Merchantville, New Jersey
|Merchantville, New Jersey|
|Borough of Merchantville|
Cattell Tract Historic District
Merchantville highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County in the State of New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Merchantville, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 3, 1874|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Edward Brennan (D, term ends December 31, 2018)|
|• Municipal clerk||Denise Brouse|
|• Total||0.600 sq mi (1.553 km2)|
|• Land||0.600 sq mi (1.553 km2)|
|• Water||0.000 sq mi (0.000 km2) 0.00%|
|Area rank||542nd of 566 in state
31st of 37 in county
|Elevation||82 ft (25 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2016)||3,766|
|• Rank||422nd of 566 in state
27th of 37 in county
|• Density||6,371.3/sq mi (2,460.0/km2)|
|• Density rank||75th of 566 in state
6th of 37 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC−4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885297|
Merchantville is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 3,821, reflecting an increase of 20 (+0.5%) from the 3,801 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 294 (−7.2%) from the 4,095 counted in the 1990 Census.
While one source attributes the borough's name to a family named Merchant, Francis F. Eastlack, in his History of Merchantville, tells the story of the four developers of Merchantville—Matthias Homer, John Louty, Samuel McFadden and Frederick Gerker—meeting and discussing names, when it was suggested "Gentlemen, as you are all merchants, why not call it Merchantville?"
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,821 people, 1,574 households, and 966.4 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,371.3 per square mile (2,460.0/km2). There were 1,688 housing units at an average density of 2,814.6 per square mile (1,086.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 76.58% (2,926) White, 13.01% (497) Black or African American, 0.37% (14) Native American, 2.28% (87) Asian, 0.05% (2) Pacific Islander, 4.42% (169) from other races, and 3.30% (126) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.62% (444) of the population.
There were 1,574 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.6% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 88.5 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $62,358 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,850) and the median family income was $85,909 (+/- $16,985). Males had a median income of $49,926 (+/- $36,924) versus $41,369 (+/- $15,495) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $34,308 (+/- $4,408). About 11.7% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.7% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 3,801 people, 1,524 households, and 946 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,317.2 people per square mile (2,446.0/km²). There were 1,607 housing units at an average density of 2,670.8 per square mile (1,034.1/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 85.90% White, 7.42% African American, 0.29% Native American, 2.10% Asian, 2.84% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.47% of the population.
There were 1,524 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $49,392, and the median income for a family was $60,652. Males had a median income of $43,375 versus $30,771 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $25,589. About 5.8% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.
Merchantville is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Merchantville, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2016[update], the Mayor of Merchantville Borough is Democrat Edward "Ted" Brennan, whose term of office ends December 31, 2018. Members of the Borough Council are Council President John J. Grasso (D, 2018), Andrew McLoone (D, 2017), Anthony J. Perno (D, 2016), Daniel J. Sperrazza (D, 2018), Katherine Swann (D, 2017) and Steve J. Volkert (D, 2016).
Federal, state and county representation
Merchantville is located in the 1st Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 6th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Merchantville had been in the 7th state legislative district.
New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Donald Norcross (D, Camden). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, 2019).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 6th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by James Beach (D, Voorhees Township) and in the General Assembly by Louis Greenwald (D, Voorhees Township) and Pamela Rosen Lampitt (D, Cherry Hill). The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).
Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members chosen at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year. As of 2015[update], Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2017; term as director ends 2015), Freeholder Deputy Director Edward T. McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, term as freeholder ends 2016; term as deputy director ends 2015), Michelle Gentek (Gloucester Township, 2015), Ian K. Leonard (Camden, 2015), Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, 2015), Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, 2016) and Jonathan L. Young, Sr. (Berlin Township, November 2015; serving the unexpired term of Scot McCray ending in 2017)
Camden County's constitutional officers, all elected directly by voters, are County clerk Joseph Ripa, Sheriff Charles H. Billingham, and Surrogate Patricia Egan Jones. The Camden County Prosecutor Mary Eva Colalillo was appointed by the Governor of New Jersey with the advice and consent of the New Jersey Senate (the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,610 registered voters in Merchantville, of which 990 (37.9%) were registered as Democrats, 489 (18.7%) were registered as Republicans and 1,129 (43.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 65.9% of the vote (1,190 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 32.8% (592 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (25 votes), among the 1,822 ballots cast by the borough's 1,970 registered voters (15 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 92.5%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 63.8% of the vote (1,274 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received around 33.4% (667 votes), with 1,998 ballots cast among the borough's 2,533 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.9%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 57.9% of the vote (1,107 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 37.2% (711 votes), with 1,912 ballots cast among the borough's 2,461 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.7.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 55.9% of the vote (560 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 41.7% (418 votes), and other candidates with 2.4% (24 votes), among the 1,028 ballots cast by the borough's 2,757 registered voters (26 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 37.3%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 50.1% of the vote (637 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 42.0% (534 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 4.5% (57 votes), with 1,271 ballots cast among the borough's 2,609 registered voters, yielding a 48.7% turnout.
Students in public school for pre-kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Merchantville School District at Merchantville Elementary School. As of the 2013–14 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 378 students and 28.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.2:1.
Starting in September 2015, for ninth through twelfth grades, students from Merchantville will start attending Haddon Heights High School as part of a new sending/receiving relationship with the Haddon Heights School District that was approved by the Commissioner of the New Jersey Department of Education, joining students from Barrington and Lawnside, who already attend The Haddon Heights school. Students already in high school before 2015 will continue to attend Pennsauken High School until their graduation, as part of a longstanding sending/receiving relationship with the Pennsauken Public Schools in Pennsauken Township. Merchantville students had attended Pennsauken High School since the 1972 school year, after Merchantville High School was shut down.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 12.84 miles (20.66 km) of roadways, of which 8.32 miles (13.39 km) were maintained by the municipality and 4.52 miles (7.27 km) by Camden County.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Merchantville include:
- Al Besselink (born 1922), professional golfer who played on the PGA Tour in the 1950s and 1960s.
- Alexander G. Cattell (1816–1894), one of Merchantville's earliest developers, he represented New Jersey in the United States Senate from 1866 to 1871.
- George Arthur Crump (1871–1918), hotelier and golf course architect primarily known for designing and building Pine Valley Golf Club.
- Don Evans (1938–2003), African-American playwright, director, actor and educator.
- William Joseph Fallon (born 1944), United States Navy admiral who was Commander of United States Central Command prior to retiring in 2008.
- Charles G. Garrison (1849–1924), physician, lawyer, and judge who served as Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court from 1888 to 1893 and from 1896 to 1900.
- Bob Greacen (born 1947), former professional basketball player who played for the Milwaukee Bucks and the New York Nets.
- Greg Mark (born 1967), former defensive end and linebacker who played in the NFL for the Philadelphia Eagles and Miami Dolphins.
- Stephen H. Sholes (1911–1968), record industry executive at RCA Victor whose signings included Elvis Presley.
- Albert W. Van Duzer (1917–1999), bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of New Jersey, serving from 1973 to 1982.
- Jersey Joe Walcott (1914–1994), world heavyweight champion boxer, actor and Sheriff of Camden County.
- Dr. Wyatt Tee Walker (born 1929), pastor of Canaan Baptist Church in Harlem and former executive director of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (1960–1964).
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
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- Mayor and Council, Borough of Merchantville. Accessed June 26, 2016.
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- Borough Clerk, Borough of Merchantville. Accessed June 26, 2016.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 38.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Merchantville, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Merchantville borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
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- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Merchantville borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 11, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Merchantville, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 11, 2012.
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- Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 20. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed September 5, 2015.
