List of rabbit breeds

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A Giant Angora rabbit buck

A rabbit breed is a distinct variety of the domestic rabbit that has been created through selective breeding or through natural selection. Rabbit breeds recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) or the British Rabbit Council (BRC) may be exhibited and judged in that organization's shows. Each rabbit breed is considered to benefit when a reputable breeder strives to emulate the individual breed standard (termed the Standard of Perfection by ARBA) by which that breed is judged.[1]

Scope[edit]

This table does not include extinct rabbit breeds. Those may be found in the Extinct breeds list that appears below the larger table.

The following table lists modern-day rabbit breeds that are:

  • recognized as a distinct breed by ARBA, the BRC, or another country's established organization for the national promotion of rabbit breeds,
  • recognized as "in development" for potential formal recognition (as judged by multiple authoritative sources), or
  • recognized as a distinct breed that resulted from natural selection (as judged by pertinent authoritative sources).

Breeds listed in the table with pink highlighting are those currently deemed rare.[i]

Breed name vs color/pattern name[edit]

Confusion sometimes arises regarding the name of a rabbit breed versus the name of a rabbit's color/pattern (or fur type). For example, Harlequin is the name of a breed whose color/pattern is known as harlequin. (This usage may have arisen from the Harlequin character, who, like this rabbit, always wears a motley-colored check-patterned coat—and suggests that the rabbit may be equally impish.) The harlequin color/pattern is found now in a different breed of rabbit: the Tri-Colour Dutch, also known as the Harlequin Dutch. Such evolutions in terminology pertain also to some fur types, where (for example) the Rex breed has rex fur, one new variety of which appears in the unusually "rexed" Astrex rabbit breed.

It is sometimes difficult to ascertain which came first, the breed name or the color/pattern name (or fur-type name). What is certain is that in such situations the two at some point were synonymous but subsequent developments in other breeds (likely hinging on similar genetic changes) have caused the terms to diverge.

The definition of a distinct breed relies on clusters of complex individual gene-sets—clusters that may include the gene-set for a body type, the gene-set for an ear type, the gene-set for a color/pattern, and/or the gene-set for a fur type. The determination of when a group of rabbits is considered to have become a new breed (as a result of overarching genetic distinction) is left, in the following table, to the authority of ARBA, the BRC, or other reputable source.


List with classification and standards[edit]

