National Black Chamber of Commerce
The National Black Chamber of Commerce (NBCC) was incorporated as The National Black Chamber of Commerce, Inc., in 1993. It is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, nonsectarian organization dedicated to the economic empowerment of African American communities. Additionally, the organization indicates that it represents the views of its members regarding economic and political policy issues; domestically and internationally. It is organized as a 501(c) corporation and has at least 190 chapters within the United States. The NBCC also has international chapters in the Bahamas, Brazil, Colombia, Ghana and Jamaica. As with all Chambers of Commerce, affiliate branches are committed to carrying out the goals of the main Chamber within their areas.
However, the organization is largely funded by non-African American businesses on behalf of whose interests it often lobbies, such as the fossil fuel, telecommunications, and tobacco industries, and has sometimes been accused of being a front group.
The NBCC is a very young national organization when compared to others such as the NAACP and the Congress on Racial Equality (CORE). NBCC was founded in 1993 by Harry C. Alford and his wife Kay DeBow. Alford, who serves as the first President and CEO, is also a Board member of the United States Chamber of Commerce. In an interview reported in Human Events, Mr. Alford identifies with the Booker T. Washington approach to African American self empowerment and sees the approach of W.E.B. Du Bois and the NAACP (whom he calls enemies of Washington) as primarily political.
Mission and strategic goals
The stated mission of the NBCC is to "economically empower and sustain African American communities through entrepreneurship and capitalistic activity within the United States and via interaction with the Black Diaspora". It claims to be the first major African American organization to focus on economic empowerment.
The NBCC works to fulfill its mission by implementing the following goals:
- Increase business development and economic growth within the African American community via procurement, access to capital and international trade.
- Secure sponsorship for the funding and guidance of NBCC programs.
- Educate and train members of the African American community regarding business development and their purpose to benefit society.
- Provide technical support to affiliate chapters.
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The NBCC reaches 100,000 Black owned businesses. There are 1 million Black owned businesses in the United States. Black businesses account for over $100 billion in annual sales. African Americans have over $800 billion in expendable income each year according to the US Bureau of Census.
The NBCC "is funded primarily by fossil fuel energy companies, including Koch Industries and ExxonMobil," according to an 2015 analysis by the Florida Center for Investigative Reporting. Exxon Mobil includes the NBCC on its 2004 list of contributions and community investments. From 2002 through 2014 NBCC received $1 million, and from 2008 through 2015 $800,000, from Exxon Mobil. In June of 2015 Peabody Energy contributed $10,000 to the NBCC. Other fossil fuel companies that have funded NBCC include the Gulf Power Company division of the Southern Company and Chevron. The NBCC acknowledges funding from fossil fuel companies.
NBCC has also received funding from and lobbied on behalf of the tobacco industry. Tobacco company Altria was scheduled to sponsor the 2004 Fall Summit meeting in Negril, Jamaica. It had previously received funding from Altria's predecessor Philip Morris Companies Inc and from the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, and facilitated marketing access to its members. In March of 2011, Alford appeared before a U. S. Food and Drug Administration advisory panel to oppose proposed restrictions on menthol cigarettes, which are used disproportionately by African Americans. In doing so, he sided with Lorillard, whose major product was mentholated Newport cigarettes, and which had been an NBCC member since 2008, paying $35,000 in dues annually.
NBCC has also received funding from and lobbied on behalf of the telecommunications industry. Verizon was listed as a funder of NBCC, which has in turn lobbied the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) against net neutrality and other telecommunications industry regulations. NBCC also voiced support for a proposed merger between AT&T and T-Mobile.
Hewlett Packard sponsored the 2003 Annual convention in Birmingham, Alabama. Lord Abbett and New York Life participated with the NBCC in the sponsorship of the Building Wealth Tour. The American Chemistry Council has also funded NBCC.
The NBCC takes positions on federal and state legislation and issues that may affect its goals.
- In 1998, Alford testified before the United States Congress that the Kyoto Protocol would harm minority-owned small businesses.
- In testimony submitted to the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions regarding Senate Bill S.625, the NBCC stated that it opposes increased the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulation of tobacco. The reason for its opposition is that the regulation would impose fees affecting small tobacco retailing and distribution businesses in the U.S., many of which are owned by Black Americans.
- In public comments regarding the Microsoft antitrust case, the NBCC along with the Telecommunications Research and Action Center and the National Native American Chamber of Commerce indicated that the case settlement was inadequate in terms of consumer protection and that additional remedies were required.
- The NBCC denies the scientific consensus on climate change, stating on their website that "...there is no sound science to support the claims of Global Warming." In 2009, NBCC opposed the American Clean Energy and Security Act, a proposed emissions trading plan.
- The NBCC supports the Keystone XL Pipeline.
