Woodlynne, New Jersey

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Woodlynne, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Woodlynne
Woodlynne Log Cabin
Woodlynne Log Cabin
Woodlynne highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County in New Jersey.
Woodlynne highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Woodlynne, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Woodlynne, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°54′59″N 75°05′44″W / 39.916478°N 75.095549°W / 39.916478; -75.095549Coordinates: 39°54′59″N 75°05′44″W / 39.916478°N 75.095549°W / 39.916478; -75.095549[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Camden
Settled 1681
Incorporated March 19, 1901
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
 • Mayor Jeraldo Fuentes (D, term ends December 31, 2019)[3][4]
 • Administrator Charles Sauter, III[3]
Area[1]
 • Total 0.226 sq mi (0.585 km2)
 • Land 0.219 sq mi (0.567 km2)
 • Water 0.007 sq mi (0.018 km2)  3.12%
Area rank 560th of 566 in state
36th of 37 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 2,978
 • Estimate (2015)[10] 2,944
 • Rank 454th of 566 in state
28th of 37 in county[11]
 • Density 13,600.4/sq mi (5,251.1/km2)
 • Density rank 18th of 566 in state
1st of 37 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08107[12]
Area code(s) 856[13]
FIPS code 3400782450[1][14][15]
GNIS feature ID 0885450[1][16]
Website none

Woodlynne is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 2,978,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 182 (+6.5%) from the 2,796 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 249 (+9.8%) from the 2,547 counted in the 1990 Census.[17]

Woodlynne was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 19, 1901, from portions of Haddon Township.[18][19] In 1906, the City of Camden made an unsuccessful attempt to annex Woodlynne.[20]

History[edit]

First settled in 1681, a property owned by Mark Newbie was called Lynnewood,[21] named for the linden trees in the area.[22] The name was changed from Lynnewood to Woodlynne in 1892, due to conflicts with the name of another municipality.[23]

The old roller coaster in Woodlynne Amusement Park.

Woodlynne Amusement Park, which encompassed Woodlynne Lake (no longer in existence), operated between the years 1895 and 1914 in the area that now comprises the town of Woodlynne. The New Camden Land Improvement Company commissioned the creation of Woodlynne Amusement Park on the estate of Charles M. Cooper in 1892. A fire destroyed the park in 1914. The roller coaster that once stood in Woodlynne Amusement Park now resides in Clementon Amusement Park and Splash World Waterpark in Clementon. Homes built over the old lake tend to flood in the basements during heavy rainstorms.

The Camden and Suburban Railway Company, formed in 1896, established a housing development in a section of Woodlynne Amusement Park, which contributed to its incorporation as Woodlynne Borough in 1901.[24]

Geography[edit]

Woodlynne Lake.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.226 square miles (0.585 km2), including 0.219 square miles (0.567 km2) of land and 0.007 square miles (0.018 km2) of water (3.12%).[1][2]

Woodlynne borders the Borough of Collingswood and the City of Camden.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Woodlynne has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[25]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 388
1910 500 28.9%
1920 1,515 203.0%
1930 2,878 90.0%
1940 2,861 −0.6%
1950 2,776 −3.0%
1960 3,128 12.7%
1970 3,101 −0.9%
1980 2,578 −16.9%
1990 2,547 −1.2%
2000 2,796 9.8%
2010 2,978 6.5%
Est. 2015 2,944 [10][26] −1.1%
Population sources:
1900-2000[27] 1900-1920[28]
1900-1910[29] 1910-1930[30]
1930-1990[31] 2000[32][33] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census counted 2,978 people, 917 households, and 699.7 families residing in the borough. The population density was 13,600.4 per square mile (5,251.1/km2). The borough contained 1,016 housing units at an average density of 4,640.0 per square mile (1,791.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 28.17% (839) White, 33.55% (999) Black or African American, 0.71% (21) Native American, 9.70% (289) Asian, 0.03% (1) Pacific Islander, 23.10% (688) from other races, and 4.73% (141) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 38.28% (1,140) of the population.[7]

Out of a total of 917 households, 42.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 31.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were non-families. 18.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.25 and the average family size was 3.67.[7]

In the borough, 30.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.3 years. For every 100 females the census counted 97.7 males, but for 100 females at least 18 years old, it was 90.6 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $41,516 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,233) and the median family income was $45,313 (+/- $17,965). Males had a median income of $39,020 (+/- $7,398) versus $32,688 (+/- $8,474) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,210 (+/- $2,557). About 14.8% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.9% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.[34]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[2] there were 2,796 people, 912 households, and 684 families residing in the borough. The population density was 12,939.4 people per square mile (4,907.0/km2). There were 1,012 housing units at an average density of 4,683.4 per square mile (1,776.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 48.43% White, 22.71% African American, 0.57% Native American, 12.27% Asian, 11.59% from other races, and 4.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.60% of the population.[32][33]

