NGC 4526

Coordinates: Sky map 12h 34m 03.029s, 07° 41′ 56.90″
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NGC 4526
NGC 4526 with SN 1994D @ bottom left
Supernova SN 1994D (lower left) in the outskirts of NGC 4526's central disk
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Right ascension12h 34m 03.029s[1]
Declination+07° 41′ 56.90″[1]
Heliocentric radial velocity448±8 km/s[2]
Distance55±Mly (16.9±1.6 Mpc)[3]
52 Mly (15.8 Mpc)[4]
Apparent magnitude (V)10.7[2]
Apparent size (V)7′.2 × 2′.4[2]
Other designations
NGC 4560,[2] UGC 7718,[2] PGC 41772[2]

NGC 4526 (also listed as NGC 4560) is a lenticular galaxy with an embedded dusty disc, located approximately 55 million light-years from the Solar System[3] in the Virgo constellation and discovered on 13 April 1784 by William Herschel.[6]

The galaxy is seen nearly edge-on. The morphological classification is SAB(s)0°,[5] which indicates a lenticular structure with a weak bar across the center and pure spiral arms without a ring.[7] It belongs to the Virgo cluster and is one of the brightest known lenticular galaxies.[5] In the galaxy's outer halo, globular cluster orbital velocities[8] indicate abnormal poverty of dark matter: only 43±18% of the mass within 5 effective radii.

The inner nucleus of this galaxy displays a rise in stellar orbital motion that indicates the presence of a central dark mass. The best fit model for the motion of molecular gas in the core region suggests there is a supermassive black hole with about 4.5+4.2
(450 million) times the mass of the Sun.[9] This is the first object to have its black-hole mass estimated by measuring the rotation of gas molecules around its centre with an astronomical interferometer (in this case the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy).

Supernova SN 1969E was discovered in this galaxy in 1969, reaching a peak magnitude of 16.[10] In 1994, a type Ia supernova was discovered about two weeks before reaching peak brightness. Designated SN 1994D, it was caused by the explosion of a white dwarf star composed of carbon and oxygen.[11]

Wider Hubble Space Telescope image showing the envelope of more distant orbiting stars

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Skrutskie, Michael F.; Cutri, Roc M.; Stiening, Rae; Weinberg, Martin D.; Schneider, Stephen E.; Carpenter, John M.; Beichman, Charles A.; Capps, Richard W.; Chester, Thomas; Elias, Jonathan H.; Huchra, John P.; Liebert, James W.; Lonsdale, Carol J.; Monet, David G.; Price, Stephan; Seitzer, Patrick; Jarrett, Thomas H.; Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Gizis, John E.; Howard, Elizabeth V.; Evans, Tracey E.; Fowler, John W.; Fullmer, Linda; Hurt, Robert L.; Light, Robert M.; Kopan, Eugene L.; Marsh, Kenneth A.; McCallon, Howard L.; Tam, Robert; Van Dyk, Schuyler D.; Wheelock, Sherry L. (1 February 2006). "The Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS)". The Astronomical Journal. 131 (2): 1163–1183. Bibcode:2006AJ....131.1163S. doi:10.1086/498708. ISSN 0004-6256. S2CID 18913331.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database", Results for NGC 4526, retrieved 2006-10-18.
  3. ^ a b Tonry, J. L.; et al. (2001), "The SBF Survey of Galaxy Distances. IV. SBF Magnitudes, Colors, and Distances", Astrophysical Journal, 546 (2): 681–693, arXiv:astro-ph/0011223, Bibcode:2001ApJ...546..681T, doi:10.1086/318301, S2CID 17628238.
  4. ^ Hatt, Dylan; et al. (July 2018). "The Carnegie-Chicago Hubble Program. IV. The Distance to NGC 4424, NGC 4526, and NGC 4356 via the Tip of the Red Giant Branch". The Astrophysical Journal. 861 (2): 10. arXiv:1806.02900. Bibcode:2018ApJ...861..104H. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aac9cc. S2CID 119430198. 104.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: unflagged free DOI (link)
  5. ^ a b c Burstein, D. (November 1979), "Structure and origin of S0 galaxies. I - Surface photometry of S0 galaxies", Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 41: 435–450, Bibcode:1979ApJS...41..435B, doi:10.1086/190625.
  6. ^ Courtney Seligman. "New General Catalog Objects: NGC 4500 - 4549". Retrieved October 17, 2021.
  7. ^ Buta, Ronald J.; et al. (2007), Atlas of Galaxies, Cambridge University Press, pp. 13–17, ISBN 978-0521820486.
  8. ^ Adebusola B. Alabi; Duncan A. Forbes; Aaron J. Romanowsky; Jean P. Brodie; Jay Strader; Joachim Janz; Christopher Usher; Lee R. Spitler; Sabine Bellstedt; Anna Ferre-Mateu (2016-05-20). "The SLUGGS survey: the mass distribution in early-type galaxies within five effective radii and beyond". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 460 (4): 3838–3860. arXiv:1605.06101. Bibcode:2016MNRAS.460.3838A. doi:10.1093/mnras/stw1213. S2CID 55054073.
  9. ^ Davis, Timothy A.; et al. (February 2013), "A black-hole mass measurement from molecular gas kinematics in NGC4526", Nature, 494 (7437): 328–330, arXiv:1301.7184, Bibcode:2013Natur.494..328D, doi:10.1038/nature11819, PMID 23364690, S2CID 205232307.
  10. ^ Kowal, C. T.; Sargent, W. L. W. (November 1971), "Supernovae discovered since 1885", Astronomical Journal, 41: 756–764, Bibcode:1971AJ.....76..756K, doi:10.1086/111193.
  11. ^ Lentz, Eric J.; et al. (August 2001), "Non-LTE Synthetic Spectral Fits to the Type Ia Supernova 1994D in NGC 4526", The Astrophysical Journal, 557 (1): 756–764, arXiv:astro-ph/0104225, Bibcode:2001ApJ...557..266L, doi:10.1086/322239, S2CID 119535927.

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