List of countries by incarceration rate

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A map of incarceration rates by country,[1] not showing several island countries.

This is a list of countries by incarceration rate.[1]

Incarceration rates[edit]

This list is initially sorted alphabetically. Click the sorting cell below the incarceration rate header to sort by rate. The table can be sorted in ascending or descending order. The row number column on the left sorts independently from the columns to the right of it.

In the table below see "United Kingdom" to find the rates for Scotland, Northern Ireland, England and Wales. There is no rate here for the UK as a whole. South Korea is listed under Republic of (South) Korea. For info on North Korea see notes below.





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Country (or dependent territory,
subnational area, etc.)
Incarceration rate
(Prisoners per
100,000 population)

Afghanistan 74
Albania 192
Algeria 156
American Samoa (USA) 382
Andorra 53
Angola 96
Anguilla (United Kingdom) 307
Antigua and Barbuda 403
Argentina 160
Armenia 130
Aruba (Netherlands) 165
Australia 152
Austria 97
Azerbaijan 236
Bahamas 363
Bahrain 301
Bangladesh 43
Barbados 322
Belarus 306
Belgium 98
Belize 410
Benin 77
Bermuda (United Kingdom) 354
Bhutan 145
Bolivia 122
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Federation 73
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Republika Srpska 67
Botswana 193
Brazil 307
Brunei Darussalam 134
Bulgaria 125
Burkina Faso 41
Burundi 77
Cambodia 116
Cameroon 114
Canada 114
Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) 286
Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) 369
Central African Republic 16
Chad 39
Chile 242
China 118 or unknown. See notes below.
Colombia 240
Comoros 19
Congo (Brazzaville) 27
Cook Islands (New Zealand) 109
Costa Rica 352
Cote d'Ivoire 56
Croatia 81
Cuba 510
Curaçao (Netherlands) 225
Cyprus (Republic of) 80
Czech Republic 211
Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) 29
Denmark 61
Djibouti 67
Dominica 300
Dominican Republic 232
Ecuador 162
Egypt 116
El Salvador 541
Equatorial Guinea 63
Estonia 221
Ethiopia 128
Faroe Islands (Denmark) 23
Fiji 174
Finland 55
France 103
French Guiana/Guyane (France) 326
French Polynesia (France) 144
Gabon 193
Gambia 58
Georgia 262
Germany 78
Ghana 49
Gibraltar (United Kingdom) 158
Greece 91
Greenland (Denmark) 208
Grenada 421
Guadeloupe (France) 203
Guam (USA) 469
Guatemala 122
Guernsey (United Kingdom) 127
Guyana 256
Haiti 102
Honduras 198
Hong Kong (China) 115
Hungary 183
Iceland 45
India 33
Indonesia 69
Iran 287
Iraq 123
Ireland, Republic of 79
Isle of Man (United Kingdom) 92
Israel 265
Italy 89
Jamaica 145
Japan 47
Jersey (United Kingdom) 152
Jordan 150
Kazakhstan 221
Kenya 121
Kiribati 130
Kosovo/Kosova 100
Kuwait 112
Kyrgyzstan 167
Laos 119
Latvia 224
Lebanon 128
Lesotho 92
Liberia 49
Libya 99
Liechtenstein 27
Lithuania 254
Luxembourg 120
Macau (China) 200
Macedonia 166
Madagascar 84
Malawi 70
Malaysia 172
Maldives 421
Mali 33
Malta 131
Marshall Islands 66
Martinique (France) 256
Mauritania 44
Mauritius 174
Mayotte (France) 100
Mexico 204
Micronesia, Federated States of 127
Moldova (Republic of) 222
Monaco 74
Mongolia 266
Montenegro 182
Morocco 222
Mozambique 57
Myanmar (formerly Burma) 113
Namibia 144
Nauru 140
Nepal 62
Netherlands 69
New Caledonia (France) 181
New Zealand 202
Nicaragua 171
Niger 44
Nigeria 35
Northern Mariana Islands (USA) 267
Norway 70
Oman 36
Pakistan 43
Palau 343
Panama 426
Papua New Guinea 63
Paraguay 180
Peru 251
Philippines 140
Poland 187
Portugal 137
Puerto Rico (USA) 349
Qatar 53
Republic of (South) Korea 107
Republic of Guinea 26
Reunion (France) 120
Romania 142
Russian Federation 450
Rwanda 434
Samoa (formerly Western Samoa) 258
Sao Tome e Principe 87
Saudi Arabia 161
Senegal 62
Serbia 142
Seychelles 799. See notes below.
Sierra Leone 55
Singapore 219
Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 347
Slovakia 186
Slovenia 73
Solomon Islands 46
South Africa 292
South Sudan 52
Spain 131
Sri Lanka 88
St. Kitts and Nevis 607
St. Lucia 327
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 378
Sudan 50
Suriname 183
Swaziland 282
Sweden 53
Switzerland 84
Syria 60
Taiwan 267
Tajikistan 121
Tanzania 64
Thailand 476
Timor-Leste (formerly East Timor) 50
Togo 62
Tonga 166
Trinidad and Tobago 272
Tunisia 204
Turkey 238
Turkmenistan 583
Tuvalu 110
Uganda 120
Ukraine 168
United Arab Emirates 229
United Kingdom: England & Wales 146. See notes below
United Kingdom: Northern Ireland 78. See notes below
United Kingdom: Scotland 141. See notes below
United States of America 693. See notes below.
Uruguay 291
Uzbekistan 150
Vanuatu 87
Venezuela 159
Vietnam 146
Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) 425
Virgin Islands (USA) 542
Yemen 53
Zambia 125
Zimbabwe 145

Notes[edit]

