List of equipment of the Albanian Armed Forces

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Modern equipment of the Albanian Army is a list of the equipment currently in use with the Albanian Armed Forces. It includes small arms, combat vehicles, aircraft, watercraft, artillery and transport vehicles. Its main mission is the defense of the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Albania, participation in humanitarian, combat, non-combat and peace support operations.[1][2] After the integration of the Albania in North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) was start implementing a defence modernisation programme which consist on the demolition of the surplus armament inherited from the communist regime and its replacement with modern weapons of NATO standards.[3]

Modernisation programme[edit]

The process of modernization of the AAF is based on the shortiterm, middle-term and long-term objectives and priorities of their restructuring and development aiming at achieving the increase of the operational capacities. The modernization programme started before the country's North Atlantic Treaty Organization membership (on 1 April 2009) with the purchase of armaments produced by the NATO countries. It also started a programme for the disposal and alienation of surplus ammunition inherited from the communist regime for 50 years.

Naval Force
In 2007, was signed a contracts with the Damen Group for the or completing of the Albanian Naval Forces with Patrol vessels to be used to perform a number of tasks and duties, including coastal patrols, search and rescue, control and monitoring of maritime traffic, marine environment protection. The contract envisaged the construction of 4 vessels of the Damen Stan 4207 class, which the first of them would be built in Netherlands and 3 others in the Pasha Liman naval base in Albania. The first patrol vessel, named Iliria P-132, was built and delivered to the Albanian Coast Guard in August 2008. Enabling thus the following construction of 3 other patrol vessels in Pasha Liman Base by Albanian carpenters assisted by the experts of Damen Group. The second patrol vessel Oriku P-133 will be commissioned on September 2011, the third ship, Lisus P-133, will be operational in 2012 and fourth Butrint P-134 in 2013.[4][5][6]

Personal equipment[edit]

