraal.jpg
Rotterdam Grote of Sint-Laurenskerk choir
Grote of St. Laurenskerk.jpg
Sellingen church Early Gothic
Kerk van Sellingen.jpg
Sneek Grote of Martinikerk (NL) 1300, 1498
Sneek, kerk1 foto7 2011-04-25 16.09.JPG
Ten Boer Abbey church Romano-Gothic
Romanogotische kloosterkerk van Ten Boer.jpg
Sint-Antonius Abtkerk (NL) 15th & 16th centuries
P1010238copySt. Antonius Abt.jpg
Utrecht Buurkerk
Buurkerk Utrecht.JPG
Utrecht Cathedral
Venlo Sint-Martinuskerk (NL) 1480
Sint-Martinuskerk Venlo.jpg
Vlissingen St James the Great Church hall church
Vliss StJacob.jpg
Weert Sint-Martinuskerk (NL) 1456 Campine Gothic
Winschoten Marktpleinkerk (Market Church) (NL) Romano-Gothic
Hervormde kerk, Grote Kerk of Martinikerk in Winschoten ca. 1275 - 5.jpg
Winsum (Groningen) Torenkerk (Tower Church) (NL) 12th century,
gothified in the 16th century
tower 1693
Zuidmuur schip (tufsteen) - Winsum - 20214977 - RCE.jpg
Winterswijk Jacobskerk (NL) nave 13th century especially the choir
Winterswijk markt.JPG
Workum Grote of Sint-Gertrudiskerk (NL) 1515–1532
Grote of Sint-Gertrudiskerk Workum.jpg
Zierikzee Nobelpoort (NL) 14th century
Zierikzee 050.JPG
Zuidhavenpoort (Southport Gate) (NL)
Zuidhavenpoort Zierikzee.jpg
Zuidlaren Church (NL) 1300–15th century
Kerk van Zuidlaren.jpg
Zutphen Broederenkerk (NL) 14th century
Zutphen Bruderkirche.jpg
Nieuwstadskerk (NL) 13e–15th century
Zutphen 6.jpg
Walburgiskerk 11e–16th century nave
Zutphen, Walburgkerk foto6 2011-02-17 13.50.jpg
Drogenapstoren (tower) (NL) 1444–1446 originally "Saltpoort"
RM41393 Zutphen - Drogenapstoren.jpg
Zwolle Grote of Sint-Michaëlskerk (NL) 1406–1466
Detail noordzijde exterieur - Zwolle - 20229080 - RCE.jpg
Broerenklooster en Broerenkerk, Zwolle.jpg
Old Library at the Broerenkerkplein (NL)
De Librije.jpg


Northern Poland[edit]