   = Rare breeds[i]
Breed Name[ii] Image[iii] Size[iv] Fur
Type[v]
Ear
Type[vi]
Colors / Patterns[vii] ARBA
Recognized[viii]
BRC
Recognized[ix]
Origin[x]
Alaska Alaska schwarz.jpg 7–9 lb
(3.2–4.1 kg)
Short Erect Black
No
Yes
EU–Germany
Altex
Outline of a bunny.svg
13 lb
(5.9 kg)
Short Erect Pointed White
No
No
US
American RabbitAmericanBlue.jpg 9–12 lb
(4.1–5.4 kg)
Short Erect Blue, White
Yes
No
US
American Chinchilla [US]
  See also:
    Chinchilla
Ninja eating a leaf.JPG 9–12 lb
(4.1–5.4 kg)
Short Erect Chinchilla
Yes
No
US
American Fuzzy Lop Rabbit - American Fuzzy Lop breed.jpg 3.5–4 lb
(1.6–1.8 kg)
Long Lop [All solid or broken colors/patterns]
Yes
No
US
American Sable Zoo Praha 2011-01-16 - 4051.jpg 7–10 lb
(3.2–4.5 kg)
Short Erect Sable
Yes
No
US
Angora
  See main entries:
    English Angora
    French Angora
    German Angora
    Giant Angora
    Satin Angora
Argente Bleu Rabbit - Argente Bleu breed.jpg 6 lb
(2.7 kg)
Short Erect [Argente Bleu markings][a]
No
Yes
EU–France
Argente Brun [UK]
Outline of a bunny.svg
6 lb
(2.7 kg)
Short Erect [Argente Brun [UK] markings][b]
No
Yes
UK–England
Argente Brun [US]
Outline of a bunny.svg
8–10.5 lb
(3.6–4.8 kg)
Medium Erect [Argente Brun [US] markings][c]
Yes
No
Canada
Argente Clair[7] Rabbit - Argente Clair breed.jpg 6 lb
(2.7 kg)
Short Erect [Blue base heavily silvered]
No
No
EU–France
Argente Crème [UK]
  See also:
    Creme d'Argent [US]
Rabbit - Argente Crème breed.jpg 5 lb
(2.3 kg)
Short Erect [Argente Crème markings][d]
No
Yes
EU–France
Argente de Champagne [UK]
  See also:
    Champagne d'Argent [US]
Lapin argenté.jpg 9–12 lb
(4.1–5.4 kg)
Short Erect [Argente de Champagne markings][e]
No
Yes
EU–France
Argente Noir Rabbit - Argente Noir breed.jpg 6 lb
(2.7 kg)
Short Erect [Argente Noir markings][f]
No
Yes
EU–France
Argente St Hubert Rabbit - Argente St Hubert breed.jpg 6 lb
(2.7 kg)
Short Erect [Argente St Hubert markings][g]
No
Yes
EU–France
Astrex
  See also:
    Rex [US]
Outline of a bunny.svg
6–8 lb
(2.7–3.6 kg)
Rex–Curly–Short Erect "Any [BRC-]recognised Rex Colour."
No
Yes
UK–England
Baladi[7] Rabbit - Baladi breed.jpg 6 lb
(2.7 kg)
Short Erect Black, Red, White
No
No
Egypt
Bauscat Rabbit - Bauscat breed.jpg 8 lb
(3.6 kg)
Short Erect Albino
No
No
Egypt
Beige [UK]
  See also:
    Czech Solver [CZ]
    Separator [DE]
Lustic2.JPG 5–6.5 lb
(2.3–2.9 kg)
Short Erect "Dark Chamois or light sandy colour, down to the skin, faintly ticked with blue."
No
Yes
UK–Britain
Belgian Hare [UK] Belgische haas (konijnenras).jpg 8–9 lb
(3.6–4.1 kg)
Short Erect "Rich, deep chestnut red, well extended down the sides. Black ticking of a wavy or blotchy appearance, plentiful on body; chest and face free."
No
Yes
EU–Belgium
Belgian Hare [US] Hasenkaninchen.jpg 8–9.5 lb
(3.6–4.3 kg)
Short Erect "Deep red 'rufous' coat with black, wavy ticking."
Yes
No
EU–Belgium
Beveren [UK]
  See also:
    Pointed Beveren
Rabbit - Beveren breed.jpg 8 lb
(3.6 kg)
Medium Erect Black, Blue, Brown, Lilac, White [with blue eyes]
No
Yes
EU–Belgium
Beveren [US] Rabbit - Beveren breed.jpg 8–12 lb
(3.6–5.4 kg)
Medium Erect Black, Blue, White [with blue eyes]
Yes
No
EU–Belgium
Big Silver Marten[8]
  Also called:
    Grosse Weissgrannen
  See also:
    Silver Marten
Outline of a bunny.svg
8–12 lb
(3.6–5.4 kg)
Short Erect Black, Blue, Havana
No
No
EU–Croatia
Blanc de Bouscat Géant blanc du Bouscat femelle 2.jpg 11–15.5 lb
(5.0–7.0 kg)
Short Erect "Completely snow white [...]. Guard hairs sprinkled regularly all over the coat give it a brilliant frosty look."
No
Yes
EU–France
Blanc de Hotot Rabbit - Blanc de Hotot breed.jpg 8–11 lb
(3.6–5.0 kg)
Short Erect White with dark rings around the eyes
Yes
Yes
EU–France
Blanc de Popielno
Outline of a bunny.svg
10–12 lb
(4.5–5.4 kg)
Short Erect White
No
No
EU–France
Blanc de Termonde
Outline of a bunny.svg
9–12 lb
(4.1–5.4 kg)
Short Erect "Immaculately white. Eyes are ruby red"
No
Yes
EU–Belgium
Blue of Ham
Outline of a bunny.svg
10–13 lb
(4.5–5.9 kg)
Short Erect
No
No
EU–Belgium
Blue of Sint-Niklaas BlvSN.jpg 5–12 lb
(2.3–5.4 kg)
Short Erect Blue
No
No
EU–Belgium
Bourbonnais Grey Lapin-gris-du-bourbonnais SDA2014.JPG 7–11 lb
(3.2–5.0 kg)
Short Erect Blue
No
No
EU–France
Brazilian
Outline of a bunny.svg
7–11 lb
(3.2–5.0 kg)
Short Erect
No
No
Brazil
Britannia Petite [US]
  See also:
    Polish [UK]
Britannia Petite.jpg 1.5–2.5 lb
(0.68–1.13 kg)
Short Erect Black, Black Otter, Blue-Eyed White, Chestnut, Red-Eyed White, Sable Marten
Yes
No
UK–England
British Giant British Giant rabbit - geograph.org.uk - 163223.jpg 12.5–25 lb
(5.7–11.3 kg)
Short Erect Black, Blue, Brown Grey, Dark Steel Grey, Opal, White
