Melanie C performing at Night of the Proms 2017 in Mannheim, Germany
Melanie Jayne Chisholm
12 January 1974
|Partner(s)||Thomas Starr (2002–12)|
Joe Marshall (2014-present)
Melanie Jayne Chisholm (born 12 January 1974), professionally known as Melanie C, is an English singer, songwriter, entrepreneur, actress and television personality. She is one of the five members of the Spice Girls, in which she was nicknamed Sporty Spice and with whom she sold over 85 million records worldwide. Chisholm began her solo career in late 1998 by singing with Canadian rock singer Bryan Adams on the worldwide hit "When You're Gone". Her solo debut album Northern Star was released in 1999, reaching number 1 in Sweden and number 4 on the UK Albums Chart. It was certified internationally with seven platinum and three gold certifications, including triple-Platinum by the British Phonographic Industry, selling over 4 million copies worldwide, and becoming the best selling solo album of any Spice Girls member. It produced four top 5s and a top 20 single, two of which reached the number 1 spot in the UK. The album was certified multi-platinum worldwide.
Chisholm's second album, Reason, was released in March 2003 and sold more than 500,000 copies. The album reached number 5 in the UK where it was certified Gold, and produced one top 10, one top 20 and a double A sided top 30 single. In 2004, Chisholm parted from Virgin and founded her own record company, Red Girl Records. Beautiful Intentions, her third album, was released in April 2005. It reached number 24 in the UK, number 15 in Germany and spent 9 weeks at number 1 in Portugal. The album was certified Gold by the BVMI and the IFPI Switzerland and Platinum by the AFP, selling over 1.5 million copies worldwide, and produced three singles, one of which charted at number 10 in the UK, and one peak at number 1, going platinum in Germany. Her fourth studio album, This Time, was released in April 2007 and reached 57 on the UK Albums Chart, becoming her first top 10 album in Switzerland where was certified Gold. Of the five singles released from the album, the first three went to number 1 in Portugal, one charted at number 1 in some parts of Europe, and one become a top 30 in the UK and a top 10 in some European charts. The BBC reviewed the album as "competent" but unlikely to attract new listeners. In December, Chisholm reunited with the Spice Girls to release a greatest hits album supported by a world tour. She released her fifth solo album, The Sea, on 2 September 2011, and her first EP The Night on 13 May 2012. They were followed by sixth studio album Stages (2012) and seventh album, Version of Me (2016).
Since 1996, Chisholm has sold more than 105 million records, of which 20 million were sold as a solo artist. Having co-written 11 UK Number 1s, more than any other female artist in chart history, she remains the only female performer to top the charts as a solo artist, as part of a duo, quartet and quintet. With 12 UK Number 1 singles, including the charity single as part of The Justice Collective, she is the second female artist – and the first British female artist – with most singles at number 1 in the United Kingdom, and with a total of 14 songs that have received the number 1 in Britain (including the double A-sides), Chisholm is the female artist with most songs at number 1 in the UK ranking history.[verification needed] Her work has earned her several awards and nominations, including a Guinness Book mention, three World Music Awards, five Brit Awards from 10 nominations, three American Music Awards, four Billboard Music Awards from six nomination, eight Billboard special awards, three MTV Europe Music Awards from seven nominations, one MTV Video Music Awards from two nomination, ten ASCAP awards, one Juno Award from two nominations, and four nominations nomination at the Echo Awards.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Philanthropy
- 5 Musical style
- 6 Discography
- 7 Filmography
- 8 Stage
- 9 Concert tours
- 10 Awards and nominations
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Melanie Jayne Chisholm was born in Whiston, Merseyside,, as the only child in the family. She later moved to Widnes, Cheshire, at a young age. Her parents married on 12 January 1971 and separated in 1978, when young Chisholm was four-and-a-half years old. Her father, Alan Chisholm, worked as a fitter at the Otis Elevator Company. Her mother, Joan O'Neill, worked as a secretary and PA and has been singing in music bands since she was 14. Chisholm was raised at Widnes, Cheshire, where she attended Brookvale Junior School and Fairfield High School. Following school, she studied for a diploma course in dance, singing, drama, and musical theatre at the Doreen Bird College of Performing Arts in Sidcup, Southeast London. During college, she replied to an advert in The Stage by Chris and Bob Herbert, who were looking to form a new girl group, later to become the Spice Girls. She left college just short of completing her three-year course and gained teaching qualifications in tap and modern theatre dance with the Imperial Society of Teachers of Dancing.
1994–2000: Spice Girls
In 1994, Chisholm, along with Mel B, Geri Halliwell, and Victoria Beckham responded to an advertisement in The Stage magazine. Around 400 women who answered the ad went to Dance Works studios. Halliwell, Chisholm, Beckham and Brown were originally chosen as the members of the group, and then formed a quintet with Emma Bunton. The group felt insecure about the lack of a contract and were frustrated by the direction of Heart Management and broke with them. In 1995, they toured record labels in London and Los Angeles and finally signed a deal with Virgin. Their debut album, Spice was a huge worldwide commercial success, peaked at number 1 in more than 17 countries across the world, and was certified multi-platinum in 27 countries. Conceptually, the album centered on the idea of Girl Power, and during that time was compared to Beatlemania. In total the album sold 30 million copies worldwide, becoming the biggest-selling album in music history by a girl group and one of the most successful albums of all time. The first single, "Wannabe" reached number 1 in 37 countries, and their subsequent singles – "Say You'll Be There", "2 Become 1", "Who Do You Think You Are" and "Mama" – all peaked at number 1 in the UK.