– Former territories of the House of the Griffins and of the Teutonic Order

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Bartoszyce St. John the Evangelist 14th-15th century
POL Bartoszyce 16.jpg
Braniewo St. Catherine Badly damaged in World War II, rebuilt afterwards
Braniewo - Bazylika mniejsza pw. św. Katarzyny.JPG
Brodnica St. Catherine 14th century
Brodnica kościół pw św Katarzyny.jpg
Chełmno St. Mary 1290–1333
Chelmno fara od pn.jpg
St. Peter and Paul Built in 13th century, altered in 14th Former Dominican church
Chelmno kosciol dominikanow.jpg
St. James and Nicholas Built in 13th and 14th century Former Franciscan church
Chełmno Church of St James and St Nicholas 1.jpg
Former Cistersian Nuns cloister with presumed Teutonic Knights fortifications 13th-14th century
Chelmno wieza Mestwina.jpg
City defensive walls with Grudziądzka gate 13th-16th century Almost completely preserved city defensive walls with 23 watchtowers and 1 gate
Mury obronne Chełmna.JPG
Chełmża Church of the Holy Trinity 13th-15th century Former cathedral - seat of Bishopric of Chełmno
Wnętrze gotyckiej konkatedry w Chełmży.JPG
Chojna Town hall 15th century
Chojna Kulturzentrum 01.jpg
St. Mary Mainly 1389–1459
Chojna MarienkircheTotale.jpg
Świecka Gate (Brama Świecka) 14th-15th century
Chojna Brama Świecka.jpg
Dobre Miasto Collegial Church
Kolegiata Dobre Miasto 1.JPG
Elbląg St. Nicholas 13th century, in 15th century converted from basilica to hall church burnt out 1945
Elbing1 Dom.jpg
Frombork Cathedral 1343–1383
Katedra we Fromborku.JPG
Gdańsk St. Mary's Church 1343–1502 the second largest hall church and third largest Gothic brick church of the world (volume without the upper the storeys of the towers and without the roof about 140,000 m³ or less)
Bazylika mariacka gdansk ubt.jpeg
St. Catherine's probably 14th and 15th century
Brosen katarzyna.jpg
St. Nicholas 1348-early 15th century Dominican church
Brosen mikolaj.jpg
Church of Holy Trinity with former Franciscan monastery 1481–1514
Gdańsk (DerHexer) 2010-07-15 156.jpg
St. George guildhall 1487-94
Gdańsk (DerHexer) 2010-07-12 072.jpg
Great Mill 14th century
Brosen wmlyn.jpg
Crane Gate 1442–1444
Pl gdansk zuraw dlugiepobrzeze2006.jpg
Gniew Teutonic Knights' castle Late 13th to 14th century
Poland Gniew - castle.jpg
Kamień Pomorski Cathedral of St. John Circa 1175, altered in 15th century Romanesque-Gothic Basilica
Kołobrzeg Cathedral of St. Mary 1288–1397
Kolobrzeg Basilica 2007-07.jpg
Kwidzyn Castle and Cathedral complex 14th and 15th century
Kwidzyn zamek.JPG
Lidzbark Warmiński Episcopal Castle One of the earliest brick buildings in the area
Zamek w Lidzbarku Warmińskim.jpg
Malbork Malbork Castle 1276 to late 14th century UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Teutonic Knights' castle of Marienburg is the largest non-religious Brick Gothic structure. Headquarter of the Teutonic Order since 1309. 1380s enlargements by Nikolaus von Fellenstein (see Neman, Russia).
Marienburg (1999).jpg
Nidzica Teutonic Knights' castle 14th and 15th century
Zamek w Nidzicy.jpg
Olsztyn Castle of the Cathedral Chapter 2nd half 14th century Teutonic Knights' castle; converted to a residential castle in 15th and 16th centuries
Schloss Allenstein.JPG
St. James Cathedral Before 1445 Late Gothic Hall church
Olsztyn Katedra.jpg
Orneta Cathedral of St. John
Poland Orneta church.jpg
Pelplin Cathedral 13th to 14th century, later alterations former Cistercian monastery
Pelplin bazylika.JPG
Radzyń Chełmiński Teutonic Knights' castle 13th and 14th century Ruin
Zamek - Radzyn Chelminski 002.jpg
Stargard Szczeciński St. Mary's 13th-century origins, 1388-1500 additions
Stargard Rynek2.JPG
Brama Młyńska (Mill Gate) 15th century One of only two survuving examples of such gates (see Waterpoort at Tweek)
Stargard Portowa.JPG
Szczecin Cathedral of St. James Several phases between 1375 and 1504
0910 Bazylika archikatedralna św Jakuba Szczecin.jpg
St. John 13th to 15th century, 19th-century renovations
Szczecin kosciol Jana Ewangelisty (1).jpg
City hall 15th century
Sztum Ordensburg and town Early 14th century One of strongest Teutonic Knights' castles in the area. Much damage by fires in 1683 and 1945.
Sztum rysunek.jpg
Toruń Historic Centre 13th to 15th century UNESCO World Heritage Site; churches, town hall, houses and granaries from 13th-15th century
Torun Merian 1641.jpg
Cathedral of St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist 14th and 15th century Former parish church of Toruń's Old Town
Johns church in Toruń.jpg
St. Mary's Church 1350–1370 Former Franciscan hall church
St. James's church 1309-about 1340 Parish church of Toruń's New Town
Kosciol sw. Jakuba w Toruniu.jpg
Town hall 13th-14th century, rebuild in 17th century The oldest town hall tower in Central-Easter Europe in the type of Flemish belfries; many different functions in the one building (city council, archive, city court, cloth hall, shops); rebuild in 17th and 18th centuries
Teutonic Knights' castle 13th to early 15th century
Torun zamek krzyz.jpg
City defensive walls with gates and watchtowers Half of 14th century to early 16th century One of the oldest and finest examples of city walls in Poland
Toruń - Baszta Gołębnik 01.jpg
House at 15 Kopernika Str. 15th century One of the best examples of Gothic brick house in Poland

