Belmont County, Ohio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Belmont County, Ohio
St Clairsville Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Seal of Belmont County, Ohio
Seal
Motto: Meliorem lapsa locavit
(Latin, "He has planted one better than the one fallen")[1]
Map of Ohio highlighting Belmont County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1815
Named for "beautiful mountain" in French
Seat St. Clairsville
Largest city Martins Ferry
Area
 • Total 541 sq mi (1,401 km2)
 • Land 532 sq mi (1,378 km2)
 • Water 9.1 sq mi (24 km2), 1.7%
Population
 • (2010) 70,400
 • Density 132/sq mi (51/km2)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.belmontcountyohio.org

Belmont County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 70,400.[2] Its county seat is St. Clairsville.[3] The county was created in 1801 and later organized in 1815.[4] It takes its name from the French for "beautiful mountain".[5]

Belmont County is part of the Wheeling, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is the only Belmont County nationwide.

History[edit]

Belmont County was formed from Jefferson and Washington Counties, September 7, 1801.[6]
In 1895, William Lawrence Boyd, who played the role of Hopalong Cassidy in Western movies, was born in Belmont County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 541 square miles (1,400 km2), of which 532 square miles (1,380 km2) is land and 9.1 square miles (24 km2) (1.7%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
181011,097
182020,32983.2%
183028,62740.8%
184030,9017.9%
185034,60012.0%
186036,3985.2%
187039,7149.1%
188049,63825.0%
189057,41315.7%
190060,8756.0%
191076,85626.3%
192093,19321.3%
193094,7191.6%
194095,6140.9%
195087,740−8.2%
196083,864−4.4%
197080,917−3.5%
198082,5692.0%
199071,074−13.9%
200070,226−1.2%
201070,4000.2%
Est. 201768,029[8]−3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2017[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 70,226 people, 28,309 households, and 19,250 families residing in the county. The population density was 131 people per square mile (50/km²). There were 31,236 housing units at an average density of 58 per square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.98% White, 3.64% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 0.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.2% were of German, 12.5% Irish, 12.0% American, 10.3% English, 10.2% Italian and 9.0% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 28,309 households out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.80% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 18.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,714, and the median income for a family was $37,538. Males had a median income of $31,211 versus $19,890 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,221. About 11.70% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 70,400 people, 28,679 households, and 18,761 families residing in the county.[14] The population density was 132.3 inhabitants per square mile (51.1/km2). There were 32,452 housing units at an average density of 61.0 per square mile (23.6/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 94.0% white, 4.0% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.6% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 26.0% were German, 17.9% were Irish, 12.4% were English, 10.1% were Italian, 9.0% were Polish, and 6.2% were American.[16]

Of the 28,679 households, 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.6% were non-families, and 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age was 43.4 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $38,320 and the median income for a family was $47,214. Males had a median income of $42,022 versus $26,926 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,266. About 12.1% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.4% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 67.4% 21,108 28.0% 8,785 4.6% 1,438
2012 52.9% 16,758 44.7% 14,156 2.4% 774
2008 47.4% 15,422 50.1% 16,302 2.5% 812
2004 46.8% 15,589 52.8% 17,576 0.5% 157
2000 41.9% 12,625 53.0% 15,980 5.1% 1,536
1996 26.8% 8,213 57.8% 17,705 15.4% 4,721
1992 25.8% 8,614 55.4% 18,527 18.8% 6,280
1988 38.2% 12,214 61.0% 19,515 0.8% 244
1984 43.5% 15,170 55.8% 19,458 0.7% 228
1980 42.5% 13,601 52.0% 16,653 5.5% 1,770
1976 38.5% 13,550 60.1% 21,162 1.4% 507
1972 53.6% 17,628 45.0% 14,800 1.4% 450
1968 31.9% 11,512 61.2% 22,056 6.9% 2,478
1964 25.6% 9,693 74.4% 28,180
1960 43.3% 18,146 56.7% 23,805
1956 50.3% 19,230 49.7% 18,991
1952 41.7% 17,693 58.3% 24,759
1948 35.8% 13,283 62.5% 23,217 1.7% 643
1944 39.1% 15,485 60.9% 24,093
1940 38.2% 17,705 61.8% 28,618
1936 31.9% 14,511 67.2% 30,545 0.9% 425
1932 40.8% 15,029 55.0% 20,291 4.2% 1,565
1928 60.8% 20,969 37.2% 12,807 2.0% 692
1924 54.5% 16,378 26.9% 8,074 18.6% 5,583
1920 50.6% 14,761 45.7% 13,347 3.7% 1,093
1916 44.2% 7,526 46.4% 7,911 9.4% 1,609
1912 34.0% 5,267 34.9% 5,412 31.1% 4,812
1908 48.0% 8,193 45.4% 7,750 6.6% 1,120
1904 56.8% 8,170 33.4% 4,801 9.9% 1,425
1900 55.4% 8,217 42.1% 6,251 2.5% 365
1896 53.7% 7,699 44.7% 6,413 1.6% 236
1892 48.3% 6,329 46.7% 6,123 5.0% 657
1888 51.6% 6,615 45.0% 5,778 3.4% 440
1884 50.8% 6,186 47.3% 5,763 1.9% 231
1880 50.1% 5,539 48.6% 5,379 1.3% 143
1876 49.6% 4,976 50.0% 5,024 0.4% 41
1872 53.8% 4,267 46.0% 3,647 0.3% 22

