List of tallest buildings in Hong Kong

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Victoria Harbour and the Hong Kong skyline at night
Tallest buildings in Hong Kong.

The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) has at least 7,818 high-rise buildings, with no fewer than 1,285 skyscrapers standing taller than 100 m (328 ft) and at least 310 buildings over 150 m (492 ft) in height.[1][2][3][A] The tallest of these skyscrapers is the 118-storey International Commerce Centre, completed in 2010, which stands 484 m (1,588 ft) and is the ninth tallest building in the world.[4][5][6] The total built-up height (combined heights) of these skyscrapers is approximately 333.8 km (207 mi),[7][8] making Hong Kong the world's tallest urban agglomeration. Furthermore, reflective of the SAR's high population densities, Hong Kong has more people living at the 15th floor or higher, more number of buildings of at least 100 m (328 ft) and 150 m (492 ft) height than any other place in the world.[1][2][8][9]

Most of Hong Kong's high-rise buildings are concentrated on the Kowloon Peninsula, along Hong Kong Island's north shore and in the New Towns (satellite towns) of the New Territories, like Tuen Mun and Sha Tin. Additional high-rise buildings are found on Ap Lei Chau, along Hong Kong Island's southern shoreline and in proximity to rapid transit stations of the Mass Transit Railway (MTR).[10][11][12]

The skyline of Hong Kong is considered one of the best in the world,[13] with the surrounding mountains and Victoria Harbour complementing the skyscrapers.[2][14][15] Each evening, at least 44 skyscrapers and buildings on both sides of Victoria Harbour light up in a synchronised show called A Symphony of Lights, named by the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest permanent light and sound festival in the world.[7][16]

History[edit]

The history of skyscrapers in Hong Kong began in 1935 with the completion of the Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank building, which is regarded as the first high-rise in the city. The building stood 70 m (230 ft) tall with 13 floors and existed for five decades before being demolished for the construction of the HSBC Main Building.[17] High-rise construction was limited in the early part of the 20th century, but beginning in the 1970s, Hong Kong experienced a general trend of high-rise building construction that has continued to the present. This trend is in large part a result of the city's rugged, mountainous terrain and lack of flat land.[18][19] The city entered into a building boom from 1980 to 1993, which included the construction and opening of Hopewell Centre (1980), Bank of China Tower (1990), and Central Plaza (1992), three of the territory's tallest buildings.[20][21][22][23]

Beginning in 1998, Hong Kong entered into a second, much larger building boom that lasted until the early 2010s.[23] The second boom saw the inauguration of the International Commerce Centre, the SAR's first building with more than 100 floors, Two International Finance Centre, Nina Tower I, and One Island East.[14][24][25][26] At the height of the construction boom, in the years 2003 and 2005 alone, the SAR witnessed the completion of 56 and 28 skyscrapers over 150 m (490 ft) in height, respectively. The proliferation of multi-tower, high-rise building complexes, such as public housing estates and transit-oriented developments at or near MTR stations (known as rail + property development), greatly increased the number of skyscrapers in the SAR.[11][12][23]

Unlike the previous building trend of the 1980s and early 1990s, many high-rise buildings of the second boom contained residential uses due to a surge in demand for luxury housing properties in Hong Kong. In addition, the closure of the Kai Tak Airport and relaxation of height restrictions on the Kowloon Peninsula, allowed many tall skyscrapers to rise in Kowloon, like Sorrento, Langham Place Office Tower, and Cullinan Towers, all of which exceed 200 m (656 ft) in height.[27][28][29][30] Tall skyscrapers also rose out of the New Territories, such as the large developments of Metro Town and LOHAS Park in Tseung Kwan O.[31][32] However, as a result of heightened community awareness of skyscrapers' effects on air circulation (wall effect), air pollution and urban heat island, opposition to tall and broad buildings (skyscraper walls) arose in the latter part of this building boom.[33][34][35][36]

As of October 2015, there are a total of 146 high-rise buildings under construction or planned in Hong Kong.[37]

Significant buildings[edit]

Cityscape[edit]

A panoramic view of the Kowloon Peninsula skyline with Hong Kong Island skyline in the background.

Tallest buildings[edit]

This lists ranks Hong Kong skyscrapers that stand at least 180 m (591 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