Central Poland[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Borysławice Zamkowe Castle c. 1425 Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, currently in ruins
Borysławice Zamkowe.jpg
Brochów Fortified church 1551–1561, 1596 Gothic-renaissance church established by Jan Brochowski and his family as a three-nave church with three side towers
PL Brochów.jpg
Brześć Kujawski St. Stanisław Church after 1332, 15th century
Brześć Kujawski - kościół.jpg
Bydgoszcz Bernardine Church 1552–1557 Late Gothic
Bydgoszcz kościół garnizonowy front.jpg
Cathedral of St. Martin and St. Nicolas 1425–1502
Bydgoszcz Katedra 1.jpg
Ciechanów Masovian Dukes Castle 14th century Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, currently in ruins
POL Ciechanów 1.JPG
Czersk Masovian Dukes Castle 1388–1410 Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, currently in ruins
Zamek książąt mazowieckich w Czersku 1.jpg
Czerwińsk Abbey Church 12th century Romanesque, the facade was rebuilt in gothic style in the second half of the 15th century
Gate of Abbot Kula 1457
Drzewica Church of St. Lucas 1321–1460
Kosciol sw Lukasza w Drzewicy.jpg
Maciej Drzewicki Castle 1527–1535 Gothic-renaissance, upper parts in brick, rest sandstone and brick, currently in ruins
JKRUK 20080122 DRZEWICA ZAMEK DSC09231.jpg
Gniezno Cathedral 1342–1415, north tower completed 1512 The basilica type church, baroquified in the 17th century
Gniezno. View of cathedral and Jelonek Lake.JPG
Gostyń St. Margaret's Church 14th century
Gostyń kościół św. Małgorzaty VI 2005.jpg
Koło Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross (PL) 14th–15th century
Koło - kościół pw. Podwyższenia Świętego Krzyża.jpg
Royal Castle before 1362 Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, currently in ruins
Koło castle Poland.jpg
Konin St. Bartholomew's Church 14th century
Konin - St Bartholomew's parish church.jpg
Kruszwica Castle 1350–1355 Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, only the legendary Mouse Tower preserved
Kruszwica zamek.jpg
Liw Masovian Dukes Castle before 1429 Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, currently in ruins
Liw zamek 1jg.jpg
Lubiń Abbey Church 15th-16th century Baroquified in the 18th century
Lubin kościół.jpg
Lublin Cracow Gate 14th century Partially rebuilt in the 18th century
Brama Krakowska Q Aloans PLP3300310r2ok.jpg
Royal Castle 13th-14th century Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, inside the Castle Chapel profuse ruthenian frescos from the beginning of the 15th century, founded by Jogaila
Lublin zamek 2009.jpg
Łęczyca Royal Castle 1357–1370
Zamek Królewski w Łęczycy.jpg
Łomża Cathedral 1504–1525 Late Masovian Gothic
PL Łomża cathedral.JPG
Oporów Bishop Castle 1434–1449 Built for Władysław Oporowski, Bishop of Kujawy and Archbishop of Gniezno
Oporów zamek 2.jpg
Piotrków Trybunalski Royal Castle 1512–1519 Gothic-renaissance
Piotrkow (js).jpg
Płock Masovian Dukes Castle 14th century
Plock Castle.JPG
Płock Cathedral towers 13th-14th century Romanesque cathedral, rebuilt several times
6 Plock 073.jpg
Poznań Basilica of St. Peter and St. Paul 14th and 15th century One of the oldest churches in Poland and the oldest Polish cathedral, partially rebuilt in the 18th century
Katedra Poznań Front RB.jpg
Corpus Christi Church 1406, 1465–1470 Church founded by Jogaila, partially rebuilt in the 18th century
Poznan Corpus Christi Church 423-32.jpg
House of Psalterists 1518 Building founded by Jan Lubrański, bishop of Poznań
Psalteria Poznan.jpg
St. Mary's Church in summo 1431–1448 The first church was founded by Dobrawa of Bohemia in 965
Ostrów Tumski Poznań RB1.JPG
Przasnysz Church of St. John and St. Anne 1588–1618 Considered to be the last gothic church in Poland[56]
6 Przasnysz 32.jpg
Rawa Mazowiecka Masovian Dukes Castle 14th century Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, currently in ruins
Sieradz Collegiate 1370 Baroquified in the 17th century
Kolegiata wszystkich swietych - Sieradz, Poland-2.jpg
Szamotuły Collegiate 1423–1430
Collegiate in Szamotuły.JPG
Środa Wielkopolska Church 15th century Partially rebuilt in the 16th century (attic)
Sroda kolegiata.jpg
Uniejów Archbishop Castle 1360–1365 Built for Jarosław Bogoria-Skotnicki, Archbishop of Gniezno
Uniejów Castle.jpg
Warsaw St. John's Cathedral 14th century Completely destroyed by German artillery during the Warsaw Uprising,[57] rebuilt 1947-1957 in Masovian Brick Gothic
4 Warszawa 12.jpg
St. Mary's Church 1410–1411 Completely destroyed by German artillery during the World War II,[58] rebuilt 1947-1966
Warsaw Barbican 1548 reconstructed 1952–1954
Warsaw Barbican outside.JPG
Bridge Gate 1584, additions in 18th century Gothic-renaissance gate.
Wieluń Cracow Gate 14th century In the 19th century the town authorities adapted the building for a town hall
Brama KrakowskWln2.JPG
Włocławek Cathedral 14th and 15th century Rebuilt 1883-1901 in neo-Gothic style
Wloclawek katedra 1.jpg
Wschowa City Church 15th century Baroquified between 1720–1726
Wschowa kościół farny 3.jpg
(hist. Lower Silesia)
St Mary of the Assumption (PL) tower Gothic, nave Renaissance
Zagan NMP.jpg
(hist. Lower Silesia)
Church of Jesus' Heart (PL/DE)
612019 Żary kościół par. p.w. NMP, ob. p.w. Najśw. Serca Pana Jezusa, XIVXV.JPG
Zielona Góra
(hist. Lower Silesia)
Saint Hedwig Cathedral (PL/DE) Renaissance & Baroque changes
594697 jadwigi.JPG

