List of countries by incarceration rate

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A map of incarceration rates by country,[1] not showing several island countries.

This is a list of countries by incarceration rate.[1]

Incarceration rates[edit]

This list is initially sorted alphabetically. Click the sorting cell below the incarceration rate header to sort by rate. The table can be sorted in ascending or descending order. The row number column on the left sorts independently from the columns to the right of it.





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Country (or dependent territory,
subnational area, etc.)
Incarceration rate
(Prisoners per
100,000 population)

Afghanistan 74
Albania 198
Algeria 162
American Samoa (United States) 349
Andorra 72
Angola 105
Anguilla (United Kingdom) 407
Antigua and Barbuda 355
Argentina 154
Armenia 132
Aruba (Netherlands) 165
Australia 151
Austria 96
Azerbaijan 236
Bahamas 363
Bahrain 301
Bangladesh 43
Barbados 309
Belarus 306
Belgium 105
Belize 449
Benin 77
Bermuda (United Kingdom) 354
Bhutan 143
Bolivia 134
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Federation 80
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Republika Srpska 71
Botswana 188
Brazil 301
Brunei Darussalam 129
Bulgaria 125
Burkina Faso 34
Burundi 93
Cambodia 105
Cameroon 115
Canada 106
Cape Verde 286
Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) 344
Central African Republic 19
Chad 39
Chile 240
China 119 or 165. See notes below.
Colombia 244
Comoros 31
Congo (Brazzaville) 27
Cook Islands (New Zealand) 109
Costa Rica 352
Cote d'Ivoire 52
Croatia 91
Cuba 510
Curaçao (Netherlands) 225
Cyprus (Republic of) 94
Czech Republic 192
Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) 35
Denmark 61
Djibouti 68
Dominica 350
Dominican Republic 233
Ecuador 162
Egypt 76
El Salvador 465
England and Wales (United Kingdom) 148
Equatorial Guinea 132
Estonia 218
Ethiopia 111
Faeroe Islands (Denmark) 19
Fiji 171
Finland 57
France 100
French Guiana (France) 277
French Polynesia (France) 159
Gabon 210
Gambia 48
Georgia 281
Germany 78
Ghana 53
Gibraltar (United Kingdom) 146
Greece 111
Greenland (Denmark) 208
Grenada 430
Guadeloupe (France) 192
Guam (United States) 469
Guatemala 117
Guernsey (United Kingdom) 148
Guinea (Republic of) 22
Guyana 264
Haiti 97
Honduras 196
Hong Kong 114
Hungary 180
Iceland 45
India 33
Indonesia 64
Iran 290
Iraq 133
Ireland (Republic of) 82
Isle of Man (United Kingdom) 99
Israel 240
Italy 86
Jamaica 145
Japan 49
Jersey (United Kingdom) 132
Jordan 150
Kazakhstan 275
Kenya 119
Kiribati 115
Kosovo 100
Kuwait 86
Kyrgyzstan 182
Laos 71
Latvia 239
Lebanon 120
Lesotho 92
Liberia 39
Libya 99
Liechtenstein 19
Lithuania 302
Luxembourg 112
Macau 190
Macedonia (former Yugoslav Republic of) 147
Madagascar 83
Malawi 72
Malaysia 161
Maldives 341
Mali 33
Malta 135
Marshall Islands 66
Martinique (France) 231
Mauritania 44
Mauritius 160
Mayotte (France) 74
Mexico 212
Micronesia, Federated States of 127
Moldova (Republic of) 215
Monaco 61
Mongolia 264
Montenegro 174
Morocco 227
Mozambique 62
Myanmar (formerly Burma) 113
Namibia 144
Nauru 140
Nepal 52
Netherlands 75
New Caledonia (France) 169
New Zealand 190
Nicaragua 160
Niger 40
Nigeria 32
Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) 90
Northern Mariana Islands (United States) 267
Norway 71
Oman 36
Pakistan 43
Palau 343
Panama 392
Papua New Guinea 61
Paraguay 158
Peru 236
Philippines 120
Poland 199
Portugal 138
Puerto Rico (United States) 351
Qatar 53
Réunion (France) 114
Romania 148
Russian Federation 445
Rwanda 492
Samoa (formerly Western Samoa) 250
San Marino 6
Sao Tome e Principe 101
Saudi Arabia 161
Scotland (United Kingdom) 145
Senegal 62
Serbia 140
Seychelles 799
Sierra Leone 61
Singapore 220
Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 347
Slovakia 187
Slovenia 73
Solomon Islands 56
South Africa 292
South Korea 104
South Sudan 65
Spain 140
Sri Lanka 92
St. Kitts and Nevis 607
St. Lucia 345
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 378
Sudan 50
Suriname 183
Swaziland 289
Sweden 60
Switzerland 84
Syria 60
Taiwan 269
Tajikistan 121
Tanzania 69
Thailand 457
Timor-Leste (formerly East Timor) 39
Togo 64
Tonga 166
Trinidad and Tobago 259
Tunisia 212
Turkey 212
Turkmenistan 583
Tuvalu 110
Uganda 110
Ukraine 195
United Arab Emirates 229
United Kingdom - see notes below
United States of America 698. See notes below.
Uruguay 282
Uzbekistan 160
Vanuatu 76
Venezuela 178
Vietnam 154
Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) 425
Virgin Islands (United States) 542
Yemen 53
Zambia 118
Zimbabwe 145