Rank Name[C] Image Height[D]
m (ft)
Floors[D][E] Use Year Coordinates Notes
1 International Commerce Centre International Commerce Centre 201008.jpg 484 (1,588) 118 Hotel, Office 2010 22°18′12.21″N 114°09′36.61″E / 22.3033917°N 114.1601694°E / 22.3033917; 114.1601694 (International Commerce Centre)
2 Two International Finance Centre Two IFC and plane.JPG 416 (1,364) 88 Office 2003 22°17′07.09″N 114°09′33.37″E / 22.2853028°N 114.1592694°E / 22.2853028; 114.1592694 (Two International Finance Centre)
3 Central Plaza 中環廣場.JPG 374 (1,227) 78 Office 1992 22°16′48.00″N 114°10′25.00″E / 22.2800000°N 114.1736111°E / 22.2800000; 114.1736111 (Central Plaza)
  • Tallest building in the world outside of the United States from 1992 to 1996.
  • World's tallest reinforced concrete building until the completion of CITIC Plaza in 1997.
  • Second building outside the U.S. to rise taller than 305 m (1,001 ft), after the Bank of China Tower.
  • Tallest building completed in the 1990s.
  • Houses the highest church in the world.[20][40][41][60]
4 Bank of China Tower HK Bank of China Tower View.jpg 367 (1,205) 70 Office 1990 22°16′45.00″N 114°09′41.00″E / 22.2791667°N 114.1613889°E / 22.2791667; 114.1613889 (Bank of China Tower)
  • First building outside of the United States to rise taller than 305 m (1,001 ft) in height.
  • Stood as the tallest building in the world outside of Chicago and New York City upon completion.[21][42][43][61]
5 The Centre The Center.jpg 346 (1,135) 73 Office 1998 22°17′05.00″N 114°09′16.00″E / 22.2847222°N 114.1544444°E / 22.2847222; 114.1544444 (The Centre) [47][48][49]
6 Nina Tower HK Nina Tower 200803.jpg 319 (1,048) 80 Hotel, Office 2007 22°22′07.00″N 114°06′47.00″E / 22.3686111°N 114.1130556°E / 22.3686111; 114.1130556 (Nina Tower)
7 One Island East One Island East 200807.jpg 298 (979) 68 Office 2008 22°17′09.80″N 114°12′48.10″E / 22.2860556°N 114.2133611°E / 22.2860556; 114.2133611 (One Island East) [26][63]
8 Cheung Kong Centre Cheung Kong center.jpg 283 (928) 63 Office 1999 22°16′46.00″N 114°09′37.00″E / 22.2794444°N 114.1602778°E / 22.2794444; 114.1602778 (Cheung Kong Centre) [44][45][46]
9 The Cullinan North Tower Cullinan 200710.jpg 270 (886) 68 Residential 2008 22°18′20.84″N 114°09′39.28″E / 22.3057889°N 114.1609111°E / 22.3057889; 114.1609111 (The Cullinan North Tower)
  • Tallest completed all-residential building in the city.[64][65]
The Cullinan South Tower 270 (886) 68 Hotel, Residential 2008 22°18′17.40″N 114°09′38.26″E / 22.3048333°N 114.1606278°E / 22.3048333; 114.1606278 (The Cullinan South Tower) [65][66]
11 The Masterpiece The Masterpiece HK 201108.jpg 261 (856) 64 Hotel, Residential 2008 22°17′51.00″N 114°10′26.00″E / 22.2975000°N 114.1738889°E / 22.2975000; 114.1738889 (The Masterpiece)
  • This building is also known as the Hanoi Road Redevelopment.[67][68]
12 Sorrento 1 Sorrento.jpg 256 (841) 75 Residential 2003 22°18′24.24″N 114°09′40.92″E / 22.3067333°N 114.1613667°E / 22.3067333; 114.1613667 (Sorrento 1) [27][69]
13 Langham Place Office Tower Langham Place.jpg 255 (837) 59 Office 2004 22°19′07.81″N 114°10′06.49″E / 22.3188361°N 114.1684694°E / 22.3188361; 114.1684694 (Langham Place Office Tower) [28][70]
14 Highcliff Highcliff 13 January 2007.jpg 252 (828) 72 Residential 2003 22°15′54.00″N 114°11′03.00″E / 22.2650000°N 114.1841667°E / 22.2650000; 114.1841667 (Highcliff)
  • Locally referred to as "The Chopsticks" due to an extremely slender profile.[71][72]
15 The Harbourside The Harbourside.jpg 251 (824) 73 Residential 2004 22°18′11.05″N 114°09′41.40″E / 22.3030694°N 114.1615000°E / 22.3030694; 114.1615000 (The Harbourside) [29][73]
16 Manulife Plaza Manulife Plaza.jpg 240 (789) 52 Office 1998 22°16′42.00″N 114°11′04.60″E / 22.2783333°N 114.1846111°E / 22.2783333; 114.1846111 (Manulife Plaza) [74][75]
17 Sorrento 2 Sorrento.jpg 236 (773) 66 Residential 2003 22°18′23.97″N 114°09′42.55″E / 22.3066583°N 114.1618194°E / 22.3066583; 114.1618194 (Sorrento 2) [69][76]
18 The Harbourfront Landmark HarbourfrontLandmark 20070724 public.jpg 233 (763) 70 Residential 2001 22°18′12.00″N 114°11′35.00″E / 22.3033333°N 114.1930556°E / 22.3033333; 114.1930556 (The Harbourfront Landmark) [77][78]
19 The Arch Arch 200710-1.jpg 231 (758) 65 Residential 2005 22°18′12.24″N 114°09′46.73″E / 22.3034000°N 114.1629806°E / 22.3034000; 114.1629806 (The Arch) [79][80]
20 Cosco Tower Cosco Tower 2011.jpg 228 (748) 53 Office 1998 22°17′07.55″N 114°09′11.12″E / 22.2854306°N 114.1530889°E / 22.2854306; 114.1530889 (Cosco Tower) [81][82]
21 The Belcher's Tower 5 The Belchers.jpg 227 (744) 61 Residential 2001 22°17′06.28″N 114°08′01.35″E / 22.2850778°N 114.1337083°E / 22.2850778; 114.1337083 (The Belcher's Tower 5) [83][84]
The Belcher's Tower 6 227 (744) 61 Residential 2001 22°17′07.77″N 114°08′00.34″E / 22.2854917°N 114.1334278°E / 22.2854917; 114.1334278 (The Belcher's Tower 6) [84][85]
23 Hopewell Centre HKHopewellCentre.jpg 222 (728) 64 Office 1980 22°16′28.25″N 114°10′17.76″E / 22.2745139°N 114.1716000°E / 22.2745139; 114.1716000 (Hopewell Centre)
24 The Belcher's Tower 1 The Belchers.jpg 221 (724) 63 Residential 2000 22°17′04.89″N 114°07′57.41″E / 22.2846917°N 114.1326139°E / 22.2846917; 114.1326139 (The Belcher's Tower 1) [84][86]
The Belcher's Tower 2 221 (724) 63 Residential 2000 22°17′04.54″N 114°07′58.85″E / 22.2845944°N 114.1330139°E / 22.2845944; 114.1330139 (The Belcher's Tower 2) [84][87]
26 Tregunter 3 Tregunter Towers (full view).JPG 220 (721) 66 Residential 1993 22°16′27.67″N 114°09′09.86″E / 22.2743528°N 114.1527389°E / 22.2743528; 114.1527389 (Tregunter 3)
  • World's tallest residential building from 1993 to 2001.[88][89]
27 The Summit 220 (721) 65 Residential 2001 22°15′55.90″N 114°11′01.00″E / 22.2655278°N 114.1836111°E / 22.2655278; 114.1836111 (The Summit)
  • Locally referred to as "The Chopsticks" due to an extremely slender profile.[90][91]
28 Grand Promenade 2–5 Grand Promenade (full view and deep sky blue version).jpg 219 (718) 66 Residential 2005 22°17′06.85″N 114°13′28.42″E / 22.2852361°N 114.2245611°E / 22.2852361; 114.2245611 (Grand Promenade 2–5) [92][93]
29 Sorrento 3 Sorrento.jpg 218 (715) 64 Residential 2003 22°18′23.06″N 114°09′44.93″E / 22.3064056°N 114.1624806°E / 22.3064056; 114.1624806 (Sorrento 3) [69][94]
30 LOHAS Park Phase 2B Le Prime Towers 6−8 Le Prime 201203.jpg 215 (705) 66 Residential 2011 22°17′39.31″N 114°16′19.82″E / 22.2942528°N 114.2721722°E / 22.2942528; 114.2721722 (LOHAS Park Phase 2B Le Prime Towers 6−8)
  • Each of the three interconnected buildings have different names for the left and right sides:[32][95]
  • Tower 6, (L): Oxford, (R): Primroses[96][97]
  • Tower 7, (L): Vision, (R): Pink Orchard[98][99]
  • Tower 8, (L): Sunshine, (R): Flora[100][101]
31 Sun Hung Kai Centre HK Sun Hung Kai Centre.jpg 215 (704) 56 Office 1981 22°16′48.80″N 114°10′37.01″E / 22.2802222°N 114.1769472°E / 22.2802222; 114.1769472 (Sun Hung Kai Centre) [102][103]
32 The Belcher's Tower 3 The Belchers.jpg 214 (704) 61 Residential 2001 22°17′04.91″N 114°08′01.98″E / 22.2846972°N 114.1338833°E / 22.2846972; 114.1338833 (The Belcher's Tower 3) [84][104]
The Belcher's Tower 8 214 (704) 61 Residential 2001 22°17′08.98″N 114°07′59.75″E / 22.2858278°N 114.1332639°E / 22.2858278; 114.1332639 (The Belcher's Tower 8) [84][105]
34 Island Shangri-La Island Shangri-La, Hong-Kong - Tower.jpg 213 (700) 57 Hotel 1991 22°16′38.00″N 114°09′51.00″E / 22.2772222°N 114.1641667°E / 22.2772222; 114.1641667 (Island Shangri-La)
  • This building is the tallest completed all-hotel building in the city.[106][107]
35 Victoria Towers 1 The Victoria Towers 0704.jpg 213 (699) 62 Residential 2003 22°18′07.67″N 114°10′05.46″E / 22.3021306°N 114.1681833°E / 22.3021306; 114.1681833 (Victoria Towers 1) [108][109]
Victoria Towers 2 213 (699) 62 Residential 2003 22°18′08.89″N 114°10′06.34″E / 22.3024694°N 114.1684278°E / 22.3024694; 114.1684278 (Victoria Towers 2) [109][110]
Victoria Towers 3 213 (699) 62 Residential 2003 22°18′09.70″N 114°10′07.62″E / 22.3026944°N 114.1687833°E / 22.3026944; 114.1687833 (Victoria Towers 3) [109][111]
Shining Heights HK Tai Kok Tsui Tung Chau Street West Kowloon Corridor 亮賢居 Shining Heights.JPG 213 (699) 55 Residential 2009 22°19′31.19″N 114°09′44.52″E / 22.3253306°N 114.1623667°E / 22.3253306; 114.1623667 (Shining Heights) [112]
39 Sorrento 5 Sorrento.jpg 212 (696) 62 Residential 2003 22°18′22.57″N 114°09′46.18″E / 22.3062694°N 114.1628278°E / 22.3062694; 114.1628278 (Sorrento 5) [69][113]
Indi Home Indihome1.jpg 212 (696) 56 Residential 2005 22°21′58.25″N 114°07′05.70″E / 22.3661806°N 114.1182500°E / 22.3661806; 114.1182500 (Indi Home) [114][115][116]
41 Azura Azura (whole tower view).JPG 211 (692) 50 Residential 2012 22°16′55.33″N 114°08′59.04″E / 22.2820361°N 114.1497333°E / 22.2820361; 114.1497333 (Azura Hong Kong) [117][118]
42 LOHAS Park Phase 1 The Capitol Tower 1 HK The Capital Residentional 200908.jpg 210 (689) 61 Residential 2009 22°17′42.86″N 114°16′17.25″E / 22.2952389°N 114.2714583°E / 22.2952389; 114.2714583 (LOHAS Park Phase 1 The Capitol Tower 1)
  • The left side of this building is known as Banff Tower, while the right side is known as Florence Tower.[32][119][120]
LOHAS Park Phase 1 The Capitol Tower 2 210 (689) 61 Residential 2009 22°17′44.41″N 114°16′17.78″E / 22.2956694°N 114.2716056°E / 22.2956694; 114.2716056 (LOHAS Park Phase 1 The Capitol Tower 2)
  • The left side of this building is known as Lucerne Tower, while the right side is known as Madrid Tower.[32][121][122]
LOHAS Park Phase 3A Hemera Tower 1 Hemera, Hong Kong.JPG 210 (689) 60 Residential 2014 22°17′47.72″N 114°16′09.82″E / 22.2965889°N 114.2693944°E / 22.2965889; 114.2693944 (LOHAS Park Phase 3A Hemera Tower 1)
  • This building is also known as Diamond Tower.[123]
