List of Royal Navy losses in World War II

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The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sinking after being torpedoed by a German submarine in November 1941, the assisting destroyer HMS Legion was sunk in 1942.

This is a list of Royal Navy ships and personnel lost during World War II, from 3 September 1939 to 1 October 1945.

See also List of ships of the Royal Navy.

Personnel losses[edit]

The Royal Navy lost 50,758 men killed in action, 820 missing in action and 14,663 wounded in action.[1] The Women's Royal Naval Service lost 102 killed and 22 wounded.[1]

Battleships[edit]

The Royal Navy lost 3 battleships:

Name Location Date Cause
HMS Royal Oak (08) Scapa Flow 14 October 1939 Sunk by U-47
HMS Barham (04) off the coast of Sidi Barrani, Egypt 25 November 1941 Sunk by U-331
HMS Prince of Wales (53) South China Sea 10 December 1941 Sunk by Japanese aircraft

Battlecruisers[edit]

The Royal Navy lost 2 battlecruisers:

Name Location Date Cause
HMS Hood (51) Denmark Strait 24 May 1941 Sunk by naval gunfire from Bismarck
HMS Repulse (26) South China Sea 10 December 1941 Sunk by Japanese aircraft

Aircraft carriers[edit]

The Royal Navy lost 5 fleet carriers:

Name Location Date Cause
HMS Courageous (50) off the coast of Ireland 17 September 1939 Sunk by U-29
HMS Glorious (77) Norwegian Sea 8 June 1940 Sunk by naval gunfire from Scharnhorst and Gneisenau
HMS Ark Royal (91) south east of Gibraltar 13 November 1941 Sunk by U-81
HMS Hermes (95) Sri Lanka 9 April 1942 Sunk by Japanese aircraft
HMS Eagle (94) south of Cape Salinas 11 August 1942 Sunk by U-73

Escort aircraft carriers[edit]

The Royal Navy lost 3 escort carriers:

Name Location Date Cause
HMS Audacity (D10) Atlantic Ocean 21 December 1941 Sunk by U-751
HMS Avenger (D14) off Gibraltar 15 November 1942 Sunk by U-155
HMS Dasher (D37) Firth of Clyde 27 March 1943 Sunk by internal explosion

Cruisers[edit]

The Royal Navy lost 28 cruisers according to Roskill,[2] and 34 including Commonwealth/Dominion ships, according to the Naval-History project.[3]

Name Location Date Cause
HMS Dunedin (96) Atlantic Ocean 24 November 1941 Sunk by U-124
HMS Durban (D99) off Normandy 9 June 1944 Deliberately scuttled as breakwater
HMS Neptune (20) off Tripoli 19 December 1941 Sunk by Italian mines
HMS Calypso (D61) off Crete 12 June 1940 Sunk by Italian submarine Bagnolini
HMS Coventry (D43) off Crete 14 September 1942 Scuttled following German air attack
HMS Curacoa (D41) off Ireland 2 October 1942 Rammed by RMS Queen Mary
HMS Curlew (D42) off Narvik 26 May 1940 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Cairo (D87) off Bizerte 12 August 1942 Sunk by Italian submarine Axum
HMS Calcutta (D82) off Alexandria 1 June 1941 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Galatea (71) off Alexandria 15 December 1941 Sunk by U-557
HMS Penelope (97) off Naples 18 February 1944 Sunk by U-410
HMS Edinburgh (16) Arctic Ocean 2 May 1942 Sunk by German destroyers
HMS Southampton (83) off Malta 11 January 1941 Scuttled following German air attack
HMS Manchester (15) Cap Bon 13 August 1942 Scuttled following Italian motor torpedo boat attack
HMS Gloucester (62) off Crete 22 May 1941 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Charybdis (88) Battle of Sept-Îles 23 October 1943 Sunk by German motor torpedo boats
HMS Hermione (74) off Crete 16 June 1942 Sunk by U-205
HMS Bonaventure (31) off Crete 31 March 1941 Sunk by Italian submarine Ambra
HMS Naiad (93) off Crete 11 March 1942 Sunk by U-565
HMS Spartan (95) off Anzio 29 January 1944 Sunk by German aircraft (glide bomb)
HMS Fiji (58) off Crete 22 May 1941 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Trinidad (46) off North Cape 15 May 1942 Scuttled following German air attack
HMS Effingham (D98) off Bodø 18 May 1940 Ran aground
HMS Cornwall (56) off Ceylon 5 April 1942 Sunk by Japanese aircraft
HMS Dorsetshire (40) off Ceylon 5 April 1942 Sunk by Japanese aircraft
HMS York (90) Crete 26 March 1941 Scuttled following Italian explosive boat attack
HMS Exeter (68) Battle of the Java Sea 1 March 1942 Sunk by Japanese naval gunfire and torpedoes