In 1997, they released the second album, Spiceworld, with the two first singles "Spice Up Your Life" and "Too Much", that entered the UK Albums Chart at number 1, making it the group's all consecutive number 1 hit single, a record of musical groups all time. The album was a global best seller, selling 20 million copies worldwide. The group also starred in their own film, Spiceworld: The Movie, which grossed $100 million at the box office worldwide and became the second most watched movie in the year. The next single, "Stop", peaked at two, breaking the sequence of number 1s, their only single to not reach the top of the charts. "Viva Forever", another number 1, was the last single before Geri Halliwell's departure from the group in May 1998. "Never Give Up on the Good Times" was planned as fifth single, but was canceled after this event. With four members, the group released "Goodbye", before Christmas in 1998 and when it topped the UK Singles Chart it became their third consecutive Christmas number-one – equalling the record previously set by the Beatles. On 30 November, Canadian artist Bryan Adams, released "When You're Gone" with featured vocals of Chisholm, her debut solo project. The song peaked at number 3 on the UK Singles Chart, spent 15 weeks in the top 40 and received the platinum certified.
1999–2001: Northern Star
In 1999 Chisholm signed with Virgin and, during the summer, recorded the album Northern Star. She recorded "Ga Ga" from the soundtrack of the film Big Daddy. The song was released as promotional single on 25 June, only in the UK. She also wrote and recorded the backing vocals for "(Hey You) Free Up Your Mind", sung by Emma Bunton from the film soundtrack Pokémon: The First Movie. On 27 September, Chisholm released her debut single, "Goin' Down" and peaked at number 4 in the UK and 25 in Australia. The music video was shot in Los Angeles and directed by Giuseppi Capotondi. Her debut album, Northern Star, was released on 18 October 1999, peaked at number 4 and sold 4 million copies worldwide, received triple platinum in the UK, and another seven certifications, including platinum in Germany and Sweden. "Northern Star" was released as a second single and also peaked at number 4. To promote the album, Chisholm embarked on a tour called From Liverpool to Leicester Square, traveling to Australia, the US, Canada, Japan, the UK, Germany, Italy, Spain, France, Netherlands and Denmark, between 27 September and 1 November. In 2000, Chisholm had two songs in film soundtracks, "Suddenly Monday" in Maybe Baby and "Go!" in Whatever It Takes.
After the two singles did not reach the top of the charts, Virgin thought to end the promotion of the album, but decided to release one more single, "Never Be the Same Again", which broke the pop rock sound of the other songs and focused on R&B. The song, featuring TLC member Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes, was released on 20 March 2000 and became her first number 1 single. It was received gold certification in the UK and also peaked at number 1 in Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Scotland and Sweden. The song was the 18th best-selling song of 2000 and sold more than a million copies across Europe. After the success of "Never Be the Same Again", the label decided to release two more singles. On 7 August 2000, Virgin released a remix version of "I Turn to You" as fourth single and the song reached her second number 1 in the UK, Netherlands and Sweden. "I Turn to You" also peaked at number 1 in Austria, Denmark and Dance Club Songs of United States. "If That Were Me" was released as fifth and final single and peaked at number 18. The proceeds from its sale went to the Kandu Arts charity. The North American version of Northern Star was released on 21 August 2000 and included the single versions of "Never Be The Same Again" and "I Turn To You". In late 2000, after the first solo work of members, the Spice Girls released their third and final album, Forever, sporting a new edgier R&B sound. "Holler" and "Let Love Lead the Way" was released as singles in 23 October 2000 and the songs reached number 1 in the UK. The album sold 5 million copies. The group announced that they were beginning an indefinite hiatus. In the same year, the Chinese singer FanFan recorded a Chinese version of "Suddenly Monday" from her debut album FanFan's World.
Chisholm embarked in her first world tour, the Northern Star Tour, between late 2000 and 26 August 2001, to promote her debut album. The tour traveled in 76 dates, 30 countries and 4 continents, just not going to Oceania and South America. The Shepherd's Bush Empire concert was webcast on Chisholm's original website with a special appearance of Bryan Adams. On 4 April 2001, The audio of the Anaheim concert also was webcast on House of Blues' website. A remixed album, entitled Remix Collection, was released only in Japan. In 2001, Chisholm collaborated in the live album of Russell Watson, The Voice – Live, as featured vocals in the songs "Barcelona" and "Aren't You Kind Of Glad We Did?".
Chisholm began recording her second album in late 2001. She traveled to the United States to record some songs. During this time, she recorded "Independence Day" from the film soundtrack Bend It Like Beckham and wrote "Help Me Help You" for Holly Valance, included in her album Footprints. Chisholm, along with American singer Anastacia made an appearance at the 2002 MTV Europe Music Awards to present the award for "Best Song", which was given to P!nk.
Chisholm's second album was originally planned to be released on 16 September 2002, then postponed to 24 February 2003. It was finally postponed to 10 March 2003. Rumors at the time speculated that Chisholm and Virgin had several conflicts, because they wanted her to lose weight. Chisholm also took time out due to struggles with clinical depression. On 24 February 2003 the first single from her new album was released, "Here It Comes Again", which reached number 7 in the UK and peaked in the top 20 in Spain and Ireland. She released her second studio album, Reason, on 10 March 2003 and it peaked at number 5, received gold certification in the UK. The label sent Chisholm to promote the album, including several pocket shows. On 24 April 2003, she embarked in the Reason Tour, traveling only in Europe. The second single, "On the Horizon", was released on 2 June 2003. After the previous single, the music critics were predicting that this single would redeem Chisholm's chart success, but the song peaked at number 14 and did not help sales.
"Let's Love", was released as a single exclusively in Japan and used for a Toyota Motor Corporation commercial. Originally, "Yeh Yeh Yeh" was planned to be released as the third and final single on 22 September 2003, but shortly before this could happen, Chisholm injured her knee during the television show The Games and couldn't fully promote an upbeat song with an injury. "Melt" was then chosen to be launched along with "Yeh Yeh Yeh" as a double A-side, because she could do a small number of performances. The double single was released on 10 November 2003. The song peaked at number 27. In other countries of Europe, "Melt" wasn't released, only "Yeh Yeh Yeh" as a solo release. After the release of "Melt/Yeh Yeh Yeh", Melanie added some extra dates to the Reason Tour, and the Avo Session Basel concert was broadcast on 3sat.