Weapon Caliber / Type Origin Silhouette Notes
Pistols
Beretta Px4 9×19mm  Italy Beretta PX4 Storm silhouette.svg Standard service handgun of Albanian Land Force.
Since 2013 has started the replacement of TT-33, PM eventually, the M9.[7]
H&K USP P8
H&K USP P12
9×19mm
.45 ACP
 Germany H&K UPS silhouette.svg Used by BFS, and elsewhere in limited quantities to serve alongside the Beretta Px4.
Glock 19 9×19mm  Austria Glock 19 silhouette.svg Used by BFS, and elsewhere in limited quantities to serve alongside the Beretta Px4.
Beretta 92
Yavuz 16
9×19mm  Italy
 Turkey
Beretta M9 silhouette.svg In service since the late 90s as service handgun alongside with TT-33 and PM.
Used mostly by General Staff and special forces until the introductions of Px4, Glock 19 and H&K USPs'.
Submachine Guns
H&K MP5
MKEK MP5
9×19mm  Germany
 Turkey
H&K MP5 silhouette.svg Entirely replaced the PPS-43 and P-84 SMG (domestic version). Used mostly by BFS, Albanian Commandos and the Military Police.
The weapon comes in multiple variants, from the standard MP5, MP5PDW and the suppressed MP5SD, to the more easily concealable MP5K, which are stockless and have vertical foregrips.[8]
Some of the MP5s were produced in Turkey under license from MKEK and were donated to AAF in December 2013.[9]
Assault Rifles, Battle Rifles and Carbines
AK-47
Type 56
ASH-78
7.62×39mm  Soviet Union
 China
 Albania
AK-47 silhouette.svg Standard issue assault rifle, in service since the late 1950s. There are 3 variants, including domestic manufactured version, which are in use by the Albanian Land Forces.
Since 2013 being phased out in favour of the Beretta AR70/90 and Colt M4A1.
ASh-82 5.45×39mm  Albania ASH-82 silhouette.svg Copy of AKMS, locally manufactured under license since 1982 by UM Gramsh.
There have also been modifications and modernization of heavily modified ASH-82 with SOPMOD accessories, mainly used by BFS, Commandos and Police Special Forces, such as RENEA and Republican Guard special unit and so on.
Beretta ARX160 5.56×45mm  Italy Beretta ARX160 silhouette.svg Since 2010, initially the Beretta ARX160 version has been used by BFS in their missions in Iraq and Afghanistan, serving as well as evaluation purpose. Currently the weapon is in use by Special Forces, Military Police and Engineer Battalion.[8]
Beretta AR70/90 5.56×45mm  Italy AR70/90 intended be the standard weapon of the Albanian Armed Forces. By the end of 2016, the Italian government confirmed that it would donate approximately 5,000 units which will serve to replace the AK-47 as the standard service rifle. The weapon was introduced in 2018.[10][11]
Colt M4A1 5.56×45mm  United States Colt M4A1 silhouette.svg Delivered in 2015, with the intention that with the AR70/90, it will replace the AK-47 within the next 5 years. Common accessories included the AN/PEQ-2, ACOG or EOTech optic and holographic sights, also the grenade launcher M203 can be mounted.
Used as service rifle by 2nd Infantry Battalion (B2K), whereas the BFS, until now has only used it in training.[7][8]
H&K HK417 7.62×51mm  Germany H&K HK417 silhouette.svg The primary designated marksman rifle. It is equipped with an S&B PMII Ultra Short optical sight for long-range engagements.
Limited quantity, used by BFS.[8]
Sniper Rifles
Dragunov SVD 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union Dragunov silhouette.svg Standard issue sniper rifle, part of the Albanian Armed Forces arsenal since before the collapse of the communist regime.
Since 2015 being phased out in favour of the Sako TRG-22 and Sako TRG-42.[7][8]
Sako TRG-22
Sako TRG-42
7.62×51mm
.300WM
 Finland Sako TRG silhouette.svg Both versions were adopted in 2015 and used as standard snipers of Albanian Armed Forces, to be the replacement of old Dragunov SVDs. The replacement started from the B2K, with the intention within the next 5-years entirely replace on all branches.[7][8]
Barrett M82 .50 BMG  United States Barret M82 silhouette.svg The M82 recoil-operated, semi-automatic anti-materiel rifle.
Very limited quantity, mostly used by BFS as Long-Range Precision Anti Structure rifle.
Machine Guns
H&K MG4 5.56×45mm  Germany H&K MG4 silhouette.svg The MG4 is the standard light support weapon. It features a longer barrel, a bipod and a shoulder strap for greater range and accuracy. Adopted in 2013 with the intention of replacing the RPK within 5 years.
Currently used as standard LMG weapon by 2nd Infantry Battalion (B2K) and special forces (BFS and Commandos).[7][8]
H&K MG5 7.62×51mm  Germany H&K MG5 silhouette.svg Was adopted in the Army in 2013 to serve as infantry support, deployment as a vehicle-mounted support weapon, and perhaps in the near future to be used as a helicopter door-gun.
Currently used as standard GPMG weapon by 2nd Infantry Battalion (B2K) and special forces (BFS and Commandos).[7][8]
RPD 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union RPD silhouette (machine gun).svg
RPK
ASh-78 Tip-2
7.62×39mm  Soviet Union
 Albania
ASh-78 Tip-1 silhouette.svg
Shotguns
Benelli M4 Super 90 12-gauge  Italy Benelli M4 Super 90 silhouette.svg Adopted since 2015 as standard shotgun, mostly used by Military Police and special forces.
Is a Semi-automatic shotgun that has a capacity of twelve rounds and a maximum effective range of 140 m for solid shot and 40 m for buckshot.
Grenades and Grenade launchers
RGD-5  Soviet Union Hand grenade used by Albanian Land Force since 1970.
Being withdrawn from service.
M203 40×46mm  United States Grenade launcher used on Colt M4A1.[7]
GLX160 40×46mm  Italy Grenade launcher used on Beretta ARX160[8]
Mortars
Hirtenberger M6 60 mm  Austria It has been introduced in service since 2017. Currently used by the Combat Support Battalion, b1K, b2K and b3K[12]
Hirtenberger M8 81 mm  Austria It has been introduced in service since 2017. Currently used by the Combat Support Battalion[13]
Miscellaneous
AN/PSV-18 (MNVD)  United States [8]
AN/PSV-15 (NVB)  United States [8]
MED-ENG EOD 9 Bomb suit  Canada

Vehicles[edit]