There were 912 households out of which 42.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.1% were married couples living together, 25.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.07 and the average family size was 3.52.[32][33]

In the borough the population was spread out with 32.4% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.[32][33]

The median income for a household in the borough was $39,138, and the median income for a family was $39,669. Males had a median income of $33,520 versus $26,885 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,757. About 11.7% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.[32][33]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Woodlynne is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] The Borough form of government used by Woodlynne, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[35][36]

As of 2016, the Mayor of Woodlynne Borough is Democrat Jeraldo Fuentes, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. Members of the Woodlynne Borough Council are Joseph Chukwueke (D, 2016), Sharon Earley (D, 2018), Pablo Fuentes (2017), Alphonso Thomas (2017), Gwendolyn Torres (D, 2018) and William Valle (D, 2016).[3][37][38][39]

After a four-year period in which police officers from Collingswood patrolled the borough's streets, Woodlynne recreated its police department in September 2010.[40]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Woodlynne is located in the 1st Congressional District[41] and is part of New Jersey's 5th state legislative district.[8][42][43]

New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Donald Norcross (D, Camden).[44] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[45] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[46][47]

For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 5th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nilsa Cruz-Perez (D, Barrington) and in the General Assembly by Arthur Barclay (D, Camden) and Patricia Egan Jones (D, Barrington).[48] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[49] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[50]

Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members chosen at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year.[51] As of 2015, Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2017; term as director ends 2015),[52] Freeholder Deputy Director Edward T. McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, term as freeholder ends 2016; term as deputy director ends 2015),[53] Michelle Gentek (Gloucester Township, 2015),[54] Ian K. Leonard (Camden, 2015),[55] Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, 2015),[56] Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, 2016)[57] and Jonathan L. Young, Sr. (Berlin Township, November 2015; serving the unexpired term of Scot McCray ending in 2017)[58][59][60]

Camden County's constitutional officers, all elected directly by voters, are County clerk Joseph Ripa,[61] Sheriff Charles H. Billingham,[62] and Surrogate Patricia Egan Jones.[60][63] The Camden County Prosecutor Mary Eva Colalillo was appointed by the Governor of New Jersey with the advice and consent of the New Jersey Senate (the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature).[64]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,553 registered voters in Woodlynne, of which 661 (42.6%) were registered as Democrats, 85 (5.5%) were registered as Republicans and 804 (51.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.[65]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 86.8% of the vote (826 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 12.6% (120 votes), and other candidates with 0.6% (6 votes), among the 959 ballots cast by the borough's 1,714 registered voters (7 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 56.0%.[66][67] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 79.4% of the vote (786 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received around 16.6% (164 votes), with 990 ballots cast among the borough's 1,531 registered voters, for a turnout of 64.7%.[68] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 71.5% of the vote (639 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 27.2% (243 votes), with 894 ballots cast among the borough's 1,465 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 61.0.[69]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 62.8% of the vote (240 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 36.6% (140 votes), and other candidates with 0.5% (2 votes), among the 394 ballots cast by the borough's 1,697 registered voters (12 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 23.2%.[70][71] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 68.1% of the vote (305 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 23.4% (105 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 3.1% (14 votes), with 448 ballots cast among the borough's 1,530 registered voters, yielding a 29.3% turnout.[72]

Education[edit]

The Woodlynne School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade at Woodlynne Elementary School. As of the 2013-14 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 435 students and 32.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.59:1.[73]

Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend Collingswood High School in neighboring Collingswood as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Collingswood Public Schools, together with students from Oaklyn, New Jersey.[74][75]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 5.69 miles (9.16 km) of roadways, of which 5.20 miles (8.37 km) were maintained by the municipality, 0.30 miles (0.48 km) by Camden County and 0.19 miles (0.31 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[76]

Public transportation[edit]

The Ferry Avenue station, located in Woodlynne and Camden, provides PATCO Speedline service between the 15–16th & Locust station in Philadelphia and the Lindenwold station.[77]

NJ Transit bus service is available on routes 400 (between Sicklerville and Philadelphia), 403 (between Turnersville and Camden via Lindenwold PATCO station), 450 (between Cherry Hill and Camden via Audubon) and 453 (between Ferry Avenue PATCO station and Camden).[78][79]

