Music of New York
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (November 2009)|
|Music of the United States|
New York is part of the United States, and its largest city, New York City, is regarded as one of the major centers for music in the world. The music of New York City includes a wide variety of hip hop, soul, salsa, rock and roll, punk, metal, electronic music and pop music, and crosses all (five) borough lines. Jazz in the City, is in more isolated spots in the boroughs outside Manattan, but is mainly concentrated in the legendary Greenwich Village mecca. The rest of the state includes cities like Albany and Buffalo, which have their own scenes in a variety of genres. The state is also home to many classical symphonies, folk groups and religious choirs. Mariah Carey from Long Island had 18 #1 Hot 100 hits from 1990 to 2008, including "One Sweet Day," was the best-selling artist of the 90s, and is the best-selling solo artist of all time.
Albany is the state capital and is home to the Albany Symphony Orchestra (founded 1931) as well as a local rock scene, which has produced bands like the pop punk Count the Stars, Wreckloose, Moonshine, Moving to Orange, and Aneurica.
Buffalo is home to the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra. The local rock scene has produced artists like Goo Goo Dolls (who had a #1 hit in the U.S. with Iris in 1998), Ani DiFranco, Cannibal Corpse, Every Time I Die, Aqueous, Blackest Red, Forgotten Dreams, Seven Day Faith, Joyryde, Mercury Rev and Hit N Run, while the Hip-Hop scene has been the home of artists such as Rick James and rapper inZanity, Lucky Seven.
New York City
New York City has long been a center for musical innovation, home to the popular music industry in the United States since Tin Pan Alley. The Tin Pan Alley was a group of songwriters in New York who dominated the sheet music industry for many years. Soon after, New York became a vital part of the burgeoning jazz and blues scenes and nascent record industries. Musical theater flourished in the city, especially on Broadway.
By the 1950s, New York had become a home for Latin music in the United States, as the city became a pan-Latin melting pot of immigrants from across the Caribbean and South and Central America. They brought with them many styles of Cuban, Dominican, Colombian and Puerto Rican music. The result was a new style called salsa music, derived primarily from Cuban and Puerto Rican styles in the early 1970s.
The 1970s also saw the evolution of hip hop in New York City. Hip hop was a cultural movement that included music as an integral part. Hip hop music developed out of block parties in The Bronx, where DJs isolated the percussion breaks of popular funk and disco songs, and MCs began rapping over the beats. By the end of the decade, hip hop had spread across the country and was beginning its march across the world. New York City was still the center for popular recorded hip hop, especially a style called East Coast hip hop. In the early 1990s, however, hip hop from the West Coast and elsewhere gain in popularity.
New York City had the earliest documented punk rock scene in the United States. Drawing on local influences such as The Velvet Underground, Richard Hell and the New York Dolls, punk music developed at clubs such as CBGB and Max's Kansas City. Patti Smith, Talking Heads, Blondie, Suicide, The Fleshtones, Television, The Shirts, and other artsy new wave artists were popular in the mid to late 1970s, as bands like the Ramones were establishing an American punk rock sound. CBGB and Max's Kansas City opened their doors and became influential venues. No Wave was a short lived movement in New York and raised James Chance, DNA, Rhys Chatham, Glenn Branca, Lydia Lunch, Mars, ESG, Rat At Rat R, Swans, Bush Tetras, Live Skull, Band of Susans, Ut, and later Sonic Youth.
In the late 1990s and early 2000s, a number of bands from New York City were and are prominent in the garage rock and post-punk revivals that are considered a part of the increasingly popular indie rock scene. These include The Strokes, Yeah Yeah Yeahs, Ben Kweller, Grizzly Bear, Vampire Weekend, We Are Scientists, The Bravery, Liars, TV on the Radio, The Cloud Room, MGMT, and Interpol.
Native American music
New York is the original home of the Iroquois Confederacy, which consisted of the "Five Nations", the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca. Social songs were traditionally popular among these tribes, with songs being relaxed and featuring a wide vocal range and range of instrumentation. Solo flute was also popular. Musicians such as singer Joanne Shenandoah in Syracuse continue the tradition of Native American music in New York.