Model Type Origin Image No. Note
Light utility vehicles
Land Rover Defender Utility vehicle  United Kingdom
 Turkey
Land Rover Defender 110 patrol vehicles.jpg ~150 The Defender's militarized version is the main utility vehicle of Albanian Armed Forces.
More than 50 Land Rover Defender, which are produced by Otokar under license, were donated in two tranches on December 2013 and June 2015 by Turkish government. There are included the Land Rover Defender 110 and Defender 130 to use as utility, ambulances, and rescue vehicles, which will be join to the other part that AAF had in inventory since 2000s.[14][9][15]
Mercedes-Benz G-Class Utility vehicle  Germany Mercedes-Benz Geländewagen Norwegian military fq.jpg ~100 No accurate info about the number, year of military activity, or the acquisition method for the G-Class. Since the late 90s, they are often used by the Albanian Armed Forces, alongside with the Defender, in training, convoys and missions, within the country and abroad.
The G-Class number is estimated around 100 and is mostly used as a general utility and liaison vehicle.
Iveco VM 90 Torperdo Utility vehicle  Italy Iveco 40.10WM (2783530468).jpg Unknown
Light armored vehicles and MRAPs
Iveco LMV IMV  Italy Fête nationale belge à Bruxelles le 21 juillet 2016 - Armée belge (Défense) 08.jpg 7 The LMV was considered as evaluation purpose as the standard armored vehicle for the Albanian Armed Forces. The first four were purchased in October 2015 for the Military Police.[16]
In 2018, 3 new vehicles entered service, of which two were donations of the Italian Armed Forces.[17]
Iveco VM 90 Protetto IMV  Italy Unknown
HMMWV M1114 IMV  United States Greek-hummer.jpg 77 In 25 November 2015, the Minister of Defence announced in the Committee on National Security that AAF would be supplied with about 250 armored vehicles (divided into 3 tranches) acquired from the Excess Defense Articles programme, part of the DSCA, in a short term period.[18] In March 2017 it was confirmed that the first tranche, which amounted to 77 HMMWV up-armored M1114 variant would be delivered within the same year.
The HMMWV, most likely will be the standard AFV of the Albanian Land Force.[19][20]
International MaxxPro MRAP  United States Navistar MaxxPro.JPG 40 The MaxxPro has been used by BFS since 2012 in their ISAF mission in Afghanistan. Probably they were acquired under leasing contract with US Army. On March 2017, 3 MaxxPro's Plus acquired from Excess Defense Articles (EDA), part of the DSCA, were delivered to Albania.[21]
Mostly used by BFS and Commandos for training purposes in Zall-Herr Regiment, serving as well as evaluation purpose for future acquisitions. 37 more MaxxPro's were delivered in 2019 from US, which are part of the 250 vehicles being donated to the AAF.[22]
Infantry fighting vehicles
BMP-1  Soviet Union
 East Germany
BWP-1 Baltops 2016 0283.jpg 17 Albanian Armed Forces obtained 17 ex East German BMP-1s in 1995[23]
Armored personnel carriers
M113 APC  United States
Trucks and Transport vehicles
Otokar Navigo Liaison  Turkey 11
Ford Transit VI Liaison  Germany
 Turkey
10 [14][9]
Mercedes-Benz Actros Liaison  Germany Mercedes-Benz Actros 2741A-6x6 Lippujuhlan päivä 2013.JPG [14][9]

Aircraft[edit]

Aircraft Type Origin Image No. Note
Helicopters
Eurocopter AS532 Cougar Utility helicopter  France Cougar Helicopter of the Albanian Air Force.jpg 4 [24]
Eurocopter EC145 Utility helicopter  France Albanian Air Force Aerospatiale AS-350B Ecureuil Lofting-1.jpg 2
Agusta-Bell 205 Utility helicopter  Italy AB205 at Farke airbase, just outside Tirana (cropped).jpg 3
Agusta-Bell 206 Utility helicopter  Italy Albanian Air Force Agusta AB-206C-1 JetRanger II Lofting-1.jpg 5
AgustaWestland AW109 Utility helicopter  Italy RNZAF A109 helicopter at the 2012 Wanaka Airshow.jpg 1
MBB Bo 105E-4 Utility helicopter  Germany Alb BO-105.jpg 8 8 German Army Bo 105P upgraded and overhauled for a 10 million euro contract and donated to Albania. The first batch was delivered in 2006.
Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk Utility helicopter  United States UH-60 2nd Squadron, 2nd Cavalry Regiment (cropped).jpg In April 2019, the Minister of Defense Olta Xhaçka, stated that Albania is in talks for the acquisition of Black Hawk helicopters.[25] Helicopters are part of the US aid package being given to Albania.[26] The number is still unclear but it is said that it is about 3 of them.

