List of countries by incarceration rate

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This is a list of countries by incarceration rate.[1]

Incarceration totals and rates[edit]

The table source does not list an incarceration rate for the United Kingdom as a whole. In the list see United Kingdom: England & Wales, United Kingdom: Northern Ireland, United Kingdom: Scotland. A rate for the United Kingdom as a whole can be calculated by adding up the prison populations, and then dividing by the combined population of the UK.

For info on North Korea, see notes below. The World Prison Brief (WPB) may or may not incorporate juvenile incarceration numbers into the totals for each country. See the individual WPB country pages for more information.[1]

"Notes" column links to notes section below the chart.
"c." (circa) indicates "approximately". Sorting will not work correctly if it is in front of the number. So it has been removed from Egypt, Mauritania, and Namibia prison population numbers.
Year: The data in the table below is the latest available for each country or territory at the time the data was copied from the World Prison Brief.[1]

Main table[edit]

Incarceration populations and rates. From World Prison Brief.[1]




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Country (or dependent territory,
subnational area, etc.)
Incarceration
rate per
100,000
population
Prison

Population

Notes
 Afghanistan 87 30,748
 Albania 164 4,641
 Algeria 153 65,000
 American Samoa (USA) 345 193
 Andorra 55 43
 Angola 93 24,000
 Anguilla (United Kingdom) 367 55
 Antigua and Barbuda 302 287
 Argentina 230 103,209
 Armenia 74 2,197
 Aruba (Netherlands) 165 170
 Australia 160 41,060 Notes
 Austria 95 8,471
 Azerbaijan 208 21,008
 Bahamas 442 1,778
 Bahrain 234 3,485
 Bangladesh 52 88,084
 Barbados 300 874
 Belarus 343 32,500
 Belgium 95 10,883
 Belize 307 1,222
 Benin 70 8,502
 Bermuda (United Kingdom) 342 226
 Bhutan 145 1,119
 Bolivia 164 19,161
 Bosnia and Herzegovina: Federation 83 1,813
 Bosnia and Herzegovina: Republika Srpska 64 763
 Botswana 208 4,343
 Brazil 357 759,518
 Brunei Darussalam 186 841
 Bulgaria 109 7,553
 Burkina Faso 37 7,621
 Burundi 96 12,761
 Cambodia 220 36,600
 Cameroon 124 30,701
 Canada 104 38,570
 Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) 296 1,549
 Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) 365 240
 Central African Republic 16 764
 Chad 59 8,700
 Chile 209 38,950
 China 121 1,710,000 Notes
 Colombia 193 97,303
 Comoros 27 225
 Congo (Republic of) 27 1,388
 Cook Islands (New Zealand) 224 47
 Costa Rica 374 19,226
 Cote d'Ivoire 82 21,186
 Croatia 84 3,413
 Cuba 510 57,337 Notes
 Curaçao (Netherlands) 236 377
 Cyprus (Republic of) 86 616
 Czech Republic 180 19,305
 Democratic Republic of Congo 29 20,550
 Denmark 68 3,968
 Djibouti 66 600
 Dominica 262 194
 Dominican Republic 243 26,782
 Ecuador 224 39,251
 Egypt 116 106,000
 El Salvador 572 37,190
 Equatorial Guinea 63 500
 Estonia 176 2,338
 Ethiopia 127 113,727
 Faeroe Islands (Denmark) 21 11
 Fiji 274 2,506
 Finland 53 2,910
 France 90 61,102
 French Guiana/Guyane (France) 200 612
 French Polynesia (France) 212 598
 Gabon 241 4,476
 Gambia 31 691
 Georgia 246 9,143
 Germany 69 57,600
 Ghana 43 13,333
 Gibraltar (United Kingdom) 139 47
 Greece 108 11,522
 Greenland (Denmark) 225 126
 Grenada 429 463
