List of tallest destroyed buildings and structures in the United Kingdom

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This is a list of the tallest destroyed buildings and structures in the United Kingdom. The list consists only of free standing structures; the numerous guyed radio masts and towers that have been demolished or destroyed are excluded. In addition, the list includes only those buildings and structures that exceeded a height of 80 m (260 ft); around 200 largely residential buildings over 50 m (160 ft) tall have been demolished across the UK since the late 1990s.[1]

An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings.

  Building or structure was demolished intentionally
  Building or structure was destroyed by bombing or fire
Rank
Name
Location
Image
Usage
Height
Year completed
Year destroyed
Fate
Notes
1 New Brighton Tower New Brighton, Merseyside New Brighton Tower.jpg Observation tower 173 m (568 ft) 1900 1921 Structure was neglected during World War I and become unsafe for public use. It was dismantled between 1919 and 1921. [2]
2 Southwark Towers Southwark, London Southwark Towers, PwC, London.jpg Office 100 m (330 ft) 1976 2009 Demolished to make way for The Shard, which at 309.6 m (1,016 ft) became the tallest building in the UK and European Union upon completion in 2012. [3]
3 Drapers' Gardens City of London, London Drapersgardens cropped.jpg Office 99 m (325 ft) 1967 2007 Demolished as part of regeneration of the City of London financial district. The replacement office building is 75 m (246 ft) tall. [4]
4 Great Wheel Kensington and Chelsea, London Great Wheel.jpg Ferris wheel 94 m (308 ft) 1895 1907 Built as part of the Empire of India Exhibition at Earls Court, the wheel was eventually demolished due to lack of profits. [5]
5 Limebank House City of London, London Office 93 m (305 ft) 1969 1998 The building formerly served as the headquarters of Barclays. The bank has since relocated to One Churchill Place in Canary Wharf. [6]
6 20 Fenchurch Street City of London, London 20 Fenchurch Street.JPG Office 92 m (302 ft) 1968 2008 The new 160 m (520 ft) 20 Fenchurch Street nicknamed 'The Walkie Talkie' was completed in 2014. [7]
7 Glasgow Empire Exhibition Tower Glasgow, Scotland Glasgow exhibition 1938 3353824.jpg Observation tower 91 m (299 ft) 1938 1939 The tower was built as a centrepiece of the Empire Exhibition at Bellahouston Park. In the build up to World War II it was demolished following concerns it would act as a marker for enemy bombers. [8]
8= World Trade Centre Tower Hamlets, London Office 89 m (292 ft) 1991 2004 The building was heavily damaged by an IRA bombing in 1996. Part of the frame was incorporated into a Hilton hotel which was completed in 2008. [9]
8= 21 Birnie Court Glasgow, Scotland Red Road flats at Balornock - geograph.org.uk - 119968.jpg Residential 89 m (292 ft) 1969 2013 The tallest apartment building demolished in the UK, it formed part of the Red Road housing complex. [10]
10= Crystal Palace North Tower Bromley, London Crystal Palace Centre transept & north tower from south wing.jpg Observation tower 86 m (282 ft) 1852 1939 Despite surviving the infamous 1936 Crystal Palace fire which destroyed the majority of the main structure, the two towers were demolished in 1939 due to concerns they would act as markers for enemy bombers in World War II. [11]
10= Crystal Palace South Tower Bromley, London Crystal Palace South transept & south tower from Water Temple.jpg Observation tower 86 m (282 ft) 1852 1939 Despite surviving the infamous 1936 Crystal Palace fire which destroyed the majority of the main structure, the two towers were demolished in 1939 due to concerns they would act as markers for enemy bombers in World War II. [12]
12= Manchester Assize Courts Manchester, Lancashire Assize Courts, Manchester.jpg Court 80 m (260 ft) 1864 1957 The building sustained irreparable damage during World War II and was eventually demolished in 1957. Designed by Alfred Waterhouse, it is regarded as one of the UK's finest 'lost' buildings.[13][14] [15]
12= Winchester House City of London, London Office 80 m (260 ft) 1968 1997 Fourth-tallest office building demolished in the City of London. [16]
12= 153 Petershill Drive Glasgow, Scotland Red Road flats at Balornock - geograph.org.uk - 119968.jpg Residential 80 m (260 ft) 1969 2012 The second tallest apartment building demolished in the UK, it formed part of the Red Road housing complex. [17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tallest destroyed buildings and structures in the United Kingdom". Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  2. ^ "New Brighton Tower". Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Southwark Towers". Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Drapers' Gardens". Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Spot the difference: London landmarks, then and now". Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Lime Bank House". Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  7. ^ "20 Fenchurch Street". Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Glasgow Empire Exhibition Tower". Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  9. ^ "World Trade Centre". Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  10. ^ "21 Birnie Court". Retrieved January 29, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Crystal Palace North Tower". Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  12. ^ "Crystal Palace South Tower". Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  13. ^ "Assize Courts, Manchester". victorianweb.org. Retrieved 2011-11-07. 
  14. ^ "One way to help our broken society – rebuild our cities destroyed by post-war vandals". The Telegraph. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 2011-11-07. 
  15. ^ "Manchester Assize Courts". Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Winchester House". Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  17. ^ "153 Petershill Drive". Retrieved December 7, 2010.