Eastern Poland[edit]

– Former Podlachian and Polesian (Brest Litovskian) Voivodeships –

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Kodeń Church of the Holy Ghost (PL) 1530
Kodeń church1.JPG
Supraśl Orthodox Monastery
- Church of the Annunciation
Suprasl orthodox church 3.jpeg

Southwestern Poland[edit]

Silesian, Opole and Lower Silesian Voivodeships –

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Legnica Our-Dear-Lady's Church (PL) 1386 Protestant (Augsburg Confession) parish
SM Legnica KościółNMP (1) ID 593134.jpg
Cathedral Ss.-Peter-and-Paul (PL) 1330–1378
  • wooden predecessor
  • 1892 original brick walls covered with a skin of new bricks
  • 1945 re-catholized
St.peter and st. paul cathedral in legnica.jpg
Nysa Basilica of St. James and St. Agnes some decorations in stone
2014 Nysa, zespół kościóła św. Jakuba Starszego 02.JPG
Racibórz Church of the Holy Ghost[60] 14th century profanized in 1810, nowadays it houses the municipal museum
Kościół św. Ducha (obecnie muzeum miejskie) w Raciborzu 6.JPG
St-James Church (PL/DE) 1285 after a fire in 1637 restored in Renaissance and Baroque styles, damages of World War II repaired 1946/47
Kościół św. Jakuba w Raciborzu 8.JPG
Środa Śląska St-Andrew's Church 13th century & 1388 changes in 1670 and 1830
Sroda Slaska Church bell tower.jpg
Town Hall 15th century
Wrocław Cathedral of St. John 1234–1341, later repairs 98 m high towers
Poland Wroclaw Cathedral 2007.jpg
Church of the Holy Cross 1288-first half of the 14th century
5 Wroclaw 142.jpg
Church of St. Elisabeth 1309–1387
5 Wroclaw 034.jpg
Church of St. Mary Magdalen 1355–1360
Katedra św. Marii Magdaleny we Wrocławiu nocą.jpg
City hall 13th century, 15th-century alterations, 19th-century additions
St. Martin Church 13th century,
Church of St. Barbara 15th century,
Polski autokefaliczny kosciol prawoslawny we Wroclawiu od ul.sw.Mikolaja.jpg
Church of St. Maria In Arena 1334-75,
Kościół Najświętszej Marii Panny na Piasku we Wrocławiu.jpg
Church of St. Adalbert 1250-1487,
Kosciol sw wojciecha.jpg
Church of St. Martin 1300-1569,
SW Maciej.jpg
Church of St. Vincent XIV-XVc,
Wroclaw kosciol swWincentego.jpg
Church of St. Stanislav, Vaclav and Dorothy 1351-1401,
Wrocław kościół pw. św Stanisława, Doroty i Wacława1.jpg
Church of Corpus Christi XVc,
Wrocław kościół Bożego Ciała1.jpg
Church of John of Capistrano 1462 - 1505,
Zespol pobernardynski Wroclaw.jpg
Church of St. Giles (PL/FR/DE) 1220s[61]
Wroclaw kosciol sw.Idziego od plKatedralnego.jpg
Wroclaw Arsenal 1459,
Herb Wroclawia na scianie Arsenalu.jpg

