Motorway 1 (Greece)

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A1 motorway shield

A1 motorway
Αυτοκινητόδρομος 1
Route information
Part of E75
Length: 550 km (340 mi)
Major junctions
North end: Evzonoi
South end: Athens
Location
Regions: Central Macedonia, Thessaly, Central Greece, Attica
Major cities: Thessaloniki, Katerini, Larisa, Lamia, Athens
Highway system
Motorways in Greece

The Greek Motorway 1, code: A1, is a motorway in Greece. Built in stages from 1973 to 2017, it is the 2nd longest motorway in Greece. It is the principal north-south road connection in Greece, connecting the country's capital Athens with the regions of Thessaly and Macedonia, as well as the country's second largest city, Thessaloniki.

The motorway begins at Kifissou Avenue, Athens, just north of the Bay of Phaliro, and continues northward to Evzonoi, on the border with the country's northern neighbour, the Republic of Macedonia, where it continues as the M-1. Before the European routes numbers were changed, the northern part from Efzoni to EO2 was E5N, while today the entire road is part of European route E75. The task of maintaining and charging for parts of the motorway has recently been ceded to private consortia, part of the deal for the construction of the Ionia Odos, the E65, as well as the bypass of Tempe Valley.

The part west of downtown Athens runs over the Cephisus river and Kifissou Avenue. From north of the boundary of Voiotia - Phthiotis, up to near Velestino, the tollway runs close to the coast of the Aegean Sea. It then continues north of the Tempe Valley and up to the junction of the European route E90. It then shares a 25 km common part with A2 / E90 (on a west-east direction), and then, at the "Axios Interchange", continues north to Evzonoi and the national border with the Republic of Macedonia. Its total length is approximately 550 km.

History[edit]

The motorway used to be entirely a 2-lane highway and ended near Katerini until 1973. The section Athens - Lamia opened in August 1962 as a 14 m width road. The section Lamia - Larissa opened in October 1967 as a 14 m width road. The section Larissa - Katerini opened in September 1959 as a 13 m width road (except the Tempe valley pass opened as 10 m road). The section Katerini - Thessaloniki opened in September 1973 as a 14 m width road. The section Axios junction - Evzoni (border) opened in July 1973. The section Axios junction - Polykastro opened as a 14 m width road, while the section Polykastro - Evzoni (border) opened as a motorway.

When it was extended to Thessaloniki and to the border with the Republic of Macedonia, the motorway had 4-lanes. It was extended during construction in the north in the 1980s and the south in the early and mid 1990s which began near the Afidnes toll. In 1995, Motorway 1 had motorway characteristics in the sections Athens - Thebes and Kleidi - Thessaloniki, while the section Thebes - Kleidi was an undivided 14 m road. In 1998, the motorway had 6-lanes up to north of Thebes, and 4 lanes from Thebes up to the Tempe Valley with a few sections at western Magnesia still having 2 lanes. Since then, the Larissa bypass has been constructed. As from 2017, it complies with all motorway standards for its whole length with either two, three or four (near Athens) traffic lanes in each direction plus an emergency lane.

The final part of the motorway, 25 km through the Tempe Valley including the longest road tunnel in the Balkans, which is about 6 km long, as well as 2 more tunnels, was completed in April 2017. The circular motorway around Athens, Attiki Odos, means that traffic can continue to the Peloponnese, linking up with the motorway to the port city of Patras (Motorway 8) and that of Kalamata (Moreas Motorway).

Exit list[edit]

The exits of the completed sections of the A1 motorway:[1]

Notes
      Under construction
      Planned
Regional unit Exit Name Destinations Notes/Also as
Kilkis Evzonoi border crossing (Republic of Macedonia) M1-MKD.svg M1 European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Road-sign-p34.svg
 Republic of Macedonia
northern terminus of the A1
Evzonoi GR-EO-1.svg GR-1
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Polykastro
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-35.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-37.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-47.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-31c.svg Rest Area of Polykastro
Thessaloniki Vathylakkos
Planned
Agios Athanasios GR-EO-2.svg GR-2 European Road 86 number DE.svg E86
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Chalastra north
Planned
19 Axios interchange Autokinetodromos A2 number.svg A2 European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
18 Nea Malgara
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75 European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
Imathia 17 Kleidi interchange West: Autokinetodromos A2 number.svg A2 (European Road 90 number DE.svg E90): Kozani, Veria, Ioannina
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Pieria Aiginio
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Nea Agathoupoli
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Makrygialos
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-35.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-37.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-47.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-31c.svg Rest Area of Korinos
Korinos
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Katerini North,