LOHAS Park Phase 3A Hemera Tower 2 210 (689) 60 Residential 2014 22°17′48.62″N 114°16′11.20″E / 22.2968389°N 114.2697778°E / 22.2968389; 114.2697778 (LOHAS Park Phase 3A Hemera Tower 2)
  • This building is also known as Emerald Tower.[124]
One International Finance Centre HK ifc Phase1.jpg 210 (689) 38 Office 1998 22°17′06.52″N 114°09′24.68″E / 22.2851444°N 114.1568556°E / 22.2851444; 114.1568556 (One International Finance Centre) [125][126]
47 Grand Promenade 1 Grand Promenade (full view and deep sky blue version).jpg 209 (686) 63 Residential 2005 22°17′06.08″N 114°13′26.75″E / 22.2850222°N 114.2240972°E / 22.2850222; 114.2240972 (Grand Promenade 1) [93][127][128]
Grand Promenade 6 209 (686) 63 Residential 2005 22°17′05.93″N 114°13′30.34″E / 22.2849806°N 114.2250944°E / 22.2849806; 114.2250944 (Grand Promenade 6) [93][129][130]
49 MetroPlaza Tower 2 HK MetroPlaza Overview.jpg 209 (685) 47 Office 1992 22°21′26.95″N 114°07′34.83″E / 22.3574861°N 114.1263417°E / 22.3574861; 114.1263417 (MetroPlaza Tower 2) [131][132]
50 The Hermitage 1–3 The Hermitage 201301.jpg 207 (680) 55 Residential 2011 22°19′03.66″N 114°09′54.22″E / 22.3176833°N 114.1650611°E / 22.3176833; 114.1650611 (The Hermitage 1–3) [133][134]
51 Sorrento 6 Sorrento.jpg 206 (676) 60 Residential 2003 22°18′22.08″N 114°09′47.69″E / 22.3061333°N 114.1632472°E / 22.3061333; 114.1632472 (Sorrento 6) [69][135]
LOHAS Park Phase 1 The Capitol Tower 3 HK The Capital Residentional 200908.jpg 206 (676) 59 Residential 2009 22°17′46.03″N 114°16′18.23″E / 22.2961194°N 114.2717306°E / 22.2961194; 114.2717306 (LOHAS Park Phase 1 The Capitol Tower 3)
  • The left side of this building is known as Milan Tower, while the right side is known as Montreal Tower.[32][136][137]
LOHAS Park Phase 1 The Capitol Tower 5 206 (676) 59 Residential 2009 22°17′47.35″N 114°16′18.77″E / 22.2964861°N 114.2718806°E / 22.2964861; 114.2718806 (LOHAS Park Phase 1 The Capitol Tower 5)
  • The left side of this building is known as Oslo Tower, while the right side is known as Venice Tower.[32][138][139]
LOHAS Park Phase 2C Le Splendeur Towers 9–11 La Splendeur201211.jpg 206 (676) 63 Residential 2012 22°17′41.05″N 114°16′23.08″E / 22.2947361°N 114.2730778°E / 22.2947361; 114.2730778 (LOHAS Park Phase 2C Le Splendeur Towers 9–11)
  • Each of the three interconnected buildings have different names for the left and right sides:[32]
  • Tower 9, (L): Almond Blossom, (R): Bouquet[140][141]
  • Tower 10, (L): Flamingos, (R): Irises[142][143]
  • Tower 11, (L): Meadowland, (R): Morning Haze[144][145]
Bellagio Tower 1–5 Sham Tseng Bellagio.JPG 206 (676) 64 Residential 2005 22°21′57.31″N 114°03′43.04″E / 22.3659194°N 114.0619556°E / 22.3659194; 114.0619556 (Bellagio Tower 1–5) [146]
56 Citibank Plaza HK Citibank Tower.jpg 206 (674) 51 Office 1992 22°16′43.32″N 114°09′38.52″E / 22.2787000°N 114.1607000°E / 22.2787000; 114.1607000 (Hong Kong Police Headquarters: May (Arsenal) House) [147][148]
May House HK Arsenal House Police Headquarters.jpg 206 (674) 47 Government 2004 22°16′43.59″N 114°10′04.66″E / 22.2787750°N 114.1679611°E / 22.2787750; 114.1679611 (Hong Kong Police Headquarters: May (Arsenal) House)
  • This building is also known as Arsenal House.[149][150]
58 Metro Town Tower 1 Metro Town.jpg 205 (673) 62 Residential 2006 22°18′17.58″N 114°15′09.78″E / 22.3048833°N 114.2527167°E / 22.3048833; 114.2527167 (Metro Town Tower 1) [151][152]
Metro Town Tower 2 205 (673) 62 Residential 2006 22°18′16.63″N 114°15′08.74″E / 22.3046194°N 114.2524278°E / 22.3046194; 114.2524278 (Metro Town Tower 2) [152][153][154]
Four Seasons Place HK Four Seasons Hotel 2008.jpg 205 (673) 55 Hotel, Residential 2005 22°17′11.57″N 114°09′24.60″E / 22.2865472°N 114.1568333°E / 22.2865472; 114.1568333 (Four Seasons Hotel Hong Kong) [155][156]
61 Hysan Place Hysan Place Causeway Bay NOV13.jpg 204 (670) 36 Office, Retail 2012 22°16′47.28″N 114°11′00.96″E / 22.2798000°N 114.1836000°E / 22.2798000; 114.1836000 (Hysan Place)
62 Island Resort Tower 1–2 Island Resort 2010.jpg 202 (663) 60 Residential 2001 22°15′59.25″N 114°15′00.52″E / 22.2664583°N 114.2501444°E / 22.2664583; 114.2501444 (Island Resort Tower 1–2) [159][160]
Island Resort Tower 3–5 202 (663) 60 Residential 2001 22°15′56.13″N 114°15′05.14″E / 22.2655917°N 114.2514278°E / 22.2655917; 114.2514278 (Island Resort Tower 3–5) [159][161]
Island Resort Tower 6–7 202 (663) 60 Residential 2001 22°15′58.36″N 114°15′05.20″E / 22.2662111°N 114.2514444°E / 22.2662111; 114.2514444 (Island Resort Tower 6–7) [159][162]
Island Resort Tower 8–9 202 (663) 60 Residential 2001 22°16′00.15″N 114°15′02.77″E / 22.2667083°N 114.2507694°E / 22.2667083; 114.2507694 (Island Resort Tower 8–9) [159][163]
66 China Online Centre China Online Centre (clear view).jpg 201 (660) 52 Office 2000 22°16′45.16″N 114°10′42.10″E / 22.2792111°N 114.1783611°E / 22.2792111; 114.1783611 (China Online Centre) [164][165]
67 LOHAS Park Phase 2A Le Prestige Towers 1–3, 5 Le Prestige 201203.jpg 200 (656) 61 Residential 2010 22°17′35.19″N 114°16′21.45″E / 22.2931083°N 114.2726250°E / 22.2931083; 114.2726250 (LOHAS Park Phase 2A Le Prestige Towers 1–3, 5)
  • Each of the four interconnected buildings have different names for the left and right sides:[32]
  • Tower 1, (L): Moon Light, (R): Mona Lisa[166][167]
  • Tower 2, (L): Swan Lake, (R): Sunflower[168][169]
  • Tower 3, (L): Four Seasons, (R): Starry Night[170][171]
  • Tower 5, (L): Blue Danube, (R): Water Lilies[172][173]
LOHAS Park Phase 1 The Capitol Tower 6 HK The Capital Residentional 200908.jpg 200 (656) 57 Residential 2009 22°17′49.00″N 114°16′19.61″E / 22.2969444°N 114.2721139°E / 22.2969444; 114.2721139 (LOHAS Park Phase 1 The Capitol Tower 6)
  • The left side of this building is known as Vienna Tower, while the right side is known as Whistler Tower.[32][174][175]
69 Conrad Hong Kong Hotel Conrad Hong Kong 2012.jpg 199 (653) 61 Hotel, Residential 1991 22°16′36.28″N 114°09′54.48″E / 22.2767444°N 114.1651333°E / 22.2767444; 114.1651333 (Conrad Hong Kong Hotel) [176][177]
70 Queensway Government Offices HK Queensway Government Offices.jpg 199 (652) 56 Office 1985 22°16′40.00″N 114°09′50.00″E / 22.2777778°N 114.1638889°E / 22.2777778; 114.1638889 (Queensway Government Offices) [178][179]
71 Le Point Tower 06 Le Point 2011.jpg 198 (651) 60 Residential 2008 22°18′15.67″N 114°15′04.62″E / 22.3043528°N 114.2512833°E / 22.3043528; 114.2512833 (Le Point Tower 6) [180]
Le Point Tower 07 198 (651) 60 Residential 2008 22°18′16.37″N 114°15′04.15″E / 22.3045472°N 114.2511528°E / 22.3045472; 114.2511528 (Le Point Tower 7) [180]
73 Bellagio Tower 6–9 Shamtseng.jpg 198 (650) 60 Residential 2002 22°22′00.54″N 114°03′39.50″E / 22.3668167°N 114.0609722°E / 22.3668167; 114.0609722 (Bellagio Tower 6–9) [181]
The Hermitage 6–8 The Hermitage 201301.jpg 198 (650) 49 Residential 2011 22°19′03.57″N 114°09′50.30″E / 22.3176583°N 114.1639722°E / 22.3176583; 114.1639722 (The Hermitage 6–8) [134][182]
75 Manhattan Hill 1–2 HK Lai Chi Kok Po Lun Street Manhattan Hill 4.JPG 198 (649) 51 Residential 2006 22°20′02.78″N 114°08′32.05″E / 22.3341056°N 114.1422361°E / 22.3341056; 114.1422361 (Manhattan Hill 1–2) [183][184]
76 The Merton 1 The Merton.JPG 197 (646) 59 Residential 2005 22°17′00.30″N 114°07′34.22″E / 22.2834167°N 114.1261722°E / 22.2834167; 114.1261722 (The Merton 1) [185][186]
77 The Pacifica 1 The Pacifica (full view).jpg 197 (645) 50 Residential 2005 22°20′07.63″N 114°08′58.07″E / 22.3354528°N 114.1494639°E / 22.3354528; 114.1494639 (The Pacifica 1) [187][188]
The Pacifica 2–5 197 (645) 50 Residential 2005 22°20′05.13″N 114°08′59.22″E / 22.3347583°N 114.1497833°E / 22.3347583; 114.1497833 (The Pacifica 2–5) [188][189]
The Pacifica 6 197 (645) 50 Residential 2005 22°20′02.76″N 114°09′00.54″E / 22.3341000°N 114.1501500°E / 22.3341000; 114.1501500 (The Pacifica 6) [188][190]
The Pacifica 7 197 (645) 50 Residential 2005 22°20′02.62″N 114°08′58.53″E / 22.3340611°N 114.1495917°E / 22.3340611; 114.1495917 (The Pacifica 7) [188][191]
Cable TV Tower Wharf Cable TV Tower.jpg 197 (645) 41 Office, Industrial 1993 22°22′22.70″N 114°06′25.70″E / 22.3729722°N 114.1071389°E / 22.3729722; 114.1071389 (Cable TV Tower)
  • Tallest mixed office and industrial building in the city.[192][193]
Chelsea Court Tower North HKChelseaCourt 20070729.jpg 197 (645) 59 Residential 2005 22°21′59.87″N 114°07′02.15″E / 22.3666306°N 114.1172639°E / 22.3666306; 114.1172639 (Chelsea Court Tower North) [194]
Chelsea Court Tower West 197 (645) 59 Residential 2005 22°22′00.49″N 114°07′01.26″E / 22.3668028°N 114.1170167°E / 22.3668028; 114.1170167 (Chelsea Court Tower West) [195]
84 Aigburth 196 (643) 48 Residential 1999 22°16′24.71″N 114°09′10.98″E / 22.2735306°N 114.1530500°E / 22.2735306; 114.1530500 (Aigburth Hong Kong) [196][197]
85 Vision City 2 HKVisionCity 20070729.jpg 195 (640) 54 Residential 2007 22°22′12.50″N 114°06′48.81″E / 22.3701389°N 114.1135583°E / 22.3701389; 114.1135583 (Vision City 2) [198][199]
Vision City 3 195 (640) 54 Residential 2007 22°22′13.44″N 114°06′49.59″E / 22.3704000°N 114.1137750°E / 22.3704000; 114.1137750 (Vision City 3) [199][200]
Vision City 5 195 (640) 54 Residential 2007 22°22′14.32″N 114°06′50.88″E / 22.3706444°N 114.1141333°E / 22.3706444; 114.1141333 (Vision City 5)
  • This building is also known as Vision City Tower 4.[199][201]
Le Point Tower 08 Le Point.jpg 195 (640) 59 Residential 2008 22°18′17.74″N 114°15′05.49″E / 22.3049278°N 114.2515250°E / 22.3049278; 114.2515250 (Le Point Tower 8) [202]
Le Point Tower 09 195 (640) 59 Residential 2008 22°18′18.81″N 114°15′06.59″E / 22.3052250°N 114.2518306°E / 22.3052250; 114.2518306 (Le Point Tower 9) [202]
