Modern equipment of the Bulgarian land forces

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This is a list of some of the equipment currently in use by the Bulgarian land forces.


A highly detailed description of the total military technology of the entire military including the land forces, air force, and navy, along with the active, reserve, and stored surplus equipment can be downloaded as a word document here:, or as a pdf file here:

Small arms[edit]


Model Image Origin Type Caliber Notes
Makarov pistol 9-мм пистолет Макарова с патронами.jpg  Soviet Union
Handgun 9×18mm Local production And Standard Issue To Army. Copy pistols were produced since 1960. Arsenal 10 produced them between 1970 and 2007. Can be recognised through "((10))" arsenal markings, straight hammer serrations, slim star grip shells.[1]
SIG Pro SIG Pro by Augustas Didzgalvis.jpg  Germany Handgun 9×19mm Parabellum Used by Bulgarian Military Police
Arcus 98DA High power Inglis (6971784217).jpg  Belgium
Handgun 9×19mm Parabellum

Assault rifles[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Caliber Notes
AK-47 AK 47.JPG  Soviet Union
Assault rifle 7.62×39mm Local Production and In Reserve [2]
AKM AKM automatkarbin - 7,62x39mm.jpg  Soviet Union
Assault Rifle 7.62×39mm Produced locally and In Reserve.[1][3]
AR-M1 Ak74l.jpg  Bulgaria Assault Rifle 5.56×45mm NATO Standard Issue infantry rifle of the Bulgarian Army and (variation of AK-74) and AKS-74U are manufactured locally.[4]
AR-M4SF AKS-74.jpg  Bulgaria Assault rifle 5.56×45mm Carbine rifle by Arsenal JSCo (Special Forces)
Heckler & Koch G36 G36 Select-Fire Carbine.JPEG  Germany Assault Rifle 5.56×45mm NATO Standard assault rifle of Military Police
Steyr AUG Steyr-AUG.jpeg  Austria Assault Rifle 5.56×45mm NATO Special forces only. In limited use with the SOBT

Submachine guns[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Caliber Notes
Arsenal Shipka Arsenal Shipka.jpg  Bulgaria Submachine Gun 9×18mm Makarov Standard Issue SMG of Army.
Heckler & Koch MP5 Heckler Koch MP5.jpg  West Germany Submachine Gun 9×19mm Parabellum Used By Bulgarian Special Forces and Military Police.
FB PM-63 Submachine gun wz63.jpg  Poland Submachine Gun 9×18mm Makarov Used by Bulgarian Special Forces.
AKS-74U Interpolitex 2010 (337-50).jpg  Soviet Union
Personal defense weapon 5.45×39mm Used by Bulgarian Military police

Sniper rifles[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Caliber Notes
Dragunov sniper rifle SVDM sniper rifle at Military-technical forum ARMY-2016 01.jpg  Soviet Union
Semi-automatic sniper rifle, designated marksman rifle 7.62×54mmR Local Production[1]
Heckler & Koch PSG1 PSG-1 rifle museum 2014.jpg  Germany Semi-automatic sniper rifle 7.62×51mm NATO PSG-1A1 Variates and used by Military Police of Bulgarian Army.
Heckler & Koch MSG90 MSG 90 rifle museum 2014.jpg  Germany Sniper rifle 7.62×51mm NATO
Blaser R93 Tactical Blaser R93 LRS2 .308 Win 4thNovSniperCompetition06.jpg  Germany Sniper rifle 5.56×45mm
Barrett M82 M82A1 barrett.jpeg  United States Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG Used by Bulgarian Special Forces

Machine guns[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Caliber Notes
RPK Machine Gun RPK.jpg  Soviet Union
Light machine gun
Squad automatic weapon
7.62×39mm M43 Produced by Arsenal as the LMG in three different calibers, 7.62×39mm, 5.45×39mm and 5.56×45mm NATO. A folding stock variant is known as the LMG-F.[1][5][6][7]
PK machine gun 7,62 KK PKM Helsinki 2012.JPG  Soviet Union
Universal machine gun 7.62×39mm Used by Special forces and Regular units, Produced locally. PK/PKM copies were produced as the MG-1 & MG-1M.[1][8]
NSV machine gun NSV machine gun-01.jpg  Bulgaria Heavy machine gun 7.62×54mmR Standard Issue Heavy machine gun of the Bulgarian Army and Produced by Arsenal [9]