2004–2006: Red Girl Records and Beautiful Intentions
On 1 January 2004, Virgin dismissed Chisholm after the conflict in previous years about the direction in her solo career. In April 2004, she founded her own label, Red Girl, to record and release her own projects, alongside her manager, Nancy Phillips. The name was inspired by the colors of the football team Liverpool F.C., which Chisholm supports. In June, she embarked in a five-date concert tour, The Barfly Mini-Tour, performed in The Barfly music halls, a series of venues dedicated to independent music. In October 2004, Chisholm finished recording her third album. In an interview, Chisholm said she wanted to create deeper songs using piano, violin and personal themes. On 4 April 2005, Chisholm released "Next Best Superstar" as the lead single of her third album. It was released in three formats: two singles with B-sides – the acoustic version or the B-side "Everything Must Change" – and a remixes EP. The song peaked at number 10 in the UK. On 11 April, she released Beautiful Intentions, her third album and first by Red Girl. It was produced by Greg Haver, Guy Chambers, Paul Boddy and eleven of the twelve songs were written by Chisholm. The album peaked at number 24 in the UK, top 15 other Europeans countries, and was certified gold in Germany and Switzerland.
In support of the album, she embarked at Beautiful Intentions Tour, starting on 16 April in O2 Academy Birmingham, in London, and traveling for twenty-five dates across Europe and Asia. On 1 August, "Better Alone" was released only in the UK as the second single, but did not enter the charts due to the single being available online. "First Day of My Life" was released as single on 30 September in Australia and Europe – except in the UK. The song was not included in the original version of the album, only in the 2006 re-released version, becoming the second international single from Beautiful Intentions. Originally been recorded by Italian tenor Andrea Bocelli, with lyrics in Italian as "Un Nuovo Giorno" for his 2004 eponymous album Andrea. The song peaked at number 1 in Spain, Germany, Switzerland and Portugal, number 2 in Austria, and in the top 30 in Norway, France and Denmark. On 24 February 2006, "Better Alone" was released in Australia and Europe as the third official single, after a limited release in the UK the previous year. The song entered the charts in some countries, peaked at thirty-six in Italy and thirty-three in Switzerland. On 3 April, the album was re-released, including "First Day of My Life" and the music video. In 2006, Chisholm released her first live DVD, Live Hits, recorded on 31 August 2006 at the Bridge in South East, London. The DVD peaked at number 10.
2007–2010: This Time and Spice Girls reunion
In early 2007, Chisholm finished recording her next album and, in March, she released two singles simultaneously. "The Moment You Believe" was released in Europe, except in the UK, and peaked at number 1 in Spain and Portugal, and in the top 20 in Switzerland, Sweden and Germany. Produced and co-written by Peter Vettese, it has been soundbed for the spring advertising campaign for German television show Nur die Liebe Zählt. "I Want Candy" was released only in the UK and Italy, peaking at number 24 and number 9, respectively, and featured on the soundtrack to the film of the same name. The song was a cover version of the Strangeloves song. On 30 March, she released her fourth album, This Time, with thirteen tracks – six written by Chisholm – and other two cover versions: "What If I Stay" and "Don't Let Me Go", by Jill Jackson, from her debut album. The album peaked at number 57 in the UK and number 8 in Switzerland, which was certified gold. "Carolyna" was released as the third single on 8 June. During an interview at Loose Women, Chisholm revealed that she wrote this song after watching a documentary about young adults and teenagers homeless, living in the streets in Seattle. The song peaked at 49 in the UK, and in the top 50 in other countries.
On 28 June 2007, the Spice Girls held a surprise press conference at The O2 Arena revealing their reunion for embark in a worldwide concert tour, The Return of the Spice Girls, starting in Vancouver on 2 December. They received £10 million each for the tour. Filmmaker Bob Smeaton, directed an official documentary on the reunion. It was entitled Giving You Everything. At the same time, Chisholm released the fourth single of her album, "This Time", features the B-side "We Love to Entertain You", which was used for 2007's Pro7 Starforce campaign in Germany. The song peaked at number 94 in the UK and 69 in Germany. On 5 November, the Spice Girls released their return single, "Headlines (Friendship Never Ends)", also announced as the official Children in Need charity single and performed at Victoria's Secret Fashion Show. The song peaked at number 11, becoming the first song to not reach the top 10. The music video was directed by Anthony Mandler and the girls used exclusive clothes designed by Roberto Cavalli. They released a compilation album, the Greatest Hits in November, including the singles, the 1997 Pepsi's theme "Move Over" and two new songs, "Voodoo" and "Headlines (Friendship Never Ends)". The compilation sold 6 million copies.
They embarked on the tour on 2 December, traveling for 47 dates until 26 February 2008. The tour is estimated to have grossed over US$70 million and produced $107.2 million in ticket sales and merchandising. The tour won the 2008 Billboard Touring Award. As well as their sell-out tour, the Spice Girls were contracted to appear in Tesco advertisements, for which they were paid £1 million each. After the end of the reunion with the Spice Girls, Chisholm embarked on her fifth tour, the This Time Canadian Tour, in May 2008, performing in nine Canadian cities. On 25 July, "Understand" was released as fifth and final single from This Time only in Canada. In 2009, it was planned she would star in a sequel to the 1996 horror film The Craft, but the production was canceled. On 29 June, Chisholm released her second DVD concert, Live at the Hard Rock Cafe, including two previously unreleased songs, "Blue Skies All the Way" and "Paris Burning". The DVD peaked at number 22 in the UK.
