National Council (Slovakia)

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National Council of the Slovak Republic

Národná rada Slovenskej republiky
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded1 January 1993, 29 years ago
Preceded bySlovak National Council
Leadership
Boris Kollár, Sme rodina
since since 20 March 2020
Deputy speakers
Gábor Grendel, NOVA
since since 20 March 2020
Milan Laurenčík, SaS
since since 20 March 2020
Juraj Blanár, Smer - SSD
since since 21 October 2020
Structure
Seats150
SLOVAK PARLIAMENT.svg
Political groups
Government (88)
  •   OĽaNO (47)
  •   SaS (20) [a]
  •   Sme rodina (17)
  •   Non-affiliated (4)

Supported by (4)

  •   Non-affiliated (4)

Opposition (58)

Committees19 Committees
Elections
Open list proportional representation with a 5% electoral threshold (7% for two-, three-party alliances; 10% for four-or-more party alliance) Hagenbach-Bischoff system
Last election
29 February 2020
Next election
On or before 24 February 2024
Meeting place
National Council of the Slovak Republic, Bratislava, Slovakia.jpg
Parliament Building, Bratislava
Website
http://www.nrsr.sk/
National Council of the Slovak Republic Building

The National Council of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Národná rada Slovenskej republiky), abbreviated to NR SR, is the national parliament of Slovakia. It is unicameral and consists of 150 members, who are elected by universal suffrage under proportional representation with seats distributed via Hagenbach-Bischoff quota every four years.[1]

Slovakia's parliament has been called the 'National Council' since 1 October 1992. From 1969 to 1992, its predecessor, the parliament of the Slovak part of Czechoslovakia, was called the Slovak National Council (Slovak: Slovenská národná rada).

The National Council approves domestic legislation, constitutional laws, and the annual budget. Its consent is required to ratify international treaties, and is responsible for approving military operations. It also elects individuals to some positions in the executive and judiciary, as specified by law.[2]

The parliament building is in Bratislava, Slovakia's capital, next to Bratislava Castle in Alexander Dubček Square.

Functions[edit]

The 150-seat unicameral National Council of the Slovak Republic is Slovakia's sole constitutinonal and legislative body.[3] It considers and approves the constitution, constitutional amendments, and other legislation.[4] It approves the state budget.[4] It elects some officials specified by law, as well as justices of the Constitutional Court and the prosecutor general.[5][6] Prior to their ratification, the parliament also should approve all important international treaties.[4] Moreover, it gives consent for dispatching of military forces outside of Slovakia's territory and for the presence of foreign military forces on the territory of the Slovak Republic.[4]

Decision-making[edit]

The parliament may vote only if a majority of all its members (76) are present. To pass a decision, the approval of a simple majority of all MPs present is required. Almost all legal acts can be adopted by this relative majority. An absolute majority (76 votes) is required to pass a vote of no-confidence in the cabinet or its members, or to elect and recall the Council's speaker or the deputy speakers. A qualified majority of 3/5 of all deputies (at least 90 votes) is required for the adoption of a constitution or a constitutional statute.[7]

Speakers[edit]

The current speaker of the Slovak National Council is Boris Kollár.[8]

Structure of former legislatures[edit]

The length of the bars underneath represents each party's electoral performance. The difference in the total width of the bars is due to the election threshold of 5%; this threshold prevents a varying number of small parties from entering the National Council (most notably, after the 1994 election).

Slovak Parliament 1990–1992[edit]

22 7 48 6 31 14 22
KSS DS VPN SZ KDH ESWMKMKDH–MKDM SNS

Slovak Parliament 1992–1994[edit]

29 18 74 14 15
SDĽ KDH HZDS MKMEGY SNS

Slovak Parliament 1994–1998[edit]

18 13 15 17 61 17 9
SV ZRS DEÚS KDH HZDSRSS MK SNS

Slovak Parliament 1998–2002[edit]

23 13 42 43 15 14
SDĽ SOP SDK HZDS SMK–MKP SNS

Slovak Parliament 2002–2006[edit]

11 25 15 28 15 36 20
KSS SMER ANO SDKÚ KDH ĽS–HZDS SMK–MKP

Slovak Parliament 2006–2010[edit]