AT weapons[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Caliber Notes
RPG-22 RPG-22 rocket launcher.jpg  Soviet Union
LAW HEAT with penetration of 400 mm versus RHA Bulgarian Army, local production at VMZ Sopot.[10]
RPG-7 RPG-7V2 - ETIF-2010.jpg  Soviet Union
Rocket-propelled grenade launcher 40 mm Produced locally by Arsenal Corporation as ATGL-L.[11]
SPG-9 SPG-9M rus.jpeg  Soviet Union
Recoilless gun
Anti-tank gun
73 mm (2.87 in) smoothbore[12] SPG-9DNM (local production)


Model Image Origin Type Caliber Notes
M6-211 Mortar  Bulgaria Light Mortar 60mm Local Production
M8 Mortar  Bulgaria Medium Mortar 81mm Produced locally
M82  Soviet Union Medium Mortar 82mm [13]
2S12 Sani 2S12 Sani (heavy mortar system).jpg  Soviet Union Heavy mortar 120mm [13]

Other small arms[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Caliber Notes
FN 303 FN 303.JPEG  United States Semi-automatic less-lethal riot gun 17.3 mm (0.68 in) In use with the Land Forces and the Military Police.[14]
GP-25 Georgian under barrel grenade launchers stc delta (3).JPG  Soviet Union
Grenade launcher 40mm caseless grenade Made under license by Arsenal AD as the UBGL[15] and the UBGL-1.[16]
UBGL-M6 UBGL-M6 s pricel MK-22.jpg  Bulgaria Grenade launcher 40mm caseless grenade Underbarrel grenade launcher by Arsenal JSCo.
UBGL-M7 40x46 mm UBGL-m7 1.jpg  Bulgaria Grenade Launcher 40mm caseless grenade Underbarrel grenade launcher by Arsenal JSCo.
AGS-30 AGS-30 maks2009.jpg  Bulgaria Automatic grenade launcher 40mm caseless grenade 30×25mm grenade launchers, AGS-17 derivate by Arsenal JSCo
Mk 19 grenade launcher MK19-02.jpg  United States Automatic grenade launcher 40 mm grenade

Anti-tank guided missiles[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Caliber Notes
AT-2 Swatter AT-2c Swatter.JPG  Soviet Union Anti-tank missile HEAT In Reserve.
AT-3 Sagger Malyutka.JPG  Soviet Union
Anti-tank missile HEAT Produced locally and In Reserve.
AT-4 Spigot 9M111 AT-4 Spigot.jpg  Soviet Union
Anti-tank missile High Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) warhead Produced locally.
AT-5 Spandrel Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Russian-Made Missile Found in Hezbollah Hands.jpg  Soviet Union Anti-tank missile 9N131 HEAT Produced locally
AT-6 Spiral Krzesiny 82RB.JPG  Soviet Union Anti-tank missile HEAT shaped charge
AT-7 Saxhorn POLK 9K115 Metis.jpg  Soviet Union Anti-tank missile HEAT shaped charge
AT-12 Swinger TulaStateArmsMuseum2013-26.jpg  Soviet Union Laser beam-riding anti-tank missile 100 mm projectile

Man-portable air defense systems[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Caliber Notes
SA-7 Grail SA-7.jpg  Soviet Union
Man portable surface-to-air missile launcher 1.15 kg directed-energy blast fragmentation warhead (Strela-2M), 370 g HE content Local Production and In Reserve.
SA-14 Gremlin SA-14 missile and launch tube.jpg  Soviet Union
Man-portable air-defense systems 1.15 kg directed-energy blast fragmentation warhead (Strela-2M), 370 g HE content Produced locally and In Reserve.
SA-16 Gimlet Igla-Super.jpg  Soviet Union
Man-portable air-defense systems 1.17 kg (2.6 lb) with 390 g (14 oz) explosive Produced locally
SA-18 Grouse IGLA-S MANPADS at IDELF-2008.jpg  Soviet Union
Man-portable air-defense systems 1.17 kg (2.6 lb) with 390 g (14 oz) explosive Produced locally