- Eastlack, Francis F. History of Merchantville, Camden County, N.J, self published, 1899. Accessed September 5, 2015. "Matthias Homer, John Louty, Samuel McFadden and Frederick Gerker (four Philadelphia merchants) were the pioneers of Merchantville.... At a social meeting at the house of John Louty, the question of naming the new settlement was under discussion; when, after a number of striking names had been suggested to no purpose, Mrs. Louty entered and said. 'Gentlemen, as you are all merchants, why not call it Merchantville?'"
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 279, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed October 14, 2013. "Merchantville contained in 1870, 245 inhabitants."
- Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Camden County Municipalities, 1850 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed October 11, 2012.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 15, 2013.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed October 15, 2013.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed October 11, 2012.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 11, 2012.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Merchantville borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Merchantville borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Merchantville borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
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- 2016 Municipal User Friendly Budget, Borough of Merchantville. Accessed June 26, 2016.
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- Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
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- Lieutenant Governor Oliver, State of New Jersey. Accessed January 16, 2018. "Assemblywoman Oliver has resided in the City of East Orange for over 40 years."
- What is a Freeholder?, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Freeholder Louis Cappelli, Jr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Freeholder Edward T. McDonnell, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Freeholder Michelle Gentek, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Freeholder Ian K. Leonard, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Freeholder Jeffrey L. Nash, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Freeholder Carmen Rodriguez, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Jonathan L. Young, Sr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Daniels, Mark. "Carpenters union official tapped for Camden County Freeholder seat", South Jersey Times, January 22, 2015. Accessed May 12, 2015. "Democratic leaders in Camden County have nominated a construction union official from Berlin Township to fill an open seat on the board of chosen freeholders. Jonathan L. Young Sr., 45, has been nominated to replace Scot McCray, who resigned from the board in late December, citing a desire to spend more time with his family."
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- 2009 Governor: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 15, 2012.
- District information for Merchantville School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 1, 2015.
- Romalino, Carly Q. "Merchantville school decision 'historic'", Courier-Post, April 17, 2015. Accessed November 1, 2015. "The state's final authorization this week allowing Merchantville to choose Haddon Heights High School over Pennsauken, is a "landmark decision" for a state focused on school choice, according to education officials."
- "Send/Receive Final Decision; The Commissioner of Education affirmed the Administrative Law Judge's decision to start a send/receive relationship with Haddon Heights for our High School students.", Merchantville School District. Accessed November 1, 2015. "The Merchantville Board of Education is proud to announce that the Commissioner of Education has affirmed the Administrative Law Judge's decision to sever its sending-receiving relationship with Pennsauken and enter into a new sending-receiving relationship with Haddon Heights.... The current graduating 8th graders (Merchantville Class of 2015) will be able to attend Haddon Heights High School under the send/receive agreement. However, students that are already attending Pennsauken HS or other high schools will not qualify to attend under the new send/receive agreement. Instead, every year for four years, a new class will be sent to Haddon Heights until all of our students are phased into Haddon Heights."
- Florio, Gwen. "LOOKING BEYOND THE SCHOOL DECISION TIME TO MAKE UP, OFFICIALS SAY, AFTER A DECADE OF FUSSING.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, September 21, 1992. Accessed July 10, 2008. "Ever since its own high school closed in 1972, the Borough of Merchantville has been sending its public school students to Pennsauken High School."
- About Us, Saint peter School. Accessed October 15, 2013.
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- "Besselink Posts 65 for 135 Total to Gain One-Stroke Margin in Azalea Golf; Gajda is second in $20,000 event Besselink gets 8 birdies in gaining lead -- Four Tied for Third Place", The New York Times, March 29, 1964. Accessed November 26, 2007.
- "CATTELL, Alexander Gilmore, (1816–1894)", Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 5, 2015. "moved to Merchantville, N.J., in 1863"
- "SJ History: Merchantville", South Jersey magazine. Accessed September 5, 2015. "The first developer of Merchantville was Alexander G. Cattell. He acquired 75 acres of Merchantville's total area over a number of years."