Watercraft[edit]

Albanian Coast Guard[edit]

Class Type Origin Ship Image Details
Coastal patrol vessels
Damen Stan 4207  Netherlands
 Albania
Iliria P 131
Oriku P 132
Lisus P 133
Butrinti P 134
Patrol Boat Iliria.jpg Displacement 200t
Sea Spectre Mk III  United States R 215
R 216
R 118
R-215.JPG
Patrol Craft, Coastal  United States R 117
R 217
R-117 Patrol Boat PCC Class.jpg 45' PCC Class
Super Speranza  Italy R ???
R 123
R 124
R 225
R 226
CP231.jpg
RB-M  United States 5 boats USCG response boat medium 45607 Yorktown.jpg
Classe 2000  Italy R 125
R 126
R 127
R 128
R 224
R 227
R 228
CP2201.jpg

Albanian Navy[edit]

Class Type Origin Ship Image Details
Submarine chasers
Kronshtadt  Soviet Union P 207
P 208
Retired
Minesweepers
T43  Soviet Union M 111
M ???
Albanian Minesweeper M-111.JPG Retired
Anti-pollution vessels
Siman C 1297  Italy Rodoni Y 31
Karaburuni Y 32

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mission of the Albanian Land Force". Albanian Armed Forces. Archived from the original on 2017-08-18. Retrieved 2017-08-30.
  2. ^ "Overview of FT mission and duties" (PDF). Gazeta Ushtria. Ministry of Defence. 22 April 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-08-30. Retrieved 2017-08-30.
  3. ^ "Small Arms and Light Weapons Project in Albania". NSPA. www.nspa.nato.int. Archived from the original on 2017-08-30. Retrieved 2017-08-30.
  4. ^ "The new ship "Oriku"" (PDF). Revista Mbrojtja. Ministry of Defense. QKMBM. September 2011. pp. 3–7. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-08-23. Retrieved 2017-08-30.
  5. ^ "The first ship was built at Pasha Liman". www.mod.gov.al. Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 2017-08-23. Retrieved 2017-08-30.
  6. ^ ""Butrinti" ceremonial ship launching". www.mbrojtja.gov.al. Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 2017-08-23. Retrieved 2017-08-30.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Presentation of the AAF new weapons (in Albanian). Ministry of Defence Youtube Channel.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Open Day on the occasion of the 104th anniversary of the Armed Forces (in Albanian). Ministry of Defence Youtube Channel.
  9. ^ a b c d The delivery ceremony of $ 3milions donation by Turkish government (in Albanian). Ministry of Defence Youtube Channel.
  10. ^ moti. "Nënshkruhet marrëveshja teknike për dhurimin e 5000 armëve "Beretta" ndërmjet Ministrisë së Mbrojtjes së Republikës së Italisë dhe Ministrisë së Mbrojtjes së RSH". aaf.mil.al (in Albanian). Archived from the original on 2018-07-03. Retrieved 2018-07-03.
  11. ^ Bozinovski, Igor (4 October 2017). "Italy to gift rifles to Albania". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 4 October 2017. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  12. ^ "New mortars introduced". Gazeta Tema. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  13. ^ "New mortars introduced". Gazeta Tema. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  14. ^ a b c "Turkey donates $ 3milions in aid to AAF". www.mod.gov.al (in Albanian). Ministry of Defense. 21 December 2013. Archived from the original on 2017-09-01. Retrieved 2017-09-01.
  15. ^ The delivery ceremony of 27 LR Defenders donation by Turkish government (in Albanian). Ministry of Defence Youtube Channel. 3 June 2015.
  16. ^ "The delivery ceremony of two EC-145 helicopters in the SAR configuration as well as four Iveco LMV armored vehicles for the Military Police". www.mod.gov.al (in Albanian). Ministry of Defense. 31 October 2015. Archived from the original on 2017-08-13. Retrieved 2017-09-01.
  17. ^ Bozinovski, Igor (4 October 2017). "Italy to gift rifles to Albania". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 4 October 2017. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  18. ^ Minister of Defense at the Committee on National Security (in Albanian). Ministry of Defence Youtube Channel.
  19. ^ "Excess Defense Articles (EDA)" (.exe). Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA). 6 March 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-09-07. Retrieved 2017-09-02.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-09-06. Retrieved 2017-09-05.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Excess Defense Articles (EDA)" (.exe). Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA). 6 March 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-09-07. Retrieved 2017-09-02.
  22. ^ "SHBA, 37 mjete të blinduara për FA. Moses-Ones: Shqipëria, lider në rajon". top-channel.tv. Retrieved 2019-04-04.
  23. ^ "Albanian BMP-1". Tank Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2017-08-08. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  24. ^ "World Air Forces 2016" (PDF). Flight International. 2016. p. 11. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-08-10. Retrieved 2017-08-30.
  25. ^ "Albania to receive surplus US Black Hawks | Jane's 360". www.janes.com. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
  26. ^ Gegvataj, Almarina (2019-04-19). "Xhaçka sërish në Pentagon brenda një viti, Shqipëria vlerësohet si aleat model - ATSH -". Agjencia Telegrafike Shqiptare. Retrieved 2019-04-19.

External links[edit]