Waterford Township, New Jersey

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Waterford Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Waterford
Motto: "Proud Past, Promising Future"
Waterford highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Waterford highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Waterford Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Waterford Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°44′38″N 74°49′25″W / 39.743875°N 74.823594°W / 39.743875; -74.823594Coordinates: 39°44′38″N 74°49′25″W / 39.743875°N 74.823594°W / 39.743875; -74.823594[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Camden
Royal charter June 1, 1695
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
 • Mayor William A. Richardson, Jr. (term ends December 31, 2015)[3][4]
 • Clerk Virginia L. Chandler[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 36.267 sq mi (93.932 km2)
 • Land 36.041 sq mi (93.345 km2)
 • Water 0.226 sq mi (0.586 km2)  0.62%
Area rank 66th of 566 in state
2nd of 37 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 89 ft (27 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 10,649
 • Estimate (2014)[11] 10,732
 • Rank 229th of 566 in state
13th of 37 in county[12]
 • Density 295.5/sq mi (114.1/km2)
 • Density rank 480th of 566 in state
35th of 37 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08089 - Waterford Works[13]
Area code(s) 856[14]
FIPS code 3400777630[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882151[1][17]
Website www.waterfordtwp.org

Waterford Township is a township in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 10,649,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 155 (+1.5%) from the 10,494 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 446 (-4.1%) from the 10,940 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Waterford Township was originally created by Royal charter on June 1, 1695, while the area was still part of Gloucester County. The township was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. On March 13, 1844, Waterford Township became one of the original townships in the newly created Camden County. The settlement of Long-a-Coming (today's Berlin borough) along the White Horse Road in Waterford was the new county's first seat, but lost that designation in 1848 when the seat moved to the city of Camden.[19] Portions of the township were taken over the years to form Delaware Township (on February 28, 1844, now Cherry Hill Township), Chesilhurst (November 26, 1887), Voorhees Township (March 1, 1899) and Berlin Township (March 11, 1910).[19]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Waterford Township had a total area of 36.267 square miles (93.932 km2), including 36.041 square miles (93.345 km2) of land and 0.226 square miles (0.586 km2) of water (0.62%).[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 1,629
1810 2,105 29.2%
1820 2,447 16.2%
1830 3,088 26.2%
1840 3,467 12.3%
1850 1,638 * −52.8%
1860 1,955 19.4%
1870 2,071 5.9%
1880 2,149 3.8%
1890 2,421 * 12.7%
1900 2,161 * −10.7%
1910 1,484 * −31.3%
1920 1,917 29.2%
1930 2,421 26.3%
1940 2,750 13.6%
1950 2,997 9.0%
1960 3,809 27.1%
1970 4,073 6.9%
1980 8,126 99.5%
1990 10,940 34.6%
2000 10,494 −4.1%
2010 10,649 1.5%
Est. 2014 10,732 [11][20] 0.8%
Population sources:
1800-1840[21] 1850-2000[22]
1800-1920[23] 1840[24] 1850-1870[25]
1850[26] 1870[27] 1880-1890[28]
1890-1910[29] 1910-1930[30]
1930-1990[31] 2000[32][33] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[19]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,649 people, 3,692 households, and 2,824 families residing in the township. The population density was 295.5 per square mile (114.1/km2). There were 3,839 housing units at an average density of 106.5 per square mile (41.1/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 90.59% (9,647) White, 4.83% (514) Black or African American, 0.10% (11) Native American, 1.16% (124) Asian, 0.03% (3) Pacific Islander, 1.56% (166) from other races, and 1.73% (184) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.39% (467) of the population.[8]

There were 3,692 households, of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.22.[8]

In the township, 22.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.7 years. For every 100 females there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $76,786 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,237) and the median family income was $87,774 (+/- $9,978). Males had a median income of $54,714 (+/- $3,576) versus $42,896 (+/- $4,994) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,193 (+/- $2,094). About 2.6% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.[34]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 10,494 people, 3,542 households, and 2,791 families residing in the township. The population density was 290.0 people per square mile (112.0/km²). There were 3,671 housing units at an average density of 101.4 per square mile (39.2/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 92.75% White, 4.18% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.90% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.07% of the population.[32][33]

There were 3,542 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.5% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.27.[32][33]

In the township the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.6 males.[32][33]

The median income for a household in the township was $59,075, and the median income for a family was $63,693. Males had a median income of $41,561 versus $28,763 for females. The per capita income for the township was $21,676. About 3.6% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.[32][33]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Waterford Township is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government. The five-member Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[6][35] The Mayor and Deputy Mayor are chosen by the Township Committee from among its members during the Reorganization meeting each January.