No
Yes
UK–England
Brown Chestnut of Lorraine
Outline of a bunny.svg
4.5 lb
(2.0 kg)
Short Erect Chestnut
No
No
EU–France
Caldes[9] Rabbit - Caldes breed.jpg 9.5–9.9 lb
(4.3–4.5 kg)
Short Erect Red-Eyed White
No
No
EU–Spain
Californian Króliki kalifornijskie 666.jpg 9–10 lb
(4.1–4.5 kg)
Short Erect White (with red eyes) with points of either Blue, Chocolate, or Lilac
Yes
Yes
US
Canadian Plush Lop
  See also:
    Rex [US]
Outline of a bunny.svg
3.5–6.5 lb
(1.6–2.9 kg)
Rex–Curly–Medium Lop [Includes at least 19 stated colors/patterns]
No
No
Canada
Carmagnola Grey Rabbit - Carmagnola Grey breed.jpg 7.7–9.9 lb
(3.5–4.5 kg)
Short Erect [Chinchilla]
No
No
EU–Italy
Cashmere Lop
  See also:
    Miniature Cashmere Lop
CashmereLop.JPG 4.25–5.25 lb
(1.93–2.38 kg)
Long Lop [Includes >35 different colors/patterns][h]
No
Yes
UK–England
Champagne d'Argent [US]
  See also:
    Argente de Champagne [UK]
Lapin argenté.jpg 9–12 lb
(4.1–5.4 kg)
Short Erect [Champagne d'Argent markings][i]
Yes
No
EU–France
Chaudry
Outline of a bunny.svg
8–9 lb
(3.6–4.1 kg)
Short Erect Red-Eyed White
No
No
EU–France
Checkered Giant [US]
  See also:
    Giant Papillon [UK]
Géant papillon français J2.jpg 11–25 lb
(5.0–11.3 kg)
Short Erect Black (i.e, white with black markings), Blue (i.e., white with gray markings)
Yes
No
EU–Germany
Chinchilla
  See main entries:
    American Chinchilla [US]
    Chinchilla [UK]
    Chinchilla Giganta [UK]
    Giant Chinchilla [US]
    Standard Chinchilla [US]
Chinchilla [UK] Tsukibunny.jpg 7 lb
(3.2 kg)
Short Erect "To resemble real Chinchilla."
No
Yes
EU–France
Chinchilla Giganta [UK] Kaninchen3.jpg 8.5–12 lb
(3.9–5.4 kg)
Short Erect [Chinchilla, but with] "Desired top colour considerably darker grey than the Chinchilla [i.e., Chinchilla [UK]] rabbit."
No
Yes
EU–France
Cinnamon Rabbit -Cinnamon breed.jpg 10–11 lb
(4.5–5.0 kg)
Short Erect Cinnamon
Yes
No
US
Continental Giant Coloured Rabbit - Continental Giant Coloured breed.jpg 12.4–25 lb
(5.6–11.3 kg)
Short Erect Agouti, Black, Chinchilla, Dark Steel, Light Steel, Opal, Red Agouti, Yellow
No
Yes
EU
Continental Giant White
Outline of a bunny.svg
11–25 lb
(5.0–11.3 kg)
Short Erect "Immaculate white, eyes pink or blue."
No
Yes
EU
Creme d'Argent [US]
  See also:
    Argente Crème [UK]
Rabbit - Argente Crème breed.jpg 8–11 lb
(3.6–5.0 kg)
Short Erect "Creamy white with an orange cast"
Yes
No
EU–France
Criollo[10]
Outline of a bunny.svg
3–4 lb
(1.4–1.8 kg)
Short Erect "Many colors and patterns."[7]
No
No
Mexico
Cuban Brown[11] AJM 012 Vivero Alamar.JPG 9.9–11.0 lb
(4.5–5 kg)
Short Erect Glossy brown
No
No
Cuba
Czech Red
Outline of a bunny.svg
4–5 lb
(1.8–2.3 kg)
Short Erect Chestnut
No
No
EU–Czech Republic
Czech Solver [CZ][12]
  Also called:
    Český Luštič
  See also:
    Beige [UK]
    Separator [DE]
Lustic2.JPG 7.9–8.6 lb
(3.6–3.9 kg)
Short Erect [sandy colored]
No
No
EU–Czech Republic
Czech Spot Czech spotted rabbit 2.jpg 6–8 lb
(2.7–3.6 kg)
Short Erect Agouti, Black, Blue, Isabella (Beige), Tortoise, Tri-color[7]
No
No
EU–Czech Republic
Czech White[12]
  Also called:
    Český Albín
Czech Albino Rabbit 2.jpg 8.8–11.0 lb
(4.0–5.0 kg)
Short Erect White
No
No
EU–Czech Republic
Deilenaar Deilenaar nyúl.jpg 5–8 lb
(2.3–3.6 kg)
Short Erect Red Agouti
No
Yes
EU–Netherlands
Dutch [UK] Schlafendes Hauskaninchen.JPG 4.5–5 lb
(2.0–2.3 kg)
Short Erect ["Dutch" markings on] Black, Blue, Brown Grey, Chocolate, Pale Grey, Steel Grey, Tortoiseshell, Yellow
No
Yes
UK–England
Dutch [US] American Grand Champion Dutch Rabbit.jpg 3.5–5.5 lb
(1.6–2.5 kg)
Short Erect Black Dutch, Blue Dutch, Chinchilla Dutch, Chocolate Dutch, Gray Dutch, Steel Dutch, Tortoise Dutch
Yes
No
UK–England
Dutch (Tri-Colour)
  See main entry:
    Tri-Colour Dutch
Dwarf Hotot Rabbit - Dwarf Hotot breed.jpg 2–3 lb
(0.91–1.36 kg)
Short Erect White with black around the eyes
Yes
No
EU–Germany
Dwarf Lop [UK]
  See also:
    Mini Lop [US]
Pepito5.jpg 4.25–5.25 lb
(1.93–2.38 kg)
Short Lop [Many]
No
Yes
EU–Germany
Elfin TanElfinrabbit.JPG 4–5 lb
(1.8–2.3 kg)
Short Erect [Many]
No
No
EU–Sweden
Enderby Island Enderby Island Rabbit.jpg 3–4 lb
(1.4–1.8 kg)
Short Erect "Silver-grey" (with chinchillation) or "Cream or beige"
No
No
Australia
English Angora EnglishAngoraRabbit.jpg 5–8 lb
(2.3–3.6 kg)
Long Erect [Many]
Yes
Yes
EU–France
English Spot English Spot Black.JPG 5–8 lb
(2.3–3.6 kg)
Short Erect White with colored butterfly pattern
Yes
Yes
UK–England
English Lop English Lop Rabbit.jpg 10–11 lb
(4.5–5.0 kg)
Short Lop [Many]
Yes
Yes
UK–England
Fauve de Bourgogne GVB ram.jpg 7–11 lb
(3.2–5.0 kg)