- MacWood, Thomas. "George Arthur Crump: Portrait of a Legend", Golf Club Atlas, March 2005. Accessed September 5, 2015. "George A. Crump was born in Philadelphia in 1871, but spent most of his formative years in Camden and Merchantville."
- Saxon, Wolfgang. "Don Evans, 65, a Playwright Who Focused on Black Lives", The New York Times, October 24, 2003. Accessed December 6, 2011. "Don Evans, a playwright of the African-American experience, about which he also taught at the College of New Jersey for 30 years, died on Oct. 16 at his home in Merchantville, N.J. He was 65."
- Shanker, Thom. "Adm. William J. Fallon: An Experienced Naval Officer, and a Diplomat", The New York Times, January 8, 2007. Accessed December 10, 2007. "William Joseph Fallon was born Dec. 30, 1944, in East Orange, N.J., and raised in Merchantville."
- Sackett, William E. Scannell's New Jersey's First Citizens: Biographies and Portraits of the Notable Living Men and Women of New Jersey with informing glimpses into the State's History and Affairs, p. 202. J. J. Scannell, 1918. Accessed July 15, 2016. "Charles G. Garrison – Merchantville – Jurist. Born in Swedesboro, Gloucester County, August 3, 1849; son of Rev. Joseph Fithian Garrison."
- Williams, Andre. "AT 50, EX-BUCK GREACEN IS STILL A GYM RAT", The Morning Call, March 20, 1998. Accessed December 6, 2011. "'I was a typical suburban kid,' said the 50-year-old Greacen, who grew up in South New Jersey and attended the now-defunct Merchantville High."
- Callahan, Kevin. "College: Mark serves as honorary captain for U of Miami football opener; Former Pennsauken star Greg Mark still remembered fondly by the Hurricanes", South Jersey Sports Digest, September 7, 2017. "Greg Mark was the honorary captain at the University of Miami football opener on Saturday – 30 years after he helped the Hurricanes win the national title.When the former Pennsauken High School great strolled out for the coin toss at Hard Rock Stadium, Mark felt 'it' again.... Mark, who grew up on Glenwood Ave. in Merchantville, now owns two Montessori schools in Miami Beach."
- Cusic, Don. Discovering Country Music, p. 62. ABC-CLIO, 2008. ISBN 0313352453. Accessed July 3, 2012. "Sholes was born in Washington, DC, on February 12, 1911, and lived there until he was nine when the family moved to Merchantville, New Jersey. After high school, he attended Rutgers University and continued to work at RCA Victor part time."
- Hagenmayer, S. Joseph. "Episcopal Bishop Albert W. Van Duzer", The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 30, 1999. Accessed November 8, 2015. "A longtime New Jersey resident, he lived in Moorestown for five years, Medford for 10 years, Trenton for 20 years, and Merchantville for 20 years."
- Mee, Bob. "Obituary: Jersey Joe Walcott", The Independent, February 28, 1994. Accessed November 19, 2012. "Arnold Raymond Cream (Jersey Joe Walcott), boxer: born Merchantville, New Jersey 31 January 1914; married 1933 (two sons, four daughters); died Camden, New Jersey 26 February 1994."
- Staff. "CELEBRATING LIFE OF DR. KING, WITH PHILA. AT CENTER", The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 16, 2001. Accessed December 6, 2011. "Wyatt Tee Walker, Dr. King's former chief of staff. Mr. Walker, a Merchantville native and now pastor of Canaan Baptist Church of Christ in Harlem, hailed Dr. King as 'an authentic American hero'..."
- Merchantville Borough municipal website
- Merchantville School District
- Merchantville Elementary School's 2015–16 School Performance Report from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Merchantville School District, National Center for Education Statistics
- Pennsauken High School
- Merchantville Business community website
- Merchantville Blog