Le Point Tower 10 195 (640) 59 Residential 2008 22°18′19.88″N 114°15′07.69″E / 22.3055222°N 114.2521361°E / 22.3055222; 114.2521361 (Le Point Tower 10) [202]
91 Times Square Natwest Tower HK Times Square Overview 201312.jpg 194 (636) 40 Office 1993 22°16′41.74″N 114°10′57.67″E / 22.2782611°N 114.1826861°E / 22.2782611; 114.1826861 (Times Square Natwest Tower) [203][204]
92 Primrose Hill Tower 3 Primrose Hill, Hong Kong.jpg 193 (634) 58 Residential 2010 22°22′20.35″N 114°07′48.58″E / 22.3723194°N 114.1301611°E / 22.3723194; 114.1301611 (Primrose Hill Tower 3) [205]
93 Vision City 1 HKVisionCity 20070729.jpg 192 (630) 53 Residential 2007 22°22′10.90″N 114°06′48.16″E / 22.3696944°N 114.1133778°E / 22.3696944; 114.1133778 (Vision City 1) [199][206]
94 39 Conduit Road 39 Conduit Road back.jpg 192 (629) 42 Residential 2009 22°16′54.95″N 114°08′47.84″E / 22.2819306°N 114.1466222°E / 22.2819306; 114.1466222 (39 Conduit Road) [207]
95 Banyan Garden 2 Banyan Garden.jpg 191 (628) 57 Residential 2003 22°20′03.88″N 114°08′49.51″E / 22.3344111°N 114.1470861°E / 22.3344111; 114.1470861 (Banyan Garden 2) [208][209]
Banyan Garden 6 191 (628) 57 Residential 2003 22°20′04.15″N 114°08′52.89″E / 22.3344861°N 114.1480250°E / 22.3344861; 114.1480250 (Banyan Garden 6) [209][210]
Banyan Garden 7 191 (628) 57 Residential 2003 22°20′05.28″N 114°08′52.80″E / 22.3348000°N 114.1480000°E / 22.3348000; 114.1480000 (Banyan Garden 7) [209][211]
98 LOHAS Park Phase 3A Hemera Tower 3 Hemera, Hong Kong.JPG 190 (624) 54 Residential 2014 22°17′49.31″N 114°16′12.82″E / 22.2970306°N 114.2702278°E / 22.2970306; 114.2702278 (LOHAS Park Phase 3A Hemera Tower 3)
  • This building is also known as Amber Tower.[212]
LOHAS Park Phase 3A Hemera Tower 5 190 (624) 54 Residential 2014 22°17′49.90″N 114°16′14.04″E / 22.2971944°N 114.2705667°E / 22.2971944; 114.2705667 (LOHAS Park Phase 3A Hemera Tower 5)
  • This building is also known as Topaz Tower.[213]
100 The Centrium HK Central 60 Wyndham Street The Centrium office building facade Nov-2012.JPG 189 (620) 41 Office 2001 22°16′50.56″N 114°09′16.88″E / 22.2807111°N 114.1546889°E / 22.2807111; 114.1546889 (The Centrium) [214][215]
The Merton 2 The Merton.JPG 189 (620) 55 Residential 2005 22°16′59.31″N 114°07′34.43″E / 22.2831417°N 114.1262306°E / 22.2831417; 114.1262306 (The Merton 2) [216]
102 Metro Town Tower 3 Metro Town.jpg 188 (617) 57 Residential 2006 22°18′15.76″N 114°15′07.75″E / 22.3043778°N 114.2521528°E / 22.3043778; 114.2521528 (Metro Town Tower 3) [152][217][218]
Metro Town Tower 5 188 (617) 57 Residential 2006 22°18′14.34″N 114°15′05.95″E / 22.3039833°N 114.2516528°E / 22.3039833; 114.2516528 (Metro Town Tower 5)
One Exchange Square HK Exchange Square.jpg 188 (617) 52 Office 1985 22°17′00.00″N 114°09′30.51″E / 22.2833333°N 114.1584750°E / 22.2833333; 114.1584750 (One Exchange Square) [221]
Two Exchange Square 188 (617) 52 Office 1985 22°17′01.86″N 114°09′30.18″E / 22.2838500°N 114.1583833°E / 22.2838500; 114.1583833 (Two Exchange Square) [222]
Oxford House Time Warner 188 (617) 41 Office 1999 22°17′12.58″N 114°12′49.64″E / 22.2868278°N 114.2137889°E / 22.2868278; 114.2137889 (Oxford House Time Warner) [223]
107 Millennium City 5 Millennium City 5, Hong Kong 1.jpg 187 (614) 45 Office 2004 22°18′44.44″N 114°13′30.53″E / 22.3123444°N 114.2251472°E / 22.3123444; 114.2251472 (Millennium City 5) [224][225]
Landmark East Tower 1 HK Landmark East.jpg 187 (614) 43 Office 2008 22°18′43.30″N 114°13′23.50″E / 22.3120278°N 114.2231944°E / 22.3120278; 114.2231944 (Landmark East Tower 1) [226]
Landmark East Tower 2 187 (614) 43 Hotel, Office 2008 22°18′44.52″N 114°13′20.43″E / 22.3123667°N 114.2223417°E / 22.3123667; 114.2223417 (Landmark East Tower 2) [227]
9 Queen's Road Central Nine Queens Road Central 2012.jpg 187 (614) 39 Office 1991 22°16′49.09″N 114°09′30.56″E / 22.2803028°N 114.1584889°E / 22.2803028; 114.1584889 (9 Queen's Road Central) [228][229]
111 Entertainment Building HK Entertainment Building.jpg 187 (612) 33 Office 1993 22°16′53.40″N 114°09′23.50″E / 22.2815000°N 114.1565278°E / 22.2815000; 114.1565278 (Entertainment Building) [230][231]
Manhattan Hill 3 HK Lai Chi Kok Po Lun Street Manhattan Hill 4.JPG 187 (612) 48 Residential 2006 22°20′04.72″N 114°08′32.49″E / 22.3346444°N 114.1423583°E / 22.3346444; 114.1423583 (Manhattan Hill 3) [184][232]
Manhattan Hill 5 187 (612) 48 Residential 2006 22°20′06.32″N 114°08′32.77″E / 22.3350889°N 114.1424361°E / 22.3350889; 114.1424361 (Manhattan Hill 5) [184][233]
Manhattan Hill 6 187 (612) 48 Residential 2006 22°20′08.01″N 114°08′33.26″E / 22.3355583°N 114.1425722°E / 22.3355583; 114.1425722 (Manhattan Hill 6) [184][234]
115 Lippo Centre II Lippo centre.jpg 186 (610) 48 Office 1988 22°16′45.27″N 114°09′48.25″E / 22.2792417°N 114.1634028°E / 22.2792417; 114.1634028 (Lippo Centre II) [235][236]
116 The Westpoint China Merchants Group The Westpoint.jpg 186 (609) 41 Office 1999 22°17′16.44″N 114°08′23.28″E / 22.2879000°N 114.1398000°E / 22.2879000; 114.1398000 (The Westpoint) [237][238]
117 Standard Chartered Bank Building Standard Chartered Bank Building.jpg 185 (607) 42 Office 1990 22°16′48.26″N 114°09′32.55″E / 22.2800722°N 114.1590417°E / 22.2800722; 114.1590417 (Standard Chartered Bank Building) [239]
Sino Plaza Sino Plaza north side.JPG 185 (607) 38 Office 1992 22°16′52.93″N 114°10′56.03″E / 22.2813694°N 114.1822306°E / 22.2813694; 114.1822306 (Sino Plaza) [240][241]
Manhattan Heights Manhattan Heights.JPG 185 (607) 55 Residential 2000 22°17′01.00″N 114°07′38.30″E / 22.2836111°N 114.1273056°E / 22.2836111; 114.1273056 (Manhattan Heights) [242][243]
AIA Central AIA Tower 2013.jpg 185 (607) 40 Office 2005 22°16′52.50″N 114°09′42.50″E / 22.2812500°N 114.1618056°E / 22.2812500; 114.1618056 (AIA Central)
  • This building was formerly known as AIG Tower.[244][245]
121 Festival City III Tower 1 HK Festival City Overview 201208.jpg 185 (606) 58 Residential 2011 22°22′16.13″N 114°10′35.56″E / 22.3711472°N 114.1765444°E / 22.3711472; 114.1765444 (Festival City III Tower 1) [246]
Festival City III Tower 2 185 (606) 58 Residential 2011 22°22′17.18″N 114°10′36.97″E / 22.3714389°N 114.1769361°E / 22.3714389; 114.1769361 (Festival City III Tower 2) [247]
Festival City III Tower 3 185 (606) 58 Residential 2011 22°22′18.12″N 114°10′38.33″E / 22.3717000°N 114.1773139°E / 22.3717000; 114.1773139 (Festival City III Tower 3) [248]
Festival City III Tower 5 185 (606) 58 Residential 2011 22°22′18.93″N 114°10′39.77″E / 22.3719250°N 114.1777139°E / 22.3719250; 114.1777139 (Festival City III Tower 5) [249]
125 Ocean Pointe 184 (603) 54 Residential 2001 22°21′56.52″N 114°03′44.64″E / 22.3657000°N 114.0624000°E / 22.3657000; 114.0624000 (Ocean Pointe) [250][251]
126 Vision City 6 HKVisionCity 20070729.jpg 183 (600) 50 Residential 2007 22°22′14.42″N 114°06′52.19″E / 22.3706722°N 114.1144972°E / 22.3706722; 114.1144972 (Vision City 6)
  • This building is also known as Vision City Tower 5.[199][252]
127 Banyan Garden 5 Banyan Garden.jpg 183 (599) 54 Residential 2003 22°20′02.62″N 114°08′52.73″E / 22.3340611°N 114.1479806°E / 22.3340611; 114.1479806 (Banyan Garden 5) [209][253]
128 Three Pacific Place 182 (597) 40 Office 2004 22°16′36.40″N 114°10′05.37″E / 22.2767778°N 114.1681583°E / 22.2767778; 114.1681583 (Three Pacific Place) [254][255]
Branksome Crest 182 (597) 47 Residential 2003 22°16′22.35″N 114°09′18.59″E / 22.2728750°N 114.1551639°E / 22.2728750; 114.1551639 (Branksome Crest) [256]
130 Convention Plaza Office Tower HKCEC.jpg 181 (595) 50 Office 1990 22°16′50.41″N 114°10′26.34″E / 22.2806694°N 114.1739833°E / 22.2806694; 114.1739833 (Convention Plaza Office Tower) [257][258]
131 Liberté 1 Liberte.jpg 181 (593) 51 Residential 2003 22°20′02.54″N 114°08′54.81″E / 22.3340389°N 114.1485583°E / 22.3340389; 114.1485583 (Liberté 1) [259][260]
Liberté 2 181 (593) 51 Residential 2003 22°20′02.64″N 114°08′55.93″E / 22.3340667°N 114.1488694°E / 22.3340667; 114.1488694 (Liberté 2) [259][261]
Liberté 3 181 (593) 51 Residential 2003 22°20′02.69″N 114°08′57.05″E / 22.3340806°N 114.1491806°E / 22.3340806; 114.1491806 (Liberté 3) [259][262]
Immigration Tower HK ImmgrationTower.JPG 181 (593) 49 Office 1990 22°16′47.00″N 114°10′23.00″E / 22.2797222°N 114.1730556°E / 22.2797222; 114.1730556 (Immigration Tower) [263][264]
Revenue Tower HK RevenueTower.JPG 181 (593) 49 Office 1990 22°16′47.00″N 114°10′19.00″E / 22.2797222°N 114.1719444°E / 22.2797222; 114.1719444 (Revenue Tower) [265][266]
136 AIA Tower AIA Tower.jpg 180 (592) 44 Office 1999 22°17′19.59″N 114°11′32.06″E / 22.2887750°N 114.1922389°E / 22.2887750; 114.1922389 (AIA Tower) [267][268]
137 The Merton 3 The Merton.JPG 180 (591) 51 Residential 2005 22°16′58.21″N 114°07′35.77″E / 22.2828361°N 114.1266028°E / 22.2828361; 114.1266028 (The Merton 3) [186]
Sham Wan Towers 1 Sham Wan Towers (deep sky blue version).jpg 180 (591) 51 Residential 2003 22°14′37.35″N 114°09′30.55″E / 22.2437083°N 114.1584861°E / 22.2437083; 114.1584861 (Sham Wan Towers 1) [269][270]
Sham Wan Towers 2 180 (591) 51 Residential 2003 22°14′37.87″N 114°09′31.56″E / 22.2438528°N 114.1587667°E / 22.2438528; 114.1587667 (Sham Wan Towers 2) [270][271]
Sham Wan Towers 3 180 (591) 45 Residential 2003 22°14′38.43″N 114°09′32.68″E / 22.2440083°N 114.1590778°E / 22.2440083; 114.1590778 (Sham Wan Towers 3) [270][272]
Liberté 5 Liberte.jpg 180 (591) 52 Residential 2003 22°20′04.98″N 114°08′56.80″E / 22.3347167°N 114.1491111°E / 22.3347167; 114.1491111 (Liberté 5) [259][273]
Liberté 6 180 (591) 52 Residential 2003 22°20′06.95″N 114°08′56.80″E / 22.3352639°N 114.1491111°E / 22.3352639; 114.1491111 (Liberté 6) [259][274]
143 Banyan Garden 3 Banyan Garden.jpg 180 (590) 53 Residential 2003 22°20′02.43″N 114°08′49.89″E / 22.3340083°N 114.1471917°E / 22.3340083; 114.1471917 (Banyan Garden 3) [209][275][276]