2009–2014: Acting, The Sea and Stages
In October 2009, she had her acting debut on stage as Mrs Johnstone in the musical Blood Brothers, a new version of the 1983 original production. In an interview, Chisholm revealed that while she had been invited to star in movies and musicals in the past, it was only after her daughter's birth that she agreed to star in her first musical so as to stay close to home. She starred on Blood Brothers until the end of 2010. She was named as best actress in the thirty-fourth edition of Laurence Olivier Award. The critics have cited Chisholm as the favorite, but she did not win. In the same year she started working on her next album. On 24 June 2011, "Rock Me" was released as single only in Germany and peaked at number 33 in the country. The song was served as the official theme from 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup. "Think About It" was chosen as worldwide single and marked the Chisholm return to dance-pop. The song peakead at number 95 in the UK, 15 in the UK Indie Chart and top 40 in other European countries. The Sea, her fifth studio album, was released on 2 September, and was produced by Andy Chatterley, Cutfather and Peter-John Vettese. The album peaked at number 45 in the UK and also 13 in Switzerland and sixteen in Germany.
Chisholm was mentor assistant in the third season of The X Factor Australia and helped the Mel B team, formed by under 25 years-old girls, during the selection process. The girls did not reach the final. "Weak" was released only in the UK as the third single, charting in the UK Indie Chart. "Let There Be Love" was released as fourth and final single of The Sea in Germany and Switzerland. She also recorded "Viva Life" for the documentary Bash Street. In November, she embarked on her sixth concert tour, The Sea – Live, traveling in Europe during 17 dates. The record of the tour was released as DVD on 27 February 2012. In her interview for "Ask Melanie C Episode 8" on her YouTube channel, Chisholm said that she "feels very sad as The Sea was a really great album and it wasn't as successful as it deserved to be"  In April, Chisholm was invited by British DJ Jodie Harsh to collaborate on an electronic project. On 13 May they released the EP The Night, including three songs. "Set You Free" was released as a promo single from the EP. In July, she was judge of the ITV talent show Superstar, which searched to find an actor to starring the musical Jesus Christ Superstar. Ben Forster was chosen.
Chisholm co-starred the musical, playing the role of Mary Magdalene. For her performance Chisholm won Best Supporting Actress in a musical at the Whatsonstage.com Awards. She played the character until 2013. Inspired by the stage, Chisholm began recording an album with musical theatre songs. "I Don't Know How to Love Him" was released on 22 July and peaked at number 20 on UK Indie Chart. The song is a version of Yvonne Elliman from 1970 musical Jesus Christ Superstar. On 7 September, Chisholm released her sixth studio album, Stages, produced by Peter-John Vettese and featuring a collection of show tunes that have been important to Chisholm at various stages of her life. The album peaked at number 50 in the UK and 83 in Ireland. "I Know Him So Well", a version of the Elaine Paige and Barbara Dickson song from the 1984 musical Chess, was released as a single on 11 November, featuring vocals by British singer Emma Bunton. The song peaked at number 153 in the UK and 14 in the UK Indie Chart.
She also was part of The Justice Collective, a super-group of musicians, including Robbie Williams and Paul McCartney, who recorded the charity song "He Ain't Heavy, He's My Brother". The song was released as single on 17 December and peaked at number 1. In 2013, she played Christy in the British comedy film Play Hard. On 18 August, released "Loving You", a collaboration with British singer Matt Cardle. The song peaked at number 14, becoming the first Chisholm's song in the top 15 since 2005. She released her first live album, Live at Shepherd's Bush Empire, on 12 December. On 12 January 2014, Chisholm celebrated her 40th birthday with a special show for the fans, entitled Sporty's Forty, singing her hits and featured Emma Bunton. On 31 March, the Slovakian singer Peter Aristone released "Cool as You", featured vocals of Chisholm, as lead single from 19 Days in Tetbury. Her cover version of "Ain't Got No, I Got Life", by Nina Simone, was included in the compilation Beautiful Cover Versions. She also had a cameo appearance in the music video "Word Up", by Little Mix.
2015–present: Television and Version of Me
In 2015, Chisholm joined the judging panel for Asia's Got Talent, along with David Foster, Anggun Cipta, and Vanness Wu. They started the selection in Singapore. During production and selections, Chisholm lived in Malaysia, where the program was recorded. The Asia's Got Talent live shows, with the semifinalists, was aired in March 2015, and ran two months until the finals. On 14 May Chisholm and the judges released a cover version of "Let's Groove", originally by Earth, Wind & Fire, and performed the song in the final. In October, she was mentor assistant in the game competition Bring the Noise. At the same time, she started working on her seventh studio album. The second season of Asia's Got Talent was confirmed for summer 2016, but the project has been discontinued. In 2016, she was featured as a vocalist on "Numb" with Sons Of Sonix, which was stated to be a song from her upcoming album. In September 2016, she made a cameo appearance in KT Tunstall's music video for "Hard Girls". Her seventh album, Version of Me, was released on 21 October 2016. The album entered the UK Albums Chart at number 25, her first top 40 album since Beautiful Intentions in 2005.