Notes[edit]

China[edit]

China. The above table has 2 rates.The lower rate is for sentenced prisoners in 2014 in Ministry of Justice prisons only. The higher rate includes the 2009 estimated number of prisoners held in detention centres.[1][2] See also: Re-education through labor and Laogai.

North Korea[edit]

North Korea. Little information exists regarding North Korea's incarceration rate. The U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea estimates 150,000 to 200,000 incarcerated based on testimony of defectors from the state police bureau, which roughly equals 600-800 people incarcerated per 100,000.[4] For more info see Prisons in North Korea.

United Kingdom[edit]

United Kingdom. Main chart source only provides rates for the constituent parts of the UK.[1] In the above chart see Scotland, Northern Ireland, England and Wales.

United States[edit]

United States. Incarceration rate (per 100,000 population of all ages) is for inmates held in adult facilities.[5] In addition, there were 54,148 juveniles in juvenile detention in 2013.[3] For more juvenile detention info and numbers see Youth incarceration in the United States.

See notes at the bottom of a U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) source table: "Total includes all inmates held in local jails, state or federal prisons, or privately operated facilities. It does not include inmates held in U.S. Territories (appendix table 3), military facilities (appendix table 3), in U.S. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement [ICE], in jails in Indian country (appendix table 3), or in juvenile facilities."[6]

BJS has numbers for U.S. Territories, military facilities, ICE, and for jails in Indian country.[7][8][9][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Highest to Lowest. World Prison Brief. International Centre for Prison Studies. Use dropdown menu to choose lists of countries by region, or the whole world. Use menu to select highest-to-lowest lists of prison population totals, prison population rates, percentage of pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners, percentage of female prisoners, percentage of foreign prisoners, and occupancy rate. Column headings in tables can be clicked to reorder columns lowest to highest, or alphabetically. For detailed info for each country go to the World Prison Brief main page and click on the map links and/or the sidebar links to get to the region and country desired. Data for the whole Wikipedia list was last retrieved on 29 Sep 2015. Some numbers may be adjusted here later according to later info, or other references.
  2. ^ China. By International Centre for Prison Studies.
  3. ^ a b Sickmund, M., Sladky, T.J., Kang, W., & Puzzanchera, C.. "Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement". Click "National Crosstabs" at the top, and then choose the census years. Click "Show table" to get the total number of juvenile inmates for those years. Or go here for all the years. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
  4. ^ The Hidden Gulag: The Lives and Voices of "Those Who are Sent to the Mountains", 2nd ed. By David Hawk. Published April 10th 2012 by Committee for Human Rights in North Korea. ISBN 0615623670.
  5. ^ United States of America. By International Centre for Prison Studies.
  6. ^ Correctional Populations in the United States, 2013 (NCJ 248479). Published December 2014 by U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). By Lauren E. Glaze and Danielle Kaeble, BJS statisticians. See PDF. See page 1 "highlights" section for the "1 in ..." numbers. See table 1 on page 2 for adult numbers. See table 5 on page 6 for male and female numbers. See appendix table 5 on page 13, for "Estimated number of persons supervised by adult correctional systems, by correctional status, 2000–2013." See appendix table 2: "Inmates held in custody in state or federal prisons or in local jails, 2000 and 2012–2013". For state numbers see appendix table 1 and its CSV file (cpus13at01.csv). It is part of this zip file.
  7. ^ U.S. Territories. By U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  8. ^ U.S. Military. By U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  9. ^ Immigration and Customs Enforcement. By U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  10. ^ Jails in Indian Country. By U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.

External links[edit]