Southern Poland[edit]

Lesser Poland and Subcarpathian Voivodeships –

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Biecz Corpus Christi Church c. 1326-1480
Kosciol Biecz.JPG
Bell Tower 15th century Upper parts - mannerist sgraffito decorations
Dzwonnica Biecz.JPG
Bochnia St. Nicolas' Church 1440–1445
Chęciny Chęciny Castle 13th or 14th century Upper parts in brick, rest limestone. Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, currently in ruins
Checiny zamek 1.jpg
Dębno Jakub Dembiński Castle 15th century
Debno (js).jpg
Kraków Barbican of Kraków 1498–1499
Barbakan Krakow z ulicy Basztowej 2.jpg
Collegium Maius 15th century
Collegium Maius 07.JPG
Corpus Christi Church 1385–1405
Corpus Cristi Church Cracow.JPG
Church of the Trinity 14th and 15th century, rebuilt after 1850 fire Former Dominican church
Kraków - Trinity Church 01.jpg
Florian Gate Early 14th century Upper parts in brick, rest limestone
Brama florianska.jpg
St. Catherine Church 1342–1426
Krakow kosciol sw Katarzyny 20070930 1522.jpg
Old Synagogue 1407 or 1492
Krakow synagoga stara.jpg
St. Mary's Basilica 1321–1331, 14th-15th century Hall church
Kraków - St. Mary Church 01.JPG
Town Hall Tower End of the 13th century
Kraków -Town Hall Tower 01.jpg
Wawel Castle 13th-16th century Wawel is an architectural complex erected over many centuries atop a limestone outcrop. This is a place of great significance for the Polish people. The Royal Castle with an armoury and the Cathedral are situated on the hill. The Gothic Wawel Castle was built at the behest of Casimir III the Great and consists of a number of structures situated around the central courtyard. In the 14th century it was rebuilt by Jogaila and Jadwiga of Poland.
Kraków - Wawel from Kopiec Krakusa.jpg
Wawel Cathedral 1320–1364 Upper parts in brick, rest limestone
Wawel cathedral.PNG
Nowy Sącz Church of St. Margaret 13th and 14th century
  • Upper parts in brick, lower in sandstone
  • Southernmost building of northern/Baltic Brick Gothic region
Nowy Sacz 06.jpg
Oświęcim St. Mary's Church 14th century
Kościół Matki Bożej Wspomożenia Wiernych w Oświęcimiu.jpg
Paczków Fortified church 14th century
Paczków - Katedra.JPG
Sandomierz Cathedral 1360 Partially rebuilt in 1670 (facade)
Sandomierz Katedra1.jpg
Długosz House 1476
Dom J. Dlugosza w Sandomierzu3.jpg
Opatów Gate 14th century
Sandomir Brama Opatowska.jpg
Royal Castle 14th century Partially rebuilt in 1520 in renaissance style by Benedykt Sandomierski
Polska Sandomierz 025.jpg
Szydłów St. Ladislaus' Church c. 1355
Szydlow church 20060619 1235.jpg
Tarnów Cathedral 14th century Rebuilt 1889-1897 in neo-Gothic style
Tarnów, centrum města, kostel nedaleko Rynku.JPG
Mikołajowski House 15th century, 1524
Tarnów, centrum města, ulice za kostelem.JPG
Town Hall 14th century Rebuilt in the renaissance style in the 16th century
Tarnów, centrum města, Rynek, budova radnice s věží.JPG
Wiślica Długosz House 1460
Wislica Dom Dlugosza 20070825 1509.jpg
Minor Basilica 1350 Two nave church, upper parts in brick, lower in limestone
Wislica Basilica 20070825 1510.jpg