* Indicates still under construction, but has been topped out.

Tallest buildings under construction or planned[edit]

This list ranks under construction, topped out and planned buildings that are expected to stand at least 180 metres (591 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building is expected to be complete. A floor count of 50 stories is used as the cutoff in place of a height of 180 m (591 ft) for buildings whose heights have not yet been released by their developers.

Name Height[D]
m (ft)
Floors[D][E] Use Year* Status Coordinates Notes
New World Centre Redevelopment 265 (869) 63 Hotel, Office 2016 Under construction 22°17′41.72″N 114°10′32.84″E / 22.2949222°N 114.1757889°E / 22.2949222; 114.1757889 (New World Centre Redevelopment) [277][278]
Kwun Tong Town Centre Redevelopment Landmark Tower 260 (853) 63 Multiple 2017 Site preparation 22°18′47.25″N 114°13′33.92″E / 22.3131250°N 114.2260889°E / 22.3131250; 114.2260889 (Kwun Tong Town Centre)
  • Project height and floor count were scaled down from 280 m and 68 floors.[279][280]
Somerset House Redevelopment 225 (738) 51 Office 2018 Under construction 22°17′14.78″N 114°12′46.06″E / 22.2874389°N 114.2127944°E / 22.2874389; 114.2127944 (Somerset House Redevelopment)
  • This project is also known as Taikoo Place Redevelopment Phase 2A Building.
  • Project height reduced from original 295 m to 225 m.[281][282][283]
Hopewell Centre II 210 (689) 55 Hotel 2018 Under construction 22°16′29.65″N 114°10′15.66″E / 22.2749028°N 114.1710167°E / 22.2749028; 114.1710167 (Hopewell Centre II) [284][285][286]
Taikoo Place Redevelopment Phase 2B Building 195 (640) 46 Office Approved 22°17′11.87″N 114°12′46.06″E / 22.2866306°N 114.2127944°E / 22.2866306; 114.2127944 (Warwick House Redevelopment)
  • This project is also known as Warwick House Redevelopment.
  • Project height increased from 160 m to 195 m.
  • Project will begin no earlier than 2016, after Somerset House redevelopment.[281][282]

*Table entry without text indicate that one or more of the following information regarding building heights, floor counts and/or year of completion has not yet been released.

Timeline of tallest buildings[edit]

This lists buildings that once held the title of tallest building in Hong Kong.

Name Image Years as tallest Height
m (ft)
Floors[E] Location Reference
Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank Building (3rd Generation) HSBC 1936.jpg 1935–1950 (15 years) 01.070 (230) 13 09.01 Queen's Road Central
22°16′48.00″N 114°09′34.00″E / 22.2800000°N 114.1594444°E / 22.2800000; 114.1594444 (Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank Building)
[17]
Bank of China Building HK old BOChina Bldg.jpg 1950–1966 (16 years) 02.076 (250) 17 02.02A Des Voeux Road Central
22°16′48.93″N 114°09′36.20″E / 22.2802583°N 114.1600556°E / 22.2802583; 114.1600556 (Bank of China Building)
[287][288]
Kiu Kwan Mansion Kiukwanmansion2012.jpg 1966–1971 (5 years) 04.095 (312) 28 03.0395 King's Road
22°17′28.32″N 114°11′57.12″E / 22.2912000°N 114.1992000°E / 22.2912000; 114.1992000 (Kiu Kwan Mansion)
[289]
Pearl City Mansion 1971–1973 (2 years) 05.0109 (358) 34 08.022-36 Paterson Street
22°16′51.60″N 114°11′08.88″E / 22.2810000°N 114.1858000°E / 22.2810000; 114.1858000 (Pearl City Mansion)
[290]
Connaught Centre[B] HK Jardine House.jpg 1973–1980 (7 years) 06.0179 (586) 52 01.01 Connaught Place
22°16′59.00″N 114°09′32.00″E / 22.2830556°N 114.1588889°E / 22.2830556; 114.1588889 (Jardine House)
[58]
Hopewell Centre HKHopewellCentre.jpg 1980–1990 (10 years) 07.0222 (728) 64 10.0183 Queen's Road East
22°16′28.25″N 114°10′17.76″E / 22.2745139°N 114.1716000°E / 22.2745139; 114.1716000 (Hopewell Centre)
[50]
Bank of China Tower HK Bank of China Tower View.jpg 1990–1992 (2 years) 08.0367 (1,205) 70 05.01 Garden Road
22°16′45.00″N 114°09′41.00″E / 22.2791667°N 114.1613889°E / 22.2791667; 114.1613889 (Bank of China Tower)
[42]
Central Plaza 中環廣場.JPG 1992–2003 (11 years) 09.0374 (1,227) 78 06.018 Harbour Road
22°16′48.00″N 114°10′25.00″E / 22.2800000°N 114.1736111°E / 22.2800000; 114.1736111 (Central Plaza)
[40]
Two International Finance Centre IFC HKSAR.JPG 2003–2010 (7 years) 10.0416 (1,364) 88 04.08 Finance Street
22°17′07.09″N 114°09′33.37″E / 22.2853028°N 114.1592694°E / 22.2853028; 114.1592694 (Two International Finance Centre)
[38]
International Commerce Centre International Commerce Centre 201008.jpg 2010–present 11.0484 (1,588) 118 1 Austin Road, Kowloon
22°18′12.21″N 114°09′36.61″E / 22.3033917°N 114.1601694°E / 22.3033917; 114.1601694 (International Commerce Centre)
[5]

Notable abandoned, cancelled and vision projects[edit]

This lists notable projects that were abandoned, cancelled or never meant to be built that had a planned height of at least 400 m (1,300 ft).

Name Height
m (ft)
Floors* Notes
Bionic Tower 1,128 (3,701)[F] 300
  • A visionary proposal for a vertical city housing at least 100,000 people.[291][292][293]
Kowloon MTR Tower 574 (1,883)[G] 102
Original Nina Tower Proposal 518 (1,699) 108
  • The original proposal for Nina Tower was planned to be the world's tallest building in 1994.
  • The proposal was rejected by the government due to the project's location near a major airway of the newly established Hong Kong International Airport.
  • The as-built tower is literally split in two, with the dominant part being Nina Tower and the smaller part being Teddy Tower.[297][298]
SAR Government Centre 450 (1,476)
The Gateway III 405 (1,329)[H] 96
Hong Kong Wanchai Tower 400 (1,312) [302][303]

* Table entries without text indicate that information regarding floor counts have not been determined or remain unknown.

Demolished[edit]

This lists buildings that were demolished and once stood at least 40 m (131 ft) tall.

