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The Maratha–Mysore War was a conflict in the 18th century India, between the Maratha Empire and the Kingdom of Mysore. It begun in February 1785. In the aftermath of the Second Anglo-Mysore War (1780-1784), Mysorean ruler Tipu Sultan sought to forestall offensive moves by the Marathas, who had established a military alliance with the Nizam of Hyderabad to recover territories both had lost to Mysore in previous conflicts. Much of the desired territory was subject to marches, countermarches, and sieges of fortified points. The Marathas also attempted to draw the British East India Company into the pending conflict, but a neutrality policy implemented by the new governor-general, Lord Charles Cornwallis made its participation impossible. The Maratha-Mysore War ended after the Maratha's faced defeat in the final conflict during the Siege of Bahadur Benda in January 1787, and later settled for peace with the victorious kingdom of Mysore, to which Tipu Sultan obliged with the signing of the treaty of Gajendragad, in April 1787, thus ending hostilities with the Marathas and allowing Tipu Sultan to focus on his rivalry with the British.
- Siege of Nargund, February 1785
- Siege of Badami, May 1786
- Siege of Adoni, June 1786
- Battle of Gajendragad, June 1786
- Battle of Savanur, 10 October 1786
- Siege of Bahadur Benda, January 1787
Post war treaty
Maratha-Mysore war ended in April 1787, following the finalizing of treaty of Gajendragad, as per which, Tipu Sultan of Mysore was obligated to pay 4.8 million rupees as a war cost to the Marathas, and an annual tribute of 1.2 million rupees, In addition to returning all the territory captured by Hyder Ali. Tipu also agreed to pay 4 year's arrears of the tribute, which Mysore owed to the Marathas, which Tipu's father, Hyder Ali had undertaken to pay.
- Duff, James Grant. A history of the Mahrattas, Volume 2
- Kumar, Raj. Essays on modern India
- Sen, Sailendra Nath. Anglo-Maratha relations, 1785-96
- Naravane, M.S. (2014). Battles of the Honorourable East India Company. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. p. 175. ISBN 9788131300343.
- Naravane, M. S (1 January 2006). "Battles of the Honourable East India Company: Making of the Raj". ISBN 978-81-313-0034-3.
- Anglo-Maratha relations, 1785-96
- Sailendra Nath Sen. "Anglo-Maratha Relations, 1785-96, Volume 2".
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