Historical Russia[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Novgorod Kremlin Chamber of Facets 1433 1441 decorated with frescos (nowadays almost lost)
Главный зал (2).JPG

Kaliningrad exclave[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Kaliningrad Königsberg Cathedral 14th century
Kaliningrad cathedral.JPG
Juditten Church
in Mendeleyevo
Late 13th century
Башня звонницы Свято-никольского собора в Калининграде (Юдиттен-кирхи).JPG
Rodniki Arnau Church Late 14th century
Arnau pd.jpg
Druzhba Allenburg Church 15th century
Church in Druzhba, Russia.jpg
Neman Teutonic Knight's castle of Ragnit 1397–1409 One of the strongest castles of the Teutonic Order. Now ruined. Built by Nikolaus von Fellenstein (see Malbork)
Ruine der Ordensburg.jpg
Vesyoloye Teutonic Knight's castle of Balga Circa 1239 Ruin
Zamok balga may2006.JPG


Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Balingsta Parish, southwest of Uppsala Vik Castle Circa 1450, 17th and 19th century alterations
Viks slott.jpg
Danmark Parish, southeast of Uppsala Danmark Church 14th and 15th century
Danmark kyrka1.jpg
Helsingborg St. Mary (Swedish: Sankta Maria kyrka)
Sankta Maria kyrka (Helsingborg, Sweden).jpg
Lena Parish, north of Uppsala Lena Church Circa 1300, possibly consecrated in 1303 18th century alterations including plastering of the exterior walls and addition of a burial vault
Lund St. Peter's Priory Church (Swedish: Sankt Peters klosterkyrka) Circa 1300
Klosterkyrkan, Lund.jpg
Malmö St. Peter (Swedish: Sankt Petri kyrka)
Malmö Sankt Petri kyrka 1.jpg
Ronneby Holy Cross Church (Swedish: Heliga Kors kyrka)
Ronneby Kyrkan (2008-02-xx).JPG
Sigtuna St. Mary (Swedish: Mariakyrkan) Mid 13th century
Sigtuna maria.jpg
Skänninge Vårfrukyrkan ("Church of Our Lady")
Vårfrukyrkan i Skänninge, den 20 maj 2007, bild 45.jpg
Skepptuna Parish, Stockholm County Skepptuna Church 13th to 15th centuries
Skepptuna kyrka.jpg
Skokloster north of Sigtuna Skokloster Church (originally a convent church: Sko klosters kyrka "Sko Convent Church") 13th century Near Skokloster Castle
Söderköping St. Lawrence's Church (Swedish: S:t Laurentii kyrka)
Sankt Laurentii kyrka2.jpg
Sölvesborg St. Nicholas' Church (Swedish: S:t Nicolai kyrka) 13th century
Sankt Nicolai kyrka i Sölvesborg.jpg
Stockholm Riddarholmen Church (Swedish: Riddarholmskyrkan) Late 13th century, major 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th and 19th century alterations Burial church for many of the Swedish monarchs
Rhkyrkan fr staden.jpg
Storkyrkan (St. Nicholas) 13th to 15 th century, major 18th century external alterations Outside altered into baroque stucco structure in 1736-1742 to make it more similar to the Royal Palace nearby, which was being constructed at that time after a big fire in 1697. Brick gothic interior is however preserved - it contains late gothic monumental sculpture of St. George and the dragon by Bernt Notke. It is the wedding and coronation church of many Swedish royalties
Stockholm-Storkyrkan (St.Georg).jpg
Strängnäs Strängnäs Cathedral 1296 onwards
Strängnäs cathedral Sweden 008.JPG
Tensta Parish, north of Uppsala Tensta Church 13th century Houses the earliest deliberate portrait (a fresco by Johannes Rosenrod) in Swedish art history
Tuna Parish, northeast of Uppsala Tuna Church Circa 1300
Tuna kyrka Uppland ext3.jpg
Uppsala Uppsala Cathedral 1287–1435, major 18th and 19th century alterations External appearance largely 19th century
Uppsala domkyrka view01sml.jpg
Holy Trinity Church (Swedish: Helga trefaldighets kyrka) Late 13th to 15th century
Helga Trefaldighets kyrka ext2.jpg
Vadstena House of Mårten Skinnare Late Middle Ages, 18th century alterations The roof was lowered and the crow-stepped gables removed in the 18th century.
Former royal palace, then part of Vadstena Abbey and later a hospital Mid 13th century, 14th century alterations When handed over to the abbey in 1346 the building was "humbled" and the roof was lowered.
Bjälboättens palats, Vadstena, juni 2005.jpg
Västerås Västerås Cathedral 13th century, 14th and 15th century extensions and later alterations Burial place of Eric XIV of Sweden
Västerås domkyrka1001.jpg
Växjö Växjö Cathedral 13th century, later alterations
Växjö Cathedral 1.jpg
Vendel Parish, north of Uppsala Vendel Church Late 13th and early 14th century, possibly consecrated in 1310
Vendels kyrka 10425.JPG
Ystad St. Mary's Church (Swedish: Sankta Maria kyrka) 13th to 15th century
Sankta Maria Kyrka.jpg
Franciscan Monastery Church (St. Peter) (Swedish: S:t Petri kyrka) Late 13th to 15th century
Ystad Saint Petri Church.jpg


Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Łuck Lubart's Castle (Polish: Zamek w Łucku, Ukrainian: Луцький замок) 14th and 15th century
Ukr Luzk Burg Lubarta.jpg
Zimno Zymne Monastery (Polish: Monaster Zaśnięcia Matki Bożej w Zimnem, Ukrainian: Зимненський монастир) after 1495
Monastery in Zimnee (Ukraine).jpg

See also[edit]


  • Hans Josef Böker: Die mittelalterliche Backsteinarchitektur Norddeutschlands. Darmstadt 1988. ISBN 3-534-02510-5
  • Angela Pfotenhauer, Florian Monheim, Carola Nathan: Backsteingotik. Monumente-Edition. Monumente-Publikation der Deutschen Stiftung Denkmalschutz, Bonn 2000, ISBN 3-935208-00-6
  • Ernst Badstübner (Bearb.): Handbuch der Kunstdenkmäler in Polen. Bearbeitet von Slawomir Brzezicki. München 2005. ISBN 3-422-03109-X
  • Hans-Christian Feldmann (ed.): Handbuch der deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. München 2000. ISBN 3-422-03081-6
  • Gerhard Vinken (ed.): Handbuch der deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. Brandenburg. München 2000. ISBN 3-422-03054-9
  • Johannes Habich (ed.): Handbuch der deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein. München 1994. ISBN 3-422-03033-6
  • Michael Antoni (ed.): Handbuch der deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. West- und Ostpreußen. München 1993. ISBN 3-422-03025-5
  • Gerd Weiß (ed.): Handbuch der deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. Bremen und Niedersachsen. München 1992. ISBN 3-422-03025-5
  • Marianne Mehling (ed.): Knaurs Kulturführer in Farbe Polen. München 1995. ISBN 3-426-26492-7
  • Marianne Mehling (ed.): Knaurs Kulturführer in Farbe Estland, Lettland, Litauen. München 1993. ISBN 3-426-26608-3
  • Marianne Mehling (ed.): Knaurs Kulturführer in Farbe: Finnland. München 1988. ISBN 3-426-26248-7