Armoured vehicles[edit]

Name Origin Type Number Photo Notes
Armoured fighting vehicles
T-72A/M2  Soviet Union /


Main battle tank 270 [13] T-72BG Parade.jpg 500 in reserve

Indigenous tank design, based on the Russian T-72M1.[17][13]

T-62 Soviet Union Main battle tank 0 Soviet T-62A MBT.JPEG 270 Tanks are in reserve
T-54/T-55 Soviet Union Main battle tank 0 Soviet T-55 Main Battle Tank RSide Behind Museum EASM 4Feb2010 (14404334150).jpg 1400 tanks are kept in storage in the city of Montana, Bulgaria
BMP-23/30  Bulgaria Infantry fighting vehicle 215 BMP-23parade.jpg Locally designed Infantry Fighting Vehicle with a 23-mm automatic cannon, 9K111 Fagot anti-tank guided missile launchers with a total of six missiles and an SA-7 Grail MANPADS.
BMP-1P  Soviet Union Infantry fighting vehicle 300 [13] Bulgarian bmp-1.jpg Soviet tracked Infantry Fighting Vehicle with a 73-mm smoothbore gun.
BTR-60PB  Soviet Union Armoured personnel carrier 781 Bulgarian brt-60.jpg ~30 are modernized to the BTR-60PB-MD1 standards
MT-LB / MT-LBu  Soviet Union/ Bulgaria Armoured personnel carrier 540 [13] Bulgarian mt-lb.jpg 2160 in reserve. Light multi-purpose vehicle; mostly used as an Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC)
BRDM-2  Soviet Union Scout car 74[13] Ukrainian-BRDM-2.jpg Armoured scout car
9P148 "Konkurs"  Soviet Union Anti-tank vehicle 24 BRDM-2 Anti-tank vehicle.jpg Anti-tank vehicle based around the BRDM-2 with five AT-5 Spandrel missiles
M1117  United States Patrol vehicle 17[13] Bulgarian m1117.JPG 4x4 multi-purpose armoured patrol vehicle; 6 deployed in Afghanistan
UAZ-469  Soviet Union Patrol vehicle Unknown ParkPatriot2015part4-12.jpg Off-road military light utility vehicle
Plasan Sand Cat  Israel Patrol vehicle 25[18] Bulgarian sandcat.jpg 4x4 armoured patrol vehicle used by the Military Police service
HMMWV  United States Multi-purpose vehicle 52[13] Bulgarian Special forces team in a mock raid at Saber Junction 2012.jpg Deployed in Afghanistan
Mercedes-Benz G-Class  Germany Armoured jeep 600 [13] Bulgarian army Mercedes G-Class.jpg A contract has been signed with Germany to raise the number up to 12 000 in 2020.4x4 armoured G 280 CDi and non-armoured G 270 CDi jeep; partially armed with locally produced PKM machine guns
International MaxxPro  United States Armored fighting vehicle 4[13] Navistar MaxxPro.JPG Deployed in Afghanistan
Mercedes-Benz Zetros  Germany Off-road truck for extreme operations 335[13] Mercedes-Benz Zetros DSC01477.JPG As of 2012, it operates 335 trucks with 30 more on order.
Tatra 815  Czechoslovakia Truck Unknown Tatra truck in Bulgarian military service.jpg

Artillery and air defense[edit]