Chisholm appeared on the Graham Norton Show in May 2017 to perform a duet with Keith Urban for his song, The Fighter. She sang in place of Carrie Underwood, who was the original singer on the duet. On 27 May 2017 Chisholm performed in Mexico City as part of the Classics Fest concert series, which also featured performances by Vanilla Ice and Jenny Berggren of Ace of Base, held at the Auditorio Blackberry. This marked Chisholm's first time performing as a solo artist in Latin America and her first visit in many years since her days with the Spice Girls. Chisholm stated upon her musical return to Mexico, "I haven't been back to Mexico in many years and when I was there it was very brief, so I am excited to return and sing."  In June 2017, Chisholm also performed for the first time in Brazil, playing live shows in both Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo. Chisholm sang "Say You'll Be There" as a duet with Brazilian singer Anitta on popular Brazilian entertainment show, Multishow: Música Boa Ao Vivo. In November/December 2017 Chisholm was Co-Headliner at Night of the Proms a 25-concert tour in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and Luxembourg. She performed "Never Be The Same Again", "First Day of My Life", "I Turn To You" and with John Miles (musician) "When You're Gone". Melanie spent 2018, writing and recording songs for her next two albums; alongside performing at festivals around the UK and Europe. She also turned her hand to Disc Jockeying by performing a "90s Mix" at various events. Melanie will perform in Bangkok in November 2018 as part of the Melanie C - Asia Tour 2018 
Chisholm has been open about her experiences with clinical depression and an eating disorder. Chisholm spoke of her eating disorder to Contact Music, stating: "I'd hammered the gym for three hours a day. It was a way of running away, not thinking. I felt like a robot. When the papers started calling me 'Sumo Spice', I was only a size 10. But I was so upset by all the criticism, it got worse and I went up to a size 14".
In 1997, Chisholm had a brief relationship with Robbie Williams. In 1998, she dated record producer Jake Davies. In the summer of the same year, Chisholm had a relationship with Anthony Kiedis, the vocalist of Red Hot Chili Peppers. Kiedis wrote "Emit Remmus", which is "summer time" spelled backwards, inspired by his relationship with Chisholm. The song was included in Californication. In 2000, Chisholm and Jason "J" Brown had an on-off relationship.
In 2002 Melanie began a relationship with property developer Thomas Starr. On 22 February 2009, Chisholm gave birth to her daughter Scarlet Chisholm Starr at the Portland Hospital in London. In 2012, after 10 years together, Chisholm and Starr ended their relationship.
In 2014 Chisholm started a relationship with fitness fanatic, Joe Marshall, who is now her manager.
In 2012, Chisholm joined the Sport Relief telethon by appearing in a Never Mind the Buzzcocks special. Chisholm also participated in a three-mile "Sport Relief Mile" run. In 2013, Chisholm joined Jack Dee, Dara Ó Briain, Greg James, Chelsee Healey and Philips Idowu in Through Hell and High Water, a Comic Relief challenge which involved British celebrities canoeing the most difficult rapids of the Zambezi River. They raised over £1 million for the charity. In 2014, Chisholm travelled to Ghana to support a charity campaign by Procter & Gamble that provides African children with clean drinking water. The project involved the use of purification sachets that changes the water from stagnant to drinkable. She said, "I've been on charity trips to Africa before. They can be harrowing, but this one was really positive and inspiring. Already it's changing people's lives. When we first arrived, three of the girls took us down to the local water supply, which is basically a big lake shared with animals, so that water can be very dangerous. Using the sachets, in half an hour the water goes from black to clear. We drank it as well. It's completely and utterly safe." Chisholm also supported a homeless charity by donating funds raised from her annual calendar.
Chisholm has received co-writing credits for most of the songs recorded with Spice Girls and her solo efforts. The main concept of the Spice Girl albums centred on the idea of Girl Power, embodying a feminist image, as both Madonna and Bananarama had employed before, and every track deals with different aspects of this notion. Other central themes in the writing of the group were the union, solidarity, friendship, independence, love, loss of virginity, sex, contraception, the relationship with parents during adolescence, vulnerability and fame. Many of these themes were carried out even during her solo career, but with a more mature writing, intense style and in some songs a more raw and direct language. Added to these were social issues such as homelessness, and introspective themes. Having co-written 11 UK number 1s, more than any other female artist, she remains the only female performer to top the charts as a solo artist, as part of a duo, quartet and quintet. With 12 UK Number 1 singles, including the charity single as part of the Justice Collective, she is the second female artist – and the first British female artist – with the most singles at number 1 in the UK, and with a total of 14 songs that have risen to number 1 in Britain (including the double A-sides), Chisolm is the first artist with most number 1 songs in the UK ranking history.
On 1 January 2004, Virgin Records dismissed Chisholm after the conflict in previous years about the direction in her solo career. In April 2004, she founded her own label, Red Girl Records, to record and release her own projects. All of Chisolm's activities are decided upon and funded by herself, alongside her business partner and manager, Nancy Phillips. The name was inspired by the colours of the football Liverpool F.C., which Chisholm is supporter.
Chisholm has cited Madonna as her biggest musical influence. She stated: "I think she's inspired me a lot musically, and maybe [in] just the way I present myself. I've always admired how hard she works and what a strong lady she is, so she's always inspired me in that way." Chisholm named Blur, Oasis, Suede and the Cardigans as inspirations for her first album.
Cultural impact and legacy
As a Spice Girls member Chisholm was called "Sporty Spice" because she usually wore a tracksuit paired with athletic shoes, wore her long dark hair in a high ponytail, and sported a tough girl attitude as well as tattoos on both of her arms. She also possessed true athletic abilities, including being able to perform back handsprings. In this period, the phrase "girl power" put a name to a social phenomenon, but the slogan was met with mixed reactions. The phrase was a label for the particular facet of post classical neo-feminist empowerment embraced by the band: that a sensual, feminine appearance and equality between the sexes need not be mutually exclusive. The term "Cool Britannia" became prominent in the media and represented the new political and social climate that was emerging with the advances made by New Labour and the new UK Prime Minister Tony Blair. Coming out of a period of 18 years of Conservative government, Tony Blair and New Labour were seen as young, cool and appealing, a driving force in giving Britain a feeling of euphoria and optimism.