Paralia

Katerini Ring Road,

Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-46.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-43.svg Paralia, Kallithea

European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Katerini East GR-EO-1.svg GR-1
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Fillipos Tunnel (1095 m) (southbound) Alexandros Tunnel (1100 m) (northbound)
Katerini South Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-46.svg Olympiaki Akti European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Nea Efesos Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-46.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-43.svg Nea Efesos, Kontariotissa
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Paralia Litochorou,

Dion

Dion
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Litochoro West: Litochoro, Mountain icon (Noun Project).svg Mount Olympus

East: Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-46.svg Plaka

European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Plaka Litochorou Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-46.svg Plaka
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Leptokarya,

Skotina

GR-EO-1.svg GR-1

East: Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-46.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-43.svg Leptokarya, Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-46.svg Paralia Skotinas

European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-35.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-37.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-47.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-31c.svg Rest Area of Skotina
Platamonas Tunnel (T3) (2700 m) Platamonas Tunnel (T3) (2700 m)
Platamonas,

Neoi Poroi

European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Larissa Rapsani
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Tempe Tunnel 2 (T2) (6000 m) Tempe Tunnel 2 (T2) (6000 m)
Tempe Tunnel 1 (T1) (2000 m) Tempe Tunnel 1 (T1) (2000 m)
Evangelismos,

Makrychori

GR-EO-1.svg GR-1
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-35.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-37.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-47.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-31c.svg Rest Area of Evangelismos
Larissa 1 GR-EO-1.svg GR-1 (Also to Kozani)
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Larissa 2
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Larissa 3 GR-EO-6.svg GR-6
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Larissa 4 (Also to Trikala and Karditsa) GR-EO-108.svg GR-108 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Kileler
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
Mega Monastiri
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
Magnesia Velestino
Volos
GR-EO-6.svg GR-6 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Aerino GR-EO-1.svg GR-1
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Mikrothives
Volos
Farsala
GR-EO-30.svg GR-30
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Almyros
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Sourpi
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-35.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-37.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-47.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-31c.svg Rest Area of Almyros
Agioi Theodoroi
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Phthiotis Pelasgia
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Raches GR-EO-1.svg GR-1
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Stylida
Karavomylos
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Agia Marina GR-EO-1.svg GR-1
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Agia Paraskevi
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Lamia 1 European Road 65 number DE.svg E65
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-35.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-37.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-47.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-31c.svg Rest Area of Lamia
Lamia 2 Autokinetodromos A3 number.svg A3
Planned
Bralos GR-EO-27.svg GR-27 European Road 65 number DE.svg E65
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Thermopyles
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Molos
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Kainourgio
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Kamena Vourla
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Latomeio
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Agios Konstantinos
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Longos
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Arkitsa
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Livanates
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Atalanti
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Tragana
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Malesina
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Martino
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Boeotia Kastro GR-EO-48.svg GR-48
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Akraifnio
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Thebes barracks
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Thebes
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Thebes 2 Autokinetodromos A13 number.svg A13 (future Athens bypass)
Planned
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-35.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-37.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-47.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-31c.svg Rest Area of Tanagra
Ritsona GR-EO-44.svg GR-44
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Schimatari GR-EO-44β.svg GR-44β A1 southbound access to A11
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Chalcis interchange Autokinetodromos A11 number.svg A11
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Oinoi
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
East Attica Oinofyta
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-35.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-37.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-47.svg Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - P-31c.svg 'Serios' Rest Area
Malakasa GR-EO-79.svg GR-79
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Markopoulo
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Kapandriti GR-EO-81.svg GR-81
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Afidnes
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Agios Stefanos GR-EO-83.svg GR-83
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
North Athens Varympompi
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Kifisia
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Lykovrysi
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Metamorfosi
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Metamorfosi interchange Autokinetodromos A6 number.svg A6 European Road 94 number DE.svg E94
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Central Athens Anagenniseos Street
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Krestenis Street
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Vryoulon Street
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Acharnon Street
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Agioi Anargyroi
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Liosion Street
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Patisia
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Peristeri north
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Konstantinoupoleos Avenue
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Ethnarchou Makariou Street
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Peristeri south GR-EO-8.svg GR-8
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
West Athens Iera Odos
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Petrou Ralli Avenue
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Piraeus Agias Annis Street
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Peiraios Street GR-EO-56.svg GR-56
European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Piraeus European Road 75 number DE.svg E75 southern terminus of the A1

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Motorways - Exit Lists, accessed 29 August 2012