Destroyers[edit]

The Royal Navy lost 132 destroyers, according to Roskill[2] and 153 including Commonwealth/Dominion ships, according to the Naval-History project.[3]

Name Location Date Cause
HMS Tenedos (H04) Colombo Harbour 5 April 1942 Sunk by Japanese aircraft
HMS Thanet (H29) off Singapore 27 January 1942 Sunk by naval gunfire from Sendai
HMS Thracian (D86) Hong Kong 25 December 1941 Scuttled to avoid capture by Japanese forces
HMS Stronghold (H50) off Sunda Strait 2 March 1942 Sunk by naval gunfire from Maya, Nowaki and Arashi
HMS Sturdy (H28) off Isle of Tiree 30 October 1940 Ran aground
HMS Keith (D06) off Dunkirk 1 June 1940 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Basilisk (H11) off Dunkirk 1 June 1940 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Blanche (H47) Thames Estuary 13 November 1939 Sunk by mine
HMS Boadicea (H65) Lyme Bay 13 June 1944 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Brazen (H80) English Channel 20 July 1940 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Beverley (H64) Atlantic Ocean 11 April 1943 Sunk by U-188
HMS Broadwater (H81) Atlantic Ocean 18 October 1941 Sunk by U-101
HMS Belmont (H46) Atlantic Ocean 31 January 1942 Sunk by U-82
HMS Broke (D83) off Algiers 8 November 1942 Sunk by French shore batteries
HMS Cameron (I05) Portsmouth 5 December 1940 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Campbeltown (I42) St Nazaire Raid 28 March 1942 Intentional explosion after ramming St Nazaire dry dock
HMS Gallant (H59) Malta harbour 5 April 1942 Hit a mine off Panteleria/bombed by German aircraft (constructive total loss)
HMS Rockingham (G58) Atlantic Ocean 27 September 1944 Sunk by mine
HMS Stanley (I73) Atlantic Ocean 19 December 1941 Sunk by U-574
HMS Valentine (L69) off Terneuzen 15 May 1940 Beached after damaged by German aircraft
HMS Venetia (D53) Thames Estuary 19 October 1940 Sunk by mine
HMS Vimiera (L29) Thames Estuary 9 January 1942 Sunk by mine
HMS Wakeful (H88) Dunkirk evacuation 29 May 1940 Sunk by torpedo from an E-boat
HMS Warwick (D25) Atlantic Ocean 20 February 1944 Sunk by U-413
HMS Wessex (D43) off Calais 24 May 1940 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Whirlwind (D30) Atlantic Ocean 5 July 1940 Sunk by U-34
HMS Whitley (L23) off Ostend 19 May 1940 Beached after being damaged by German aircraft
HMS Wryneck (D21) off Crete 27 April 1941 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Wren (D88) off Aldeburgh 27 July 1940 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Veteran (D72) Atlantic Ocean 26 September 1942 Sunk by U-404
HMS Wild Swan (D62) Atlantic Ocean 17 June 1942 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Codrington (D65) off Dover 27 July 1940 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Acasta (H09) off Narvik 8 June 1940 Sunk by naval gunfire from Scharnhorst and Gneisenau
HMS Achates (H12) Barents Sea 31 December 1942 Sunk by naval gunfire from Admiral Hipper
HMS Ardent (H41) off Narvik 8 June 1940 Sunk by naval gunfire from Scharnhorst and Gneisenau
HMS Acheron (H45) off Isle of Wight 17 December 1940 Sunk by mine
HMS Jackal (F22) off Crete 12 May 1942 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Jaguar (F34) off Sollum 26 March 1942 Sunk by U-652
HMS Juno (F46) off Crete 21 May 1941 Sunk by Italian aircraft
HMS Janus (F53) off Anzio 23 January 1944 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Jersey (F72) off Malta 2 May 1941 Sunk by Italian mine
HMS Jupiter (F85) off Java 27 February 1942 Sunk by mine
HMS Kelly (F01) off Crete 23 May 1941 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Kandahar (F28) Mediterranean Sea 19 December 1941 Sunk by Italian mine
HMS Kashmir (F12) off Crete 23 May 1941 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Khartoum (F45) Perim 23 June 1940 Sunk by internal explosion after engagement with submarine Torricelli
HMS Kingston (F64) Malta 11 April 1942 Sunk by German aircraft at dry dock after being damaged by Littorio
HMS Kipling (F91) off Mersa Matruh 11 May 1942 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Berkeley (L17) off Dieppe 19 August 1942 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Exmoor (L61) off Lowestoft 25 February 1942 Sunk by mine or torpedo