Government[edit]

Almost all of the county's government offices are located in the Belmont County Courthouse.[19] Belmont County has a three-member board of county commissioners who administer and oversee the various county departments, similar to all but two of the 88 Ohio counties. The elected commissioners serve four-year terms. Belmont County's elected commissioners are: Mark Thomas (D), J.P. Dutton (R), and Josh Meyer (R) .[20]

Belmont County's county flag was designed in 1988 by local state official Michael Massa. Local citizens voted in a nationally covered election to choose it from a group of three designs by Massa. The seal (minus a Latin phrase) is featured on the county's flag.[21]

Corrections[edit]

Belmont County is served by several detentional centers located around St. Clairsville. The Belmont Correctional Institution is located on 158 acres (0.64 km2) between St. Clairsville and Bannock on State Route 331. The facility currently houses 2,698 inmates.[22] The Belmont County Jail is located in St. Clairsville and is located near Belmont College and Ohio University Eastern Campus. The facility contains 144 beds and also houses the county sheriff's offices.[23] The county is also served by Sargus Juvenile Detention Center, a 17-bed facility that also serves surrounding counties.[24] Sargus Center is located next door to the county jail.

Education[edit]

K-12[edit]

Belmont County is served by these local school districts:

Higher education[edit]

Communities[edit]

Map of Belmont County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • James E. Boyd (politician), mayor of Omaha and the seventh governor of Nebraska[25]
  • Bushrod Johnson, one of the few Confederate States of America generals born in the North, was born in Belmont County.
  • William Boyd, film and radio actor, famous for portraying Western character Hopalong Cassidy from 1935-1954
  • Stan Olejniczak, American football player
  • Wilson Shannon, first native-born governor of Ohio
  • Joey Galloway, a graduate of Bellaire High School, played football for Ohio State and in the NFL for 15 years.
  • Lance Mehl, NFL linebacker
  • John Havlicek, a graduate of Bridgeport High School, played basketball for Ohio State and the Boston Celtics in the NBA; he is a Hall of Famer.
  • Don Fleming, a graduate of Shadyside High School, played football for the University of Florida and the Cleveland Browns.
  • Kathy Crumbley, a sheriff of Belmont County, was the first elected (not appointed) sheriff in the United States and the first female sheriff in the US in 1976.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Belmont County Flag". Capitol Square Review and Advisory Board. Retrieved January 26, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies". Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved February 12, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Belmont County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved April 28, 2007. [dead link]
  6. ^ McKelvey, A. T.. Centennial history of Belmont County, Ohio, and representative citizens. Pages 46-47. Chicago, Biographical Pub. Co., 1903.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-05-01. 
  19. ^ "Ohio Secretary of State 2006 Unofficial Election Statistics". Archived from the original on April 9, 2007. Retrieved April 5, 2007. 
  20. ^ "Belmont County Board of Commissioners". Belmont County Ohio Government Homepage. October 1, 2014. Archived from the original on September 27, 2014. 
  21. ^ Ohio County Flags: Belmont County, The Ohio Channel, 2007. Accessed September 11, 2007.
  22. ^ "Belmont Correctional Institution". state.oh.us. 
  23. ^ "Belmont County Sheriff's Office". Belmont County Sheriff's Office. 
  24. ^ "Belmont County Juvenile Court". belmontcountyjuvenilecourt.com. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2009. 
  25. ^ "Kansas Governor Walter Roscoe Stubbs". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on June 14, 2012. Retrieved September 29, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Thomas William Lewis, History of Southeastern Ohio and the Muskingum Valley, 1788-1928. In Three Volumes. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1928.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°01′N 80°59′W / 40.02°N 80.99°W / 40.02; -80.99