- In 2015 the NBCC opposed the Environmental Protection Agency's Clean Power Plan. In June 2015 NBCC released a report entitled Potential Impact of Proposed EPA Regulations on Low Income Groups and Minorities; the Union of Concerned Scientists said the report "relies on misleading claims cut-and-pasted from several previously debunked reports." Seven newspapers published op-eds from the NBCC saying that the Plan will impose "economic hardship" on blacks and Hispanics; none of the newspapers disclosed NBCC's funding from the Exxon Mobil Foundation.
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- Board of Directors - The Board consists of no more than 18 Directors at any given time. It develops, implements and supervises the policies of the Chamber and elects all officers.
- Officers - The Chamber officers are elected from among the Board, and consist of the Chairman of the Board, President/CEO, Secretary, Treasurer, one or more Vice Presidents and other officers as determined by the Board.
- Members - Local member and student member chapters; and individuals, businesses and organizations that prefer direct membership to the National Chamber.
- "National Black Chamber of Commerce". Retrieved 2007-02-19.
- "National Black Chamber of Commerce - About Us, Organizational Profile". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-02-19.
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- Kushnick, Bruce (4 April 2007). "Verizon, AT&T and the manipulation of public opinion". Nieman Watchdog. Nieman Foundation at Harvard University. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
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- Lorber, Janie (18 May 2011). "Some Question Black Chamber of Commerce". Roll Call. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
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- Alvarado, Francisco (13 August 2015). "National Black Chamber of Commerce, Solar Energy Critic, Rakes in Cash From Polluters". Florida Center for Investigative Reporting. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
- Alvarado, Francisco (August 13, 2015). "National Black Chamber of Commerce, Solar Energy Critic, Rakes in Cash From Polluters". Florida Center for Investigative Reporting. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- "U. S. Chamber of Commerce - Board of Directors". Archived from the original on 2003-01-12. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
- D'Agostino, Joseph A. (2004-08-05). "Conservative Spotlight: National Black Chamber of Commerce". Retrieved 2007-03-14.
- "National Black Chamber of Commerce - Strategic Plan". Retrieved 2007-02-19.
- "Exxon Mobil Corporation 2004 Worldwide Contributions and Community Investments" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-02-12. Retrieved 2007-02-26.
- Seifter, Andrew; Robbins, Denise (June 26, 2015). "National Black Chamber Of Commerce Joins Oil Industry's Op-Ed Campaign Against EPA Climate Plan; Exxon-Funded Outfit Peddles Debunked Studies To Dispute Clean Power Plan's Benefit For Blacks And Hispanics". Media Matters for America. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- Negin, Elliott (July 16, 2015). "ExxonMobil Is Still Spending Millions of Dollars on Climate Science Deniers". The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- Kaufman, Alexander C. (January 9, 2017). "Exxon Continued Paying Millions To Climate-Change Deniers Under Rex Tillerson". The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- Warrick, Joby (September 28, 2015). "In smog battle, industry gets help from unlikely source: black business group". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- Goldman, Gretchen (June 30, 2016). "Peabody Energy Discloses Extensive Payments to Climate Denial Groups". Union of Concerned Scientists. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- Alford, Harry. "Fossil Fuels and African Americans – It’s Family!". National Black Chamber Of Commerce. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- "eBlast September 4, 2004". Retrieved 2007-02-26.
- "HP News Release". Archived from the original on 2003-08-06. Retrieved 2007-02-26.
- "New York Life Insurance Company, The National Black Chamber of Commerce and Lord Abbett Kick-Off The Building Wealth Tour for African-American Small Business Owners". Archived from the original on 2004-12-11. Retrieved 2007-02-26.
- Schuyler, Samantha (November 4, 2016). "Will Florida Voters Be Duped Into Killing Solar Power?". The Nation. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- Hastings, Alcee (August 7, 2015). "Hastings Urges the National Black Chamber Of Commerce to Cut Ties With Polluters". Fort Lauderdale, Florida: Alcee Hastings. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- "National Black Chamber Opposes New FDA Tobacco Regulations". 2007-03-07. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-03-19.
- "Microsoft Settlement Comments Submitted by the Telecommunications Research & Action Center, National Black Chamber of Commerce, National Native American Chamber of Commerce". 2002-01-28. Retrieved 2007-04-09.
- Alford, Harry. "Environmental Racism, Global Warming and Climate Change". National Black Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- "National Black Chamber of Commerce Report on Clean Power Plan". Union of Concerned Scientists. August 19, 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- "Black Business Leader Calls on Obama Administration to Approve Keystone XL". National Black Chamber of Commerce. October 7, 2011. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- Rogers, John (June 12, 2015). "New Flawed Study of the Clean Power Plan: How the MISI Study Gets It So Wrong". Union of Concerned Scientists. Retrieved January 20, 2017.