 Guadeloupe (France) 158 711
 Guam (USA) 411 690
 Guatemala 139 25,152
 Guernsey (United Kingdom) 132 87
 Guinea 28 3,782
 Guinea Bissau 10 196
 Guyana 239 1,884
 Haiti 97 10,905
 Honduras 237 21,629
 Hong Kong (China) 90 6,735
 Hungary 169 16,551
 Iceland 33 120
 India 35 478,600
 Indonesia 92 251,546
 Iran 228 189,000
 Iraq 126 45,000
 Ireland, Republic of 74 3,729
 Isle of Man (United Kingdom) 125 106
 Israel 234 19,376
 Italy 89 53,364
 Jamaica 138 3,866
 Japan 38 48,429
 Jersey (United Kingdom) 129 139
 Jordan 198 20,060
 Kazakhstan 157 29,403
 Kenya 81 42,596
 Kiribati 113 129
 Kosovo/Kosova 100 1,832
 Kuwait 117 4,662
 Kyrgyzstan 161 10,142
 Laos 130 9,000
 Latvia 175 3,319
 Lebanon 205 10,032
 Lesotho 92 2,073
 Liberia 54 2,700
 Libya 139 9,100
 Liechtenstein 23 9
 Lithuania 216 6,018
 Luxembourg 83 524
 Macau (China) 232 1,617
 Madagascar 102 27,903
 Malawi 71 14,060
 Malaysia 212 68,603
 Maldives 499 1,852
 Mali 33 5,209
 Malta 161 864
 Marshall Islands 66 35
 Martinique (France) 186 715
 Mauritania 53 2,321
 Mauritius 199 2,568
 Mayotte (France) 128 351
 Mexico 166 215,232
 Micronesia, Federated States of 127 132
 Moldova (Republic of) 184 6,497
 Monaco 21 8
 Mongolia 110 3,398
 Montenegro 172 1,070
 Morocco 237 85,767
 Mozambique 63 19,832
 Myanmar (formerly Burma) 171 92,000
 Namibia 295 7,400
 Nauru 140 14
 Nepal 86 26,118
 Netherlands 63 10,887
 New Caledonia (France) 154 441
 New Zealand 188 9,469
 Nicaragua 332 20,918
 Niger 47 10,723
 Nigeria 31 65,741
 North Macedonia 105 2,175
 Northern Mariana Islands (USA) 313 175
 Norway 49 2,653
 Oman 45 1,960
 Pakistan 38 77,275
 Palau 522 94
 Panama 416 17,967
 Papua New Guinea 62 5,087
 Paraguay 241 16,804
 Peru 290 96,440
 Philippines 200 215,000
 Poland 179 67,894
 Portugal 111 11,432
 Puerto Rico (USA) 278 8,884
 Qatar 53 1,150
 Republic of (South) Korea 105 53,920
 Reunion (France) 115 1,034
 Romania 113 21,795
 Russian Federation 331 478,714
 Rwanda 511 65,000
 Samoa 204 400
 San Marino 6 2
 Sao Tome e Principe 116 253
 Saudi Arabia 197 61,000
 Senegal 68 11,547
 Serbia 158 10,900
 Seychelles 324 320
 Sierra Leone 60 4,732
 Singapore 195 11,619
 Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 153 62
 Slovakia 194 10,610
 Slovenia 53 1,122
 Solomon Islands 77 479
 South Africa 259 154,437
 South Sudan 50 7,000
 Spain 122 57,680
 Sri Lanka 135 28,915
 St. Kitts and Nevis 393 220
 St. Lucia 263 503
 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 369 410
 Sudan 52 21,000
 Suriname 183 1,000
 Swaziland/eSwatini 278 3,776
 Sweden 68 7,000
 Switzerland 80 6,906
 Syria 60 10,599
 Taiwan 258 60,956
 Tajikistan 121 9,317
 Tanzania 59 35,803
 Thailand 488 338,806
 Timor-Leste (formerly East Timor) 52 695
 Togo 67 5,277
 Tonga 166 176
 Trinidad and Tobago 292 3,999
 Tunisia 194 22,964
 Turkey 335 281,094
 Turkmenistan 552 30,452
 Tuvalu 110 11
 Uganda 124 55,229
 Ukraine 148 52,609
 United Arab Emirates 104 9,826
 United Kingdom: England & Wales 130 78,065 Notes
 United Kingdom: Northern Ireland 73 1,402 Notes
 United Kingdom: Scotland 135 7,438 Notes
 United States of America 639 2,094,000 Notes
 Uruguay 337 11,755
 Uzbekistan 68 22,900
 Vanuatu 72 202
 Venezuela 178 57,096
 Vietnam 128 123,697
 Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) 447 143
 Virgin Islands (USA) 394 412
 Yemen 53 14,000
 Zambia 123 22,823
 Zimbabwe 127 22,000

