List of first African-American mayors

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In the 19th century in the American South during Reconstruction, African Americans began to be elected to many local offices, such as sheriff or Justice of the Peace, and some became the first African-American mayors of cities and towns. After this brief period, African Americans found themselves unable to obtain mayoral offices due to racial discrimination. In the 1960s, they again began to be elected or appointed to mayoral positions following the achievements of the civil rights movement and passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965. Achievements in African Americans' being elected mayor in majority-European American and other municipalities made their political participation one of daily life in many localities.

Contents

19th century: 1860s1870s1880s
20th century: 1960s1970s1980s1990s
21st century: 2000s2010s
See alsoReferences

1860s[edit]

  • 1868
First African American elected mayor of a U.S. town: Pierre Caliste Landry, Donaldsonville, Louisiana[1]
First African-American mayor of Kingstree, South Carolina: Stephen Atkins Swails
  • 1869
First African-American mayor of Maryville, Tennessee: W. B. Scott[2]

1870s[edit]

  • 1870
First African American elected mayor of a Mississippi city: Robert H. Wood, Natchez, Mississippi[3][4]
  • 1878
First African American elected to serve as mayor in New York: Edward "Ned" Sherman, Cleveland, New York[5][6]

1880s[edit]

  • 1888
First African-American mayor of a predominantly white U.S. town, and of a Western U.S. town: Edward Duplex, Wheatland, California[7]

1960s[edit]

  • 1964
First African-American mayor of a U.S. city: George D. Carroll, Richmond, California
  • 1966
First African-American mayor of a U.S. city: Robert C. Henry, Springfield, Ohio (appointed by city commission)
First African- American mayor of a U.S. city: Floyd J. McCree, Flint, Michigan
  • 1967
First Elected (1967) African-American mayor of a large U.S. city: Richard G. Hatcher, Gary, Indiana[8]
First African-American mayor of a large U.S. city: Carl Stokes (Cleveland, Ohio)
First African American appointed mayor of Washington, D.C.: Walter Washington (see also: 1975)
First African American elected mayor of Ypsilanti, Michigan: John Burton [9]
  • 1968
First African American elected Mayor of Montclair, New Jersey: Matthew G. Carter[10]
First African-American mayor of a Kentucky city: Luska Twyman, Glasgow, Kentucky
First African American elected mayor of a predominantly white southern city: Howard Nathaniel Lee, Chapel Hill, North Carolina[11]
  • 1969
First African American elected mayor of Fayette, Mississippi: Charles Evers[12]

1970s[edit]

  • 1970
First African American elected mayor of Newark, New Jersey: Kenneth A. Gibson
First African American elected mayor of Dayton, Ohio: James H. McGee
First African American appointed mayor of Wichita, Kansas: A. Price Woodard[13]
First African-American elected mayor of Salina, Kansas: Robert C. Caldwell[14]
  • 1971
First African American appointed mayor of Grand Rapids, Michigan: Lyman Parks (see also: 1973)
First African-American mayor of Englewood, New Jersey: Walter Scott Taylor[15]
  • 1972
First African-American mayor of Tallahassee, Florida and first African-American mayor of a state capital: James R. Ford
First African-American mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio: Ted Berry
  • 1973
First African American elected mayor of Detroit, Michigan: Coleman Young
First African American elected mayor of Raleigh, North Carolina: Clarence Lightner
First African American elected mayor of a major Southern city: Maynard Jackson, Atlanta, Georgia[16]
First African American elected mayor of a major Western city: Tom Bradley, Los Angeles, California
First African-American woman mayor: Lelia Foley-Davis, Taft, Oklahoma
First African-American woman mayor of a major satellite city: Doris A. Davis, Compton, California
First African American elected mayor of Grand Rapids, Michigan: Lyman Parks (see also: 1971)
  • 1974
First African American elected mayor of Waco, Texas: Oscar Du Conge[17]
  • 1975
First African American elected mayor, and first elected mayor, of Washington, D.C.: Walter Washington (see also: 1967)
  • 1977
First African-American mayor of Richmond, Virginia: Henry L. Marsh[18] (Note: elected from within nine City Council members; changed to general election in 2003)
  • 1978
First African American elected mayor of Oakland, California: Lionel Wilson
First African American elected mayor of New Orleans: Ernest Nathan Morial
  • 1979
First African American elected mayor of Birmingham, Alabama: Richard Arrington, Jr.