Name Image Height
m (ft)
Floors Years existed Coordinates Replacement building Notes
The Ritz-Carlton Hong Kong (Central) HK AIG Tower n Ritz-Carlton hotel 2.JPG 001.0142 (465) 31 1993–2009 (16 years) 22°16′52.88″N 114°09′41.28″E / 22.2813556°N 114.1614667°E / 22.2813556; 114.1614667 (The Ritz-Carlton Hong Kong (Central)) China Construction Bank Tower [304][305]
Hennessy Centre Hennessy Centre.JPG 002.0140 (458) 41 1983–2008 (25 years) 22°16′47.28″N 114°11′0.96″E / 22.2798000°N 114.1836000°E / 22.2798000; 114.1836000 (Hennessy Centre) Hysan Place [306]
Furama Kempinski Hotel Furama.jpg 003.0110 (360) 33 1973–2002 (29 years) 22°16′52.50″N 114°09′42.50″E / 22.2812500°N 114.1618056°E / 22.2812500; 114.1618056 (Furama Kempinski Hotel) AIG Tower (now AIA Central) [307]
Lodge on the Park 004.097 (317) 29 1988–2011 (23 years) 22°16′35.00″N 114°09′25.50″E / 22.2763889°N 114.1570833°E / 22.2763889; 114.1570833 (Lodge on the Park) Kennedy Park at Central [308][309]
Beautiful City Building 005.093 (306) 28 1978–c. 2003 (~25 years) 22°17′21.70″N 114°12′33.52″E / 22.2893611°N 114.2093111°E / 22.2893611; 114.2093111 (Beautiful City Building) CASA 880 [310]
Tai Sang Commercial Building 006.090 (295) 27 1997–2009 (12 years) 22°16′38.74″N 114°10′09.67″E / 22.2774278°N 114.1693528°E / 22.2774278; 114.1693528 (Tai Sang Commercial Building) 24-34 Hennessy Road Redevelopment [311][312][313]
Hong Kong Hilton Hong Kong Hilton Hotel.jpg 007.087 (284) 26 007.01962–1992 (30 years) 22°16′47.21″N 114°09′37.80″E / 22.2797806°N 114.1605000°E / 22.2797806; 114.1605000 (Hong Kong Hilton) Cheung Kong Centre [314]
Elegant Court 008.083 (273) 25 1987–c. 2009 (~22 years) 22°17′09.73″N 114°11′26.76″E / 22.2860361°N 114.1907667°E / 22.2860361; 114.1907667 (Elegant Court) Twenty One Whitfield [315]
Crocodile House 1 009.077 (251) 23 1982–2008 (26 years) 22°17′06.18″N 114°09′21.29″E / 22.2850500°N 114.1559139°E / 22.2850500; 114.1559139 (Crocodile House 1) Agricultural Bank of China Tower (50 Connaught Road Central) [316][317]
Melbourne Industrial Building 010.077 (251) 23 1977–2005 (28 years) 22°17′09.74″N 114°12′48.39″E / 22.2860389°N 114.2134417°E / 22.2860389; 114.2134417 (Melbourne Industrial Building) One Island East [26][318]
Aik San Factory Building 011.073 (240) 22 1972–2005 (33 years) 22°17′08.62″N 114°12′48.37″E / 22.2857278°N 114.2134361°E / 22.2857278; 114.2134361 (Aik San Factory Building) [26][319][320]
Lee Gardens Hotel HK Causeway Bay Bay Lee garden Hotel Yun Ping Road n Hysan Avenue history photo BW.jpg 012.073 (240) 22 015.0c. 1970s–c. 1990s (~20 years) 22°16′42.00″N 114°11′04.60″E / 22.2783333°N 114.1846111°E / 22.2783333; 114.1846111 (Lee Gardens Hotel) Manulife Plaza [321]
Ananda Tower 013.070 (229) 21 001.0?–2008 (? years) 22°17′06.89″N 114°09′20.78″E / 22.2852472°N 114.1557722°E / 22.2852472; 114.1557722 (Ananda Tower) Agricultural Bank of China Tower (50 Connaught Road Central) [317][322]
Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank (3rd Generation) HSBC 1936.jpg 014.070 (230) 13 002.01935–1978 (43 years) 22°16′48.00″N 114°09′34.00″E / 22.2800000°N 114.1594444°E / 22.2800000; 114.1594444 (HSBC Building (1935–1978)) HSBC Building (Current) [17][53][323]
Swire House 015.067 (219) 20 008.01962–1998 (36 years) 22°16′56.01″N 114°09′30.24″E / 22.2822250°N 114.1584000°E / 22.2822250; 114.1584000 (Swire House) Chater House
  • This building was originally known as Union House.[324][325]
Crocodile House 2 016.063 (208) 19 012.01966–2008 (42 years) 22°17′06.60″N 114°09′20.99″E / 22.2851667°N 114.1558306°E / 22.2851667; 114.1558306 (Crocodile House 2) Agricultural Bank of China Tower (50 Connaught Road Central) [317][326]
Chartered Bank Building 017.060 (197) 18 005.01959–1986 (27 years) 22°16′48.26″N 114°09′32.55″E / 22.2800722°N 114.1590417°E / 22.2800722; 114.1590417 (Chartered Bank Building) Standard Chartered Bank Building [239][327][328]
Hyatt Regency Hong Kong 017.060 (197) 18 010.01964–2006 (42 years) 22°17′49.00″N 114°10′19.00″E / 22.2969444°N 114.1719444°E / 22.2969444; 114.1719444 (Hyatt Regency Hong Kong/President Hotel) iSQUARE
  • This building was also known as the President Hotel.[329][330]
Tung Ying Building Hktungyen.JPG 018.057 (186) 17 011.01965–2006 (41 years) 22°17′58.56″N 114°10′19.92″E / 22.2996000°N 114.1722000°E / 22.2996000; 114.1722000 (Tung Ying Building) The ONE [331][332]
Tung Sang Building 019.057 (186) 17 1972–2006 (34 years) 22°16′36.80″N 114°10′13.29″E / 22.2768889°N 114.1703583°E / 22.2768889; 114.1703583 (Tung Sang Building) York Place [333][334]
City East Building 020.053 (175) 16 1973–2007 (34 years) 22°16′29.18″N 114°10′21.56″E / 22.2747722°N 114.1726556°E / 22.2747722; 114.1726556 (City East Building) Gardeneast Serviced Apartments [335]
Jardine House (3rd Generation) 021.053 (175) 16 004.01957–1980 (23 years) 22°16′54.84″N 114°09′26.64″E / 22.2819000°N 114.1574000°E / 22.2819000; 114.1574000 (Jardine House (3rd Generation)) Wheelock House [336][337]
Chiao Shang Building 022.050 (164) 15 009.01964–2004 (40 years) 22°16′59.99″N 114°09′17.79″E / 22.2833306°N 114.1549417°E / 22.2833306; 114.1549417 (Chiao Shang Building) 100QRC (100 Queen's Road Central) [338][339]
Dragon Seed Building 023.043 (142) 13 014.01966–2008 (42 years) 22°16′57.26″N 114°09′22.27″E / 22.2825722°N 114.1561861°E / 22.2825722; 114.1561861 (Dragon Seed Building) Prosperity Tower (39 Queen's Road Central) [340]
Luk Hoi Tong Building HK LukHoiTongBuilding.jpg 024.043 (142) 13 006.01961–2008 (47 years) 22°16′55.46″N 114°09′23.54″E / 22.2820722°N 114.1565389°E / 22.2820722; 114.1565389 (Luk Hoi Tong Building) LHT Tower (31 Queen's Road Central) [341][342]
Alexandra House (2nd Generation) 025.043 (142) 13 003.01952–1974 (22 years) 22°16′54.04″N 114°09′30.52″E / 22.2816778°N 114.1584778°E / 22.2816778; 114.1584778 (Alexandra House) Alexandra House (Current) [343][344]
Kingsford Industrial Centre 026.040 (131) 12 1986–2006 (20 years) 22°17′37.58″N 114°14′12.76″E / 22.2937722°N 114.2368778°E / 22.2937722; 114.2368778 (Kingsford Industrial Centre) The Spectacle [345]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

A.1 The figure of 310 counts only buildings with known height figures greater than 150 m (492 ft). There are a number of completed buildings that are at least 50 stories tall that do not have height figures listed as seen here [1], here [2] and here [3] on Emporis as well as CTBUH. It is possible but not definite that some of these skyscrapers are taller than 150 m (492 ft); thus, it is safe to only be stated that there are at least 310 buildings that are at least 150 m (492 ft) high.
B.1 2 This building was constructed as the Connaught Centre, but has since been renamed Jardine House.
C.1 Tower numbers may not be assigned sequentially in Hong Kong's multi-tower complexes due to the number 4 and its meaning in Chinese culture. Hence, it is common practice to skip the label "Tower 4" in complexes with four or more actual towers. A building named "Tower 8" in a complex may not imply that there are eight actual towers in said complex. As an example, a complex of six actual towers may have the first trio of towers be assigned Towers 1, 2, 3 and the second trio Towers 5, 6 and 7. The same may occur for large projects that have four or more phases of development.[346]
D.1 2 3 4 For groups of two or more interconnected buildings, the height shown refers to the tallest building of the group. The floor count shown refers to that of the tallest building in question.
E.1 2 3 Due to common practice of skipping floors with the number 4 (e.g. 4, 14, 24, 34, ... and so on) and 13 in Hong Kong, floors may not be labelled sequentially. Thus a building's total count of actual floors may not be equal to the number of the top floor. As an example, one residential tower has a top floor labelled "88", but contains only 42 actual floors. Sources that state the number of the top floor for a building's floor count may overstate the actual number of floors for the building in question. See numbers in Chinese culture, unlucky 13 and thirteenth floor for more background information.[346]
F.1 Two height figures were given for the Bionic Tower: 1,128 m (3,701 ft) and 1,228 m (4,029 ft). An official figure has not been determined.
G.1 One design iteration of the Kowloon MTR Tower has a spire that reached 610 m (2,001 ft) in height.
H.1 Two height figures were given for the Gateway Tower III: 405 m (1,329 ft) and 450 m (1,476 ft). An official figure has not been determined.