Remand. Pre-trial detainees. Percent of incarcerated population[edit]

Remand (detention) as a percent of the total incarcerated population.


Pre-trial detainees (percent). From World Prison Brief.[1]


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Country (or dependent territory,
subnational area, etc.)
Pre-trial
Detainees (%)
 Afghanistan 31.3
 Albania 50.7
 Algeria 12.0
 American Samoa (USA) 14.9
 Andorra 42.2
 Angola 45.8
 Anguilla (United Kingdom) 45.5
 Antigua and Barbuda 37.0
 Argentina 45.9
 Armenia 37.1
 Aruba (Netherlands) 16.6
 Australia 31.9
 Austria 21.0
 Azerbaijan 15.1
 Bahamas 42.0
 Bahrain 25.7
 Bangladesh 81.3
 Barbados 56.2
 Belarus 15.4
 Belgium 35.6
 Belize 40.0
 Benin 75.8
 Bermuda (United Kingdom) 9.6
 Bolivia 67.2
 Bosnia and Herzegovina: Federation 19.8
 Bosnia and Herzegovina: Republika Srpska 14.4
 Botswana 24.5
 Brazil 30.1
 Brunei Darussalam 7.1
 Bulgaria 19.1
 Burkina Faso 40.5
 Burundi 39.3
 Cambodia 71.9
 Cameroon 58.1
 Canada 39.0
 Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) 31.7
 Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) 29.6
 Central African Republic 70.2
 Chad 63.4
 Chile 35.5
 Colombia 23.6
 Comoros 29.0
 Congo (Republic of) 60.0
 Cook Islands (New Zealand) 14.6
 Costa Rica 14.4
 Cote d'Ivoire 40.7
 Croatia 28.3
 Curaçao (Netherlands) 41.0
 Cyprus (Republic of) 30.4
 Czech Republic 8.1
 Democratic Republic of Congo 73.0
 Denmark 38.2
 Djibouti 20.0
 Dominica 23.7
 Dominican Republic 61.4
 Ecuador 37.0
 Egypt 9.9
 El Salvador 24.4
 Estonia 18.6
 Ethiopia 14.9
 Faeroe Islands (Denmark) 32.1
 Fiji 24.0
 Finland 23.6
 France 32.7
 French Guiana/Guyane (France) 27.9
 French Polynesia (France) 19.0
 Gabon 80.2
 Gambia 22.2
 Georgia 18.0
 Germany 20.6
 Ghana 12.2
 Gibraltar (United Kingdom) 26.8
 Greece 26.6
 Greenland (Denmark) 31.7
 Grenada 15.2
 Guadeloupe (France) 27.0
 Guam (USA) 45.1
 Guatemala 49.5
 Guernsey (United Kingdom) 15.1
 Guinea (Republic of) 60.0
 Guinea Bissau 67.9
 Guyana 39.5
 Haiti 75.0
 Honduras 53.1
 Hong Kong (China) 29.9
 Hungary 16.6
 Iceland 17.6
 India 69.1
 Indonesia 19.1
 Iran 25.1
 Iraq 35.2
 Ireland, Republic of 19.1
 Isle of Man (United Kingdom) 6.6
 Israel 25.2
 Italy 31.7
 Jamaica 23.1
 Japan 12.1
 Jersey (United Kingdom) 28.1
 Jordan 36.9
 Kazakhstan 19.7
 Kenya 44.1
 Kiribati 5.4
 Kosovo/Kosova 29.6
 Kuwait 10.0
 Kyrgyzstan 16.6
 Laos 67.0
 Latvia 27.8
 Lebanon 62.9
 Lesotho 19.5
 Liberia 64.0
 Libya 90.0
 Liechtenstein 75.0
 Lithuania 11.8
 Luxembourg 41.0
 Macau (China) 18.9
 Madagascar 56.8
 Malawi 17.8
 Malaysia 26.7
 Mali 52.8
 Malta 30.1
 Marshall Islands 11.4
 Martinique (France) 37.0
 Mauritania 38.2
 Mauritius 55.1
 Mayotte (France) 56.5
 Mexico 41.7
 Micronesia, Federated States of 16.7
 Moldova (Republic of) 15.9
 Monaco 56.3
 Mongolia 34.4
 Montenegro 27.4
 Morocco 39.1
 Mozambique 33.1
 Myanmar (formerly Burma) 15.1
 Namibia 54.0
 Nauru 25.0
 Nepal 55.1
 Netherlands 29.2
 New Caledonia (France) 12.1
 New Zealand 36.5
 Nicaragua 21.4
 Niger 53.8
 Nigeria 73.4
 North Macedonia 8.4
 Norway 25.2
 Oman 5.6
 Pakistan 62.1
 Palau 4.1
 Panama 39.3
 Papua New Guinea 34.4
 Paraguay 77.3
 Peru 37.0
 Philippines 75.1
 Poland 12.8
 Portugal 19.6
 Puerto Rico (USA) 13.0
 Qatar 44.0
 Republic of (South) Korea 35.1
 Reunion (France) 21.5
 Romania 10.6
 Russian Federation 21.6
 Rwanda 7.5
 Samoa 14.0
 San Marino 83.3
 Sao Tome e Principe 32.8
 Saudi Arabia 58.7
 Senegal 39.7
 Serbia 15.0
 Seychelles 12.5
 Sierra Leone 29.5
 Singapore 9.8
 Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 18.1
 Slovakia 16.0
 Slovenia 26.0
 Solomon Islands 46.8
 South Africa 29.3
 South Sudan 28.9
 Spain 16.0
 Sri Lanka 60.2
 St. Kitts and Nevis 30.5
 St. Lucia 53.5
 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 24.3
 Sudan 20.4
 Suriname 50.0
 Swaziland/eSwatini 18.1
 Sweden 27.2
 Switzerland 42.2
 Syria 50.5
 Taiwan 4.4
 Tajikistan 15.0
 Tanzania 51.0
 Thailand 16.5
 Timor-Leste (formerly East Timor) 23.2
 Togo 64.2
 Tonga 7.4
 Trinidad and Tobago 59.7
 Tunisia 57.0
 Turkey 43.1
 Turkmenistan 14.0
 Tuvalu 0.0
 Uganda 49.8
 Ukraine 37.2
 United Arab Emirates 38.2
 United Kingdom: England & Wales 15.4
 United Kingdom: Northern Ireland 34.1
 United Kingdom: Scotland 26.2
 United States of America 23.4
 Uruguay 22.3
 Uzbekistan 10.0
 Vanuatu 15.3
 Venezuela 63.0
 Vietnam 12.4
 Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) 37.0
 Virgin Islands (USA) 36.4
 Yemen 70.1
 Zambia 28.0
 Zimbabwe 18.6