Some songs from Northern Star have appeared in films, such as "Ga Ga" which is heard in Charmed and Big Daddy. The song "Go" makes an appearance in Whatever It Takes. "Suddenly Monday" appears in Maybe Baby and on its soundtrack. After the song gained popularity, "I Turn to You" was featured in the film Bend It Like Beckham. It was covered by Darkseed on "Ultimate Darkness", by Machinae Supremacy on "Webography", and by Wig Wam on 667.. The Neighbour of the Beast. The song was also featured in the musical Viva Forever!, a musical show based on the songs of the Spice Girls. Some songs have also been covered by international artists such as Christine Fan, who covered and translated "Suddenly Monday" in Chinese for her debut album FanFan's World, and Dutch pop singer Do who covered the Japanese bonus-track "Follow Me", for her album of the same name. The single "First Day of My Life" was originally recorded by Italian tenor Andrea Bocelli, with lyrics in Italian as "Un Nuovo Giorno" (A new day) for his 2004 album Andrea, and he also released it as a single the same year. Chisolm's version of the single was a success in German-speaking countries because it was used as the title song of the German soap opera telenovela Wege zum Glück. At the time of The Sea's release, the lead single "Rock Me" served as the official theme song for German TV channel ZDF's coverage of the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup.
- Northern Star (1999)
- Reason (2003)
- Beautiful Intentions (2005)
- This Time (2007)
- The Sea (2011)
- Stages (2012)
- Version of Me (2016)
|1997||Spice World||Herself||Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Actress|
Nominated – Orange Blimp Award for Favorite Movie Actress
Nominated – Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Actress – Comedy
|2012||Keith Lemon: The Film||Herself|
|2012||The Spice Girls Story: Viva Forever!||Herself||Documentary|
|2000||The Norm Show||Herself||"Norm vs. Jenny" (Season 2, Episode 15)|
|2003||Bo' Selecta!||Various roles||"Melanie C" (Season 2, Episode 6)|
|2006||Dei-te Quase Tudo||Herself||"10 May 2006" (Season 1, Episode 132)|
|2007||Giving You Everything||Herself||Television documentary|
|2007||The Friday Night Project||Guest host||"Melanie C" (Season 5, Episode 4)|
|2011||The X Factor Australia||Mentor assistant||Season 3|
|2012||Superstar||Judge / Mentor|
|2014||The Life of Rock with Brian Pern||Herself||"Bi-Polar Polar Bear Aid" (Season 2, Episode 3)|
|2015||Bring the Noise||Mentor assistant||Season 1|
|2015||Asia's Got Talent||Judge / Mentor|
|2009–10||Blood Brothers||Mrs Johnstone|
|2012–13||Jesus Christ Superstar||Mary Magdalene|
Awards and nominations
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- "UK Charts > Melanie C". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 28 December 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Singles Top 100 from the Official UK Charts Company". Official UK Charts Company. Archived from the original on 6 November 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- Kraines, Talia. "BBC - Music - Review of Melanie C - This Time".
- "Spice Girls announce 11-show reunion tour". MSNBC. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
- "Melanie C – The Sea – Out Now!". Melaniec.net. Red Girl Records. 5 September 2011. Archived from the original on 24 September 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- "Mel C diet and fitness secrets". 24 February 2016.
- Cossar, Neil. "Spice Girls facts". www.thisdayinmusic.com.
- "BLANK SCREEN". www.peermusic.com.
- Goldstein 2013, p. 10.
- Sinclair 2009.
- "Widnes-born former Spice Girl Mel C has new single chosen as anthem for Women's World Cup" Archived 6 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine. 30 June 2011, Runcorn and Widnes Weekly News
- Spice Girls Official. Timeline. Retrieved 16 March 2009.
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- Dawson, Ryan. "Beatlemania and Girl Power: An Anatomy of Fame". Bigger Than Jesus: Essays On Popular Music. University of Cambridge. Archived from original on 4 October 2005. Retrieved 27 January 2007.
- Fuller, Simon (1960–): 100 Entertainers Who Changed America, An Encyclopedia of Pop Culture. Robert C. Sickels. 8 August 2013. ISBN 9781598848311. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- "Spice Girls reunion: Is a comeback possible?". BBC News. 18 February 2003. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
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- Now Mandela swaps political power for girl power. BBC News. 1 November 1997
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- Entertainment Weekly. Benjamin Svetkey. Pag. 2 Cover Story: Tour Divorce?. 17 July 1998. Retrieved 24 January 2009.
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- "Spice Girls – Spiceworld (staff review)". Sputnikmusic. Retrieved 31 July 2011.
- Justin Myers (20 December 2013). "Official Charts Flashback 1998: Spice Girls – Goodbye". Official Charts. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
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- "Original Soundtrack: Big Daddy". Allmusic. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- "Ga Ga – Melanie C". Discogs. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- Arnesen, Jon (5 February 2000). "M2M make their name via Atlantic". Music & Media. 17 (6): 3.
- "News.com Jul99". spicenews.com. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Melanie C)" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
- "Platinum certified" (PDF). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry Hung Medien. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "From Liverpool to Leicester Square". Melanie C Official. Archived from the original on 18 April 2010. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- "Whatever It Takes [Original Soundtrack]". Allmusic. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- Chisholm, Melanie; Lawrence, Rhett; Cruz, Paul F.; Lopes, Lisa; Martin, Lorenzo. "Never Be the Same Again". Hal Leonard Corporation – Digital Sheet Music – via sheetmusicplus.com.