Short Erect Orange/Red
No
Yes
EU–France
Fee[7] de Marbourg
  See main entry:
    Marburger Feh [UK]
Feh[7] de Marbourg [FR]
  See main entry:
    Marburger Feh [UK]
Flemish Giant [UK] Ijzergrauwe voedster.jpg 11–25 lb
(5.0–11.3 kg)
Short Erect "Dark steel grey, with even or wavy ticking [...] except belly & under tail which shall be white [...]."
No
Yes
EU–Belgium
Flemish Giant [US] Flemish giant fawn doe.jpg 14–25 lb
(6.4–11.3 kg)
Short Erect Black, Blue, Fawn, Light Grey, Sandy, Steel, White
Yes
No
EU–Belgium
Florida White Floridawhiterabbit.jpg 4–6 lb
(1.8–2.7 kg)
Short Erect White
Yes
No
US
Fox–Silver [UK]
  See also:
    Silver Fox [US]
Silverhavenslicorice.jpg 5.5–7 lb
(2.5–3.2 kg)
Short Erect Black, Blue, Chocolate, Lilac
No
Yes
UK–England
French Angora Fluffy white bunny rabbit.jpg 7.5–10.5 lb
(3.4–4.8 kg)
Long Erect [Many]
Yes
No
EU–France
French Lop Rabbit - French Lop.jpg 10 lb
(4.5 kg)
Short Lop [Many]
Yes
Yes
EU–France
Gabali
Outline of a bunny.svg
6–7 lb
(2.7–3.2 kg)
Short Erect Agouti
No
No
Egypt
German Angora[13] Rabbit - German Angora breed.jpg 5.5–12.1 lb
(2.5–5.5 kg)
Long Erect [Albino or colored (but not bi-colored)]
No
No
EU–Germany
German Lop German Big Lop.jpg 6–8 lb
(2.7–3.6 kg)
Short Lop [Many]
No
Yes
EU–Germany
Giant Angora Joey Giant Angora Buck-rebalanced.jpg 10 lb
(4.5 kg)
Long Erect
Yes
No
US
Giant Chinchilla [US]
  See also:
    Chinchilla
Kaninchen3.jpg 10–16 lb
(4.5–7.3 kg)
Short Erect Chinchilla
Yes
No
US
Giant Papillon [UK]
  See also:
    Checkered Giant [US]
    Miniature Papillon
Nemecky oborovity strakos.jpg 11–25 lb
(5.0–11.3 kg)
Short Erect [Colored butterfly, eye circles, cheek spots, ear base, saddle, and rump spots; all on a base of white.] "All [BRC] recognised colours are admissible."
No
Yes
EU–Germany
Giza White
Outline of a bunny.svg
5–7 lb
(2.3–3.2 kg)
Short Erect Albino
No
No
Egypt
Golden Glavcot
Outline of a bunny.svg
5–6 lb
(2.3–2.7 kg)
Short Erect
No
Yes
UK–England
Gotland Gotlandskanin Vallby.jpg 6.6–9 lb
(3.0–4.1 kg)
Short Erect
No
No
EU–Sweden
Grey Pearl of Halle
Outline of a bunny.svg
5–6 lb
(2.3–2.7 kg)
Short Erect Light Grey
No
No
EU–Belgium
Güzelçamlı
Outline of a bunny.svg
5–8 lb
(2.3–3.6 kg)
Short Erect White with chocolate markings
No
No
Turkey
Harlequin [UK] Harlequin Rabbits.jpg 6–8 lb
(2.7–3.6 kg)
Short Erect Harlequin
  (includes: Black, Blue, Brown, Lilac)
Magpie
  (includes: Black, Blue, Brown, Lilac)
No
Yes
EU–France
Harlequin [US] Lapin Japonais.jpg 6–9 lb
(2.7–4.1 kg)
Short Erect Japanese
  (includes: Black, Blue, Chocolate, Lilac)
Magpie
  (includes: Black, Blue, Chocolate, Lilac)
Yes
No
EU–France
Harlequin Dutch
  See main entry:
    Tri-Colour Dutch
Havana [UK]
Outline of a bunny.svg
5.5–6.5 lb
(2.5–2.9 kg)
Short Erect "A rich, dark chocolate with a purplish sheen, [...] pearl-grey undercolour."
No
Yes
EU–Netherlands
Havana [US] OtisHavana.jpg 4.5–6.5 lb
(2.0–2.9 kg)
Short Erect Black, Blue, Broken, Chocolate, Lilac
Yes
No
EU–Netherlands
Himalayan HimalayanRabbit.jpg 6–8 lb
(2.7–3.6 kg)
Short Erect White with points of either black, blue, chocolate, or lilac
Yes
Yes
Asia
Holland Lop [US]
  See also:
    Miniature Lop [UK/NL]
Holland lop bunny.JPG 4–6.5 lb
(1.8–2.9 kg)
Short Lop Agouti, Broken, Pointed White, Self Colors, Shaded Colors, Tan Pattern, Ticked, Wide Band
Yes
No
EU–Netherlands
Hulstlander
Outline of a bunny.svg
4–6 lb
(1.8–2.7 kg)
Short Erect White with blue eyes
No
Yes
EU–Netherlands
Hungarian Giant
Outline of a bunny.svg
12–15 lb
(5.4–6.8 kg)
Short Erect [Many]
No
No
EU–Hungary
Japanese Dutch
  See main entry:
    Tri-Colour Dutch
Japanese White
Outline of a bunny.svg
6.6–13.2 lb
(3.0–6.0 kg)
Short Erect Albino
No
No
Japan
Jersey Wooly Osterhase.jpg 2.5–3.5 lb
(1.1–1.6 kg)
Long Erect [Many]
Yes
No
US
Kabyle
Outline of a bunny.svg
5–6 lb
(2.3–2.7 kg)
Short Erect [Many]
No
No
Algeria
Lilac [UK]
Outline of a bunny.svg
5.5–7 lb
(2.5–3.2 kg)
Short Erect "An even pink shade of dove colour"
No
Yes
UK–England
Lilac [US]
Outline of a bunny.svg
5–8 lb
(2.3–3.6 kg)
Short Erect "Pinkish dove-gray"
Yes
No
UK–England
Lionhead [UK] Rabbit - Lionhead breed.jpg 3.0–3.7 lb
(1.36–1.7 kg)
Long Erect "All [BRC] recognised colour[s] and pattern[s]"
No
Yes
EU–Belgium
Lionhead [US] Lapin nain.JPG 3.25–3.75 lb
(1.47–1.70 kg)
Long Erect Chocolate, Ruby-Eyed White, Seal, Siamese Sable, Tortoise (includes Black, Blue, Chocolate, Lilac)
Yes
No
EU–Belgium
Liptov Baldspotted Rabbit
Outline of a bunny.svg
8–9 lb
(3.6–4.1 kg)
Short Erect "Black, Wild‑blue, Wild‑grey"[citation needed]
No
No
EU–Slovakia
Marburger Feh [UK]
  Originally named:
    Fee de Marbourg
  Renamed:
    Feh de Marbourg [FR]
[7]
Marburger Feh 20061027.jpg 4.15–7.2 lb
(1.88–3.27 kg)
Short Erect [Lilac:] "The top colour is a delicately toned light blue which appears to be covered with a brownish veil."
No
Yes
EU–France
Meissner Lop Wilhelma Widderkaninchen.jpg 10–12 lb
(4.5–5.4 kg)
Short Lop [Many]
No
Yes
EU–Germany
Mellerud rabbit Mellerud rabbit.jpeg 6.6–7.7 lb
(3.0–3.5 kg)
Short Erect Albino, Black with inexact "Dutch" markings
No
No
EU–Sweden
Mini Cashmere Lop
  See main entry:
    Miniature Cashmere Lop
Mini Lion Lop
  See main entry:
    Miniature Lion Lop
Mini Lop [US]
  Not to be confused with:
    Miniature Lop [UK/NL]
Sawyerbun1.jpg 5–6 lb
(2.3–2.7 kg)
Short Lop [To be supplied]
Yes
No
EU–Netherlands
Mini Rex [US]
  See also:
    Rex [US]
Rabbit minirex doe castor.jpg 3–4.5 lb
(1.4–2.0 kg)
Rex–Straight–Short Erect Black, Blue, Castor, Chinchilla, Chocolate, Himalayan, Lilac, Lynx, Marten, Opal, Otter, Red, Sable, Sable Point, Seal, Tortoise, Red-Eyed White, Blue-Eyed White, Broken (white with any accepted color), Tri-Color (white with one of the following four pairs: Black & Orange, Lilac & Fawn, Chocolate & Orange, Blue & Fawn), Pattern
Yes
No
US
Mini Satin [US]
  Not to be confused with:
    Miniature Satin [UK]
Satinkaninchen 009.jpg 4 lb
(1.8 kg)
Short Erect Black, Blue, Broken, Chinchilla, Chocolate, Chocolate Agouti, Copper, Himalayan (includes Black, Blue, Chocolate, Lilac), Opal, Red, Siamese (includes Blue, Chocolate, Lilac), Silver Marten (includes Black, Blue, Chocolate, Lilac), Squirrel, Tortoise, White
Yes
No
US
Miniature Cashmere Lop
  See also:
    Cashmere Lop
CashmereLop.JPG 3.5 lb
(1.6 kg)
Long Lop [same as Cashmere Lop]
No
Yes
UK–England
Miniature Lion Lop Rabbit - Miniature Lion Lop.jpg 3.3–3.5 lb
(1.5–1.6 kg)
Long Lop Chocolate Point
Also: "Any [BRC] colour or pattern [...] apart from the broken pattern."
No
Yes
UK–England
Miniature Lop [UK/NL]
  Not to be confused with:
    Mini Lop [US]
  See also:
    Holland Lop [US]
Miniature Lop - UK NL.jpg 3.4–3.8 lb
(1.5–1.7 kg)
Short Lop "Any [BRC] colour or pattern [...] apart from the broken pattern."
No
Yes
EU–Netherlands
Miniature Papillon
  See also:
    Giant Papillon [UK]
Outline of a bunny.svg
2.6–4.2 lb
(1.2–1.9 kg)
Short Erect Black/White, Blue/White, Tri-colour (Black & Gold) [Colored butterfly, eye circles, cheek spots, ear base, saddle, side-body patches, and top of tail; all on a base of white]
No
Yes
EU–England
Miniature Rex [UK]
  See also:
    Rex [US]
Rexdwerg castor.jpg 3.75–4.5 lb
(1.70–2.04 kg)
Rex–Straight–Short Erect "As for Standard Rex."
No
Yes
UK–England
Miniature Satin [UK]
  Not to be confused with:
    Mini Satin [US]
Jeunes satin ivoire yeux bleus.JPG 4–5 lb
(1.8–2.3 kg)
Short Erect Ivory
No
Yes
US
Netherland Dwarf Ro pool gilberte.jpg 1.1–3.5 lb
(0.50–1.59 kg)
Short Erect [Many]
Yes
Yes
EU–Netherlands
New Zealand [US] Kaninchen1.jpg 9–12 lb
(4.1–5.4 kg)
Short Erect Black, Blue, Broken, Red, White
Yes
No
US
New Zealand Red [UK] Rode nieuwzeelander Ram.jpg 8 lb
(3.6 kg)
Short Erect "Bright golden red or reddish gold with sheen"
No
Yes
US
New Zealand White [UK] NewZealandWhiteRabbit.jpg 9–12 lb
(4.1–5.4 kg)
Short Erect Black, Blue, White
No
Yes
US
Opossum
  See also:
    Rex [US]
Outline of a bunny.svg
6–8 lb
(2.7–3.6 kg)
Rex–Curly–Long Erect "Any [BRC-]recognised colour."
No
Yes
Switzerland
Ørestad
Outline of a bunny.svg
5.5–7.25 lb
(2.49–3.29 kg)
Short Erect Ruby-Eyed White
No
No
EU–Sweden
Palomino PalBuckSide-small.jpg 10–11 lb
(4.5–5.0 kg)
Short Erect Golden, Lynx
Yes
No
US
Pannon White
Outline of a bunny.svg
5–10 lb
(2.3–4.5 kg)
Short Erect White
No
No
EU–Hungary
Perlfee
Outline of a bunny.svg
5–8 lb
(2.3–3.6 kg)
Short Erect "Blue Agouti"
No
Yes
UK–England
Plush Lop (Miniature)
  See also:
    Rex [US]
1,0 Rexzwergwidder Blau 7 Mon..jpg 3.7–4.0 lb
(1.7–1.8 kg)
Rex–Straight–Short Lop "Any colour and pattern accepted by the [BRC] apart from the broken pattern."
No
No
Australia
Plush Lop (Standard)
  See also:
    Rex [US]
Rabbit - Plush Lop breed - Lilac color variety.jpg 5.1–5.7 lb
(2.3–2.6 kg)
Rex–Straight–Short Lop "Any colour and pattern accepted by the [BRC] apart from the broken pattern."
No
No
Australia
Pointed Beveren
  See also:
    Beveren
Rabbit DSC00382.JPG 7 lb
(3.2 kg)
Short Erect Black, Blue, Brown, Lilac
No
Yes
EU–Belgium
Polish [UK]
  See also:
    Britannia Petite [US]
Britannia Petite.jpg 2.5 lb
(1.1 kg)
Short Erect [Includes >25 different colors/patterns][j]
No
Yes
UK–England
Polish [US] Rabbit - Polish breed - White with Red Eyes - from Japan.jpg 2.5–3.5 lb
(1.1–1.6 kg)