Female prisoners. Percent of incarcerated population[edit]

Female prisoners (percent). From World Prison Brief.[1]


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Country (or dependent territory,
subnational area, etc.)
Female
prisoners (%)
 Afghanistan 2.6
 Albania 1.9
 Algeria 1.5
 American Samoa (USA) 4.1
 Andorra 11.1
 Angola 2.7
 Anguilla (United Kingdom) 0.0
 Antigua and Barbuda 4.8
 Argentina 4.8
 Armenia 3.5
 Aruba (Netherlands) 3.5
 Australia 7.7
 Austria 6.6
 Azerbaijan 2.9
 Bahamas 3.1
 Bahrain 4.7
 Bangladesh 4.1
 Barbados 2.6
 Belarus 10.5
 Belgium 4.4
 Belize 2.8
 Benin 5.0
 Bermuda (United Kingdom) 5.7
 Bhutan 4.3
 Bolivia 8.0
 Bosnia and Herzegovina: Federation 3.2
 Bosnia and Herzegovina: Republika Srpska 1.9
 Botswana 4.7
 Brazil 4.9
 Brunei Darussalam 11.9
 Bulgaria 3.0
 Burkina Faso 2.0
 Burundi 5.8
 Cambodia 8.2
 Cameroon 2.7
 Canada 5.6
 Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) 2.9
 Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) 6.7
 Central African Republic 8.2
 Chad 2.4
 Chile 7.1
 China 8.4
 Colombia 7.1
 Comoros 2.2
 Congo (Republic of) 3.7
 Cook Islands (New Zealand) 8.3
 Costa Rica 5.4
 Cote d'Ivoire 2.4
 Croatia 4.6
 Curaçao (Netherlands) 3.2
 Cyprus (Republic of) 4.9
 Czech Republic 8.2
 Democratic Republic of Congo 3.0
 Denmark 4.4
 Djibouti 5.0
 Dominica 0.5
 Dominican Republic 2.8
 Ecuador 6.7
 Egypt 3.7
 El Salvador 7.5
 Equatorial Guinea 5.0
 Estonia 4.1
 Ethiopia 4.2
 Faeroe Islands (Denmark) 0.0
 Fiji 2.5
 Finland 8.3
 France 3.4
 French Guiana/Guyane (France) 6.7
 French Polynesia (France) 3.7
 Gabon 2.2
 Gambia 2.5
 Georgia 3.6
 Germany 5.6
 Ghana 1.2
 Gibraltar (United Kingdom) 7.1
 Greece 4.5
 Greenland (Denmark) 13.8
 Grenada 1.5
 Guadeloupe (France) 3.2
 Guam (USA) 7.2
 Guatemala 11.3
 Guernsey (United Kingdom) 5.4
 Guinea (Republic of) 3.0
 Guinea Bissau 2.6
 Guyana 4.2
 Haiti 4.2
 Honduras 5.7
 Hong Kong (China) 20.1
 Hungary 7.7
 Iceland 3.8
 India 4.2
 Indonesia 5.1
 Iran 3.1
 Iraq 2.6
 Ireland, Republic of 4.0
 Isle of Man (United Kingdom) 4.7
 Israel 1.0
 Italy 4.2
 Jamaica 4.7
 Japan 8.2
 Jersey (United Kingdom) 4.3
