Sindhudurg Fort

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Sindhudurg Fort
Part of Maharashtra
Sindhudurg district, Maharashtra
Sindhudurg fort.JPG
Sindhudurg fortress from the mainland.
Sindhudurg Fort is located in Maharashtra
Sindhudurg Fort
Sindhudurg Fort
Coordinates16°02′38″N 73°27′41″E / 16.043769°N 73.461416°E / 16.043769; 73.461416Coordinates: 16°02′38″N 73°27′41″E / 16.043769°N 73.461416°E / 16.043769; 73.461416
TypeIsland
Site information
OwnerGovernment of India
Controlled byFlag of the Maratha Empire.svg Maratha Empire
India Government of India (1947-)
Open to
the public
Yes
Site history
Built1664 (1664)
Built byHirojee Indulkar (Chief Architect)

Sindhudurg Fort is a historical fort that occupies an island in the Arabian Sea, just off the coast of Maharashtra in Western India. The fort was built by chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. The fortress lies on the shore of Malvan town of Sindhudurg District in the Konkan region of Maharashtra, 450 kilometres (280 mi) south of Mumbai.[1] It is a protected monument.[2]

History[edit]

Sindhudurg island-fort was built by Chhatrapati Shivaji, the 17th-century ruler of Maratha Empire.[3] Its main objective was to counter the rising influence of foreign (English, Dutch, French and Portuguese) merchants and to curb the rise of Siddis of Janjira.[4] Construction was supervised by Hiroji Indulkar in 1664. The fort was built on a small island known as the Khurte island.

Structural details[edit]

Chhatrapati Shivaji brought 200 Vaddera people for building this fort. Over 4,000 pounds of lead were used in the casting and foundation stones were firmly laid down. Construction started on 25 November 1664. Built over a period of three years (1664-1667), the sea fort is spread over 48 acres, with a two-mile (3 km) long rampart, and walls that are 30 feet (9.1 m) high and 12 feet (3.7 m) thick. The massive walls were designed to serve as a deterrent to approaching enemies and to the waves and tides of the Arabian Sea. The main entrance is concealed in such a way that no one can pinpoint it from outside.

At a time when traveling by sea was banned by scriptures, this construction on an island represents the revolutionary mindset of its engineer. A remain of an iron mould can be seen.

The number of permanent residents living in the fort has been in decline since its abandonment. Most residents have moved out due to inadequate employment opportunities but some families remain. The fort is closed for tourists during rainy season due to high tides.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sindhudurg Fort Location". Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
  2. ^ "List of the protected monuments of Mumbai Circle district-wise" (PDF).
  3. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 207. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  4. ^ "Tour De Kokan : Explore Various Places & Information". Best Places to visit - Travel Information - Tour De Kokan.