As of 2015, members of the Waterford Township Committee are Mayor William A. Richardson (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2016; term as mayor ends 2015), Deputy Mayor Alphons Campbell (R, term on committee ends 2017; term as deputy mayor ends 2015), David Chiddenton (D, 2015), Ralph Ferguson (D, 2015) and Richard T. Yeatman, Sr. (D, 2016).[3][36][37][38][39]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Waterford Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[40] and is part of New Jersey's 8th state legislative district.[9][41][42] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Waterford Township had been in the 6th state legislative district.[43]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[44] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[45] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[46][47]

For the 2004-15 Session, the 8th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Dawn Marie Addiego (R, Evesham Township) and in the General Assembly by Christopher J. Brown (R, Evesham Township) and Maria Rodriguez-Gregg (R, Evesham Township).[48] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[49] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[50]

Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members chosen at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year.[51] As of 2015, Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2017; term as director ends 2015),[52] Freeholder Deputy Director Edward T. McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, term as freeholder ends 2016; term as deputy director ends 2015),[53] Michelle Gentek (Gloucester Township, 2015),[54] Ian K. Leonard (Camden, 2015),[55] Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, 2015),[56] Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, 2016)[57] and Jonathan L. Young, Sr. (Berlin Township, November 2015; serving the unexpired term of Scot McCray ending in 2017)[58][59][60]

Camden County's constitutional officers, all elected directly by voters, are County clerk Joseph Ripa,[61] Sheriff Charles H. Billingham,[62] and Surrogate Patricia Egan Jones.[60][63] The Camden County Prosecutor Mary Eva Colalillo was appointed by the Governor of New Jersey with the advice and consent of the New Jersey Senate (the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature).[64]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 7,364 registered voters in Waterford Township, of which 2,438 (33.1%) were registered as Democrats, 1,386 (18.8%) were registered as Republicans and 3,536 (48.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.[65]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 50.4% of the vote (2,501 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 48.5% (2,406 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (58 votes), among the 5,012 ballots cast by the township's 7,783 registered voters (47 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 64.4%.[66][67] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 50.0% of the vote (2,708 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received around 46.5% (2,517 votes), with 5,411 ballots cast among the township's 7,323 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.9%.[68] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 49.3% of the vote (2,582 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry, who received around 47.1% (2,468 votes), with 5,242 ballots cast among the township's 7,107 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 73.8.[69]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 70.7% of the vote (2,253 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 27.9% (889 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (43 votes), among the 3,271 ballots cast by the township's 7,828 registered voters (86 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 41.8%.[70][71] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 54.9% of the vote (1,749 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine with 36.7% (1,168 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 4.9% (155 votes), with 3,186 ballots cast among the township's 7,462 registered voters, yielding a 42.7% turnout.[72]

Education[edit]

The Waterford Township School District serves public school students in pre-Kindergarten through sixth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's three schools had an enrollment of 875 students and 71.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.32:1.[73] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[74]) are Atco Elementary School[75] for Kindergarten and first grade (215 students), Thomas Richards School[76] for prekindergarten through 3rd grade (257 students) and Waterford Elementary School[77] for grades 4-6 (403 students).[78][79]

For seventh through twelfth grades, public school students attend Hammonton Middle School and Hammonton High School in Hammonton as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Hammonton Public Schools, alongside students from Folsom, who attend for grades 9-12 as part of an agreement with the Folsom Borough School District.[80][81] In the wake of the dissolution of the Lower Camden County Regional School District, the Hammonton board of education voted in 1999 to begin accepting an estimated 800 students from Waterford Township for grades 7-12 starting as soon as 2002, with the tuition paid by students from Waterford helping to lower overall costs to Hammonton taxpayers and the New Jersey Department of Education approved the agreement.[82][83]

Assumption School, located in Atco, was an elementary school that operated under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden, which closed the school at the end of the 2012-13 school year in the wake of declining enrollment, though parents and contributors argued that they had raised the funds and met the attendance criteria needed to keep the school operating.[84]

Recreation[edit]

Great Times Day Camp is a summer camp for young children and teenagers. It was founded in 1976 and is situated on Hobb Lake, one of Camden County's major reservoirs.[85]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 87.48 miles (140.79 km) of roadways, of which 61.64 miles (99.20 km) were maintained by the municipality, 21.86 miles (35.18 km) by Camden County and 3.98 miles (6.41 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[86]

U.S. Route 30 (White Horse Pike) enters from Berlin borough and continues for 3.3 miles (5.3 km) into Chesilhurst.[87] while Route 73 runs for a short distance along the township's western border, entering from Winslow Township and exiting into Berlin borough.[88] U.S. 30 and NJ 73 intersect on the west side of the township.[89]

County Route 534 (Jackson Road) enters from Berlin Township on the west near the Atco station and continues for almost 8 miles (13 km) across the township's northern border, into Shamong Township in Burlington County.[90] County Route 536 (New Brooklyn / Cedarbrook Road / Pump Branch Road / Pennington Avenue) runs for 5.6 miles (9.0 km) from Monroe Township in Gloucester County into Waterford Township.[91]

The closest limited access road is the Atlantic City Expressway in neighboring Winslow Township. Interstate 295 and the New Jersey Turnpike are two towns away.