 Jordan 2.2
 Kazakhstan 7.1
 Kenya 6.7
 Kiribati 0.8
 Kosovo/Kosova 2.5
 Kuwait 5.8
 Kyrgyzstan 4.2
 Laos 13.7
 Latvia 8.6
 Lebanon 3.2
 Lesotho 3.6
 Liberia 2.8
 Libya 1.2
 Liechtenstein 0.0
 Lithuania 4.7
 Luxembourg 4.8
 Macau (China) 12.2
 Madagascar 5.8
 Malawi 1.1
 Malaysia 4.5
 Maldives 4.3
 Mali 2.8
 Malta 6.5
 Marshall Islands 0.0
 Martinique (France) 2.9
 Mauritania 1.8
 Mauritius 6.3
 Mayotte (France) 0.9
 Mexico 5.5
 Micronesia, Federated States of 0.0
 Moldova (Republic of) 6.2
 Monaco 3.1
 Mongolia 4.6
 Montenegro 2.5
 Morocco 2.3
 Mozambique 2.9
 Myanmar (formerly Burma) 12.3
 Namibia 2.9
 Nauru 7.1
 Nepal 5.6
 Netherlands 5.5
 New Caledonia (France) 1.6
 New Zealand 6.6
 Nicaragua 5.4
 Niger 3.2
 Nigeria 1.9
 North Macedonia 2.2
 Northern Mariana Islands (USA) 5.8
 Norway 6.3
 Oman 4.5
 Pakistan 1.6
 Palau 4.3
 Panama 5.2
 Papua New Guinea 4.9
 Paraguay 6.5
 Peru 5.5
 Philippines 8.9
 Poland 4.5
 Portugal 6.9
 Puerto Rico (USA) 3.6
 Qatar 14.7
 Republic of (South) Korea 7.3
 Reunion (France) 3.5
 Romania 4.6
 Russian Federation 8.2
 Rwanda 7.4
 Samoa 6.0
 San Marino 0.0
 Sao Tome e Principe 4.0
 Saudi Arabia 5.7
 Senegal 2.7
 Serbia 3.6
 Seychelles 6.3
 Sierra Leone 1.5
 Singapore 11.0
 Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 5.0
 Slovakia 7.6
 Slovenia 4.8
 Solomon Islands 1.7
 South Africa 2.6
 South Sudan 10.9
 Spain 7.4
 Sri Lanka 4.9
 St. Kitts and Nevis 3.6
 St. Lucia 2.5
 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.4
 Sudan 2.0
 Suriname 2.8
 Swaziland/eSwatini 2.9
 Sweden 6.1
 Switzerland 5.8
 Syria 7.4
 Taiwan 8.9
 Tajikistan 1.6
 Tanzania 3.4
 Thailand 12.5
 Timor-Leste (formerly East Timor) 4.1
 Togo 3.0
 Tonga 4.5
 Trinidad and Tobago 2.9
 Tunisia 2.8
 Turkey 4.2
 Turkmenistan 6.5
 Tuvalu 0.0
 Uganda 4.5
 Ukraine 3.9
 United Arab Emirates 11.7
 United Kingdom: England & Wales 4.0
 United Kingdom: Northern Ireland 3.9
 United Kingdom: Scotland 4.1
 United States of America 9.8
 Uruguay 5.4
 Vanuatu 2.5
 Venezuela 5.3
 Vietnam 10.7
 Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) 4.5
 Virgin Islands (USA) 2.7
 Yemen 1.6
 Zambia 3.0
 Zimbabwe 2.4