1980s[edit]

  • 1981
First African American elected mayor of Camden, New Jersey: Randy Primas[19]
First African American elected mayor of Spokane, Washington: James Everett Chase
First African American elected mayor of Plainfield, New Jersey, and first African American elected mayor in Central New Jersey: Everett C. Lattimore[20]
First African-American mayor of Little Rock, Arkansas: Charles E. Bussey Jr.[21]
  • 1982
First African American appointed mayor of Memphis, Tennessee: J.O. Patterson, Jr.
  • 1983
First African American elected Mayor of Chicago: Harold Washington
First African American elected mayor of Charlotte, North Carolina: Harvey Gantt
First African American elected Mayor of Flint: James Sharp
  • 1984
First African American elected Mayor of Atlantic City, New Jersey: James L. Usry
First African American elected Mayor of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Wilson Goode
First African American elected mayor of Portsmouth, Virginia: James W. Holley, III
  • 1985
First African American elected mayor of Mount Vernon, New York, and first African American elected mayor in New York state: Ronald Blackwood[22]
  • 1986
First African American and first woman mayor of Newport News, Virginia: Jessie M. Rattley[23]
  • 1987
First African American woman elected mayor of a major city Hartford, Connecticut: Carrie Saxon Perry
First African American appointed mayor of Baltimore, Maryland: Clarence H. Burns
First African American elected mayor of Tacoma, Washington: Harold Moss[24]
First African American woman and first woman mayor of Little Rock, Arkansas: Lottie Shackelford
  • 1988
First African American elected mayor of Baltimore, Maryland: Kurt Schmoke
First African American elected mayor of Hempstead, New York: James A. Garner
  • 1989
First African American elected mayor of New York, New York: David Dinkins
First African American elected mayor of New Haven, Connecticut: John C. Daniels
First African American elected mayor of Richmond, California: George Livingston[25]
First African American elected mayor of Rockford, Illinois: Charles Box
First African American elected mayor of Seattle, Washington: Norm Rice
First African American succeeds to the office of mayor of Minden, Louisiana, via recall of his predecessor: Robert T. Tobin

1990s[edit]

  • 1990
First African American elected Mayor of Trenton, New Jersey: Douglas Palmer
First African American elected mayor of New Bern, North Carolina: Leander R. "Lee" Morgan[26]
First African-American mayor of Lynchburg, Virginia: M.W. Thornhill Jr.[27]
  • 1991
First African American elected mayor of Memphis, Tennessee: W. W. Herenton
First African American elected mayor of Denver, Colorado: Wellington Webb
First African American elected mayor of Kansas City, Missouri: Emanuel Cleaver
First African American woman elected mayor of Washington, D.C.: Sharon Pratt Kellye U
  • 1992
First African American male elected mayor of Cambridge, Massachusetts: Kenneth Reeves
  • 1993
First African American elected mayor of St. Louis, Missouri: Freeman Bosley, Jr.
First African American elected mayor of Rochester, New York: William A. Johnson, Jr.
  • 1994
First African American and first woman elected mayor of Minneapolis, Minnesota: Sharon Sayles Belton
  • 1995
First African American elected mayor of Dallas, Texas: Ron Kirk
First African American elected mayor of Savannah, Georgia: Floyd Adams, Jr.
  • 1996
First African American elected mayor of San Francisco, California: Willie Brown
First African American elected mayor of Monroe, Louisiana: Abe E. Pierce, III
  • 1997
First African American elected mayor of Jackson, Mississippi: Harvey Johnson, Jr.
First African American elected mayor of Houston, Texas: Lee P. Brown
First African American elected mayor of Des Moines, Iowa: Preston Daniels[28]
  • 1998
First African-American mayor of Jasper, Texas: R. C. Horn[29]
First African-American female elected mayor of Cambridge, Massachusetts: E. Denise Simmons
First African-American mayor of Hopewell, Virginia: Curtis West Harris
  • 1999
First African-American mayor of Pineville, Louisiana: Clarence R. Fields (became interim mayor in 1999; was elected to a partial term in 2000 and re-elected to full terms in 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2014)

2000s[edit]