HMS Quorn (L66) off Normandy 3 August 1944 Sunk by "Linse" explosive-motorboat
HMS Tynedale (L96) off Jijel 12 December 1943 Sunk by U-593
HMS Dulverton (L63) off Kos 13 November 1943 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Heythrop (L85) off Bardia 20 March 1942 Sunk by U-652
HMS Eridge (L68) off El Daba 29 August 1942 Torpedoed by Italian motor torpedo boat (constructive total loss)
HMS Puckeridge (L108) off Gibraltar 6 September 1943 Sunk by U-617
HMS Grove (L77) off Egypt 12 June 1942 Sunk by U-587
HMS Hurworth (L28) off Turkey 22 October 1943 Sunk by mine
HMS Southwold (L10) off Malta 24 March 1942 Sunk by mine
HMS Airedale (L07) off Malta 15 June 1942 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Aldenham (L22) off Škrda 14 December 1944 Sunk by mine
HMS Holcombe (L56) Mediterranean Sea 12 December 1943 Sunk by U-593
HMS Limbourne (L57) off Guernsey 23 October 1943 Sunk by torpedo from T22
HMS Penylan (L89) off English Channel 3 December 1942 Sunk by torpedo from an E-boat
HMS Laforey (G99) off Palermo 30 March 1944 Sunk by U-223
HMS Lance (G87) Malta 9 April 1942 Sunk by aircraft
HMS Gurkha (G63) off Sidi Barrani 17 January 1942 Sunk by U-133
HMS Legion (G74) Malta 26 March 1942 Sunk by aircraft
HMS Lightning (G55) Bône 12 March 1943 Sunk by torpedo from an E-boat
HMS Lively (G40) Mediterranean Sea 11 May 1942 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Mahratta (G23) Atlantic Ocean 25 February 1944 Sunk by U-990
HMS Martin (G44) off Algiers 10 November 1942 Sunk by U-431
HMS Pakenham (G06) off Sicily 16 April 1943 Scuttled after being disabled by naval gunfire from Cassiopea
HMS Panther (G41) Aegean Sea 9 October 1943 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Partridge (G30) off Oran 18 December 1942 Sunk by U-565
HMS Quail (G45) Gulf of Taranto 18 May 1944 Sunk by mine
HMS Quentin (G78) off North Africa 2 December 1942 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Swift (G46) off Normandy 24 June 1944 Sunk by mine
HMS Glowworm (H92) off Norway 8 April 1940 Sunk from damage taken after ramming Admiral Hipper
HMS Gipsy (H63) off Harwich 21 November 1939 Sunk by mine
HMS Grafton (H89) off Nieuwpoort 29 May 1940 Scuttled after being torpedoed by U-62
HMS Grenade (H86) off Dunkirk 29 May 1940 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Grenville (H03) off Kentish Knock 19 January 1940 Sunk by mine
HMS Greyhound (H05) off Crete 22 May 1941 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Hardy (R08) North Atlantic Ocean 30 January 1944 Sunk by U-278
HMS Hardy (H87) Narvik 10 April 1940 Beached after being disabled by naval gunfire from five German destroyers
HMS Hasty (H24) Mediterranean Sea 15 June 1942 Sunk by torpedo from an E-boat
HMS Havock (H43) Cap Bon 6 April 1942 Ran aground
HMS Hereward (H93) off Crete 29 May 1941 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Hostile (H55) off Cap Bon 23 August 1940 Scuttled after hitting an Italian mine
HMS Hunter (H35) Narvik 10 April 1940 Sunk by German destroyers
HMS Hyperion (H97) off Pantelleria 22 December 1940 Sunk by Italian mine
HMS Harvester (H19) Atlantic Ocean 11 March 1943 Sunk by U-432
HMS Havant (H32) off Dunkirk 1 June 1940 Scuttled after being bombed by German aircraft
HMS Hurricane (H06) Atlantic Ocean 25 December 1943 Scuttled after torpedoed by U-415
HMS Afridi (F07) off Norway 3 May 1940 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Bedouin (F67) off Pantelleria 15 June 1942 Sunk by naval gunfire from Montecuccoli, di Savoia and aerial torpedo
HMS Cossack (F03) Atlantic Ocean 27 October 1941 Sunk by U-563
HMS Gurkha (F20) off Norway 9 April 1940 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Maori (F24) Malta 12 February 1942 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Mashona (F59) Atlantic Ocean 28 May 1941 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Matabele (F26) North Atlantic Ocean 17 January 1942 Sunk by U-454
HMS Mohawk (F31) off Kerkennah Islands 16 April 1941 Sunk by torpedo from Tarigo
HMS Punjabi (F21) Atlantic Ocean 1 May 1942 Rammed by HMS King George V
HMS Sikh (F82) off Tobruk 14 September 1942 Sunk by German and Italian shore batteries
HMS Somali (F33) North Atlantic Ocean 25 September 1942 Sunk by U-703
HMS Zulu (F18) off Tobruk 14 September 1942 Sunk by German aircraft