Female incarceration rates by country and US state[edit]

Female incarceration rates by country and US state. Per 100,000 population. Women's incarceration rates if every US state were a country. From a 2018 report with latest available data. "Figure 1. This graph shows the number of women in state prisons, local jails, and federal prisons from each U.S. state per 100,000 people in that state and the incarceration rate per 100,000 in all countries with at least a half million in total population."[2]

Female incarceration rates by country and US state.gif

Notes[edit]

Return to top of main table.

Australia[edit]

As of September quarter 2020: "The average daily imprisonment rate was 205 persons, down from 210 persons per 100,000 adult population in the June quarter 2020."[3]

In addition to its standard prisons, Australia also operates a separate system of immigration prisons to detain foreigners who have breached the terms of, or lack a visa.[4] Some of these immigration detention centres are used to indefinitely detain[5] illegal immigrants, asylum seekers, and refugees, including children,[6] often without trial, sometimes for several years.[5] Immigration detainees are not included in the data for prison population and incarceration rates.[7]

Additionally, the number of prisoners and incarceration rate differs for each Australian state and territory, with some having much higher or lower incarceration rates than the national average.

In addition to adult prisoners, on an average night in June 2017, there was 964 minors imprisoned in Australia.[8]

China[edit]

In addition to the numbers referenced in the main table,[9] see info about additional detainees, and alleged detainees, at Re-education through labor, Laogai, and Xinjiang internment camps.

Cuba[edit]

In addition to the numbers referenced in the main table,[10] see info about additional detainees, and alleged detainees, at Human rights in Cuba. Also at Law enforcement in Cuba.

North Korea[edit]

Little information exists regarding North Korea's incarceration rate. In 2012, the U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea estimated 150,000 to 200,000 are incarcerated, based on testimonies of defectors from the state police bureau, which roughly equals 600–800 people incarcerated per 100,000.[11] For more information, see Prisons in North Korea.

United Kingdom[edit]

The main chart source only provides rates for the constituent parts of the UK.[1] In the above table see Scotland, Northern Ireland, and England and Wales. If they are not listed separately, then they can be found listed under the UK listing.