Short Erect Black, Blue, Blue-Eyed White, Broken, Chocolate, Red-Eyed White
Yes
No
UK–England
Rex [US]
  Originally called:
    Castorrex
  Sometimes called:
    Standard Rex
  NOTE: To see all breeds with rex fur,
  sort on the "Fur Type" column.
45-rex-castor.jpg 6–10.5 lb
(2.7–4.8 kg)
Rex–Straight–Short Erect [Over 19 stated colors/patterns][k]
Yes
No
EU–France
Rhinelander Rhinelander.jpg 9–10 lb
(4.1–4.5 kg)
Short Erect White with coloured butterfly patterns
Yes
Yes
EU–Germany
Sachsengold (de) Sachsengold1.jpg 6.1–7.2 lb
(2.75–3.25 kg)
Short Erect Chestnut
No
No
EU–Germany
Sallander
Outline of a bunny.svg
5–9 lb
(2.3–4.1 kg)
Short Erect
No
Yes
EU–Netherlands
San Juan
Outline of a bunny.svg
3–5 lb
(1.4–2.3 kg)
Short Erect Agouti
No
No
US
Satin [UK]
  See also:
    Miniature Satin [UK]
Satin castor.jpg 6–8 lb
(2.7–3.6 kg)
Medium Erect [Includes >33 different colors/patterns][l]
No
Yes
US
Satin [US]
  See also:
    Mini Satin [US]
Satijn konijn ivoor.jpg 9.5–10 lb
(4.3–4.5 kg)
Short Erect Black, Blue, Broken, Californian, Chinchilla, Chocolate, Copper, Lilac(under development), Otter, Red, Siamese, White
Yes
No
US
Satin Angora White Satin Angora Rabbit.jpg 6.5–9.5 lb
(2.9–4.3 kg)
Long Erect [White or Colored]
Yes
No
Canada
Schwarzgrannen [UK]
  See also:
    Schwarzgrannen [DE]
Outline of a bunny.svg
4.41–7.17 lb
(2.00–3.25 kg)
Short Erect "[P]ure white [with] black ticking"
No
Yes
EU–Germany
Separator [DE]
  See also:
    Beige [UK]
    Czech Solver [CZ]
Lustic2.JPG 6.6–8.3 lb
(3–3.75 kg)
Short Erect [sandy colored]
No
No
UK–Britain
Siamese Sable Siamesenkaninchen.jpg 5–7 lb
(2.3–3.2 kg)
Short Erect Light Siamese Sable, Medium Siamese Sable, Dark Siamese Sable
No
Yes
EU–France
Siberian
Outline of a bunny.svg
5–7 lb
(2.3–3.2 kg)
Short Erect Black, Blue, Brown, Lilac
No
Yes
UK–England
Silver [UK] Kaninchen2.jpg 5–6 lb
(2.3–2.7 kg)
Short Erect Blue, Brown, Fawn, Grey
No
Yes
UK–England
Silver [US] Kleinsilber schwarz.JPG 4–7 lb
(1.8–3.2 kg)
Short Erect Black, Brown, Fawn
Yes
No
UK–England
Silver Fox [UK]
  See main entry:
    Fox–Silver [UK]
Silver Fox [US] Eithel, black Silver Fox doe.jpg 9–12 lb
(4.1–5.4 kg)
Long Erect Black, Blue(under development), Chocolate(under development)
Yes
No
US
Silver Marten Marten Rabbit.jpg 9.5 lb
(4.3 kg)
Short Erect Black, Blue, Chocolate, Sable
Yes
No
EU–France
Smoke Pearl
Outline of a bunny.svg
5–7 lb
(2.3–3.2 kg)
Short Erect
No
Yes
UK–Scotland
Spanish Giant
Outline of a bunny.svg
12.5–15 lb
(5.7–6.8 kg)
Short Erect
No
No
EU–Spain
Squirrel
Outline of a bunny.svg
5–7 lb
(2.3–3.2 kg)
Short Erect
No
Yes
UK–Scotland
Standard Chinchilla [US]
  See also:
    Chinchilla
Kaninchen3.jpg 5–7.5 lb
(2.3–3.4 kg)
Short Erect Chinchilla
Yes
No
EU–France
Standard Rex
  See main entry:
    Rex
Sussex
Outline of a bunny.svg
7–8 lb
(3.2–3.6 kg)
Short Erect [Shaded] Cream, [Shaded] Gold
No
Yes
UK–England
Swiss Fox Voskonijn-Feh.jpg 5–8 lb
(2.3–3.6 kg)
Long Erect
No
Yes
Switzerland
Tadla
Outline of a bunny.svg
4–5 lb
(1.8–2.3 kg)
Short Erect Agouti
No
No
Morocco
Tan State fair 06 029.jpg 4–6 lb
(1.8–2.7 kg)
Short Erect Black and tan, blue and tan, chocolate and tan, lilac and tan
Yes
Yes
UK–England
Teddywidder 2007-03-20Teddywidderbaby02.jpg 3.3 lb
(1.5 kg)
Long Lop [Many]
No
No
EU–Germany
Thrianta Thrianta.JPG 6 lb
(2.7 kg)
Short Erect Chestnut
Yes
Yes
EU–Netherlands
Thuringer
  Also called:
    Thüringer
Lapin-chamois-de-thuringe SDA2014.JPG 9 lb
(4.1 kg)
Short Erect [Sable with dark points]
No
Yes
EU–Germany
Tri-Colour Dutch
  Also called:
    Harlequin Dutch
    Japanese Dutch
HollaenderJapanerfarbig.jpg 4–5 lb
(1.8–2.3 kg)
Short Erect [Tri-Colour Dutch markings][m]
No
Yes
UK–England
Tri-Colour English
Outline of a bunny.svg
6–8 lb
(2.7–3.6 kg)
Short Erect [Tri-Colour English markings][n]
No
Yes
UK–England
Velveteen Lop
  See also:
    Rex [US]
Outline of a bunny.svg
5–6.5 lb
(2.3–2.9 kg)
Rex–Straight–Short Lop [Includes "all patterns and colors of the English Lop breed"][7]
No
No
US
Vienna Coloured Gris de vienne SDA2011.JPG 7.7–11.6 lb
(3.5–5.25 kg)
Medium Erect Agouti, Black, Blue
No
Yes
EU–Austria
Vienna White Weisser Wiener.JPG 7.7–11.6 lb
(3.5–5.25 kg)
Short Erect "[P]ure white [...] very lustrous"
No
Yes
EU–Austria
Wheaten
Outline of a bunny.svg
5.5–7 lb
(2.5–3.2 kg)
Short Erect "Wheaten (the fawn or pale yellow colour of wheat)"
No
Yes
UK–Britain
Wheaten Lynx
Outline of a bunny.svg
5.5–7 lb
(2.5–3.2 kg)
Short Erect "Orange-shot-silver"
No
Yes
UK–Britain
Zemmouri[14] Rabbit - Zemmouri breed - adult female - white with black Dutch markings.jpg 4.0–6.4 lb
(1.8–2.9 kg)
Short Erect [Black with "Dutch" markings]
No
No
Morocco

