Medical college in India

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A statue of Sushruta (800 BCE), author of Sushruta Samhita and the founding father of surgery, at Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (RACS) in Melbourne, Australia.

In India, a medical college is an educational institution that provides medical education. These institutions may vary from stand-alone colleges that train doctors to conglomerates that offer training related in all aspects of medical care. The term is synonymous with "medical school" as used in the US and some other countries. MBBS is a degree in medicine established by Indian Medical Council Act 1956 and continued in National Medical Commission Act 2019. After MBBS, doctors register with state medical councils .

Recognition[edit]

Indian law requires these institutions to be recognized by the National Medical Commission[1] The Indian government keeps an updated list of these approved medical colleges.[2] Many persons without MBBS degrees practice like doctors in India. They are called quacks. According to National Medical Commission Act 2019, punishment for quackery has been enhanced to up to 1 year imprisonment and up to INR 5 lakh fine.[3]

Admissions and Education[edit]

The standard entry-to-practice degree in modern medicine in India is the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), a credential earned upon completion of a five-and-a-half-year undergraduate program. The curriculum is divided into one year of preclinical studies in general science subjects and three and a half years of paraclinical and clinical studies, followed by a one-year clinical internship. Before beginning the internship, students are required to pass several examinations, the final one of which is conducted in two parts. Graduate education in medical specialties typically takes three additional years of study after the MBBS and concludes with the award of the Master of Surgery or Doctor of Medicine. Postgraduate diplomas in medical specializations may also be awarded upon the completion of two-year training programs.

Medical Colleges[edit]

According to the World Federation for Medical Education, India is the country with the greatest quantity of operational medical schools (392).[4] A list of schools by region is provided below:

By Region[edit]

S.No Regions List of Medical college Number of Colleges offering MBBS[5] State-run Colleges Private Colleges Govt. college seats Private College Seats Total no. of seats
SI South India 154 52 102 6830 13705 20535
WI West India 77 34 43 4540 5295 9835
NI North India 70 37 33 4499 3745 8244
EI East India 47 37 10 4116 1010 5026
T Total 348 160 188 19985 23755 43640

by State[edit]

S.No State / UT Number of Colleges[5] Govt. Colleges Private Colleges Govt. college seats Private College Seats Total no. of seats
1 Andhra Pradesh 31 13 18 2410 2800 5210
2 Assam 8 8 0 1050 0 1050
3 Bihar 17 11 6 1390 750 2140
4 Chandigarh 1 1 0 150 0 150
5 Chhattisgarh 10 7 3 895 450 1345
6 Delhi 10 8 2 1222 200 1422
7 Goa 1 1 0 180 0 180
8 Gujarat 31 18 13 3700 2000 5700
9 Haryana 12 5 7 710 950 1660
10 Himachal Pradesh 8 7 1 770 150 920
11 Jammu and Kashmir 10 9 1 1035 100 1135
12 Jharkhand 8 7 1 630 150 780
13 Karnataka 60 19 41 2900 6445 9345
14 Kerala 31 10 21 1555 2550 4105
15 Madhya Pradesh 23 14 9 2135 1450 3585
16 Maharashtra 57 26 31 4430 4570 9000
17 Manipur 2 2 0 225 0 225
18 Mizoram 1 1 0 100 0 100
19 Odisha 12 8 4 1250 700 1950
20 Puducherry 9 2 7 380 1150 1530
21 Punjab 10 4 6 650 775 1425
22 Rajasthan 24 16 8 2900 1300 4200
23 Sikkim 1 0 1 0 50 50
24 Tamil Nadu 52 26 26 3650 4350 8000
25 Telangana 34 11 23 1790 3450 5240
26 Tripura 2 1 1 125 100 225
27 Uttar Pradesh 57 26 31 3178 4250 7428
28 Uttarakhand 6 4 2 525 300 825
29 West Bengal 26 20 6 3150 850 4000
T Total 558 289 269 43435 39840 83275

References[edit]

  1. ^ Medical Council of India: Home Page
  2. ^ "STATUS OF MEDICAL COLLEGES FOR ADMISSION FOR THE ACADEMIC SESSION 2007–08". mohfw.nic.in. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  3. ^ "NMC Act: Punishment for quackery enhanced up to one year imprisonment and fine of Rs. 5 lakh says Harsh Vardhan". Business Standard.
  4. ^ "World Directory". World Federation for Medical Education. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 May 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]