United States[edit]

Juvenile detention in the US[12]
Year Male Female Total
1997 90,771 14,284 105,055
1999 92,985 14,508 107,493
2001 89,115 15,104 104,219
2003 81,975 14,556 96,531
2006 78,998 13,723 92,721
2007 75,017 11,797 86,814
2010 61,359 9,434 70,793
2011 53,079 8,344 61,423
2013 46,421 7,727 54,148
2015 40,750 7,293 48,043
2017 36,982 6,598 43,580

The incarceration rate (per 100,000 population of all ages) is for inmates held in adult facilities in the United States. It does not include inmates in the custody of correctional facilities operated by departments of corrections in U.S. territories (American Samoa, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) and U.S. commonwealths (Northern Mariana Islands and Puerto Rico).[13][14]

In addition, there were 43,580 juveniles in juvenile detention in 2017.[12] For more juvenile detention information and numbers, see Youth incarceration in the United States.

The incarceration rate in the U.S. varies greatly by U.S. state. See: List of U.S. states and territories by incarceration and correctional supervision rate. It also breaks it down to male and female incarceration rates by state. See also: Incarceration of women in the United States.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Highest to Lowest. World Prison Brief (WPB). Use dropdown menu to choose lists of countries by region, or the whole world. Use menu to select highest-to-lowest lists of prison population totals, prison population rates, percentage of pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners, percentage of female prisoners, percentage of foreign prisoners, and occupancy rate. Column headings in WPB tables can be clicked to reorder columns lowest to highest, or alphabetically. For detailed information for each country click on any country name in lists. The individual country pages also give the date of the data. See also the WPB main data page and click on the map links and/or the sidebar links to get to the region and country desired. Data for the whole Wikipedia list was last retrieved on 6 Feb 2021. Some numbers may be adjusted here later according to later info. Please update the table here only from this WPB source. For a quick method to fully update the table see the relevant section ("conversion examples") of Commons:Convert tables and charts to wiki code or image files.
  2. ^ Kajstura, Aleks (June 2018). "States of Women's Incarceration: The Global Context 2018". Prison Policy Initiative.
  3. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics. "Main Features - Summary of findings". www.abs.gov.au.
  4. ^ Sarah.Dillon, (8 November 2013). "Immigration detention and human rights". www.humanrights.gov.au.
  5. ^ a b Doherty, Ben (17 May 2016). "Australia's indefinite detention of refugees illegal, UN rules". the Guardian.
  6. ^ "All children to be off Nauru by year's end". The Sydney Morning Herald. 1 November 2018.
  7. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics. "Main Features - Summary of findings". www.abs.gov.au.
  8. ^ "Youth detention population in Australia 2017, Summary - Australian Institute of Health and Welfare".
  9. ^ China. By World Prison Brief.
  10. ^ Cuba. By World Prison Brief.
  11. ^ The Hidden Gulag: The Lives and Voices of "Those Who are Sent to the Mountains", 2nd ed. By David Hawk. Published April 10, 2012 by Committee for Human Rights in North Korea. ISBN 0615623670.
  12. ^ a b Sickmund, M., Sladky, T.J., Kang, W., & Puzzanchera, C.. "Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement". Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Click "National Crosstabs" at the top, and then choose the census years. Click "Show table" to get the total number of juvenile inmates for those years. Or go here for all the years. And here.
  13. ^ United States of America. By World Prison Brief.
  14. ^ Correctional Populations in the United States, 2016 (NCJ 251211). Published April 2018 by U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). By Danielle Kaeble and Mary Cowhig, BJS statisticians. See PDF. Appendix table 1 on page 11 has rates and counts by state. See page 1 "highlights" section for the "1 in ..." numbers. See table 4 on page 4 for a timeline of nationwide incarceration rates. See appendix table 3 on page 13, for "Persons held in custody in state or federal prisons or in local jails, 2000, 2010, and 2015–2016". That table also has incarceration rates. See appendix table 2 on page 12 for the number or persons incarcerated in territorial prisons, military facilities, and jails in Indian country.

External links[edit]