Extinct breeds[edit]

Certain rabbit breeds, though now extinct, contributed strongly to the development of a modern-day breed. Little may be known of the extinct breed and in some cases the only records are extracts in old breed books.

Breed Name[ii] Origin[x] Size[iv] Fur
Type[v]
Ear
Type[vi]
Colors / Patterns[vii] Image[iii]
Ancestor
of the
Modern
[xi]
Beaver Silky & luxurious coat
Blanc de Chauny Snow white
Blanc de L'Oural EU–France 8–10 lb
(3.6–4.5 kg)
Albino
Golden Fawn New Zealand Red
Old English Red UK–England
Patagonian EU Flemish Giant
Petite Brabancon EU–Belgium Dutch
Rouennais EU–France 8–10 lb
(3.6–4.5 kg)
Short Upright French Lop
Sitka UK–England Long
Swan UK–Isle of Man 16–20 lb
(7.3–9.1 kg)
Brown, Grey

See also[edit]

Explanatory footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rare here denotes a breed currently included in the BRC's "Rare Varieties Club"[2] or (because ARBA does not designate rarity) The Livestock Conservancy's "Conservation Priority List".[3] For breeds not recognized by either ARBA or the BRC, the designation of rarity is left to the conclusion of the cited authority.
  2. ^ a b Breed Name here is the name—and in the form of the name—that is recognized by the authority of record. Other well-known forms of the breed name may be secondarily included. When different countries use a different name for the same breed of rabbit, that is noted.
  3. ^ a b Image strives to display a specimen of the breed that depicts its distinguishing attributes.
  4. ^ a b Size listed here is the range of allowed weights or is a single measurement representing either the ideal weight or the average weight. Sizes refer to that of adult animals. All measurements listed come from the breed standard or other authoritative source.
  5. ^ a b Fur Type is here categorized as Short, Medium, Long, Rex–Straight–Short, Rex–Curly–Short, Rex–Curly–Medium or Rex–Curly–Long.
  6. ^ a b Ear Type is here categorized as either Erect or Lop.
  7. ^ a b Colors / Patterns listed here include (verbatim) those currently recognized by ARBA or the BRC, or as described by the cited authority (in which case they are surrounded by quotation marks). Information in [square brackets] is a summary of the source material. Unless otherwise indicated, the color is a "self" color.
  8. ^ ARBA Recognized is listed as Yes or No indicating whether the breed is currently recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association, according to the ARBA website[4] or their Standard of Perfection 2016-2020.[5]
  9. ^ BRC Recognized is listed as Yes or No indicating whether the breed is currently recognized by the British Rabbit Council, according to the BRC website[6] or their Breed Standards 2016-2020.[2]
  10. ^ a b Origin listed here is the country or geographic area in which the breed was first considered to have become distinct. The information in this column comes almost exclusively from the work of rabbit-breed historian Bob D. Whitman[7]
  11. ^ Ancestor of the Modern includes notable modern-day breeds that were developed, in part, from the extinct breed.