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b "City Lists". CTBUH. Retrieved 2015-10-15. 
  2. ^ a b c "Cities with the most skyscrapers". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2015-10-15. 
  3. ^ "Emporis Skyline Ranking". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2015-10-15. 
  4. ^ a b c "International Commerce Centre". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  5. ^ a b c d "International Commerce Centre". SkyscraperPage.com. 
  6. ^ a b c "International Commerce Centre". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  7. ^ a b Guinness World Records Ltd. (2013-04-30). Glenday, Craig, ed. Guinness World Records 2013 (May 2013 ed.). New York: Random House Publishing Group. p. 276. ISBN 978-0-345-54711-8. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  8. ^ a b Gerometta, Marshall; Kazmierczak, Paul; Lacey, Matthew; Oldfield, Philip; Wood, Antony (2009). "Worlds Tallest 50 Urban Agglomerations, Projected 2010". CTBUH Journal (CTBUH) (1): 2–3. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  9. ^ Hanstedt, Paul (2014). Curry, Janel, ed. Reading Hong Kong, Reading Ourselves. Kowloon, Hong Kong: City University of Hong Kong Press. p. 38. ISBN 978-962-937-235-4. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Emporis World Building Map: Hong Kong". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 15 October 2015.  (Type "Hong Kong" in Search bar on top center.)
  11. ^ a b Tang, Bo-sin; Chiang, Yat-hung; Baldwin, Andrew; Yeung, Chi-wai (2004-11-01). "Study of the Integrated Rail-Property Development Model in Hong Kong" (PDF). Reconnecting America. Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University - Research Centre for Construction & Real Estate Economics. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  12. ^ a b Cervero, Robert; Murakami, Jin (2008). "Rail and Property Development in Hong Kong: Experiences, Impacts, and Extensions" (PDF). Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. 113 Brattle Street, Cambridge, MA 02138-3400: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "The world’s top 20 city skylines, CNNGo.com". Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  14. ^ a b "Top 15 Skylines of The World v 5.0 (Actually Top 30)". diserio.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  15. ^ Gramsbergen, Egbert; Paul Kazmierczak. "The World's Best Skylines". Retrieved 2015-10-15. 
  16. ^ "Most buildings in a permanent light and sound show". Officially Amazing Guinness World Records. Guinness World Records. 2005-11-21. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  17. ^ a b c "Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-27. 
  18. ^ Willis, Carol (2008-03-03). "Vertical Cities: Hong Kong / New York". The Skyscraper Museum. Retrieved 2008-06-27. 
  19. ^ "Hong Kong". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  20. ^ a b c "Central Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  21. ^ a b c "Bank of China Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-03-16. 
  22. ^ a b c "Hopewell Centre". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  23. ^ a b c "Interactive Data: Hong Kong Skyscraper Timeline". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  24. ^ a b c "Two International Finance Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-10-10. 
  25. ^ a b "Nina Tower I". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  26. ^ a b c d "One Island East". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  27. ^ a b "Sorrento 1". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  28. ^ a b "Langham Place Office Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  29. ^ a b "The Harbourside". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  30. ^ Steve, Fallon (2006). Hong Kong and Macau. Lonely Planet Publishing. ISBN 981-258-246-0. 
  31. ^ "Metro Town, Tiu Keng Leng Station Complex". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i "LOHAS Park Complex". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  33. ^ South China Morning Post (2007-03-13). "High-rise heat trap revealed". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  34. ^ Yung, Chester (2006-12-21). "`Asia's walled city' leaves - residents longing for air". The Standard Newspaper Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  35. ^ Wong, Man-Sing; Nichol, Janet; Ng, Edward (2011-06-08). "A study of the "wall effect" caused by proliferation of high-rise buildings using GIS technique" (PDF). Landscape and Urban Planning (Elsevier B.V.) 102 (4): 245–253. doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.05.003. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  36. ^ Nichol, Janet; To, Pui-Hang (2011-07-08). "Temporal Characteristics of Thermal Satellite Sensors for Urban Heat Island Analysis". Earthzine (IEEE). Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  37. ^ "High-rise Buildings of Hong Kong". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2015-10-15. 
  38. ^ a b c "2 International Finance Centre". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  39. ^ a b "Two International Finance Centre". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  40. ^ a b c "Central Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  41. ^ a b "Central Plaza". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  42. ^ a b c "Bank of China Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-03-16. 
  43. ^ a b "Bank of China Tower". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  44. ^ a b "Cheung Kong Centre". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  45. ^ a b "Cheung Kong Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  46. ^ a b "Cheung Kong Centre". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  47. ^ a b "The Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  48. ^ a b "The Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  49. ^ a b "The Center". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  50. ^ a b c "Hopewell Centre". SkyscraperPage.com. Skyscraper Source Media. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  51. ^ a b "Hopewell Centre". The Skyscraper Centre. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  52. ^ "Hong Kong And Shanghai Bank". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  53. ^ a b "Hongkong & Shanghai Bank". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  54. ^ "HSBC Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Skyscraper Source Media. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  55. ^ Campanella, Thomas (2012). The Concrete Dragon: China's Urban Revolution and What it Means for the World. Chronicle Books. p. 139. ISBN 9781568989488. 
  56. ^ "Jardine makes enemies where it needs friends". The Independent. 23 October 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 
  57. ^ "Jardine House". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  58. ^ a b "Jardine House". SkyscraperPage.com. Skyscraper Source Media. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  59. ^ "Jardine House". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  60. ^ "CITIC Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-27. 
  61. ^ "About BOC Tower". Bank of China. Retrieved 2008-03-16. 
  62. ^ "Nina Tower 1 & 2". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  63. ^ "One Island East". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-08-14. 
  64. ^ "The Cullinan North Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  65. ^ a b "Union Square Phase 6". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  66. ^ "The Cullinan South Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  67. ^ "Hotel Panorama". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  68. ^ "Hanoi Road Redevelopment". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  69. ^ a b c d e "The Sorrento". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  70. ^ "Langham Place Office Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  71. ^ "Highcliff". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  72. ^ "Highcliff". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  73. ^ "The HarbourSide". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  74. ^ "Manulife Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  75. ^ "Manulife Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  76. ^ "Sorrento 2". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  77. ^ "The Harbourfront Landmark". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  78. ^ "Harbourfront Landmark". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  79. ^ "The Arch". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  80. ^ "The Arch". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  81. ^ "Cosco Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  82. ^ "Cosco Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  83. ^ "The Belcher's Tower 5". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  84. ^ a b c d e f "The Belcher's". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  85. ^ "The Belcher's Tower 6". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  86. ^ "The Belcher's Tower 1". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  87. ^ "The Belcher's Tower 2". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  88. ^ "Tregunter 3". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  89. ^ "Tregunter Tower 3". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  90. ^ "The Summit". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  91. ^ "The Summit". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  92. ^ "Grand Promenade 2-5". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  93. ^ a b c "Grand Promenade". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  94. ^ "Sorrento 3". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  95. ^ "LOHAS Park Phase 2B Le Prime". Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  96. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2B LE PRIME > TOWER 6 - L WING". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  97. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2B LE PRIME > TOWER 6 - R WING". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  98. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2B LE PRIME > TOWER 7 - L WING". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  99. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2B LE PRIME > TOWER 7 - R WING". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  100. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2B LE PRIME > TOWER 8 - L WING". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  101. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2B LE PRIME > TOWER 8 - R WING". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  102. ^ "Sun Hung Kai Centre". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  103. ^ "Sun Hung Kai Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  104. ^ "The Belcher's Tower 3". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  105. ^ "The Belcher's Tower 8". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  106. ^ "Shangri-La Hotel". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  107. ^ "Shangri-La Hotel". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  108. ^ "Victoria Towers 1". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  109. ^ a b c "Victoria Towers". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  110. ^ "Victoria Towers 2". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  111. ^ "Victoria Towers 3". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  112. ^ "Shining Heights". CTBUH. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  113. ^ "Sorrento 5". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  114. ^ "Indi Home". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  115. ^ "Indi Home". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  116. ^ "Indi Home". CTBUH. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  117. ^ "Azura". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  118. ^ "Azura". SkyscraperPage.com. Skyscraper Source Media. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  119. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 1 THE CAPITOL > BANFF (TOWER 1 - L WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  120. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 1 THE CAPITOL > FLORENCE (TOWER 1 - R WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  121. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 1 THE CAPITOL > LUCERNE (TOWER 2 - L WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  122. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 1 THE CAPITOL > MADRID (TOWER 2 - R WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  123. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 3A HEMERA > DIAMOND (TOWER 1)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  124. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 3A HEMERA > EMERALD (TOWER 2)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  125. ^ "One International Finance Centre". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  126. ^ "1 International Finance Centre". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  127. ^ "Grand Promenade 1". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  128. ^ "Grand Promenade Tower 1". CTBUH. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  129. ^ "Grand Promenade 6". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  130. ^ "Grand Promenade Tower 6". CTBUH. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  131. ^ "Metro Plaza Tower 2". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  132. ^ "Metroplaza Tower 2". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  133. ^ "The Hermitage 1-3". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  134. ^ a b "The Hermitage". SkyscraperPage.com. Skyscraper Source Media. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  135. ^ "Sorrento 6". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  136. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 1 THE CAPITOL > MILAN (TOWER 3 - L WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  137. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 1 THE CAPITOL > MONTREAL (TOWER 3 - R WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  138. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 1 THE CAPITOL > OSLO (TOWER 5 - L WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  139. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 1 THE CAPITOL > VENICE (TOWER 5 - R WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  140. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2C LA SPLENDEUR > ALMOND BLOSSOM (TOWER 9 - L WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  141. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2C LA SPLENDEUR > BOUQUET (TOWER 9 - R WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  142. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2C LA SPLENDEUR > FLAMINGOS (TOWER 10 - L WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  143. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2C LA SPLENDEUR > IRISES (TOWER 10 - R WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  144. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2C LA SPLENDEUR > MEADOWLAND (TOWER 11 - L WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  145. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2C LA SPLENDEUR > MORNING HAZE (TOWER 11 - R WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  146. ^ "Bellagio Tower 1-5". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  147. ^ "Citibank Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  148. ^ "Citibank Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  149. ^ "May House". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  150. ^ "May House". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  151. ^ "Metro Town Tower 1". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  152. ^ a b c d "Metro Town - Tower 1". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  153. ^ "Metro Town Tower 2". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  154. ^ "Metro Town - Tower 2". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  155. ^ "Four Seasons Place". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  156. ^ "Four Seasons Place". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  157. ^ "Hysan Place". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  158. ^ "KPF's latest green high rise". Worldarchitecturenews.com. 2012-09-05. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  159. ^ a b c d "Island Resort". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  160. ^ "Island Resort Tower 1–2". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  161. ^ "Island Resort Tower 3-5". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  162. ^ "Island Resort Tower 6-7". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  163. ^ "Island Resort Tower 8-9". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  164. ^ "China Online Centre". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  165. ^ "China Online Centre". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  166. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2A LE PRESTIGE > MOON LIGHT (TOWER 1 - L WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  167. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2A LE PRESTIGE > MONA LISA (TOWER 1 - R WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  168. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2A LE PRESTIGE > SWAN LAKE (TOWER 2 - L WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  169. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2A LE PRESTIGE > SUN FLOWER (TOWER 2 - R WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  170. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2A LE PRESTIGE > FOUR SEASONS (TOWER 3 - L WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  171. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2A LE PRESTIGE > STARRY NIGHT (TOWER 3 - R WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  172. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2A LE PRESTIGE > BLUE DANUBE (TOWER 5 - L WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  173. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 2A LE PRESTIGE > WATER LILIES (TOWER 5 - R WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  174. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 1 THE CAPITOL > VIENNA (TOWER 6 - L WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  175. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 1 THE CAPITOL > WHISTLER (TOWER 6 - R WING)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  176. ^ "Conrad International Hotel". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  177. ^ "Conrad International Hotel". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  178. ^ "Queensway Government Office Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  179. ^ "Queensway Government Office Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  180. ^ a b "Le Point Tower 6-7". SkyscraperPage.com. Skyscraper Source Media. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  181. ^ "Bellagio Tower 6-9". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  182. ^ "The Hermitage 6-8". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  183. ^ "Manhattan Hill 1—2". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  184. ^ a b c d "Manhattan Hill". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  185. ^ "The Merton 1". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  186. ^ a b "The Merton". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  187. ^ "The Pacifica 1". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  188. ^ a b c d "The Pacifica". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  189. ^ "The Pacifica 2—5". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  190. ^ "The Pacifica 6". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  191. ^ "The Pacifica 7". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  192. ^ "Cable TV Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  193. ^ "Cable TV Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  194. ^ "Tower South". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  195. ^ "Tower West". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  196. ^ "Aigburth". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  197. ^ "Aigburth". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  198. ^ "Vision City 2". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  199. ^ a b c d e "Vision City". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  200. ^ "Vision City 3". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  201. ^ "Vision City 5". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  202. ^ a b c "Le Point Tower 8-10". SkyscraperPage.com. Skyscraper Source Media. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  203. ^ "Times Square Natwest Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  204. ^ "Times Square Natwest Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  205. ^ "Primrose Hill Tower 3". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  206. ^ "Vision City 1". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  207. ^ "39 Conduit Road". CTBUH. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  208. ^ "Banyan Garden 2". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  209. ^ a b c d e "Banyan Garden". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  210. ^ "Banyan Garden 6". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  211. ^ "Banyan Garden 7". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  212. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 3A HEMERA > AMBER (TOWER 3)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  213. ^ "All Transaction Estates > LOHAS PARK > PHASE 3A HEMERA > TOPAZ (TOWER 5)". Centadata: Transaction History. Centadata Company Limited. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  214. ^ "The Centrium". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  215. ^ "The Centrium". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  216. ^ "The Merton 2". CTBUH. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  217. ^ "Metro Town Tower 3". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  218. ^ "Metro Town - Tower 3". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  219. ^ "Metro Town Tower 5". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  220. ^ "Metro Town - Tower 4". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  221. ^ "One Exchange Square". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  222. ^ "Two Exchange Square". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  223. ^ "Oxford House Time Warner". CTBUH. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  224. ^ "Millennium City 5". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  225. ^ "Millennium City 5". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  226. ^ "Landmark East Tower 1". CTBUH. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  227. ^ "Landmark East Tower 2". CTBUH. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  228. ^ "9 Queen's Road Central". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  229. ^ "9 Queens Road Central". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  230. ^ "Entertainment Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  231. ^ "Entertainment Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  232. ^ "Manhattan Hill 3". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  233. ^ "Manhattan Hill 5". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  234. ^ "Manhattan Hill 6". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  235. ^ "Lippo Centre II". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  236. ^ "Lippo Centre". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  237. ^ "The Westpoint". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  238. ^ "The Westpoint". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  239. ^ a b "Standard Chartered Bank Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  240. ^ "Sino Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  241. ^ "Sino Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  242. ^ "Manhattan Heights". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-10-10. 
  243. ^ "Manhattan Heights". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-10-07. 
  244. ^ "AIG Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-08-17. 
  245. ^ "AIG Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-09-18. 
  246. ^ "Festival City III Tower 1". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  247. ^ "Festival City III Tower 2". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  248. ^ "Festival City III Tower 3". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  249. ^ "Festival City III Tower 5". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  250. ^ "Ocean Pointe". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  251. ^ "Ocean Pointe". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  252. ^ "Vision City 6". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  253. ^ "Banyan Garden 5". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  254. ^ "Three Pacific Place". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  255. ^ "Three Pacific Place". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  256. ^ "Branksome Crest". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  257. ^ "Convention Plaza Office Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  258. ^ "Hong Kong Convention & Exhibition Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  259. ^ a b c d e "Liberte". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  260. ^ "Liberte 1". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  261. ^ "Liberte 2". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  262. ^ "Liberte 3". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  263. ^ "Immigration Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  264. ^ "Immigration Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  265. ^ "Revenue Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  266. ^ "Revenue Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  267. ^ "AIA Tower". Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  268. ^ "AIA Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  269. ^ "Sham Wan Towers 1". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  270. ^ a b c "Sham Wan Towers". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  271. ^ "Sham Wan Towers 2". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  272. ^ "Sham Wan Towers 3". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  273. ^ "Liberte 5". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  274. ^ "Liberte 6". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  275. ^ "Banyan Garden 3, Hong Kong, China". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2011-09-26. 
  276. ^ "Banyan Garden 3". CTBUH.com. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  277. ^ "New World Centre Redevelopment". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  278. ^ SINA Finance (2009-01-30). "新世界中心东翼重建获批". SINA. SINA. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  279. ^ "Kwun Tong Town Centre". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  280. ^ Ng, Joyce (2009-01-24). "Kwun Tong Tower Needs 20-Metre Cut". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  281. ^ a b Wong, Olga (2009-05-16). "Eased height limits pave way for taller buildings in Quarry Bay". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  282. ^ a b "太古坊2期重建 12年圓夢". 香港文匯報. 2011-03-03. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  283. ^ "Somerset House Redevelopment". The Skyscraper Centre. CTBUH. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  284. ^ "Hopewell Centre II". Hopewell Holdings Limited. Hopewell Holdings Limited. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  285. ^ Hopewell Holdings Limited (2008-11-19). "Hopewell Holdings Limited Revises Development Plan of Hopewell Centre II" (PDF). Hopewell Holdings Limited. p. 1. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  286. ^ "Hopewell Centre II Project". Hopewell Centre II 2015 Scheme. Hopewell Holdings Limited. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  287. ^ "Bank of China Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-21. 
  288. ^ "Old Bank of China Building". A view on cities. Retrieved 2008-06-27. 
  289. ^ "侨冠大厦". Baidu. Baidu. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  290. ^ "Pearl City Mansion". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-21. 
  291. ^ "Bionic Tower". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  292. ^ "Bionic Tower". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  293. ^ "Bionic Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Skyscraper Source Media. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  294. ^ "Kowloon MTR Tower". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  295. ^ "Kowloon Station Phase 7". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  296. ^ "Kowloon MTR Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Skyscraper Source Media. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  297. ^ "Nina Tower". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  298. ^ "Nina Tower". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  299. ^ "SAR Government Building". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  300. ^ "Gateway III, Kowloon". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  301. ^ "The Gateway 3". SkyscraperPage.com. Skyscraper Source Media. Retrieved 2015-10-18. 
  302. ^ "Hong Kong Wanchai Tower". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  303. ^ "Hong Kong Wanchai Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Skyscraper Source Media. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  304. ^ "The Ritz-Carlton". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  305. ^ Liu, Yvonne (2012-08-23). "New prime office space in Central up for lease". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  306. ^ "Hennessy Centre". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  307. ^ "Furama Kempinski Hotel". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  308. ^ "Lodge on the Park". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  309. ^ "Kennedy Park at Central". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  310. ^ "Beautiful City Building". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  311. ^ "Tai Sang Commercial Building". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  312. ^ "24-34 Hennessy Road Redevelopment". SkyscraperPage.com. Skyscraper Source Media. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  313. ^ "Tai Sang Commercial Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Skyscraper Source Media. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  314. ^ "Hilton Hotel". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  315. ^ "Elegant Court". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  316. ^ "Crocodile House 1". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  317. ^ a b c Apple Daily (2010-09-06). "干諾道中50至59號 43億放售 挑戰新高 中環商廈呎價索2.5萬". Apple Daily. AD Internet Limited. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  318. ^ "Melbourne Industrial Building". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  319. ^ "Aik San Factory Building". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  320. ^ Woo, Richard (2000-12-13). "Swire moves to expand Island East complex". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  321. ^ "Lee Gardens Hotel". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  322. ^ "Ananda Tower". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  323. ^ Hong Kong Institute of Architects; Create HK; The University of Hong Kong Faculty of Architecture (2012). "Visit : Central - Structure of Skyscrapers". HKedcity. Hong Kong Institute of Architects. p. 6. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  324. ^ "Swire House (originally named "Union House") [1962-1998]". Gwulo: Old Hong Kong. Gwulo.com. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  325. ^ "Swire House". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  326. ^ "Crocodile House 2". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  327. ^ "Standard Chartered Bank Building". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  328. ^ "Chartered Bank / Standard Chartered Bank building [1959-1986]". Gwulo: Old Hong Kong. Gwulo.com. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  329. ^ "Hyatt Regency Hong Kong". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  330. ^ "President / Hyatt Hotel [1963-2006]". Gwulo: Old Hong Kong. Gwulo.com. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  331. ^ "Tung Ying Building". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  332. ^ "Tung Ying Building, Tsim Sha Tsui". Hong Kong Memory. Hong Kong Memory Project. 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  333. ^ Chinese Estates Holdings Limited (2008-08-07). "2008 Interim Results Press Release". Chinese Estates Holdings Limited. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  334. ^ "Tung Sang Building". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  335. ^ "City East Building". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  336. ^ "Jardine House (3rd generation) [1957-1980]". Gwulo: Old Hong Kong. Gwulo.com. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  337. ^ "Old Jardine House". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  338. ^ "Project Profile: Chiao Shang Building". ATAL Building Services. ATAL Building Services. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  339. ^ "Chiao Shang Building". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  340. ^ "The Dragon Seed Company [1966-2008]". Gwulo: Old Hong Kong. Gwulo.com. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  341. ^ "Commercial Developments: Luk Hoi Tong Building Redevelopment, Hong Kong". Gammon. Gammon Construction Limited. 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  342. ^ "Luk Hoi Tong Building". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  343. ^ "Old Alexandra House". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  344. ^ "Alexandra House (1st generation) [1952-1974]". Gwulo: Old Hong Kong. Gwulo.com. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  345. ^ "Kingsford Industrial Centre". Emporis. Emporis. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  346. ^ a b CTBUH (2015). Binder, Georges, ed. Tall Buildings of China. Australia: The Images Publishing Group Pty Ltd. p. 21. ISBN 9781864704129. 

External links[edit]