  1. ^ e.g. Angela Pfotenhauer, Florian Monheim, Carola Nathan: Backsteingotik. Monumente-Edition. Monumente-Publikation der Deutschen Stiftung Denkmalschutz, Bonn 2000, ISBN 3-935208-00-6; Hans Josef Böker: Die mittelalterliche Backsteinarchitektur Norddeutschlands. Darmstadt 1988. ISBN 3-534-02510-5
  2. ^ Roman Aranazy, Dzieje rezydencji na dawnych kresach Rzeczypospolite (Residences in former districts of the (Polish) republic today (in Polish), 1993, S. 209, Hniezna
  3. ^ – touristical presentation of Hnezna
  4. ^ De Inventaris van het Bouwkundig Erfgoed,Parochiekerk Sint-Pieter en Sint-Martinus (ID: 76102)
  5. ^ De Inventaris van het Bouwkundig Erfgoed, Parochiekerk Onze-Lieve-Vrouw-Hemelvaart (ID: 78708)
  6. ^, Stadhuis (Diksmuide - WOI) (ID: 94380)
  7. ^ De Inventaris van het Bouwkundig Erfgoed, Begijnhofkerk Sint-Catharina (ID: 47015)
  8. ^ De Inventaris van het Bouwkundig Erfgoed Parochiekerk Sint-Martinus (ID: 72451)
  9. ^ De Inventaris van het Bouwkundig Erfgoed, Parochiekerk Sint-Antonius abt (ID: 34245)
  10. ^ De Inventaris van het Bouwkundig Erfgoed, Parochiekerk Sint-Jan (ID: 31213)
  11. ^ Onze-Lieve-Vrouwkerk Poperinge
  12. ^ De Inventaris van het Bouwkundig Erfgoed, Sint-Michielskerk (ID: 58088)
  13. ^ Beffois & patrimoine: Bailleul
  14. ^ Ministère de la Culture (France), Médiathèque de l'architecture et du patrimoine, Blaringhem – église Saint-Martin – buffet d'orgue, tribune d'orgue, vue générale
  15. ^ Église-saint-Nicolas, Oost-Cappel
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^ L’Eglise Notre-Dame
  20. ^ Josiane Sartre, Châteaux "brique et pierre" en France: essai d'architecture
  21. ^ Anne-Laure Napoléone, Les Maisons Gothiques de Toulouse (Template:S mini- et Template:S mini- siècles)
  22. ^ patrimoines.midipyrenees, église Notre-Dame-du-Camp
  23. ^ Bremish database of monuments, Haus Blomendal
  24. ^
  25. ^ Evangelische Liebfrauengemeinde St.-Agnes-Kapelle am Schonenberg
  26. ^
  27. ^, Mariä Himmelfahrt Kirche Eyll (Kamp-Lintfort)
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^ Parish St Mary, history of St. Micheal Church, Wachtendonk, in German
  31. ^ a b
  32. ^ a b GM Rocca di Bentivoglio
  33. ^ a b Comune di Cento, L'antica Rocca di Cento
  34. ^ a b San Francescochiesa romana gotica del XV secolo dedicata a San Francesco
  35. ^ a b
  36. ^ a b Vigilfuoco, Chiesa del Gesù e di San Francesco a Mirandola
  37. ^ a b Mirandola (MO) - Visita dei media nella zona rossa
  38. ^ a b Visit Modena, San Francesco Parish Church
  39. ^ a b Tripadvisor, Chiesa di San Francesco, Piacenza
  40. ^ a b
  41. ^ a b
  42. ^ a b Church of San Michele in Africisco
  43. ^ a b
  44. ^ a b c d architecture in Lombardy (in Italian, illustrated)
  45. ^
  46. ^ Val Varaita – Comune di Rossana
  47. ^ – La chiesa di Rossana, gemma gotica tra le montagne
  48. ^ Montagnana – La ciittà murata
  49. ^
  50. ^
  51. ^
  52. ^
  53. ^
  54. ^
  55. ^
  56. ^ "Przasnysz-zabytki". (in Polish). Retrieved 2009-12-17. 
  57. ^ Maria Irena Kwiatkowska, Krystyna Kozłowska (1978). Katedra św. Jana (St. John's Cathedral) (in Polish).  pp. 241-242
  58. ^ "kościół p.w. Nawiedzenia Najświętszej Marii Panny". (in Polish). Retrieved 2009-12-17. 
  59. ^ "Geschichte". (in German). Archived from the original on May 1, 2008. Retrieved 2009-12-17. 
  60. ^ Kraków-Czestochowa Upland, The Church of the Holy Spirit in Racibórz
  61. ^, Saint Giles’s Church and the Tower of the Chapter House