  • 2000
First African American elected mayor of Columbus, Ohio: Michael B. Coleman
First African American elected mayor of Selma, Alabama: James Perkins, Jr.
  • 2001
First African American elected mayor of Hattiesburg, Mississippi: Johnny DuPree[30]
First African-American woman mayor of a major Southern city, and first woman to be elected mayor of Atlanta, Georgia: Shirley Franklin[31]
First African American and first woman elected mayor of Southfield, Michigan: Brenda L. Lawrence
First African American elected mayor of Fayetteville, North Carolina: Marshall Pitts Jr.[32]
First African-American female Republican elected mayor of Tchula, Mississippi: Yvonne Brown[33]
  • 2002
First African-American woman elected mayor of Dayton, Ohio: Rhine McLin
First African American elected mayor of Toledo, Ohio: Jack Ford
  • 2003
First African-American elected mayor of Palm Springs, California: Ron Oden
First African American elected by citizens as mayor of Tallahassee, Florida: John Marks
First African-American elected mayor, and first elected mayor, of San Ramon, California: H. Abram Wilson
  • 2004
First African American elected mayor of Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Kip Holden
First African-American mayor of Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Marvin Pratt
First African American elected mayor of Pine Bluff, Arkansas: Carl A. Redus Jr.[34]
First African American elected mayor and first African-American female mayor of Waco, Texas: Mae Jackson[35]
  • 2005
First African American elected mayor of Buffalo, New York: Byron Brown
First African American elected mayor of Mobile, Alabama: Sam Jones
First African American elected mayor of Asheville, North Carolina: Terry Bellamy
First African American elected mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio: Mark Mallory
First African American elected mayor of Youngstown, Ohio: Jay Williams
First African American and woman elected mayor of Greenwood, Mississippi: Sheriel F. Perkins [36]
  • 2006
First African American elected mayor of Shreveport, Louisiana: Cedric Glover
First African American elected mayor of Anderson, South Carolina: Terence Roberts
First African American elected mayor of Killeen, Texas: Timothy Hancock [37]
  • 2007
First African-American woman and first woman elected mayor of Baltimore, Maryland: Sheila Dixon
First African American elected mayor of Greensboro, North Carolina: Yvonne Johnson
First African American elected mayor of Wichita, Kansas: Carl Brewer
First African American elected mayor of South Harrison Township, New Jersey: Charles Tyson[38]
  • 2008
First African American elected mayor of Blue Springs, Missouri: Carson Ross
First African American elected mayor of Lancaster, Texas: Marcus Knight
First African American elected mayor of Mansfield, Ohio: Donald Culliver
First African American elected mayor of Sacramento, California: Kevin Johnson
First African American mayor of Festus, Missouri: Earl Cook[39]
First African-American and first woman elected mayor of Cambridge, Maryland: Victoria Jackson-Stanley
  • 2009
First African American elected mayor of Philadelphia, Mississippi: James Young
First African American elected mayor of Freeport, New York: Andrew Hardwick[40]
First African American and first woman elected mayor of Saratoga Springs, Utah, and first African-American woman elected mayor in Utah: Mia Love[41]
First African-American woman elected mayor of Brentwood, Maryland: Xzavier Montgomery-Wright[42]

2010s[edit]