Public transportation[edit]

The Atco station[92] provides New Jersey Transit train service to the 30th Street Station in Philadelphia and the Atlantic City Rail Terminal in Atlantic City on the Atlantic City Line.[93]

NJ Transit local bus service is available on the 554 route from Lindenwold to Atlantic City and on the 459 route.[94][95]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Waterford Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Committee Members, Waterford Township. Accessed June 25, 2015.
  4. ^ 2014 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of December 15, 2014. Accessed March 11, 2015. As of date accessed, Maryann Merlino is listed as mayor with a term-end year of 2014.
  5. ^ Township Clerk, Waterford Township. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 33.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Waterford, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Waterford township, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 5. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Waterford township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
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  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Waterford, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Waterford, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 30, 2014.
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  25. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 279, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed November 11, 2013. "Waterford contained in 1850, 1,638 inhabitants; in 1860, 1,955; and in 1870, 2,071."
  26. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 137. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed November 11, 2013.
  27. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 258. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed November 11, 2013.
  28. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed November 11, 2013.
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  75. ^ Atco Elementary School, Waterford Township School District. Accessed December 15, 2014.
  76. ^ Thomas Richards School, Waterford Township School District. Accessed December 15, 2014.
  77. ^ Waterford Elementary School, Waterford Township School District. Accessed December 15, 2014.
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  80. ^ Hammonton Public Schools 2014 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed March 11, 2015. "The Hammonton Public School System serves children from Hammonton, Waterford, and Folsom – as well as over 140 NJ Department of Education Choice students."
  81. ^ Puko, Timothy. "Sending Towns Feeling Pinched by Hammonton", The Press of Atlantic City, March 13, 2007. Accessed June 29, 2011. "The two school districts that send students to Hammonton are disputing tuition adjustments that would allow Hammonton School District to avoid a tax hike this year but cause large tax hikes in the sending districts. The school budgets for Hammonton and its sending districts Waterford and Folsom could hang in limbo well past next month's school board elections, and Waterford and Folsom could be left with budget fights and massive cuts, sending district superintendents said."
  82. ^ Arnold, Stephanie L. "Hammonton Board Decides To Accept Waterford Students More Money For An Improved Curriculum Is Expected Once The 800 Junior And Senior High Pupils Arrive.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, March 25, 1999. Accessed December 15, 2014. "The school board has been mulling the issue since the Waterford Board of Education, in Camden County, decided in September that it wanted to send its 800 junior high and high school students to the Atlantic County school district. Last year, five of seven towns that make up the Lower Camden County Regional School District voted to dissolve it within three years, leaving each town responsible for educating its students."
  83. ^ Board of Education of the Town of Hammonton, Atlantic County, petitioner, New Jersey Department of Education, January 4, 2000. Accessed December 15, 2014. "This matter arises from the pending dissolution of the Lower Camden County Regional School District No. 1 (LCCR). Petitioner, Hammonton BOE, has a proposed sending/receiving contract with Waterford, one of the constituent districts of the LCCR, to accept that district's students in grades 7-12....The Commissioner found that education law poses no impediment to Hammonton entering a sending/receiving relationship with Waterford pursuant to the parties' proposed agreement (N.J.S.A. 18A:38-11)."
  84. ^ Laday, Jason. "Fuming parents question whereabouts of $340K after closure of Atco Catholic school", South Jersey Times, May 10, 2013. Accessed November 11, 2013. "There is a serious lack of trust, and $340,000, at Assumption School in Atco. The Diocese of Camden’s decision in February to close the school at the end of this academic year has caused a wave of anger and accusations from parents and other supporters, who have since cried fraud over the apparent disappearance of hundreds of thousands of dollars they say they have raised over the last two and a half years in order to keep the school going."
  85. ^ About Us, Great Times Day Camp. Accessed October 30, 2014.
  86. ^ Camden County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 11, 2013.
  87. ^ U.S. Route 30 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, April 2008. Accessed November 11, 2013.
  88. ^ Route 73 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, March 2009. Accessed November 11, 2013.
  89. ^ Enlarged View 16 (Winslow Township, Berlin Borough, Berlin Township and Waterford Township, Camden County), New Jersey Department of Transportation, June 2009. Accessed November 11, 2013.
  90. ^ County Route 534 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, March 2007. Accessed November 11, 2013.
  91. ^ County Route 536 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, August 2006. Accessed November 11, 2013.
  92. ^ Atco station, New Jersey Transit. Accessed November 11, 2013.
  93. ^ Atlantic City Rail Line, New Jersey Transit. Accessed November 11, 2013.
  94. ^ Camden County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  95. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed November 11, 2013.
  96. ^ Rey Ramsey, The HistoryMakers. Accessed December 15, 2014. "Lawyer and Chief Executive Officer of One Economy Corporation Rey Ramsey was born Reynard Ramsey on September 10, 1960, in Lower Marion Township, Pennsylvania. At the age of five, Ramsey and his family moved to a predominantly white neighborhood in Atco, New Jersey, where he attended grammar and high school."
  97. ^ Lundy, F. L., et. al. Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, Volume 142, p. 377. J.A. Fitzgerald, 1918. Accessed December 15, 2014. "JOHN WESLEY WESCOTT, Camden. Mr. Wescott was born at Waterford, N. J., February 20th, 1849."

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