Submarines[edit]

The Royal Navy lost 74 submarines.[2]

Minelayers[edit]

The Royal Navy lost 8 minelayers.[2]

Minesweepers[edit]

The Royal Navy lost 32 minesweepers.[2]

Others[edit]

The Royal Navy lost 10 frigates, 22 corvettes, 10 sloops, 15 auxiliary cruisers and 1,035 smaller units, including those lent to Commonwealth and other allied naval forces.[2]

Damage Caused[edit]

Surface ships caused the loss of 61 warships, comprising:

  • 1 capital ship
  • 1 aircraft carrier
  • 8 cruisers
  • 22 destroyers
  • 29 submarines

Enemy submarines sank 54 warships, including:

  • 2 capital ships
  • 5 carriers
  • 9 cruisers
  • 33 destroyers
  • 5 submarines

Enemy aircraft sank 77 warships, including:

  • 2 capital ships
  • 1 carrier
  • 12 cruisers
  • 55 destroyers
  • 7 submarines

Mines caused the loss of 54 warships, including:

  • 2 cruisers
  • 26 destroyers
  • 26 submarines

Shore defenses sank two destroyers, while one carrier, three cruisers, 15 destroyers and nine submarines were lost to accidents or unknown causes.

Damage inflicted by enemy[edit]

German forces sank 162 warships, including:

  • 2 battleships
  • 1 battlecruiser
  • 6 carriers
  • 15 cruisers
  • 114 destroyers
  • 24 submarines

Italian forces sank 58 warships, including:

  • 6 cruisers
  • 15 destroyers
  • 37 submarines

Japanese forces sank 18 warships, including:

  • 1 battleship
  • 1 battlecruiser
  • 1 carrier
  • 3 cruisers
  • 8 destroyers
  • 4 submarines

A further destroyer and two sloops were lost to Vichy French batteries and warships.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Roskill: "Royal Navy - Britische Seekriegsgeschichte 1939-1945", page 403
  2. ^ a b c d e f Roskill: "Royal Navy - Britische Seekriegsgeschichte 1939-1945", page 404
  3. ^ a b c BRITISH LOSSES & LOSSES INFLICTED ON AXIS NAVIES

Literature[edit]

  • Stephen Roskill: "Royal Navy - Britische Seekriegsgeschichte 1939-1945", Gerhard Stalling Verlag, 1961