  • 2010
First African-American woman elected mayor of Fontana, California: Acquanetta Warren[43]
First African American elected mayor of Columbia, South Carolina: Stephen K. Benjamin
  • 2011
First African American elected mayor of Jacksonville, Florida: Alvin Brown[44]
First African-American mayor of Knoxville, Tennessee: Daniel Brown
  • 2012
First African-American mayor of Ithaca, New York: Svante Myrick
First African-American mayor of Antioch, California: Wade Harper[45]
First African American and first female mayor of Orrville, Alabama: Louvenia Diane Lumpkin[46]
First African-American mayor of Phenix City, Alabama: Eddie Lowe
First African-American woman and first woman elected mayor of Gary, Indiana: Karen Freeman-Wilson[47]
  • 2013
First African-American mayor of Plano, Texas: Harry LaRosiliere
First African-American mayor of Meridian, Mississippi: Percy Bland
  • 2014
First African-American mayor of Brunswick, Georgia: Cornell Harvey
First African-American female mayor of San Antonio, Texas: Ivy Taylor[48]
First African-American woman elected mayor of Shreveport, Louisiana: Ollie Tyler
First African-American female Mayor of Teaneck, New Jersey, as well as the first African-American female mayor of any municipality in Bergen County, New Jersey: Lizette Parker[49]
  • 2015
First African American and first African-American woman elected mayor of Pearsall, Texas: Mary Moore[50]
First African American and first African-American woman elected mayor of Conway, South Carolina: Barbara Blain-Bellamy[51]
First African American elected mayor of Camilla, Georgia: Rufus L Davis II[52]
First African-American woman elected mayor of Toledo, Ohio: Paula Hicks-Hudson
First African-American woman and first woman elected mayor of Flint, Michigan: Karen Weaver
  • 2016
First African-American and first African-American female mayor of Midland City, Alabama: Jo Ann Bennett Grimsley[53]
First African American elected mayor of Norfolk, Virginia: Kenneth Alexander[54]
  • 2017
First African American elected mayor of Stamps, Arkansas: Brenda Davis[55]
First African-American woman elected mayor of Charlotte, North Carolina: Vi Lyles
First African American elected mayor of St. Paul, Minnesota: Melvin Carter