Points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b c US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c 2015 Municipal User Friendly Budget, State of New Jersey. Accessed June 28, 2016.
  4. ^ 2016 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 27.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Woodlynne, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Woodlynne borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 13, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 3. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Woodlynne borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 13, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - 2015 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
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  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Woodlynne, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 13, 2012.
  13. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Woodlynne, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 1, 2013.
  14. ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 13, 2012.
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  18. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 109. Accessed October 13, 2012.
  19. ^ Honeyman, Abraham Van Doren. Index-analysis of the Statutes of New Jersey, 1896-1909: Together with References to All Acts, and Parts of Acts, in the 'General Statutes' and Pamphlet Laws Expressly Repealed: and the Statutory Crimes of New Jersey During the Same Period, p. 315. New Jersey Law Journal Publishing Company, 1910. Accessed November 5, 2015.
  20. ^ Staff. Compiled Statutes of New Jersey, P. 601. State of New Jersey, Soney & Sage, 1911. Accessed October 13, 2012.
  21. ^ Margulis, Marlyn Irvin. "An Old Borough Pumps In New Life Woodlynne Aims To Preserve Its History And Its Aging Stock Of Homes. So Far, 13 Houses Have Been Rehabbed.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 1, 1995. Accessed November 5, 2015. "In 1681, area settlers acquired 1,600 acres along Newton Creek, including the land that today makes up the borough. The original 110 acres, formerly called Lynnewood, were owned by Mark Newbie. The land remained in the Newbie family until 1784, when Isaac Cooper obtained title. The borough of Woodlynne was incorporated in 1901."
  22. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed November 5, 2015.
  23. ^ Staff. "Woodlynne: A growing community of immigrants", Courier-Post, October 19, 2006. Accessed November 5, 2015. "In 1892, Woodlynne was known as Lynnewood, but town officials reversed the elements after discovering that the name was already in use elsewhere.... Some of the Linden trees that helped give the town earn its name still stand behind 167 Evergreen Ave."
  24. ^ Dorwart, Jeffrey M. (2001). Camden County, New Jersey: The Making of a Metropolitan Community, 1626-2000. Camden County, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press. p. 102. ISBN 0-8135-2958-1. 
  25. ^ Climate Summary for Woodlynne, New Jersey
  26. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  27. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Camden County Municipalities, 1850 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed October 13, 2012.
  28. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed September 1, 2013.
  29. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 335. Accessed October 13, 2012.
  30. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 13, 2012.
  31. ^ Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
  32. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Woodlynne borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 13, 2012.
  33. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Woodlynne borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 13, 2012.
  34. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Woodlynne borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 13, 2012.
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  39. ^ Official Election Results 2013 General Election November 5, 2013, Camden County, New Jersey, November 14, 2013. Accessed June 23, 2016.
  40. ^ Staff. "After Four Years, Woodlynne Police Back On Duty", WKYW, September 27, 2010. Accessed October 13, 2012. "At the stroke of midnight, October 3rd Woodlynne Borough will take back its streets, the 0.2 square mile Camden County Borough is re-instating the police department it abolished four years ago.... As part of the reconstruction of the police force, Collingswood will end its four year contract to patrol Woodlynne."
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  45. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  46. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
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  50. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
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  52. ^ Freeholder Louis Cappelli, Jr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  53. ^ Freeholder Edward T. McDonnell, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  54. ^ Freeholder Michelle Gentek, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  55. ^ Freeholder Ian K. Leonard, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  56. ^ Freeholder Jeffrey L. Nash, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  57. ^ Freeholder Carmen Rodriguez, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  58. ^ Jonathan L. Young, Sr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  59. ^ Daniels, Mark. "Carpenters union official tapped for Camden County Freeholder seat", South Jersey Times, January 22, 2015. Accessed May 12, 2015. "Democratic leaders in Camden County have nominated a construction union official from Berlin Township to fill an open seat on the board of chosen freeholders. Jonathan L. Young Sr., 45, has been nominated to replace Scot McCray, who resigned from the board in late December, citing a desire to spend more time with his family."
  60. ^ a b Board of Freeholders, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
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  72. ^ 2009 Governor: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  73. ^ District information for Woodlynne School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed March 14, 2015.
  74. ^ Staff. "Collingswood High School", South Jersey magazine. Accessed November 18, 2014. "Collingswood High School serves about 850 students in grades nine through twelve from the Collingswood, Oaklyn, and Woodlynne school districts."
  75. ^ Giordano, Rita. "N.J. puts pressure on schools to share Collingswood, Oaklyn, and Woodlynne are just three districts being pushed to combine services - or more.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 11, 2009. Accessed November 18, 2014. "Collingswood, Oaklyn, and Woodlynne, she said, are reasonable candidates for administrative sharing. Oaklyn Superintendent Tommy Stringer is due to retire in December, and Woodlynne has an interim superintendent, Walter Rudder. Collingswood Superintendent Scott Oswald is established and well-regarded. Oaklyn and Woodlynne students attend Collingswood High School."
  76. ^ Camden County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  77. ^ Ferry Avenue Station, PATCO Speedline. Accessed November 18, 2014.
  78. ^ Camden County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed October 13, 2012.
  79. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed November 18, 2014.
  80. ^ Woodlynne War Memorial. Accessed December 3, 2007.

External links[edit]