Gondi writing

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Masaram Gondi script)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Gondi has typically been written in Devanagari script or Telugu script, but native scripts are in existence. A Gond by the name of Munshi Mangal Singh Masaram designed a Brahmi-based script in 1918, and very recently[when?], a native script that dates up to 1750 has been discovered by a group of researchers from the University of Hyderabad.

Nonetheless, most Gonds are illiterate and do not use any script. The Gunjala Gondi Lipi has witnessed a surge in prominence, and well-supported efforts are being undertaken in villages of northern Andhra Pradesh to widen its usage.

Munshi Mangal Singh Masaram Script[edit]

Masaram Gondi
Type
LanguagesGondi
Time period
1918-Present
DirectionLeft-to-right
ISO 15924Gonm, 313
Unicode alias
Masaram Gondi

In 1918, Munshi Mangal Singh Masaram, a Gond from Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh, designed a script for Gondi based on Brahmi characters found in other descendant Indian scripts.[1] However, this script is not widely used, even though a few publications have been made available by his followers and supporters.

Unicode[edit]

Masaram Gondi script was added to the Unicode Standard in June, 2017 with the release of version 10.0.

The Unicode block for Masaram Gondi is U+11D00–U+11D5F:

Masaram Gondi[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+11D0x 𑴀 𑴁 𑴂 𑴃 𑴄 𑴅 𑴆 𑴈 𑴉 𑴋 𑴌 𑴍 𑴎 𑴏
U+11D1x 𑴐 𑴑 𑴒 𑴓 𑴔 𑴕 𑴖 𑴗 𑴘 𑴙 𑴚 𑴛 𑴜 𑴝 𑴞 𑴟
U+11D2x 𑴠 𑴡 𑴢 𑴣 𑴤 𑴥 𑴦 𑴧 𑴨 𑴩 𑴪 𑴫 𑴬 𑴭 𑴮 𑴯
U+11D3x 𑴰 𑴱 𑴲 𑴳 𑴴 𑴵 𑴶 𑴺 𑴼 𑴽 𑴿
U+11D4x 𑵀 𑵁 𑵂 𑵃 𑵄  𑵅   𑵆  𑵇
U+11D5x 𑵐 𑵑 𑵒 𑵓 𑵔 𑵕 𑵖 𑵗 𑵘 𑵙
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 11.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

Gunjala Gondi Lipi[edit]

Gunjala Gondi Lipi
Type
LanguagesGondi
Time period
c. 1750-Present
Parent systems
Sister systems
Unknown, thought to be similar to Devanagari and Modi
DirectionLeft-to-right
ISO 15924Gong, 312
Unicode alias
Gunjala Gondi
[a] The Semitic origin of the Brahmic scripts is not universally agreed upon.
[b] The exact lineage of the Gunjala Gondi script is a subject of ongoing research, and no lineage has yet been officiated by linguistic authorities.

This script is the subject of ongoing linguistic and historical research. Discovered manuscripts have been dated up to 1750, and discuss information from as early as the 6th-7th centuries. Much of the information reveals independence initiatives by the Gond Rajas and encounters with the British. Also, the names of the days of the week, the months, the Gond festivals have been discovered in this Gondi script.[2]

Unicode[edit]

Gunjala Gondi lipi was added to the Unicode Standard in June, 2018 with the release of version 11.0.[3]

The Unicode block for Gunjala Gondi is U+11D60–U+11DAF:

Gunjala Gondi[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+11D6x 𑵠 𑵡 𑵢 𑵣 𑵤 𑵥 𑵧 𑵨 𑵪 𑵫 𑵬 𑵭 𑵮 𑵯
U+11D7x 𑵰 𑵱 𑵲 𑵳 𑵴 𑵵 𑵶 𑵷 𑵸 𑵹 𑵺 𑵻 𑵼 𑵽 𑵾 𑵿
U+11D8x 𑶀 𑶁 𑶂 𑶃 𑶄 𑶅 𑶆 𑶇 𑶈 𑶉 𑶊 𑶋 𑶌 𑶍 𑶎
U+11D9x 𑶐 𑶑 𑶓 𑶔 𑶕 𑶖  𑶗  𑶘
U+11DAx 𑶠 𑶡 𑶢 𑶣 𑶤 𑶥 𑶦 𑶧 𑶨 𑶩
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 11.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

References[edit]

  1. ^ Proposal to Encode the Masaram Gondi Script in Unicode
  2. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/andhra-pradesh/chance-discovery-of-gondi-script-opens-new-vistas-of-tribal-culture/article4359780.ece
  3. ^ "Unicode 11.0.0". Unicode Consortium. June 5, 2018. Retrieved June 5, 2018.

External links[edit]