Name Origin Type Number Photo Notes
MT-12  Soviet Union Anti-tank gun 200 100-мм противотанковая пушка Т-12 Рапира (2).jpg 100-mm anti-tank gun, now used mostly as conventional HE artillery
D-20  Soviet Union Howitzer 150 Howitzer D-20.jpg 152-mm towed howitzer; principal heavy artillery piece of the Bulgarian Army
2S1 Gvozdika  Soviet Union Self-propelled howitzer 506[13] Bulgarian 2S1 Gvozdika.jpg 122-mm self-propelled howitzer; produced locally as Karamfil; ~500 in storage
BM-21  Soviet Union Multiple rocket launcher ~192[13] Bulgarian BM-21 GRAD.jpg 122-mm multiple-launch rocket system; 200 in reserve.
SS-21 Scarab-A  Soviet Union Tactical ballistic missile 8 SS-21parade.jpg The only remaining ballistic missile system from the now-disbanded Rocket Forces; 8 TELs and 16 missiles with a 70 km range are in service
Air Defense
ZU-23-2  Soviet Union AA gun 128 ZU-23-2 in Saint Petersburg.jpg Most ZU-23-2s in Bulgarian service are mounted on ZIL 131 trucks
S-60  Soviet Union AA gun 16 S-60.jpg Heavier 57 mm AA gun
SA-7  Soviet Union Man-portable SAM system ~200[13] SA-7.jpg
SA-8 Gecko  Soviet Union SAM system 24[13] Bulgarian SA-8.jpg Highly mobile short-range SAM system with 15 km range
SA-13 Gopher  Soviet Union SAM system 20 Strela 10.jpg Short-range battlefield SAM system with 5 km range
S-300 (missile)  Soviet Union SAM system 10[13] Bulgarian sa-10 launcher.jpg Ten S-300 launchers, divided into two units with five launchers each.
2K12 Kub  Soviet Union SAM system 20[13] Sa6 1.jpg Mobile surface-to-air missile system is a Soviet low to medium-level air defense system designed to protect ground forces from air attack.
9K31 Strela-1  Soviet Union SAM system 0[13] Strieła-1 NTW 9 93.jpg phased out.
S-200 (missile)  Soviet Union SAM system 10[13] ZRK S-200V 2007 G1.jpg
S-125 Neva/Pechora  Soviet Union SAM system 32[13] SA-3 EP 2006.JPG
S-75 Dvina  Soviet Union SAM system 18[13] SA-2 Guideline.JPG Strategic SAM system

Recently retired equipment[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
  2. ^ Richard D. Jones; Leland S. Ness, eds. (27 January 2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009–2010 (35 ed.). Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5. 
  3. ^ Personal infantry weapons: old weapons or new hardware in the coming decades? – Free Online Library. Retrieved on 2014-04-20.
  4. ^ "Defense & Security Intelligence & Analysis: IHS Jane's - IHS". Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  5. ^ "Arsenal's LMG Page, 7.62 x 39 mm". Arsenal. Retrieved 2010-04-06. 
  6. ^ "Arsenal's LMG Page, 5.56 x 45 mm". Arsenal. Retrieved 2010-04-06. 
  7. ^ "Arsenal's LMG Page, 5.45 x 39 mm". Arsenal. Retrieved 2010-04-06. 
  8. ^ "G3 Defence Magazine August 2010". Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  9. ^ "12,7 mm Arsenal Multi-purpose Machine Gun MG-U". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2014. 
  10. ^ "RPG-22 NETTO". VMZ Sopot Official Website. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  11. ^ ATGL-L anti-tank grenade launcher Archived 2010-08-21 at the Wayback Machine.,
  12. ^ OPFOR Worldwide Equipment Guide, TRADOC DCSINT Threat Support Directorate, January 21, 1999
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "Bulgarian Defense Information". European Defense Information. Armed Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  14. ^ Армията се въоръжи и с газови пистолети Archived 2006-07-17 at the Wayback Machine., Segabg, 30 June 2006
  15. ^ Arsenal Corporation. "Arsenal 40 mm Underbarrel Grenade Launcher UBGL". Archived from the original on 8 October 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  16. ^ Arsenal Corporation. "Arsenal 40 mm Underbarrel Grenade Launcher UBGL-1". Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "Bulgarian Military". 2013-11-17. Retrieved 2014-12-09. 
  18. ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]

  • [2] or [3] The download link(s) to details of Bulgaria's military equipment, including the reserve as of 2013. Note: some of the reserve items are not listed on this page, such as the 430 T55's in reserve status.