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ron Stodghill, "Driving Back Into Louisiana’s History", The New York Times, May 25, 2008, accessed July 7, 2008
  2. ^ City of Maryville: "Maryville Historic Timeline" Archived February 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Foner, Eric (1996). Freedom's Lawmakers: A Directory of Black Officeholders During Reconstruction (Revised ed.). Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. p. 235. ISBN 0-8071-2082-0. 
  4. ^ Behrend, Justin. "An Online Resource for Reconstructing Democracy: Grassroots Black Politics in the Deep South after the Civil War by Justin Behrend". Black Politicians Database. Retrieved 12 March 2018. 
  5. ^ White, Richard (March 12, 2018). "Ned Sherman: Early African-American Mayor". The New York History Blog. Retrieved September 2, 2018. 
  6. ^ "Edward Sherman". Northshore Roots. Cleveland Historical Society. Retrieved September 2, 2018. 
  7. ^ "African American History American West Timeline", BlackPast.org, accessed August 3, 2008
  8. ^ Hatcher, Richard G. (1933- ) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed. (n.d.). Retrieved June 24, 2016, from http://www.blackpast.org/aah/hatcher-richard-g-1933
  9. ^ Robinson, Veronica (September 4, 2009). "John Burton, One of the First African American Mayors in Michigan". Ann Arbor District Library. ypsigleanings.aadl.org. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  10. ^ Orel, Gwen (March 22, 2012). "Matthew G. Carter, Montclair's first African American mayor, dies at 98". Montclair Times. NorthJersey.com. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  11. ^ Howard N. Lee Archived June 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., North Carolina Utilities Commission, accessed May 25, 2008
  12. ^ Neil R. McMillen, Dark Journey: Black Mississippians in the Age of Jim Crow, Chicago: University of Illinois, 1990, p.26
  13. ^ " Previous Wichita Mayors 1950-1989" Archived May 28, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. City of Wichita
  14. ^ "Robert C. Caldwell" at the University of Kansas Libraries Kenneth Spencer Research Library
  15. ^ Brooke, James (18 June 1984). "Rev. Walter Taylor, ex-mayor in Jersey led drive for rights". New York Times. New York, New York. Retrieved October 6, 2017. The Rev. Walter Scott Taylor, a civil- rights leader and the first black mayor of Englewood, N.J., died of cancer Saturday at Englewood Hospital. He was 67 years old. 
  16. ^ Kestenbaum, Lawrence. "Mayors of Atlanta, Georgia". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved March 7, 2008. 
  17. ^ https://wacoheartoftexas.com/heritage/african-american-heritage/
  18. ^ "Explorations in Black Leadership". University of Virginia Institute for Public History. Retrieved June 14, 2010. 
  19. ^ O'Brien, Reity (March 4, 2012). "Melvin R. "Randy" Primas Jr., Camden's first African American mayor, dies at 62". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved March 11, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Plainfield, N.J., Elects Its First Black Mayor". Jet. December 10, 1981. Retrieved September 20, 2016. 
  21. ^ "Charles E. Bussey Jr. (1918–1996)", Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture.
  22. ^ Taliaferro, Lanning (February 25, 2017). "Ronald Blackwood: First Black Mayor Elected in New York". Mount Vernon Patch. Retrieved February 27, 2017. 
  23. ^ http://www.lva.virginia.gov/exhibits/political/jessie_rattley.htm
  24. ^ Campbell, Cory. “Moss, Harold (1929- )”. Blackpast.org. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  25. ^ Jones, Carolyn (January 11, 2012). "George Livingston, Richmond's 1st black elected mayor". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 20, 2012. 
  26. ^ "Society World". Jet. February 19, 1990. p. 38. Retrieved August 22, 2016. 
  27. ^ Gore, Sherese, "Lynchburg's first black mayor, M.W. Thornhill, dies", The News & Advance, July 3, 2016.
  28. ^ http://www.blackpast.org/aaw/daniels-preston-1945
  29. ^ Besson, Eric, "R.C. Horn, Jasper's first black mayor, dies", Beaumont Enterprise, August 2, 2016.
  30. ^ McLaughlin, Lacey "Democrats: The Mayor or the Businessman?" Archived January 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Jackson Free Press July 13, 2011 Retrieved August 21, 2011
  31. ^ Fecht, Josh; Stevens, Andrew (November 14, 2007). "Shirley Franklin: Mayor of Atlanta". City Mayors. Retrieved January 27, 2008. 
  32. ^ Williams, Mike (December 6, 2001). "Two alumni win mayoral elections". Campus Echo. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  33. ^ Donald Adderton (July 15, 2002). "At the RNC with Party Chair Ed Gillespie". Press Register. Retrieved September 23, 2014. ...Brown is proud of being the first African-American female Republican to be elected mayor -- not only in Mississippi, but also the United States -- ... 
  34. ^ ArkansasMatters.com: "Arkansas Mayoral Runoff Election Results", November 26, 2008[permanent dead link]
  35. ^ "Jackson, Mae", Encyclopedia.com.
  36. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/2009/jun/07/nation/na-hometown-greenwood7
  37. ^ Miller, Dave (May 13, 2012). “City owes Hancock thanks for his service”. Killeen Daily Herald. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  38. ^ "Former South Harrison mayor who endured death threats steps down from council", Associated Press via NJ.com, November 10, 2009
  39. ^ Rubin, Ann (January 21, 2009). "Festus swears-in first African-American mayor". KSDK News. 
  40. ^ Rivera, Laura (April 6, 2009). "300 watch as Andrew Hardwick sworn in as Freeport mayor". Newsday. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved November 4, 2009. 
  41. ^ "Meet Mia Love, Utah's First African-American Mayor". News One. November 6, 2009. 
  42. ^ Izadi, Elahe (February 18, 2010). "History maker". The Gazette. Retrieved August 22, 2016. 
  43. ^ "Acquanetta Warren Becomes Fontana's First Black Mayor". Black Voice News. November 4, 2010. Archived from the original on December 14, 2010. Retrieved January 17, 2013. 
  44. ^ "Alvin Brown makes history, becoming city's first African-American mayor", The Florida Times-Union, May 18, 2011
  45. ^ [1], "Contra Costa Times", December 26, 2012
  46. ^ "Voters Make History in Orrville". Selma Times-Journal. August 29, 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2017. 
  47. ^ "Karen Freeman-Wilson Elected As Gary, Ind.’s First Female Mayor (VIDEO)", HuffPost, January 9, 2012.
  48. ^ "Taylor makes History", "San Antonio Express News", July 22, 2014
  49. ^ Green, Jeff (July 1, 2014). "Death of Teaneck Mayor Lizette Parker sends shock waves through Teaneck". Bergen Record (NorthJersey.com). Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  50. ^ "PEARSALL CITY COUNCIL". Frio-Nueces Current. May 28, 2015. 
  51. ^ "Barbara Blain-Bellamy elected new Mayor of Conway". WorldNow and WMBF. November 3, 2015. 
  52. ^ "2015 Southwest Georgia Election Results". WFXL FOX 31 News. November 3, 2015. 
  53. ^ [2]
  54. ^ https://www.antioch.edu/gslc/2016/05/11/first-african-american-mayor-in-norfolk/
  55. ^ Williamson, Jim, "Stamps gains first African-American mayor", Texarkana Gazette, October 20, 2017.