- "Dutch Top 40 > Melanie C" (in Dutch). Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
- "Spice Girls Working on New Album". ABC News. 2006-01-06. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "Hot Dance Club Songs". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 11 November 2000. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
- Bychawski, Adam (28 November 2000). "Spice Up Your Wardrobe!". NME. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
- "Melanie C – Northern Star". Amazon. 11 November 2000. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
- Hunter, James. Forever – Review. Rolling Stone. Retrieved 11 March 2006. Archived 26 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Spice Girls make pop history". BBC News. 29 October 2000. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- Griffe David and Victoria Beckham: Carreira com as Spice Girls (Portugues). Perfumes – A Moda Invisível. ISBN 9788563229083. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "Spice Girls dismiss comeback plan". BBC. 2003-02-18. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "FanFan's World". Amazon. 11 November 2000. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
- "European Tour". Melanie C Official. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "Northern Star Tour". Melanie C Official. Archived from the original on 18 April 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "Melanie C – Remix Collection". Amazon. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- "Russell Watson – The Voice – Live". Discogs. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Russell Watson – The Voice – Live". Amazon. August 2003. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "You'll have to weight for Mel C's album". The Sun. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Melanie's Russian Interview". Tripod. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Mel C 'depressed'". BBC. 18 December 2007.
- "Discography Melanie C". Italiancharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- "Melanie C". The Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 15 June 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
- "Here some information from her Official Website abaout her future promotions". LCHR. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- "Reason Tour". Melanie C Official. Archived from the original on 20 February 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- "Mel C: My depression; I was crying and petrified – and so lifeless I couldn't get out of bed". The Library. 17 December 2007.
- "Let's Love [Japanese Exclusive Single]". Amazon. 17 December 2007.
- "Yeh Yeh Yeh". Archive. 17 December 2007. Archived from the original on 13 June 2004.
- "Melt + Yeh Yeh Yeh". Allmusic. 17 December 2007.
- "Chartverfolgung / Melanie C / Single" (in German). musicline.de PhonoNet. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
- "Mel C goes alone after being axed". BBC. 17 December 2007.
- "Melanie C with Special Guests". Southport. 17 December 2007.
- "Melanie C is looking to buy a property in south Wales it has been confirmed by her management". BBC. 17 December 2007.
- "Next Best Superstar – version 1". iTunes. 17 December 2007.
- "Next Best Superstar – version 2". iTunes. 17 December 2007.
- "Beautiful Intentions". iTunes. 17 December 2007.
- "IFPI Switzerland > Edelmetall" (in German). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry Hung Medien. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "Beautiful Intentions Tour". Melanie C Official. 17 December 2007. Archived from the original on 4 November 2011.
- "Better Alone". iTunes. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "First Day of My Life". iTunes. 17 December 2007.
- "Melanie C ?– Beautiful Intentions / 2006 re-release". Discogs. 17 December 2007.
- "IFPI Austria > Gold & Platin". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Archived from the original on 12 March 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "Better Alone – EP". iTunes. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "Swiss Charts > Melanie C" (in German). swisscharts.com Hung Medien. Retrieved 7 September 2011.
- "Beautiful Intentions 2006". iTunes. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "05 November 2006 – 11 November 2006". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 3 June 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "This much I know". The Guardian. 2007-03-25. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Melanie C – The Moment You Believe (Song)". Spanish Charts. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "The Moment You Believe". iTunes. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "Forum – ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – CHART POSITIONS PRE 1989". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- "Jill Jackson". iTunes. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "Carolyna – Melanie C". iTunes. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "Melanie C interview on Loose Women". Loose Woman. 14 June 2007. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
- "Spice Girls announce reunion tour". BBC. 2007-06-28. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- Nikkhah, Roya (16 December 2007). "A decade on, Spice Girls rock in London gig". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 December 2007.
- "Spice impersonators hit OZ". News Australia. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "This Time – Melanie C". iTunes. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "Headlines (Friendship Never Ends) – Spice Girls". iTunes Store. Apple Inc. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Spice Girls announce reunion tour". BBC News. 13 July 2007. Retrieved 14 July 2007.
- "Spice Girls – Greatest Hits". iTunes. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "Spice Girls". Retroland. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "Victoria Beckham Confident in Spice Girls' Reunion". Softpedia. Archived from the original on 15 November 2005. Retrieved 5 August 2005.
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- The Spice Of Road Life. Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 24 May 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
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- Levy, Megan. Levy, Megan (12 November 2007). "Spice Girls front Tesco advertising campaign". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 20 December 2007.
- "This Time Canadian Tour (May '08)". Melanie C Official. 14 June 2007. Archived from the original on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
- "Understand (Single)". Melanie C Official. 14 June 2007. Archived from the original on 8 May 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
- "The Spice Girls: Where Are They Now?". Buzzfeed. 14 June 2007. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
- "Live At The Hard Rock Cafe". Discogs. 14 June 2007. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
- "28 June 2009 – 04 July 2009". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 3 June 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- Lamont, Tom (2010-03-14). "Melanie C on her Olivier nomination". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "REVIEW: Blood Brothers at the Liverpool Empire starring Melanie C". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Olivier Winners 2010". Oliver Awards. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Mel C: Scarlet's a mini-me!". The Sun. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Melanie C – Rock Me". iTunes. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Melanie C reveals thirty seconds of a new song". Pop Justice. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Melanie C – Think About It". iTunes. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Archive Chart – Think About It". Official Charts Company. 17 September 2011. Archived from the original on 3 June 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- "Melanie C – The Sea". iTunes. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Home visits begin on X Factor". Sheknows.com.au. 14 September 2011. Archived from the original on 5 November 2011.
- Fritsky, Lauren (15 September 2011). "More guest judges appear on The X Factor Australia". Sheknows.com.au. Archived from the original on 5 November 2011.
- "MelanieC.net – New Singles: 'Weak' & 'Let There Be Love'". MelanieC.net. 17 September 2011. Archived from the original on 23 May 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- "Melanie C – Let There Be Love". iTunes. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Bash Street added to line-up of "The 21st Bath Film Festival"". Melanie C. Archived from the original on 9 April 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- "The Sea – Live". Melanie C Official. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "The Sea Live DVD". Discogs. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Melanie C - 'Ask Melanie' Episode 8". YouTube. 4 November 2012.
