List of cryptocurrencies

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This is a list of notable cryptocurrencies. There were more than 530 cryptocurrencies available for trade in online markets as of 5 January 2015 and more than 740 in total[1] but only 10 of them had market capitalizations over $10 million.[2]

Release Active Currency Symbol Founder Hash Algorithm Timestamping Notes
2014 Active Auroracoin AUR Baldur Odinsson
(pseudonym)[3]
Scrypt POW Created as an alternative to fiat currency in Iceland.
2009 Active Bitcoin BTC[4][5] Satoshi Nakamoto[nt 1] SHA-256d[6][7] POW[7][8] First decentralized ledger currency.
2014 Active BlackCoin BC, BLK Rat4 (pseudonym) Scrypt POS BlackCoin secures its network through a process called minting.
2014 Inactive Coinye KOI, COYE Scrypt POW Used American hip hop artist Kanye West as its mascot, abandoned after trademark lawsuit.
2014[9] Active Darkcoin DRK Evan Duffield &
Kyle Hagan[10]
X11 POW & POS[nt 2] Adds privacy to transactions through a decentralized coin-mixing system called Darksend.
2013 Active Dogecoin DOGE Jackson Palmer
& Billy Markus[11]
Scrypt[12] POW Based on an internet meme.
2013 Active Gridcoin GRC Scrypt POW The aim of the Gridcoin was to shift the computational power used in mining to BOINC projects
2011[7] Active Litecoin LTC Charles Lee[13] Scrypt[7] POW First successful scrypt cryptocurrency.
2013 Active Mastercoin MSC J. R. Willett [14] SHA-256d[15] N/A Mastercoin is both digital currency and communications protocol built on top of the existing Bitcoin block chain.
2014 Active MazaCoin MZC BTC Oyate Initiative SHA-256d POW The underlying software for MazaCoin is derived from that of another cryptocurrency, ZetaCoin.
2014 Active Monero XMR Monero Core Team[16] CryptoNight[17] POW Monero (XMR) is a new privacy-centric coin using the CryptoNote protocol.
2011 Active Namecoin NMC Vincent Durham[18][19] SHA-256d POW Also acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS.
2013[20][21] Active Nxt NXT BCNext
(pseudonym)[20]
SHA-256d[22] POS Nxt is specifically designed as a flexible platform to build applications and financial services around its protocol.
2012[7] Active Peercoin PPC Sunny King
(pseudonym)[23]
SHA-256d[24] POW & POS First to use POW and POS functions.
2014 Active PotCoin POT Scrypt POW Developed to service the legalized cannabis industry
2013 Active Primecoin XPM Sunny King
(pseudonym)[23]
1CC/2CC/TWN[25] POW[25] Primecoin uses the finding of prime chains composed of Cunningham chains and bi-twin chains for proof-of-work, which can lead to useful byproducts.
2013 Active Ripple[26][27][28] XRP[28] Chris Larsen &
Jed McCaleb[29]
ECDSA[30] "Consensus" Based on peer to peer debt transfer. The term Ripple can refer to both the digital currency or the payment network.
2014 Active Titcoin TIT Edward Mansfield & Richard Allen[31] SHA-256d POW First cryptocurrency to be nominated for a major adult industry award.[32]
Unreleased Inactive Zerocoin Matthew Green, Ian Miers and Christina Garman Proposed Bitcoin extension to add true cryptographic anonymity.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ It is not known whether the name "Satoshi Nakamoto" is real or a pseudonym, or whether it represents one person or a group.
  2. ^ Via Masternodes containing 1000 DRK as "Proof of Service". Through an automated voting mechanism, one Masternode is selected per block and receives 20% of mining rewards.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Map of Coins: Explore the visualized history of the cryptocurrencies from their whitepapers up to present days". Retrieved 2015-03-11. 
  2. ^ "Crypto-Currency Market Capitalizations". CoinMarketCap. 2014-01-05. Retrieved 2015-01-05. 
  3. ^ Casey, Michael J. (2014-03-05). "Auroracoin already third-biggest cryptocoin–and it's not even out yet". The Wall Street Journal. 
  4. ^ Dixon, Lance (24 December 2013). "Building Bitcoin use in South Florida and beyond". Miami Herald. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  5. ^ Spaven, Emily (3 December 2013). "Bitcoin price could reach $98,500, say Wall Street analysts". CoinDesk. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  6. ^ Taylor, Michael Bedford (2013). "Bitcoin and the age of bespoke silicon" (PDF). Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Compilers, Architectures and Synthesis for Embedded Systems (Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press). ISBN 978-1-4799-1400-5. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Steadman, Ian (7 May 2013). "Wary of Bitcoin? A guide to some other crypto currencies". Wired UK (Condé Nast UK). 
  8. ^ Hobson, Dominic (2013). "What is Bitcoin?". XRDS: Crossroads, The ACM Magazine for Students 20 (1) (Association for Computing Machinery). pp. 40–44. doi:10.1145/2510124. ISSN 1528-4972. 
  9. ^ https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=421615.0
  10. ^ Scharr, Jill (28 May 2014). "What is Darkcoin? An FAQ". Tom's Guide. 
  11. ^ Chang, Jon M (27 December 2013). "Bitcoin alternative 'Dogecoin' hacked, 21 million coins stolen". ABC News (website) (ABC News Internet Ventures, Yahoo! – ABC News Network). Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  12. ^ "Intro - Dogecoin # Technical specifications". Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  13. ^ McMillan, Robert (30 August 2013). "Ex-Googler gives the world a better Bitcoin". Wired (Condé Nast). Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  14. ^ Buterin, Vitalik (4 November 2013). "Mastercoin: A Second-Generation Protocol on the Bitcoin Blockchain". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  15. ^ "Mastercoin Spec". Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  16. ^ "[XMR] Monero - A secure, private, untraceable cryptocurrency". 
  17. ^ "CryptoNight". 
  18. ^ vinced/namecoin, GitHub
  19. ^ Keller, Levin (2011-03-19). "Namecoin - a distributed name system based on Bitcoin". Prezi. 
  20. ^ a b BCNext (pseudonym). "Nxt Announcement Thread". Bitcointalk.org. 
  21. ^ "Genesis-Account". mynxt.info Blockexplorer. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  22. ^ "NXT Whitepaper". NxtWiki - Whitepaper. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  23. ^ a b Boase, Richard (20 November 2013). "Litecoin spikes to $200m market capitalization in five hours". CoinDesk. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  24. ^ Bradbury, Danny (7 November 2013). "Third largest crypto currency peercoin moves into spotlight with Vault of Satoshi deal". CoinDesk. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  25. ^ a b "FAQ · primecoin/primecoin Wiki · GitHub". Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  26. ^ Chayka, Kyle (2 July 2013). "What Comes After Bitcoin?". Pacific Standard. Retrieved 18 Jan 2014. 
  27. ^ Vega, Danny (4 December 2013). "Ripple's Big Move: Mining Crypto currency with a Purpose". Seattlepi.com (Hearst Seattle Media, LLC, a division of The Hearst Corporation). 
  28. ^ a b Brown, Ariella (17 May 2013). "10 things you need to know about Ripple". CoinDesk. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  29. ^ Simonite, Tom (11 April 2013). "Big-name investors back effort to build a better Bitcoin". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  30. ^ "How it works - Ripple Wiki". Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  31. ^ Mercier Voyer, Stephanie. "Titcoin Is a Brand New Cryptocurrency for Porn Purchases". Vice Magazine. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  32. ^ "Titcoin Receives Two Web & Tech XBIZ Nominations". Payout Magazine. Retrieved 18 November 2014.