China[edit]

China. The rate of 118 is for sentenced prisoners in 2015 in Ministry of Justice prisons only. International Centre for Prison Studies: "1 649 804 [prisoners] at mid-2015 (via Asian and Pacific Conference of Correctional Administrators - sentenced prisoners in Ministry of Justice prisons only, excluding pre-trial detainees and those held in administrative detention). The Deputy Procurator-General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate reported in 2009 that, in addition to the sentenced prisoners, more than 650,000 were held in detention centres In China. If this was still correct in mid-2015 the total prison population in China was at least 2,300,000. ... 118 [rate] based on an estimated national population of 1.4 billion at mid-2015 (from United Nations figures) - sentenced prisoners in Ministry of Justice prisons only. (A total prison population of 2,300,000 would raise the prison population rate to 164 per 100,000.)"[1][2] See also: Re-education through labor and Laogai.

North Korea[edit]

North Korea. Little information exists regarding North Korea's incarceration rate. The U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea estimates 150,000 to 200,000 incarcerated based on testimony of defectors from the state police bureau, which roughly equals 600-800 people incarcerated per 100,000.[3] For more info see Prisons in North Korea.

Seychelles[edit]

Seychelles also incarcerates some Somali pirates. Subtracting the Somali pirate inmates still leaves the Seychelles with the highest incarceration rate in the world. The incarceration rate was 799 per 100,000 population in 2014.[4] The population of the Seychelles in 2014 was around 92,000.[4][5] From a May 2013 BBC article: "Here, 66 Somalis are awaiting trial for piracy or, if already convicted, await deportation to serve their sentences back home. ... Here in Seychelles, another 17 were recently flown home to a UN-funded jail in the relatively secure region of Puntland in Somalia, to serve sentences that mostly range between 10 and 20 years - 59 have already been tried and sent back."[6] From a March 2016 article: "There are currently 22 Somalis incarcerated at the Seychelles main detention facility, the Montagne Posée prison. This includes the last group of five that are being prosecuted. Seventeen convicts are awaiting transfer to continue serving their sentences in their homeland."[7]

United Kingdom[edit]

United Kingdom. Main chart source only provides rates for the constituent parts of the UK.[1] In the above chart see Scotland, Northern Ireland, England and Wales. They are all listed separately under "United Kingdom" in the table.

United States[edit]

United States. Incarceration rate (per 100,000 population of all ages) is for inmates held in adult facilities.[9] In addition, there were 54,148 juveniles in juvenile detention in 2013.[8] For more juvenile detention info and numbers see youth incarceration in the United States.

See notes at the bottom of a U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) source table: "Total includes all inmates held in local jails, state or federal prisons, or privately operated facilities. It does not include inmates held in U.S. territories (appendix table 3) or military facilities (appendix table 3), U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement [ICE] detention centers, in jails in Indian country (appendix table 3), or in juvenile facilities."[10]

BJS has numbers for U.S. territories, military facilities, ICE, and for jails in Indian country.[11][12][13][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Highest to Lowest. World Prison Brief (WPF). International Centre for Prison Studies. Use dropdown menu to choose lists of countries by region, or the whole world. Use menu to select highest-to-lowest lists of prison population totals, prison population rates, percentage of pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners, percentage of female prisoners, percentage of foreign prisoners, and occupancy rate. Column headings in WPF tables can be clicked to reorder columns lowest to highest, or alphabetically. For detailed information for each country see the WPF main page and click on the map links and/or the sidebar links to get to the region and country desired. Data for the whole Wikipedia list was last retrieved on 1 Oct 2016. Some numbers may be adjusted here later according to later info, or other references. Please update the table here. For a quick method to fully update the table see the relevant section ("conversion examples") of Commons:Convert tables and charts to wiki code or image files.
  2. ^ China. By International Centre for Prison Studies.
  3. ^ The Hidden Gulag: The Lives and Voices of "Those Who are Sent to the Mountains", 2nd ed. By David Hawk. Published April 10th 2012 by Committee for Human Rights in North Korea. ISBN 0615623670.
  4. ^ a b Seychelles. World Prison Brief. International Centre for Prison Studies.
  5. ^ Seychelles population. Countrymeters.
  6. ^ Seychelles cells: The Somali pirates 'jailed in paradise'. By Anthony Denselow. 19 May 2013. BBC.
  7. ^ Last Somali pirates held in Seychelles to face charges, judge rules. By Sharon Uranie. Seychelles News Agency. March 4, 2016.
  8. ^ a b Sickmund, M., Sladky, T.J., Kang, W., & Puzzanchera, C.. "Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement". Click "National Crosstabs" at the top, and then choose the census years. Click "Show table" to get the total number of juvenile inmates for those years. Or go here for all the years. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
  9. ^ United States of America. By International Centre for Prison Studies.
  10. ^ Correctional Populations in the United States, 2013 (NCJ 248479). Published December 2014 by U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). By Lauren E. Glaze and Danielle Kaeble, BJS statisticians. See PDF. See page 1 "highlights" section for the "1 in ..." numbers. See table 1 on page 2 for adult numbers. See table 5 on page 6 for male and female numbers. See appendix table 5 on page 13, for "Estimated number of persons supervised by adult correctional systems, by correctional status, 2000–2013." See appendix table 2: "Inmates held in custody in state or federal prisons or in local jails, 2000 and 2012–2013". For state numbers see appendix table 1 and its CSV file (cpus13at01.csv). It is part of this zip file.
  11. ^ U.S. Territories. By U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  12. ^ U.S. Military. By U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  13. ^ Immigration and Customs Enforcement. By U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  14. ^ Jails in Indian Country. By U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.

External links[edit]