Citation footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ For the Argente Bleu, the BRC states: "Undercolour lavender blue, body colour bluish white, [...] interspersed with longer dark blue hairs to give a distinct bluish effect."
  2. ^ For the Argente Brun [UK], the BRC states: "Undercolour as deep brown as possible, body colour brownish-white, the whole evenly and moderately interspersed with longer dark brown hairs to give a distinct brownish effect when viewed from a distance."
  3. ^ For the Argente Brun [US], ARBA states: "Surface color is to be an even silvered or frosted chocolate brown throughout. While evenness is stressed, slightly darker muzzle butterfly, ears and feet are desirable. Longer, dark brown guard hairs are to be evenly interspersed over the entire pelt. The under color is to be a rich chocolate ideally carried right to the skin."
  4. ^ For the Argente Crème, the BRC states: "Undercolour orange [...] body colour creamy white [...] interspersed with longer orange hairs to give a distinctly creamy effect."
  5. ^ For the Argente de Champagne, the BRC states: "The main body to be bluish white in the adult, interspersed with longer jet black guard hairs to bring out the shade termed Old Silver [italics added] when viewed from a distance. The ears, nose and muzzle may be a slightly darker shade. The belly and underside of the tail more matt[e]. Undercolour to be dark slate blue extended down to the base of the hair shaft. A blackish delimitation band immediately under the top colour is permissible."
  6. ^ For the Argente Noir, the BRC states: "Undercolour deep slate blue, body colour greyish white,[...] interspersed with longer black hairs to give a distinct 'old silver' effect."
  7. ^ For the Argente St Hubert, the BRC states: "Under colour to be dark blue at the base with rich orange intermediate band together with a very narrow chestnut top band. [...] Body colour to be a creamy white [...] interspersed with jet black guard hairs to give a creamy chestnut shade."
  8. ^ For the Cashmere Lop, the BRC recognizes five groups of colors/patterns: Self Colours (includes Black, Blue, Blue-Eyed White, Chocolate, Lilac, Red-Eyed White), Agouti Patterns (includes Agouti, Chinchilla, Cinnamon, Lynx, Opal, Squirrel), Shaded Colours (includes Beige, Bluepoint, Chocolate Torte, Iron Grey, Sable, Sealpoint, Siamese, Siamese Smoke, Sooty Fawn), Tan Patterns (includes Fox-Black, Fox-Blue, Fox-Chocolate, Fox-Lilac, Otter-Black, Otter-Blue, Otter-Chocolate, Otter-Lilac, Marten Sable, Marten Smoke), Other Colours (includes Butterfly, Fawn, Orange, Steel), and "Any other [BRC] colour [...] excluding Broken Pattern."
  9. ^ For the Champagne d'Argent, ARBA states: "[...] the surface color should be as near the color of skimmed milk, old silver, or light ultramarine (meaning washed out blue) as is possible. Fur over entire body should carry a liberal sprinkling of longer black guard hairs."
  10. ^ For the Polish [UK], the BRC recognizes seven groups of colors/patterns: Self Colours (includes Black, Blue, Brown, Lilac, White), Shaded Self Colours (includes Sable Siamese, Smoke Pearl Siamese), Agouti Patterns (includes Agouti, Chinchilla, Cinnamon, Lynx, Opal, Red Agouti, Squirrel), Tan Patterns (includes Tans, Foxes, Otter, Sable Marten, Smoke Pearl Marten), Marked (includes Himalayan), Other Colours (includes Fawn, Orange, Steel, Tortoiseshell [or Sooty Fawn]), and Any Other Variety ("To follow normal pattern.").
  11. ^ For the Rex [US], ARBA recognizes the following colors: Amber, Black, Blue, Broken (includes all dual colors [any plus white], plus four tri-colors the following pair plus white]: Black & Golden Orange, Lavender Blue & Golden Fawn, dark Chocolate Brown & Golden Orange, Dove Gray & Golden Fawn), Californian, Castor, Chinchilla, Chocolate, Lilac, Lynx, Opal, Otter (includes Black Otter, Blue Otter, Chocolate Otter, Lilac Otter), Red, Sable, Seal, White.
  12. ^ For the Satin [UK], the BRC recognizes: Argente d’Champagne, Argente Bleu, Argente Brun, Argente Crème, Beige, Black, Blue, Bronze, Brown, Castor, Chinchilla, Cinnamon, Fawn, Fox–Black, Fox–Blue, Fox–Chocolate, Fox–Lilac, Havana, Himalayan, Himalayan–Blue, Himalayan–Rex, Ivory, Lilac, Lynx, Opal, Orange, Sable (Marten), Sable (Siamese), Seal Pointed, Smoke Pearl (Marten), Smoke Pearl (Siamese), Sooty Fawn, Squirrel, [and any other BRC colour or pattern].
  13. ^ For the Tri-Colour Dutch, the BRC states: "Ideally one cheek to be orange -the other cheek black with ears black on orange side and orange on black cheek side. Blaze is white. It commences as a point starting from near the ear roots and gradually widens evenly passing between the eyes on to the neck and nape. This white must be as wide as possible. Must not pass between the ears. The saddle must make a true ring around the body and be placed 2-3cm (3/4-1¼in) behind the front feet. The coloured half must be 2-3cm (3/4-1¼in) banded as regularly as possible with alternating bands of black and orange. Stops an evenly cut pair, clearing the toes, and finishing no more than halfway along the foot."
  14. ^ For the Tri-Colour English, the BRC states (in part): "Marking/Pattern to be a mixture of Black and Orange or Blue and Yellow [either combination: with White]. Each part of the marking/pattern to be bi-coloured, with the exception of the cheek spots which may be single coloured. Perfect Butterfly Smut. Circle around eyes. Cheek spots to be clear from eye circles. Unbroken Saddle, to be herring-boned and clear in any distinct colour, from base of ears to tip of tail. Body or loin markings to be broken up and not to catch the saddle. Chain markings, to be as even as possible on each side. Leg markings, one distinct spot on each leg. Ideal - The markings on both sides of the rabbit to be equally balanced. Chain markings, to commence at the base of the ears in small spots, increasing in size towards the loins."

References[edit]

  1. ^ Szychulda, Cathy; ARBA Standards Chair. "ARBA Standards Committee". American Rabbit Breeders Association, Inc. Retrieved 20 January 2018. 
  2. ^ a b "Breed Standards 2016-2020" (PDF). British Rabbit Council. Retrieved 29 January 2018. 
  3. ^ "Conservation Priority List". The Livestock Conservancy. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 
  4. ^ "Official ARBA website". American Rabbit Breeders Association. Retrieved 11 February 2018. 
  5. ^ Standard of Perfection 2016-2020. American Rabbit Breeders Association. 2015. ASIN B018GVBJK4. 
  6. ^ "Official BRC website". The British Rabbit Council. Retrieved 11 February 2018. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Whitman, Bob D. (October 2004). Domestic Rabbits & Their Histories: Breeds of the World. Leawood KS: Leathers Publishing. ISBN 978-1585972753. 
  8. ^ Đuričić, et.al., Dražen (2011). "Mortalität vor Absetzen bei der kroatischen autochthonen Kaninchenrasse, große Weißgrannen" [Pre-weaning mortality in a croatian autochtonous breed of rabbits, Big Silver Marten] (paper article). Tierärztliche Umschau [Veterinary Survey] (in German). 66 (3): 121–124. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  9. ^ Gómez, E.A.; Rafael, O.; Ramón, J. (2002). Khalil, M.H.; Baselga, M, eds. "The Caldes Strain (Spain)" (PDF). Rabbit genetic resources in Mediterranean countries. Options Méditerranéennes : Série B. Etudes et Recherches. Zaragoza: CIHEAM - International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies. 38: 193–198. Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  10. ^ Peace Corps (1985). "Guidelines and References: Livestock Training Component (Small Animal Husbandry)". New Zealand Digital Library. The University of Waikato. Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  11. ^ "Cuban Brown Rabbit - Conejo pardo cubano". Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity. Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  12. ^ a b Tůmová, E.; Martinec, M.; Chodová, D. (2011). "Analysis of Czech Rabbit Genetic Resources". Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica. 42 (3): 113–118. 
  13. ^ "Breed Standard: Standard of the German Angora". International Association of German Angora Rabbit Breeders (IAGARB). Retrieved 20 February 2018. 
  14. ^ Barkok, A.; Jaouzi, T. (2002). Khalil, M.H.; Baselga, M, eds. "The Zemmouri Rabbits (Morocco)" (PDF). Rabbit genetic resources in Mediterranean countries. Options Méditerranéennes : Série B. Etudes et Recherches. Zaragoza: CIHEAM - International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies. 38: 179–185. Retrieved 16 February 2018. 

Further reading[edit]

  • The Official Guide Book Raising Better Rabbits and Cavies, from the American Rabbit Breeders Association, Inc.
  • Rabbitlopaedia - A complete guide to Rabbit Care, by Meg Brown & Virginia Richardson, Ringpress

External links[edit]