- "Jodie Harsh X Melanie C – 'The Night' EP". Melanie C Official. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "The Night – Jodie Harsh & Melanie C". iTunes. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "The panel and host announced". itv.com. May 2012. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- "Ben Forster crowned as Jesus in ITV's 'Superstar'". Digital Spy. 25 July 2012.
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- "Full list: Winners announced of the 2013 Whatsonstage.com Awards". Whatsonstage.com Awards. 25 July 2012.
- "Jesus Christ Superstar songs shine with Tim Minchin, Melanie C". The Australian. 25 July 2012.
- "Melanie C announces new album 'Stages'". Digital Spy. 25 July 2012.
- "Archive Chart – 29th December 2012". Official Charts Company. 17 September 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- "You Only 'Live' Twice". Entertainment Weekly. 8 August 1997.
- "Melanie C – Stage". iTunes. 17 September 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- "I Know Him So Well (feat. Emma Bunton)". iTunes. 17 September 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- "Archive Chart – I Know Him So Well". Official Charts Company. 17 September 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
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- "Play Hart (2013)". Films TV. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- "Matt Cardle and Melanie C – Loving You". iTunes. 1 July 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- Copsey, Robert (1 July 2013). "Exclusive: Matt Cardle, Melanie C announce new single 'Loving You'". Digital Spy. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- "Melanie C – Live at Shepherd's Bush Empire". iTunes. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- "Melanie C – Sporty's Forty live gig review, Shepherd's Bush Empire". Mirror. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- "Cool as You". iTunes. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- "Beautiful Cover Versions". Discogs. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- "Little Mix Joined By Famous Faces In 'Word Up' Sport Relief Video". MTV. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
- "Marc, Rovilson to host 'Asia's Got Talent'". ABS-CBN News. 23 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- Dhillon, Rajina (28 September 2014). "'Asia's Got Talent' kicks off Malaysian audition". The Rakyat Post. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
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- Mendoza, Arvin (14 May 2015). "Netizens express dismay over 'Asia's Got Talent' results leak". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
- "Asia's Got Talent Judges Release Charity Single "Let's Groove" (Earth, Wind & Fire) For Nepal Earthquake Relief". Getmusic Asia. 15 May 2015. Archived from the original on 18 June 2015. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- Lee, Ben (7 April 2016). "Bring the Noise: Ricky Wilson and Nicole Scherzinger's panel show won't be back". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
- "Melanie Chisholm quashes". Young Hollywood. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
- "Asias Got Talent opens registration for second season". Editorial Insider. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
- "Sons Of Sonix Featuring Melanie C – Numb". iTunes. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- Spanos, Brittany (14 September 2016). "Watch KT Tunstall, Mel C Compete as Rally Drivers in 'Hard Girls' Video".
- . Twitter https://twitter.com/MelanieCmusic/status/770336448147062784. Retrieved 31 August 2016. Missing or empty
- Brickey, Kelly (2017-05-25). "Keith Urban 'Spices' Up 'The Fighter' Performance with Spice Girls' Melanie C". Sounds Like Nashville. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- Montoya, Humberto (2017-05-27). "Spice Girls volverá: Melanie C". El Universal. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- Redação, Da (2017-06-29). "Anitta recebe Mel C em programa e cantam juntas hit das Spice Girls". Correio O Que A Bahia Quer Saber. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
- Germany, Stuttgarter Zeitung, Stuttgart,. "Melanie C und Roger Hodgson im exklusiven Doppelinterview: "Kinder zu haben kann die Rettung sein"".
- Night of the Proms (22 December 2017). "Melanie C about Night of the Proms" – via YouTube.
- "Melanie C.: Ich werde immer Spice Girl sein". NP - Neue Presse.
- Ebert, Carina (2017-12-17). "Lanxess-Arena in Köln: Gänsehaut und ein Heiratsantrag bei "Night of the Proms"".
- "Spice Girls' member Melanie C is taking her tour to Bangkok". 20 September 2018.
- "Sporty Spice battles with eating disorders and depression". contactmusic.com. 18 December 2007.
- "Ex-Spice Girl Mel C opens up on affair with Robbie Williams". Mirror. 18 December 2007.
- "Dashing Jake is the Sporty Type". Tornado. 18 December 2007. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.
- "Mel C passa da fama à pobreza, mas só no palco". DN Times. 18 December 2007.
- "Sporty's got the hots for Chili singer". Pair. 18 December 2007. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.
- "Spice Girl Melanie C: Life As I Know It". Express.co.uk. 21 November 2010. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
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- "Five's J Talks About The Split Up With Melanie". O Cities. 18 December 2007.
- "Two new pictures of Melanie, and her new boyfriend, Thomas Starr". Tripod. 18 December 2007.
- "Spice Girl Mel C has a baby girl". BBC. 18 December 2007.
- Natalie Edwards; Emma Brankin (27 March 2016). "Mel C looks to have found love ahead of Spice Girls reunion tour". The Sun.
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- Scholz, Martin (22 January 2017). "Ex-Spice-Girl Mel C: "Ich finde Jürgen Klopp fantastisch"". Die Welt – via www.welt.de.
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- Mel C supports clean water campaign Archived 20 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine. UTV. 4 March 2014.
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- "Spice Girl Melanie C: Life as I know it". Express. 2010-11-21.
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- Spedding, Emma (30 August 2016). "Melanie C celebrates her 90s Sporty Spice style in 'LOVE Magazine' shoot". The Telegraph – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
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- "Melanie C Announced to Join Spike Edney's All-Stars: The SAS Band on Tour This Christmas". Marklund Quist. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- Goldstein, Jack; Taylor, Frankie (2013). 101 Amazing Spice Girls Facts (Revised ed.). Andrews UK Limited. pp. 1–26. ISBN 978-1-78234-808-5.
- Sinclair, David (2009). Spice Girls Revisited: How The Spice Girls Reinvented Pop (Reprint ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-85712-111-0.
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