50 31 14 15 20 20
SMER–SD SDKÚ–DS KDH ĽS–HZDS SMK–MKP SNS

Slovak Parliament 2010–2012[edit]

62 14 28 15 22 9
SMER–SD MH SDKÚ–DS KDH SaS SNS

Slovak Parliament 2012–2016[edit]

83 13 11 16 16 11
SMER–SD MH SDKÚ–DS KDH OĽaNO SaS

Slovak Parliament 2016–2020[edit]

49 10 11 19 21 11 15 14
SMER–SD #SIEŤ MH OĽaNO SaS SR SNS ĽSNS

Slovak Parliament 2020–[edit]

38 12 53 13 17 17
SMER–SD OĽaNO SaS SR ĽSNS

Elections[edit]

Members of the parliament are elected directly for a 4-year term, under the proportional system. Although the suffrage is universal, only a citizen who has the right to vote, has attained 18 years of age and has permanent residency in the Slovak Republic is eligible to be elected. Similarly to the Netherlands and Israel, the whole country forms one multi-member constituency. The election threshold is 5%. Voters may indicate their preferences within the semi-open list. Parliamentary elections were last held in 2020.

Latest election[edit]

2020 Slovak Parliamentary Election

Members (1990–present)[edit]

Buildings[edit]

Building of the National Council of the Slovak Republic next to Bratislava Castle.
Bust of Jozef Miloslav Hurban, founder of the First Slovak National Council (1848) in the National Council of the Slovak Republic

The main parliament building is situated next to the Bratislava Castle on the castle hill. The building is insufficiently large to accommodate all officials and representatives. This is because it was built during the Czechoslovak period as a building for the Federal Parliament, which usually met in Prague.[9] The secondary parliament building, which was the main building until 1994, is situated next to the Trinitarian Church below the castle hill in Bratislava.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ On July 6 2022, SaS terminated the coalition agreement between the government parties. They stated Igor Matovič's departure from the government of the Slovak Republic as a condition for remaining in the coalition. If this does not happen, four SaS ministers will submit their resignations to President Zuzana Čaputová after August 31, 2022.
  2. ^ Romana Tabák (she was excluded from OĽaNO), Ján Mičovský (he left OĽaNO), Ján Krošlák (he left OĽaNO)
  3. ^ Katarína Hatráková was excluded from parliamentary group OĽaNO but she is still supporter of government coalition and also supporter of Christian Union (she is not a member of party).
  4. ^ Parliamentary group of ĽSNS was canceled after decrease his membership under 8 members.
  5. ^ Jozef Šimko (he left ĽSNS), Martin Čepček (he was excluded from OĽaNO), Slavěna Vorobelová (she left ĽSNS)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Zákon o podmienkach výkonu volebného práva a o zmene a doplnení niektorých zákonov" [Act on the Conditions for the Exercise of the Right to Vote and on Amendments to Certain Acts]. Article 68, Act No. 180/2014 of 29 May 2014. National Council of the Slovak Republic.
  2. ^ "Postavenie a právomoci". NR SR (in Slovak). Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Constitution of the Slovak Republic". Article 72, Constitution of 1992 (PDF). National Council of the Slovak Republic. p. 29.
  4. ^ a b c d "Constitution of the Slovak Republic". Article 86, Constitution of 1992 (PDF). National Council of the Slovak Republic. p. 33.
  5. ^ "Constitution of the Slovak Republic". Article 134, Constitution of 1992 (PDF). National Council of the Slovak Republic. p. 52.
  6. ^ "Postavenie a právomoci" [Status and powers] (in Slovak). National Council of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  7. ^ "Constitution of the Slovak Republic". Article 84, Constitution of 1992 (PDF). National Council of the Slovak Republic. p. 32.
  8. ^ Svítok, Michal (20 March 2020). "Kollára zvolili za predsedu parlamentu. Väčšina výborov pozná svojich šéfov". Pravda.sk (in Slovak). Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  9. ^ Kulish, Nicholas (7 October 2011). "Slovakia May Hold Key to Euro Debt Bailout". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 15 December 2017.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°08′31″N 17°05′50″E / 48.14194°N 17.09722°E / 48.14194; 17.09722