Patna district

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Patna district
पटना जिला
District of Bihar
Location of Patna district in Bihar
Location of Patna district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Patna division
Headquarters Patna
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies 1. Patna Sahib, 2. Pataliputra, 3. Munger (shared with Munger district)
 • Assembly seats 14
Area
 • Total 3,202 km2 (1,236 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,838,465
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
 • Urban 2,514,590 (43.7 per cent) (2,011)
Demographics
 • Literacy 73.68 per cent[1]
 • Sex ratio 897
Major highways NH 30, NH 83
Website Official website

Patna district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state in eastern India. Patna, the capital of Bihar state is the district headquarters. Patna district is a part of Patna division.

As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Bihar (out of 39).[2]

History[edit]

In 1976, Nalanda district was split from Patna.[3]

Today, it is one of the fastest growing district of India.

Geography[edit]

Patna district occupies an area of 3,202 square kilometres (1,236 sq mi),[4] comparatively equivalent to the Solomon Islands' Makira Island.[5]

Blocks: Patna Sadar, Phulwari sharif, Sampatchak, Paliganj, Fatuha, Khusrupur, Daniyawaan, Bakhtiyarpur, Barh, Belchi, Athmalgola, Mokama, Pandarak, Ghoswari, Bihta, Maner, Danapur, Naubatpur, Masaurhi, Dhanarua, Punpun.

Sub-divisions[edit]

Patna district comprises six sub-divisions:

  1. Patna Sadar
  2. Patna City
  3. Barh
  4. Danapur
  5. Masaurhi
  6. Paliganj

Assembly constituencies[edit]

14 assembly segments fall under Patna district.[6]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Patna district has a population of 5,838,465,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Nicaragua[7] or the US state of Maryland.[8] This gives it a ranking of 15th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 1,823 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,720/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 22.34%.[2] Patna has a sex ratio of 897 females for every 1,000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 72.47%.[2]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Patna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.3
(73.9)
26.5
(79.7)
32.6
(90.7)
37.7
(99.9)
38.9
(102)
36.7
(98.1)
33.0
(91.4)
32.4
(90.3)
32.3
(90.1)
31.5
(88.7)
28.8
(83.8)
24.7
(76.5)
31.53
(88.75)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.6
(52.9)
16.4
(61.5)
22.3
(72.1)
25.2
(77.4)
26.7
(80.1)
26.2
(79.2)
26.1
(79)
25.7
(78.3)
21.8
(71.2)
14.7
(58.5)
9.9
(49.8)
19.65
(67.37)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 19
(0.75)
11
(0.43)
11
(0.43)
8
(0.31)
33
(1.3)
134
(5.28)
306
(12.05)
274
(10.79)
227
(8.94)
94
(3.7)
9
(0.35)
4
(0.16)
1,130
(44.49)
Source: worldweather.org[9]

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Patna one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[10] It is one of the 38[11] districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[10]

Agricultural products include: paddy, maize, pulses, wheat and oil seeds. Roughly one third of the area sown is under rice (paddy). Cash crops such as vegetables and watermelons are also grown in Diara belt. Major industries include leather, handicrafts, and agro processing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  3. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  5. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Makira 3,190km2 
  6. ^ "14 segments in Patna dist this time". 
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Nicaragua 5,666,301 July 2011 est. 
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Maryland 5,773,552 
  9. ^ "Climatological Information for Patna". World Weather. Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  10. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  11. ^ By: Manav Saurav : Government of Bihar website :gov.bih.nic.in/Profile/Districts.htm

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°25′N 85°10′E / 25.417°N 85.167°E / 25.417; 85.167